Taos Pueblo is an ancient pueblo belonging to a Taos-speaking Native American tribe of Puebloan people. It lies about 1 mile north of the modern city of New Mexico; the pueblos are considered to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited communities in the United States. This has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Taos Pueblo is a member of the Eight Northern Pueblos; the Taos community is known for being one of the most private and conservative pueblos. Natives will never speak of their religious customs to outsiders, because their language has never been written down, much of the culture remains unknown to the rest of the world. A reservation of 95,000 acres is attached to the pueblo, about 4,500 people live in this area; the pueblo was constructed in a setting backed by the Taos Mountains of the Sangre de Cristo Range. The settlement was built on either side of Rio Pueblo de Taos called Rio Pueblo and Red Willow Creek, a small stream that flows through the middle of the pueblo compound.
Its headwaters come from the nearby mountains. Taos Pueblo's most prominent architectural feature is a multi-storied residential complex of reddish-brown adobe, built on either side of the Rio Pueblo; the Pueblo's website states it was built between 1000 and 1450. The pueblo was designated a National Historic Landmark on October 9, 1960. In 1992 it was designated as a UNESCO Heritage Site; as of 2006, about 150 people live in the historic complex full-time. In the Tanoan language of Taos, the pueblo is referred to as "the village" in either tə̂otho "in the village" or tə̂obo "to/toward the village"; the proper name of the pueblo is ȉałopháymųp’ȍhə́othə̀olbo "at red willow canyon mouth". This name is more used in ceremonial contexts and is less common in everyday speech; the name Taos in English was borrowed from Spanish Taos. Spanish Taos is a borrowing of Taos tə̂o- "village", heard as tao to which the plural -s was added although in the modern language Taos is no longer a plural noun; the idea that the Spanish Taos is from tao, "cross of the order of San Juan de los Caballeros", is unlikely.
Most archeologists believe that the Taos Indians, along with other Pueblo Indians, settled along the Rio Grande after migrating south from the Four Corners region. The dwellings of that region were inhabited by the Ancestral Puebloans. A long drought in the area in the late 13th century may have caused them to move to the Rio Grande, where the water supply was more dependable. However, their reason for migrating is still disputed and there is evidence that a violent struggle took place. Archeological clues point to the idea that the Natives may have been forced to leave. Throughout its early years, Taos Pueblo was a central point of trade between the native populations along the Rio Grande and their Plains Tribes neighbors to the northeast. Taos Pueblo hosted a trade fair each fall after the agricultural harvest; the first Spanish visitors to Taos Pueblo arrived in 1540. Around 1620, Spanish Jesuits oversaw construction of the first Catholic Church in the pueblo, the mission of San Geronimo de Taos.
Reports from the period indicate that the native people of Taos resisted the building of the church and imposition of the Catholic religion. Throughout the 1600s, cultural tensions grew between the native populations of the Southwest and the increasing Spanish colonial presence. Taos Pueblo was no exception. By 1660, the native people destroyed the church. Several years after it was rebuilt, the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 began. In 1924-25 the Taos Pueblo culture was studied by German psychiatrist Carl Jung, who visited the Pueblo led by Ochwiay Biano, he was interested in indigenous societies as he believed they were more in touch with archetypes. The Pueblo's 48,000 acres of mountain land was taken by President Theodore Roosevelt and designated as the Carson National Forest early in the 20th century, it was returned in 1970 by the United States when President Nixon signed Public Law 91-550. An additional 764 acres south of the ridge between Simpson Peak and Old Mike Peak and west of Blue Lake were transferred back to the Pueblo in 1996.
Blue Lake, which the people of the Pueblo consider sacred, was included in this return of Taos land. The Pueblo notably involved non-native people in lobbying the federal government for the return of Blue Lake, as they argued that their unrestricted access to the lake and the surrounding region was necessary to ensure their religious freedom; the Pueblo's web site names the reacquisition of the sacred Blue Lake as the most important event in its history due to the spiritual belief that the Taos people originated from the lake. It is believed that their ancestors live there, the pueblos themselves only ascend the mountain twice a year. At the time of the Spaniards' initial contact, Hernando de Alvarado described the pueblo as having adobe houses built close together and stacked five or six stories high; the homes became narrower as they rose, with the roofs of each level providing the floors and terraces for those above. The buildings at Taos had few windows and no standard doorways. Instead, access to rooms was through square holes in the roof that the people reached by climbing long, wooden ladders.
Engelmann Spruce logs supported roofs that had layers of branches, mud
Kile Wali Mata Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu Goddess, Maa Durga, located at Shahpur Kandi, District Pathankot of Punjab. It is a well known temple in the city; the town is close to the Madhopur, Punjab. This is the main attraction for Tourists. Worship of Maa Durga in the temple is one of blessing to the city. Kile Wali Mata Temple, Shahpurkandi fort is one of the main attractions of the city, it is a 16th-century monument, nestled at the foot of the majestic Himalayas. It is said it was built in 1505 by a Rajput chief, it was strategically located to have control over the Nurpur region. The fort is in ruins, is famous for its temples and the view it commands over the Ravi river; this fort served as the last refuge of Ram Singh Pathania in 1848 AD when he rebelled against the atrocities of Britishers who insulted Rajput dignitaries. After intense battle between the two authorities, the British defeated Ram Singh Pathania after bribing the local priest. At present, the fort is the symbol of heroism and valor of the Rajput Chieftain who embraced death with lion’s heart.
Though there are many mosques and tombs near Gurdaspur, the Shahpurkandi fort remains the major tourist attraction of the city. This monument was a famous historical attraction. However, with rise in the number of tourists visiting the area, this fort has now been converted into a rest house which offers exclusive facilities for tourists. Connecting Jammu and Kashmir to the rest of India, this fort offers picturesque views of the River Ravi. With the delay in the restoration work, the fort may seem a bit disoriented with only preserved ruins. However, the remains of the fort are enough to speak for the glorious times of its history. Kile Wali Mata Temple located at a distance of 13 kilometers from Pathankot; the visit to Shahpurkandi fort is best. Several caves can be found en route to Shahpurkandi fort, glorified in Hindu mythology, Mahabharata, it is believed. Ranjit Sagar Dam and Madhopur are some of the interesting places. Many religious places are accessible via public transport from the fort.
Other than this template, there are many other templates located inside the places Shani Dev Mandir, Shree Shiv Mandir, Hanuman Mandir, Sai Baba Mandir, Peer Baba Mandir and Laxmi Narayan Mandir. Temple is open through all the days from 4:00 am–10:00 pm
Dag Syver Arnesen is a Norwegian jazz pianist with a series of album releases. Arnesen was born in Bergen, studied classical piano under Jiri Hlinka at the Bergen Music Conservatory and got a commitment by Den Nationale Scene, he went to jazz and played in the 1970s with the Arvid Genius' orchestra, led his own Trios and Septetter og 13'tets. There were several records under his own name and he is still in the Bergen Big Band. Arnesen has lived in Oslo and played in the jazz bands Søyr, various groups led by the late international Norwegian guitarist Thorgeir Stubø, vocalist Susanne Fuhr, saxophonists Knut Riisnæs and Odd Riisnæs and orchestra leader Kjell Karlsen. In the Bergen-based Sigurd Ulveseth Quartet he has participated on three releases, Arnesen led the local Evans Jazzclub, his melodic style has been compared to Jan Johansson. 2014: Gammleng Award category Jazz 2009: Buddyprisen, awarded at Dokkhuset in Trondheim. 2003: Sildajazz Prize 1994: The Grieg Prize 1993: NOPA work of the Year Prize for Rusler rundt 152 1992: Vossajazzprisen 1982: Reenskog jazz Award An asterisk indicates that the year is that of release.