Imelda Romualdez Marcos is a Filipino socialite and congresswoman, First Lady of the Philippines for 21 years, during which she and her husband had amassed about US$5-10 billion of ill-gotten wealth, the bulk of which still remains unrecovered. She married Ferdinand Marcos in 1954 and became First Lady in 1965 when he became President of the Philippines, her behaviour of initiating numerous grand architectural projects using public funds, came to be described in common parlance as Imeldific. She and her family gained notoriety for living a lavish lifestyle during a period of economic crisis and civil unrest in the country, she spent much of her time abroad on state visits, extravagant parties, shopping sprees, spent much of the State's money on her personal jewelry and shoe collections. Her collection of over 1,000 pairs of luxury shoes earned her the sobriquet "Marie Antoinette, with shoes." The People Power Revolution in February 1986 forced the family into exile. In 1991, President Corazon Aquino allowed the Marcos family to return to the Philippines after the 1989 death of Ferdinand Marcos.
Imelda Marcos was elected four times to the House of Representatives. She, along with her husband Ferdinand, are famous for holding the Guinness World Record for the Greatest Robbery of a Government. In November 2018, she was convicted of corruption charges for her activities some forty years earlier, during her term as governor of Manila. Imelda Remedios Visitacion Romuáldez was born at dawn in the San Miguel district of Manila on 2 July 1929, her parents were Vicente Orestes Romuáldez, a lawyer, his second wife, Remedios Trinidad. Imelda is the sixth of Vicente's eleven children, Remedios' firstborn. Born into the Romuáldez political dynasty from the province of Leyte, Imelda grew up in a wealthy clan of católicos cerrados, a local term for strict and devout Latin-Rite Catholics. For Imelda's birth, her father hired two physicians and reserved a suite at an extravagant rate of 25 pesos per day. Vicente justified the high cost to relatives by saying, "This child will be important." She was baptized the day after her birth by Monsignor Juan Somera in the nearby San Miguel Church.
Her grandmother, Doña Trinidad López de Romuáldez, was the clan matriarch. Some other notable members of Imelda's family are her uncle Norberto Romualdez, Philippine Supreme Court Associate Justice and the first of the Romualdezes to achieve national prominence, her younger brother Benjamin "Kokoy" Romualdez, who served as the Governor of Leyte and as an ambassador under the Marcos regime. At the time of her birth, the Romualdezes had the comforts of material prosperity and had the reputation of wealthy Manilans. However, around 1931–1932, the financial conditions of Imelda's family began to decline. Imelda's parents were separated for a time, during which Remedios worked for the nuns at the Asilo de San Vicente de Paul. Vicente and Remedios reconciled but to avoid further conflict and her children, including Imelda moved to their house's garage. In 1937 after Conchita's birth, Remedios's health began to fail and she died on 7 April 1938 due to double pneumonia. In her ten years of marriage, Imelda had five siblings – Benjamin, Alfredo and Conchita.
On the same year, 1938, Imelda's father gave up Manila due to his declining fortunes in his law practice and returned to Tacloban where he could support his family with a simpler lifestyle. She speaks Tagalog and English, the two official languages of the Philippines, as well as Waray, the regional language of Leyte. Imelda finished grade one in the nearby Holy Ghost College, where her older half-sisters studied, she continued her early studies at a convent school run by Benedictine Sisters. The old wooden structure of the school still stands today four blocks away from the Romualdez house. At school, Imelda had to face the fact of her family's humiliating poverty, she was among the students who had to apologize for late payments. In 1942, the Romualdezes returned to Tacloban, around that time, Imelda's father refused to let her go back to school; when the Americans came, she lined up with a hundred other young girls in wooden clogs at the Leyte High School, eager to resume her studies. The year was 1944.
She finished first year at the provincial high school where she was chosen Miss I-A. Imelda continued her higher studies at Holy Infant Academy from 1938 to 1948, the year she graduated from high school; as a student, her scholastic record shows that she had a general average of 80 per cent throughout her primary and high school. Imelda ran for President of the student council at St. Paul's College in 1951, three years before her marriage to Marcos. At that time, she was about to graduate with a degree in Education, she was put up as candidate for the Department of Education, which had an enrollment of 800 students. During the nomination, her victory was a foregone conclusion, but the school authorities insisted that another candidate be put up to make the elections a democratic procedure; that was. While an undergraduate student, taught at a local Chinese high school before graduating in 1952, she had won a scholarship to study music at the Philippine Women's University under Adoracion Reyes, a close friend of the family.
She left this for a better one at the Central Bank. After a few lessons, Adoracion was convinced Imelda had talent and persuaded her to enroll at the College of Music and Fine Arts at PWU, unde
First Lady or First Gentleman of the Philippines
The First Lady or First Gentleman of the Philippines is the unofficial, customary title of the host or hostess of Malacañang Palace, the residence of the head of state and head of government of the Philippines. The title is traditionally held by the consort of the President of the Philippines, as such is used to interchangeably refer to the spouse of the incumbent; the consort of the Philippine President is, as in other countries, conventionally styled in English as the "First Lady". As Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo took office as the second female President, the masculine form "First Gentleman" was used for her husband, Miguel Arroyo; the position of First Lady or First Gentleman is not an elected position, carries no official duties, has no personal remuneration. Nonetheless, the title holder participates in humanitarian and charitable work on behalf of the President. Furthermore, many of the holders of this post have taken an active role in campaigning for the President or have participated in public life through some other manner.
Imelda Marcos was given a formal job as Governor of Metro Manila and as Minister of Human Settlements by her husband Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. She is the first First Lady to enter the world of Philippine politics by winning a seat in the Interim Batasang Pambansa in 1978. In 2001, physician Luisa Estrada became the first former First Lady to win a seat in Senate. On few occasions, individuals who are not spouses of the incumbent president has perform tasks reserved for the First Lady or First Gentleman rendering them as the de facto holder of the position in selected occasions. To date, only Elpidio Quirino, Corazon Aquino, Benigno Aquino III had no First Lady or First Gentleman. In the case of Quirino, his First Lady was not his wife but his daughter. Victoria Quirino-Gonzalez was the First Lady for Elpidio Quirino; however Victoria is regarded as the first to be named with the role "First Lady". The spouses of the presidents, from Emilio Aguinaldo to Manuel Roxas, were not given the title during their respective husbands' terms.
Corazón Aquino was married to Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. whose assassination on 21 August 1983 was a key factor in her 1986 rise to the presidency. Her eldest daughter, María Elena "Ballsy" Aquino-Cruz, served as her mother's proxy in some social functions and accompanied her on state visits. In a similar fashion to Victoria Quirino-Delgado, Aquino-Cruz was informally styled "First Lady". During the 2015 APEC summit hosted in Manila, Benigno Aquino III's sister, Kris Aquino served as de facto First Lady for the occasion, their other sisters, Ballsy Aquino-Cruz, Pinky Aquino-Abelleda, Viel Aquino-Dee assisted the president in performing his duties. In the absence of a First Lady for Aquino, the Palace hired professionals to fulfill the roles reserved for the First Lady or First Gentleman, such as organizing state dinners. Prior to his inauguration, incumbent President Rodrigo Duterte designated his daughter Sara as First Lady despite having Cielito Avanceña as his common-law wife, he was married to Elizabeth Zimmerman.
Ms. Avanceña has started to participate as consort of President Duterte during the official visit of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and as hostess during the 30th ASEAN Summit; however Mayor-elect Duterte declined the offer. Following the filing of newly-elected Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte of a 10-day leave of absence until June 22, there were speculations that she would assume the post of First Lady, but she neither denied or confirmed the speculation. Former Department of Interior and Local Government secretary Rafael Alunan has suggested Vice President Leni Robredo to serve as de facto First Lady; as of April 2019, there are four living former First First Gentlemen. The most recent First Lady to die was Victoria Quirino Daughter of Elpidio Quirino on November 29, 2006 and Luz Magsaysay on August 17, 2004. President of the Philippines List of Presidents of the Philippines List of ancient Philippine consorts Malacañang Palace First Lady
Malate is a district of Manila, Philippines. Together with the district of Ermita, it serves as Manila's center for tourism; the name Malate is believed to be derived from a corruption of the Tagalog word maalat. Malate during the Spanish colonial period was an open space with a small fishing village. During the Spanish period, the center of activity was the Malate Church, dedicated to Our Lady of Remedies. After the United States of America annexed the islands in 1898 as a consequence of the Spanish–American War, American urban planners envisioned the development of Malate as the newest and trendiest exclusive residential area for American families. American expatriates and some of the old Spanish mestizo families populated the district in modern high rise apartments and bungalows. Despite extensive damage after the Second World War, many homes and buildings were still standing; the displaced wealthy families who evacuated their homes during the war returned and re-built their private villas and kept the whole district residential until the 1970s.
The once exclusive residential areas in western Malate began to transform into a commercial area with some large homes and residential apartments being converted into small hotels, specialty restaurants and cafes. During the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos and performing artists found a haven in Malate and it became a bohemian enclave.. The district can be directly accessed by the main roads like the Roxas Boulevard, Quirino Avenue and Taft Avenue; the Light Rail Transit follows Taft Avenue and stops at three stations located in Malate, Vito Cruz Station, Quirino Station and Pedro Gil Station. Agencies like the Department of Finance or DOF, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas or BSP and lending institution LandBank of the Philippines established their headquarters in the district, whilst the National Naval Command Headquarters of the Philippine Navy, is at the boundary limits of Manila and the city of Pasay along Roxas Boulevard; the Bureau of Plant Industry is headquartered in the area. In the 1990s, Malate and the nearby district of Ermita had been "cleaned-up" and big businesses and resort hotels have sprouted in the district.
Harrison Plaza, Manila's first enclosed modern mall, is located in the Malate district. There is one hospital, the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center, located at the corner of Roxas Boulevard and Quirino Avenue; the district is home to the Philippine's first sports stadium, the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex and the country's premiere zoological park, the Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden. Promenades and parks by the Manila Bay have been made more convenient and safe with the opening of the Manila Baywalk area and the renovated Plaza Rajah Sulayman. A portion of the Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex lies within the district; the district contains a red-light district. Education in Malate is provided by private schools. Several educational institutions which are part of the University Belt are located in Malate, these are the De La Salle University, De La Salle – College of Saint Benilde, Philippine Christian University, Philippine Women's University, St. Paul University Manila and St. Scholastica's College Manila.
Prominent secondary schools in Malate are the Jesus Reigns Christian Academy, Jose Abad Santos Memorial School and the Malate Catholic School. Doña Aurora Quezon Elementary School is the only public school in the district. Herminio A. Astorga By Sword and Fire: The Destruction of Manila in World War II, 3 February-3 March 1945 by Alphonso J. Aluit Bookmark, Inc. © 1994 National Commission for Culture and the Arts ISBN 971-569-162-5 Media related to Malate, Manila at Wikimedia Commons Malate travel guide from Wikivoyage
Mr. Big (American band)
Mr. Big is an American hard rock supergroup formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1988; the band was composed of Eric Martin, Paul Gilbert, Billy Sheehan, Pat Torpey. They are noted for their musicianship, have scored a number of hits, their songs are marked by strong vocals and vocal harmonies. Their hits include "To Be with You" and "Just Take My Heart". Mr. Big have remained active and popular for over two decades, despite internal conflicts and changing music trends, they broke up in 2002, but after requests from fans, they reunited in 2009. To date, Mr. Big have released the latest being Defying Gravity. In July 2017, the recording catalogue of their music, owned by Warner Music, was sold to Hong Kong-based Evolution Music Group; the band takes its name from the eponymous song by Free, which they covered on their 1993 album, Bump Ahead. After bass player Billy Sheehan left David Lee Roth's backing band in 1988, he began piecing together a new band with the help of Mike Varney from Shrapnel Records, a label specialized in the shredding genre.
He recruited Eric Martin, of the rock-oriented Eric Martin Band and soul-leaning solo artist, soon thereafter added guitarist Gilbert and drummer Torpey. Gilbert was a well-respected guitarist who had released two albums with his Los Angeles-based band Racer X. Torpey came to California from Arizona, had recorded and toured with a number of high-profile artists, including Impellitteri, Stan Bush, Belinda Carlisle, Ted Nugent, The Knack, Jeff Paris; the newly formed band hired Herbie Herbert, the former manager of Journey and Santana, to be their manager. By 1989, they released their self-titled debut the same year; the record was a success in Japan. In June 1990, the group toured America as an opening act on Rush's Presto Tour. In August 1990, two songs, "Strike Like Lightning" and "Shadows", performed by Mr. Big, were released on the soundtrack album of the action film Navy SEALs. Mr. Big's second album, 1991's Lean Into It, was a major commercial breakthrough two ballads, "To Be with You" and "Just Take My Heart", as well as the song "Green-Tinted Sixties Mind".
The cover features a picture of the train in the Montparnasse derailment. They toured the UK in April and May 1991, again in 1992, releasing a live album, Mr. Big Live, in 1992. For three nights, they opened for Aerosmith at London's Wembley Arena. In 1993, another ballad, a cover of Cat Stevens' "Wild World", peaked at No. 27 on the Billboard Hot 100. Although it is said that the band contributed music to the soundtrack for the Sega Mega-CD release of The Amazing Spider-Man vs; the Kingpin, the songs featured Eric Martin with musicians hired by Sega. The band released Hey Man in 1996; the song "Take Cover" was included on the soundtrack to the cartoon series Mega Man. Although the band never replicated its earlier success in the US market, their popularity continued to soar in Japan and in much of Asia, they continued to sell out tours in the Asian market, resulting in a number of live releases for the Japanese market. Live At Budokan was one of those live releases intended for the Japanese market only.
By the time that album appeared, the group had been put on ice, as the individual band members became more engrossed in other projects. Gilbert left the band in 1999, reformed Racer X. Richie Kotzen, another Shrapnel artist and former guitarist for Poison, was brought in as a guitar player. Two studio albums were released by this lineup: Get Over It in 1999, Actual Size in 2001. Get Over It was released on September 1999 in Japan, yielded the single "Superfantastic," to a lukewarm audience response. Mr. Big performed a twenty-date tour of Japan, followed by a New Year's Eve 1999 show with Aerosmith at the Osaka Dome, in Osaka. Get Over It was released in the US in March 2000, followed by a short club stint at "Roxy", California. Several music videos for songs on Get Over It were recorded, however the director claimed rights to the music videos and they were never released. In 2001, Mr. Big released Actual Size in Asia; the CD sat on the charts in the number three spot and "Shine", the first single, went to number one.
The song was used as the ending theme for the anime series Hellsing. However, tension had developed between Sheehan and the other members when Sheehan began touring with Steve Vai. Martin and Torpey decided to write songs without Sheehan, only given credit for two songs on Actual Size. Martin and the others were upset with Sheehan's attitude during the recording of the Shine music video; this was when Torpey decided the only way to keep moving forward was to fire Sheehan. When Kotzen learned of the decision, he made the rest of the band have a meeting with Sheehan to join the dots, seeing as the reason he joined the band was to play and jam with Billy. Although Sheehan was upset that the other members had attempted to "fire" him from the band he created, he agreed to rejoin them, provided that that would be their farewell tour; the band toured and disbanded, in 2002. A near Mr. Big "one-off" reunion took place on May 13, 2008, in Los Angeles, at the House Of Blues, when Paul Gilbert was joined on stage by Pat Torpey, Richie Kotzen, Billy Sheeh
Edgardo Jose "Gary" Santiago Valenciano known as Gary V. and Mr. Pure Energy, is a multi-awarded Filipino-Puerto Rican, singer-songwriter, actor, music producer and TV host. Valenciano has released 39 albums, won the Awit Awards for "Best Male Performer" twelve times. In 1998, he became a title he continues to hold, he is part of ABS-CBN contract artists, having been a mainstay of the Sunday noontime musical variety show ASAP and the noontime, weekday singing contest segment of It's Showtime. He is tapped to sing theme songs for the network's soap operas and in-house film arm, Star Cinema. Valenciano was given the ASAP Elite Platinum Circle Award several times for his achievements in the local music industry. In his 34 years in the music industry, he has been awarded multi-platinum recording awards for most of his full-length studio albums. Gary Valenciano was born in Santa Mesa district of City of Manila on 6 August 1964, he is the sixth of seven children of Vicente Calacas Valenciano, a Bicolano from Camalig and Grimilda Santiago y Olmo, a Puerto Rican from Arecibo.
His parents met in New York and settled in Manila. His father is from Bicol, while his mother is a Puerto Rican of Italian descent who sang opera in Manila during the 1960s. Valenciano attended secondary school in La Salle Green Hills. In 1978, at 14 years old, Valenciano made his first television appearance in an advertisement for Fress Gusto, a now-discontinued soft drink sold by San Miguel Corporation, he started as a choir singer launched his career in singing and show business on 13 May 1983. He first appeared as a solo artist in 1982 in the television programme The Pilita and Jackie Show, in Germspesyal and Penthouse Live, he had his first solo concert in April 1984 followed by a number of albums. Three of his albums were released internationally, including the Christian-inspired album Out of the Dark, he won the Awit Award twelve times in the "Best Male Recording" category alone. He has been called "Mr. Pure Energy" due to his high energy dance performances in concerts; as an actor, he won the "Best Single Performance By An Actor" trophy when he performed in a drama television movie for GMA7 in the 90s.
He has appeared in 14 full-length films as the lead actor for some of the top movie companies like Viva Films, Regal Films, Seiko Films, Star Cinema, with leading ladies like Vilma Santos, Maricel Soriano, Lorna Tolentino, Kris Aquino, Sharon Cuneta, Gretchen Barretto, Princess Punzalana, Ms. Universe 1993 Dayanara Torres; as an inspirational artist, he recorded a number of Christian albums and was chosen to do a music video for the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association for a song he co-wrote, "Could You Be Messiah," in 1994. He was tapped for Global Mission in Puerto Rico in 1994 where he performed with Michael W. Smith and Steve Green. BGEA tapped him as well as in Amsterdam 2000, he is a member of the Board of Trustees of Christian Broadcasting Network, producers of The 700 Club. He performed at the 50th anniversary of CBN in Virginia Beach and has guested on The 700 Club USA many times; as a performing artist, he was called the "Michael Jackson of the Philippines" in the 80s and 90s, continues to hold concerts all over the world.
He has sold out venues and theatres in the Philippines and all over the world, performing in venues like the Shrine Auditorium and Microsoft Theater in California, the Roy Thompson Hall in Canada, the Budokhan Hall in Japan, the Navy Pier in Chicago, the Sydney Entertainment Center and Hillsong Auditorium in Australia. He has performed all over the world, including in the US, Hong Kong, Korea, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, Israel, Puerto Rico, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Abu Dhabi, Al Ain, Qatar, London, Norway, Germany, Switzerland and Amsterdam. In 1998, he became UNICEF Philippines' first National Ambassador. In 2008, he marked his tenth year as a UNICEF Ambassador with a visit to Sitio Avocado, a former war zone in Negros Oriental. Valenciano returned to acting in 2008 by appearing in the drama anthology Maalaala Mo Kaya, where he portrayed a prisoner who finds religion and becomes a born again Christian; that same year, he was nominated for "Best Single Performance By An Actor" in the 22nd PMPC Star Awards for TV.
In 2009, Valenciano released a collaborative album with Martin Nievera called As 1, with the carrier single of the same title. In 2010, Valenciano was in a Holy Week drama special, Gulong, a CBN Asia production shown on GMA. For his 25th anniversary in 2008, STAR RECORDS, the music arm of ABSCBN, released GV 25, a compilation of songs he composed and recorded sung by music stars of the Philippines like Sharon Cuneta, Rachel Ann Go, Martin Nievera, Piolo Pascual, Jed Madela, Erik Santos, Christian Bautista. For his 30th anniversary in 2013, his concert ARISE, staged at the Araneta Coliseum for two nights and restaged at the MOA ARENA to a jam-packed audience, won as PMPC's Best Concert of the Year, his album With You won the Best Inspirational Album for the same year at the Catholic Mass Media Awards. Valenciano formed the Shining Light Foundation in 1989, focusing on supporting diabetics and a scholarship program that has produced many multi-awarded scholars and students. Valenciano is married to María Anna Elizabeth "Angeli" Pangilinan, with whom he has three children: Paolo Valenciano is vocalist of the band Salamin.
Fascia is an architectural term for a vertical frieze or band under a roof edge, or which forms the outer surface of a cornice, visible to an observer. Consisting of a wooden board, uPVC or non-corrosive sheet metal, many of the non-domestic fascias made of stone form an ornately carved or pieced together cornice in which case the term fascia is used; the word fascia derives from Latin "fascia" meaning "band, ribbon, swathe". The term is used, although less for other such band-like surfaces like a wide, flat trim strip around a doorway and separate from the wall surface; the horizontal "fascia board" which caps the end of rafters outside a building may be used to hold the rain gutter. The finished surface below the fascia and rafters is called the eave. In classical architecture, the fascia is the plain, wide band across the bottom of the entablature, directly above the columns; the "guttae" or drip edge was mounted below the triglyph. Bargeboard, a board fastened to a projecting gable Eaves, a roof projection beyond the line of a building Soffit, the surface or surfaces structural under a roof projection.
The term used in other structures such as for the underside of an arch
This is the Filipino article of poet. For the town he named, see Balagtas, Bulacan.'Francisco Baltazar', better known as'Francisco Balagtas' Filipino poets, regarded as one of the greatest Filipino literary laureates for his impact on Filipino literature. The famous epic and Laura, his most famous masterpiece. <Ref name = AMFBFL> Quirino, Carlos. Preface for Apolinario Mabini's Hand-Written Version of Francisco Baltasar's "Florante and Laura"', in English, the copy Mabini was translated into English by Tarrosa Subido, National Historical Commission, Bureau of Printing, Manila, 1964, Vertex Press, Quezon City, 1972, with 119 pages, the introductory pages and translator's foreword are in the pages of v-xx pages </ ref> Francisco Balagtas Baltazar was born on 2 April 1788 in Panginay, Bulacan. He is called Kiko and Balagtas, his parents are Juana dela Cruz and Juan Baltazar and his brothers are Philip and Nicolasa. By the age of 11, he left Manila, to find study, he entered Parish of Bigaa, where he was educated about religion.
Donya Trinidad helped him to continue college in Colegio de San Jose in Manila. He studied at Colegio de San Juan de Letran and became a teacher of Padre Mariano Pilapil. In 1835 Kiko settled in Manila. Here he met Maria Asuncion Rivera; the majestic maid inspired the poet. He is called "Selya" and is named M. A. R. by Balagtas in her bones Florante and Laura. He became the rival of Mariano "Nanong" Kapule in pleading with Selya, a wealthy man and powerful in government; because of what he had done to wreak havoc on Selya, Nanong Kapule shut him down so Selya would never see him again. While he was in jail, Nanong Kapule married Selya without the love that Selya felt for Nanong Kapule. In the prison, he wrote Laura on De Arroz's role for Selya. In 1838, he was released from prison. Kiko was a court clerk in 1840 in Udyong, Bataan. Here he met ` Juana Tiambeng', they married in 1842. Tiambeng was 31 and Balagtas was 54. For the first time, she used'Baltazar' in her marriage certificate. There he had four children from Juana Tiambeng.
He holds high position in Bataan-lenovo mayor and juez de semantera. Kiko was again imprisoned in Balanga, Bataan for a complaint that he cut off her maid's'Alferez Lucas', he was released in 1861. He continued writing comedies and songs when he was released. Before making peace, he told. You better cut off their fingers, he died with his wife, Juana Tiambeng and his children on February 20, 1862. He died at age 74, due to pneumonia and because of his old age, it is said that the trials of Balagtas's life, his efforts to surpass them, have forged him to be an effective and successful poet. Orosmán and Zafira - a comedy with four parts Don Nuño and Selinda - a comedy with three parts Auredato and Astrome - a comedy with three parts'Clara Belmore"- a"comedy"with three parts Abdol and Misereanan - a comedy'Bayaceto and Dorslica"- a"comedy"with three parts and Rosalinda - a comedy La India elegant y el negrito amante Nudo gordeano Rodolfo and Rosemonda Mahomet and Constanza Claus Florante and Laura, a song.