Eagle is a city on the south bank of the Yukon River near the Canada–US border in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, United States. It includes the Eagle Historic District, a U. S. National Historic Landmark; the population was 86 at the 2010 census. Every February, Eagle hosts a checkpoint for the long-distance Yukon Quest sled dog race. Eagle is located at 64°47′10″N 141°12′0″W. Eagle is on the southern bank of the Yukon River, 8 miles west of the border between Alaska and the Yukon Territory of Canada at the end of the Taylor Highway, near Yukon–Charley Rivers National Preserve. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0-square-mile, all land. Like most of Alaska, Eagle has a subarctic climate with long, cold winters moderated by chinook winds, short, warm summers. In the absence of chinook moderation, winter temperatures can be dangerously cold: in the notoriously cold month of December 1917, the temperature did not rise above −25 °F or −31.7 °C and it averaged −46 °F or −43.3 °C.
When chinooks occur, winter temperatures can get above 32 °F or 0 °C, doing so on an average of five days per winter. For thousands of years, the Eagle area was the home to indigenous peoples, including the historic Han people since long before the arrival of Europeans in Alaska; the first permanent American-built structure in present-day Eagle was a log trading post called "Belle Isle", built around 1874. In the late 1800s, Eagle became a supply and trading center for miners working the upper Yukon River and its tributaries. By 1898, its population had exceeded 1,700, as people were coming into the area because of the Klondike Gold Rush. In 1901 Eagle became the first incorporated city in the Alaska Interior, it was named for the many eagles. A United States Army camp, Fort Egbert, was built at Eagle in 1900. A telegraph line between Eagle and Valdez was completed in 1903. In 1905, Roald Amundsen arrived in Eagle and telegraphed the news of the Northwest Passage to the rest of the world; the gold rushes in Fairbanks lured people away from Eagle.
In 1903 Judge James Wickersham moved the Third Division court from Eagle to Fairbanks. By 1910, Eagle's population had declined to its present-day level. Fort Egbert was abandoned in 1911. Present-day Eagle is home to people of European descent. Nearby Eagle Village has a small population, about 50 percent Han; the town enjoyed some notoriety as the setting of John McPhee's book Coming into the Country, first published in 1977 and became quite popular. Many of the buildings from the Gold Rush years are preserved as part of the Eagle Historic District, a National Historic Landmark district. Eagle first appeared on the 1900 U. S. Census as Eagle City, although it was not incorporated until the following year, it was shortened to Eagle in the following census. As of the census of 2000, there were 129 people, 58 households, 37 families residing in the city; the population density was 127.9/sq mi. There were 137 housing units at an average density of 135.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.02% White, 6.20% Native American, 0.78% from two or more races.
0.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 58 households out of which 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.2% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86. In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 3.1% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 44.2% from 45 to 64, 3.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $36,042, the median income for a family was $44,375. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $20,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,221. There were 2.6% of families and 16.5% of the population living below the poverty line, including 40.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.
In the 1970s high school-aged children took correspondence courses from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, with a local resident supervising their work. Eagle is now part of the Alaska Gateway School District. Eagle School, a K–12 campus, serves city students; the Eagle Historic District is a well-preserved example of the historic development in Northern Alaska. Fort Egbert was built in 1889 to serve a central governmental role for the area. Over 100 buildings from this era survive including the Federal courthouse, funded by fines enacted against the rowdy inhabitants; the district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on October 27, 1970 and was designated as a National Historic Landmark on June 2, 1978. List of National Historic Landmarks in Alaska National Register of Historic Places listings in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska "Fort Egbert and the Eagle Historic District summer-1977: Results of Archeological and Historic Research" by Anne Shinkwin, Elizabeth Andrews, Russell Sackett, Mary Kroul
Alaska is a U. S. state in the northwest extremity of North America, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. The Canadian province of British Columbia and territory of Yukon border the state to the east and southeast, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, it has a maritime border with Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—southern parts of the Arctic Ocean; the Pacific Ocean lies to southwest. It is the largest U. S. state by the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States. Half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are a significant part of the economy; the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for 7.2 million U. S. dollars at two cents per acre. The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912.
It was admitted as the 49th state of the U. S. on January 3, 1959. The name "Alaska" was introduced in the Russian colonial period when it was used to refer to the Alaska Peninsula, it was derived from an Aleut-language idiom. It means object to which the action of the sea is directed. Alaska is the northernmost and westernmost state in the United States and has the most easterly longitude in the United States because the Aleutian Islands extend into the Eastern Hemisphere. Alaska is the only non-contiguous U. S. state on continental North America. It is technically part of the continental U. S. but is sometimes not included in colloquial use. S. called "the Lower 48". The capital city, Juneau, is situated on the mainland of the North American continent but is not connected by road to the rest of the North American highway system; the state is bordered by Yukon and British Columbia in Canada, to the east, the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, the Bering Sea, Bering Strait, Chukchi Sea to the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north.
Alaska's territorial waters touch Russia's territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as the Russian Big Diomede Island and Alaskan Little Diomede Island are only 3 miles apart. Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other U. S. states combined. Alaska is the largest state in the United States by total area at 663,268 square miles, over twice the size of Texas, the next largest state. Alaska is larger than all but 18 sovereign countries. Counting territorial waters, Alaska is larger than the combined area of the next three largest states: Texas and Montana, it is larger than the combined area of the 22 smallest U. S. states. There are no defined borders demarcating the various regions of Alaska, but there are six accepted regions: The most populous region of Alaska, containing Anchorage, the Matanuska-Susitna Valley and the Kenai Peninsula. Rural unpopulated areas south of the Alaska Range and west of the Wrangell Mountains fall within the definition of South Central, as do the Prince William Sound area and the communities of Cordova and Valdez.
Referred to as the Panhandle or Inside Passage, this is the region of Alaska closest to the rest of the United States. As such, this was where most of the initial non-indigenous settlement occurred in the years following the Alaska Purchase; the region is dominated by the Alexander Archipelago as well as the Tongass National Forest, the largest national forest in the United States. It contains the state capital Juneau, the former capital Sitka, Ketchikan, at one time Alaska's largest city; the Alaska Marine Highway provides a vital surface transportation link throughout the area, as only three communities enjoy direct connections to the contiguous North American road system. Designated in 1963; the Interior is the largest region of Alaska. Fairbanks is the only large city in the region. Denali National Park and Preserve is located here. Denali is the highest mountain in North America. Southwest Alaska is a sparsely inhabited region stretching some 500 miles inland from the Bering Sea. Most of the population lives along the coast.
Kodiak Island is located in Southwest. The massive Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta, one of the largest river deltas in the world, is here. Portions of the Alaska Peninsula are considered part of Southwest, with the remaining portions included with the Aleutian Islands; the North Slope is tundra peppered with small villages. The area is known for its massive reserves of crude oil, contains both the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska and the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field; the city of Utqiagvik known as Barrow, is the northernmost city in the United States and is located here. The Northwest Arctic area, anchored by Kotzebue and containing the Kobuk River valley, is regarded as being part of this region. However, the respective Inupiat of the No
Fort Greely, Alaska
Fort Greely is a census-designated place in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, United States. It is home to the Fort Greely military installation. At the 2010 census the population was 539, up from 461 in 2000. Fort Greely is located at 63°58′2″N 145°42′33″W. Fort Greely is located 5 miles south of Delta Junction on the Richardson Highway. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 169.7 square miles. 169.4 square miles of it is land and 0.4 square miles of it is water. Because of its remote location, Fort Greely was chosen as one of the first US military posts to have a compact, nuclear power reactor to generate heat and electricity, under the auspices of the Army Nuclear Power Program. A nuclear power plant, designated the SM-1A was flown in and installed between 1960–62, was based on the Army's first prototype reactor, the SM-1 at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. SM-1A pressurized-water reactor reached initial criticality on 13 March 1962, was shut down in 1972: the reactor core was removed and sent to the Savannah River nuclear site.
Fort Greely first appeared as an unincorporated military installation on the 1970 U. S. Census, it was made a census-designated place in 1980. As of the census of 2000, there were 461 people, 126 households, 112 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 2.7/sq mi. There were 354 housing units at an average density of 2.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 65.73% White, 19.74% Black or African American, 1.30% Native American, 1.30% Asian, 1.95% Pacific Islander, 3.69% from other races, 6.29% from two or more races. 15.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 126 households out of which 73.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 80.2% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 11.1% were non-families. 11.1% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.25 and the average family size was 3.53. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 38.6% under the age of 18, 16.1% from 18 to 24, 43.4% from 25 to 44, 2.0% from 45 to 64.
The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $33,750, the median income for a family was $32,969. Males had a median income of $26,544 versus $21,375 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $12,368. About 11.6% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. As it is not near the ocean, this area is drier than coastal Alaska and experiences seasonal extremes typical of subarctic areas; the annual precipitation is only 12 inches, including 37 inches of snow. The average low temperature in January is −11 °F; the average high during July is +69 °F. Temperature extremes have been recorded from −63 °F to +92 °F. Fort Greely is sunny in the summer and split between clear and overcast days in the winter. On clear winter nights, the aurora borealis can be seen dancing in the sky.
Like all subarctic regions, the months from May to July in the summer have no night, only a twilight during the night hours. The months of November to January have little daylight. "Fort Greely". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved July 18, 2006. "Fort Greely". Fort Greely report May 2000. Retrieved May 27, 2012. Fort Greely Homepage U. S. Army Cold Regions Test Center
Big Delta, Alaska
Big Delta is a census-designated place in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, United States. The population was 591 at the 2010 census, down from 749 in 2000. Big Delta is at the confluence of the Delta River and the Tanana River and gets its name from the huge river delta formed by the confluence. Big Delta is located at 64°8′50″N 145°48′6″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 61.1 square miles, of which, 55.2 square miles of it is land and 5.9 square miles of it is water. Big Delta has a dry-winter humid continental climate. Big Delta first appeared on the 1950 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village, it did not appear again until 1980. As of the census of 2000, there were 749 people, 165 households, 117 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 13.6 people per square mile. There were 232 housing units at an average density of 4.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.46% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 1.47% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 2.40% from two or more races.
2.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 165 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.5% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.18 and the average family size was 3.90. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 36.3% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $49,000, the median income for a family was $53,125. Males had a median income of $32,250 versus $37,708 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $14,803. About 7.9% of families and 30.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.
From at least 10,000 years ago to the present, Athabascan Indians have inhabited portions of the interior of Alaska. They survived by fishing in the rivers of the interior of Alaska. Beginning in 1899, the United States Army built a pack trail from Valdez, on the south coast of Alaska, to Eagle, northeast of Big Delta, a distance of about 660 km; the trail crossed the Tanana River near the confluence of the Tanana Rivers. Gold was discovered in 1902 in Fairbanks, about 150 km north of the crossing of the Tanana River. Roadhouses were built along the pack trail. One such roadhouse was Bates Landing, built at the confluence of the Delta and Tanana Rivers, about 12 km north of the current Delta Junction, in the area known now as Big Delta; the U. S. government collected a toll on the south side of the Tanana River from all passengers crossing north. In 1904 work began on the Richardson Highway, which followed the route of the pack trail. In 1906, John Hajdukovich enlarged it. In addition to running the lodge there, he took hunting parties into the nearby Granite Mountains and traded with the Athabaskans in the surrounding area.
An 18-year-old Swedish girl named. After several years, John deeded the roadhouse to Rika in lieu of back wages. Rika homesteaded an adjoining piece of land. Rika's Roadhouse and the adjacent property are now the Big Delta State Historical Park. In 1928 a herd of bison were brought from the U. S. state of Montana to Big Delta, because they were thought to be threatened with extinction in the continental United States. The herd still roams in the Delta Junction area, about 12 km south of Big Delta; the construction of the Alaska Highway during World War II shifted much of the economic activity of the area south to Delta Junction. History of the area can be found in the entry for Delta Junction
David M. "Dave" Talerico is an American politician from Alaska. A Republican, he has served in the Alaska House of Representatives since 2015, he represents House District 6, a vast district in The Bush that encompasses the Denali Borough and other unincorporated areas. He is the longest-serving mayor of the Denali Borough, in office from 2002 to 2012, served on the Borough Assembly again from 2013 to 2014, when he was elected to the House of Representatives, he is a longtime resident of Healy. Talerico ran unsuccessfully for a House seat against David Guttenberg, a Democrat from Fairbanks, he worked for Republican Representative Doug Isaacson as a legislative staffer from 2012 to 2013. He is a miner by trade and was the director of human resources and safety at the Usibelli Coal Mine at the time of his election to the House of Representatives in 2014
Clark C. "Click" Bishop is an American politician and a Republican member of the Alaska Senate since January 18, 2013 representing District C. Bishop graduated from Lathrop High School. 2012 With Democratic Senator Albert Kookesh redistricted to District Q, Bishop won the District C August 28, 2012 Republican Primary with 2,679 votes against former Senator Ralph Seekins and David Eastman. Bishop won the November 6, 2012 General election with 10,051 votes against Democratic nominee Anne Sudkamp. Media related to Click Bishop at Wikimedia Commons Official page at the Alaska Legislature Official Alaska Senate Majority page Profile at Vote Smart Click Bishop at 100 Years of Alaska's Legislature
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area is a census area located in the U. S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,029, it therefore has no borough seat. Its largest communities are unincorporated CDPs. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the census area has a total area of 25,059 square miles, of which 24,769 square miles is land and 291 square miles is water. Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska – Northwest Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska – North Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska – South Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska – Southwest Denali Borough, Alaska – West Yukon Territory, Canada – East Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Wrangell-Saint Elias Wilderness Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve As of the census of 2000, there were 6,174 people, 2,098 households, 1,506 families residing in the census area; the population density was 0.25 people per square mile. There were 3,225 housing units at an average density of 0.13/sq mi. The racial makeup of the census area was 78.99% White, 1.98% Black or African American, 12.71% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, 4.76% from two or more races.
2.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 4.29% reported speaking an Athabaskan language at home, while 4.02% speak Russian, 3.76% Ukrainian, 2.34% Spanish. There were 2,098 households out of which 39.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.34. In the census area the population was spread out with 32.80% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, 6.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.60 males. Delta Junction Eagle List of airports in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area Census Area map, 2000 census: Alaska Department of Labor Census Area map, 2010 census: Alaska Department of Labor Media related to Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska at Wikimedia Commons