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Tamil cinema

Tamil cinema is the filmmaking industry of Tamil-language motion pictures. It is based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, in the Kodambakkam neighbourhood, leading to the industry's nickname Kollywood, the word being a portmanteau of Kodambakkam and Hollywood; the first Tamil silent film, Keechaka Vadham, was made by R. Nataraja Mudaliar in 1918; the first talking motion picture, was a multilingual and was released on 31 October 1931, less than seven months after India's first talking motion picture Alam Ara. By the end of the 1930s, the legislature of the State of Madras passed the Entertainment Tax Act of 1939. Tamil cinema had a profound effect on other filmmaking industries of India, establishing Madras as a secondary hub for Hindi cinema, other South Indian film industries, as well as Sri Lankan cinema. Over the last quarter of the 20th century, Tamil films from India established a global presence through distribution to an increasing number of overseas theatres in Singapore, Sri Lanka, Japan, the Middle East, parts of Africa, Europe, North America and other countries.

The industry inspired independent filmmaking in Sri Lanka and Tamil diaspora populations in Malaysia and the Western Hemisphere. In 1897, M. Edwards first screened a selection of silent short films at the Victoria Public Hall in Madras; the films all featured non-fictional subjects. The film scholar Stephen Hughes points out that within a few years there were regular ticketed shows in a hall in Pophams Broadway, started by one Mrs. Klug, but this lasted only for a few months. Once it was demonstrated as a commercial proposition, a Western entrepreneur, Warwick Major, built the first cinema theatre, the Electric Theatre, which still stands, it was a favourite haunt of the British community in Madras. The theatre was shut down after a few years; this building is now part of a post office complex on Anna Salai. The Lyric Theatre was built in the Mount Road area; this venue boasted a variety of events, including plays in English, Western classical music concerts, ballroom dances. Silent films were screened as an additional attraction.

Swamikannu Vincent, a railway draftsman from Tiruchirapalli, became a travelling exhibitor in 1905. He showed short movies in a tent in Esplanade, near the present Parry's Corner, using carbide jet-burners for projection, he bought the film projector and silent films from the Frenchman Du Pont and set up a business as film exhibitor. Soon, he tied up with Path, a well-known pioneering film-producing company, imported projectors; this helped new cinema houses to sprout across the presidency. In years, he produced talkies and built a cinema in Coimbatore. To celebrate the event of King George V's visit in 1909, a grand exhibition was organised in Madras, its major attraction was the screening of short films accompanied by sound. A British company imported a Crone megaphone, made up of a film projector to which a gramophone with a disc containing prerecorded sound was linked, both were run in unison, producing picture and sound simultaneously. However, there was no synched dialogue. Raghupathy Venkiah Naidu, a successful photographer, took over the equipment after the exhibition and set up a tent cinema near the Madras High Court.

With this equipment, he screened the short films Pearl Fish and Raja's Casket in the Victoria Public Hall. When this proved successful, he screened the films in a tent set up in Esplanade; these tent events were the true precursors of the cinema shows. Venkiah travelled with this unit to Burma and Sri Lanka, when he had gathered enough money, he put up a permanent cinema house in Madras—Gaiety, in 1914, the first cinema house in Madras to be built by an Indian, he soon added Crown Theatre in Mint and Globe in Purasawalkam. Swamikannu Vincent, who had built the first cinema of South India in Coimbatore, introduced the concept of "Tent Cinema" in which a tent was erected on a stretch of open land close to a town or village to screen the films; the first of its kind was established in Madras, called "Edison's Grand Cinemamegaphone". This was due to the fact. Most of the films screened were shorts made in the United States and Britain. In 1909, an Englishman, T. H. Huffton, founded Peninsular Film Services in Madras and produced some short films for local audiences.

But soon, hour-long films, which narrated dramatic stories known as "drama films", were imported. From 1912 onwards, feature films made in Bombay were screened in Madras; the era of short films had ended. The arrival of drama films established cinema as a popular entertainment form. More cinema houses came up in the city. Fascinated by this new entertainment form, an automobile dealer in the Thousand Lights area of Madras, R. Nataraja Mudaliyar, decided to venture into film production. After a few days’ training in Pune with the cinematographer Stewart Smith, the official cinematographer of Lord Curzon's 1903 Durbar, he started a film production concern in 1916; the man who laid the foundations of south Indian cinema was A. Narayanan. After a few years in film distribution, he set up a production company in Madras, the General Pictures Corporation, popularly known as GPC. Beginning with The Faithful Wife/Dharmapathini, GPC made about 24 feature films. GPC functioned as a film school and its alumni included names such as Sundara Rao Nadkarni and Jiten Banerji.

The studio of GPC was housed in the Chellapalli bungalow on Thiruvottiyur High Road in Madras. This company, which produced the most number of Tamil silent films, had branches in Colombo and Singapore; the Ways of Vishnu/Vishnu L

Pacific Coast League Hall of Fame

The Pacific Coast League Hall of Fame is an American baseball hall of fame which honors players and executives of the Pacific Coast League. It was created by the Helms Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles in 1942 to honor those individuals who made significant contributions to the league's ideals; the Hall of Fame inducted its first class in 1943. A special Hall of Fame room was set up at Los Angeles' Wrigley Field on June 27, 1943. After the 1957 death of founder and main supporter Paul Helms and the arrival of Major League Baseball in the PCL's two largest markets, Los Angeles and San Francisco, the Hall went dormant. In 2003, with the Pacific Coast League celebrating its centennial season, the Hall was revived. In its first new induction in 2003, twenty-one pre-1957 inductees were elected; the aim of the PCL's Hall of Fame Committee is to recognize worthy players from before 1957, as well as those who made more recent contributions to the league. As of 2018, 110 individuals have been inducted into the Pacific Coast League Hall of Fame.

Baseball awards#Triple-A Official website

SHAPE Services

SHAPE. AG is a cross-platform independent software vendor and web-based services provider; the company develops instant messaging, social networking, entertainment, games and location-based applications for Apple iPhone, iPod Touch and iPad, BlackBerry, Windows Phone/Windows Mobile, Symbian S60, UIQ, J2ME, HP/Palm webOS mobile platforms. SHAPE. AG is a worldwide operating company headquartered in Stuttgart and offices in Germany and Ukraine; the company was founded in 2002 and as of 2011 had more than 60 employees. In May 2008 SHAPE acquired Warelex LLC, the US developer of multimedia applications and technologies for mobile devices. In July 2011 SHAPE has agreed to acquire Crisp App, the Hong Kong-based developer of the fone app for iOS. In 2011 the company added location-based instant messaging service Neighbors into IM+ application. In 2012 SHAPE raised $10 million from Russian investment firm Finam. In March 2012 SHAPE changed its name from SHAPE Services to SHAPE. AG; the company's best-known software products include: IM+ - multiprotocol multiplatform mobile instant messenger.

IM+ Web - multiprotocol web instant messenger. New: Sicher - free mobile cross-platform secure messenger with encrypted file transfer. Business Card Reader - OCR utility for business cards processing and saving of contacts in address book. IDisplay - utility allowing to use devices running on Android OS and iOS as a secondary display for Windows and Mac computers. RDM+ - multiplatform remote access application for mobile devices. CheckIn+/CheckIn Pro - an augmented reality app that overlays user's current surroundings with places from select geolocation applications, allowing users to see each notable destination relative to its position in the real world. Chat for GTalk - monoclient instant messenger for Google Talk/Google+. Mobiola Skype - Skype VoIP program MSN Messenger - MSN instant messenger Yahoo! Messenger - Yahoo! Instant messenger SHAPE Services homepage Warelex homepage Mobiola homepage RDM+ homepage IM+ Web homepage Sicher website