Tap water is water supplied to a tap. Its uses include drinking, washing and the flushing of toilets. Indoor tap water is distributed through "indoor plumbing", which has existed since antiquity but was available to few people until the second half of the 19th century when it began to spread in popularity in what are now developed countries. Tap water became common in many regions during the 20th century, is now lacking among people in poverty in developing countries. Tap water is culturally assumed to be drinking water in developed countries, it is potable, although water quality problems are not rare. Household water purification methods such as water filters, boiling, or distillation can be used when tap water's potability is doubted; the application of technologies involved in providing clean water to homes and public buildings is a major subfield of sanitary engineering. Calling a water supply "tap water" distinguishes it from the other main types of fresh water which may be available. Publicly available treated water has been associated with major increases in life expectancy and improved public health.
Water-borne diseases are vastly reduced by fresh water availability. Providing tap water to large urban or suburban populations requires a complex and designed system of collection, storage and distribution, is the responsibility of a government agency the same agency responsible for the removal and treatment of clean water. Specific chemical compounds are taken out of tap water during the treatment process to adjust the pH or remove contaminants, chlorine may be added to kill biological toxins. Local geological conditions affecting groundwater are determining factors for the presence of various metal ions rendering the water "soft" or "hard". Tap water remains susceptible to chemical contamination. In the event of contamination deemed dangerous to public health, government officials issue an advisory regarding water consumption. In the case of biological contamination, residents are advised to boil their water before consumption or to use bottled water as an alternative. In the case of chemical contamination, residents may be advised to refrain from consuming tap water until the matter is resolved.
In many areas a compound of fluoride is added to tap water in an effort to improve dental health among the public. In some communities "fluoridation" remains a controversial issue; this supply may come from several possible sources. Municipal water supply Water wells Processed water from creeks, rivers, rainwater, etc. Domestic water systems have been evolving since people first located their homes near a running water supply, such as a stream or river; the water flow allowed sending waste water away from the residences. Modern indoor plumbing delivers clean, potable water to each service point in the distribution system, it is important that the clean water not be contaminated by the waste water side of the process system. This contamination of drinking water has been the largest killer of humans. Tap water can sometimes appear cloudy mistaken for mineral impurities in the water, it is caused by air bubbles coming out of solution due to change in temperature or pressure. Because cold water holds more air than warm water, small bubbles will appear in water.
It has a high dissolved gas content, heated or depressurized, which reduces how much dissolved gas the water can hold. The harmless cloudiness of the water disappears as the gas is released from the water. Domestic hot water is provided through district heating; the hot water from these units is piped to the various fixtures and appliances that require hot water, such as lavatories, bathtubs, washing machines, dishwashers. Everything in a building that uses water falls under one of two categories; as the consumption points above perform their function, most produce waste/sewage components that will require removal by the waste/sewage side of the system. The minimum is an air gap. See cross connection control & backflow prevention for an overview of backflow prevention methods and devices in use, both through the use of mechanical and physical principles. Fixtures are devices. Potable water supply systems are composed of pipes and valves; the installation of water pipes can be done using the following plastic and metal materials: polybutylene high density cross-linked polyethylene block copolymer of polypropylene the polypropylene copolymer random copolymer of polypropylene Layer: cross-linked polyethylene, high-density polyethylene Layer: polyethylene crosslinked, cross-linked polyethylene Layer copolymer of a random polypropylene, polypropylene random copolymer polyvinyl chloride, chlorinated polyvinyl chloride - not softened carbon steel, ordinary galvanized corrosion resistant steel Deoxidized High Phosphorus copper lead Other materials, if the pipes made from them have been let into circulation and the widespread use in th
Eyyub Balamammad oglu Bashirov was an Azerbaijani biologist-scientist, president of Association of Animal husbandry of Azerbaijan, real member of the Russian Academy of International Quality Problems and member of the board of the Council of Elders of Azerbaijan Republic. Eyyub Bashirov was born on December 1925 in Xol Qarabucaq village of Salyan, he graduated from Salyan Pedagogical Technical School in 1943 with distinctive marks and began his teaching career. Eyyub Bashirov, admitted to the Zootechnic Faculty of the Azerbaijan Agricultural Institute in 1945, was transferred to the third course of the Zootechnical faculty of the Moscow State Agricultural Academy named after Kliment A. Timiryazev two years as a distinguished student. After graduating from the academy, Eyyub returned to Azerbaijan and served in the development of animal husbandry, agrarian science and folk medicine. In 1953, he graduated from the All-Union Institute of Animal Husbandry and received his scientific degree of candidate of sciences in 1954.
Eyyub Bashirov began scientific activity in mid-20th century - in 1947. In 1947-1954, he prepared works in the Moscow State Agricultural Academy and carried out scientific researches. Bashirov has served in different periods in India, Algeria and Afghanistan, in organization and strengthening of the agricultural sector, the breeding and fertilization system of these countries. In 1971, during his scientific mission to Chile, Eyyub Bashirov developed a 10-year plan-program for the solution of many scientific problems such as animal breeding development, progressive methods and technologies. Eyyub Bashirov is the author of more than 700 published scientific and publicistic articles, 2 textbooks, 3 monographs, 4 instructions. Among his works are: "Animal husbandry of Algeria". In September 1964, Eyyub Bashirov made a scientific report at the scientific conference held in Trento, Italy, his scientific report was awarded the first place and a gold medal at the V International Congress of Biologists.
Pope Paul VI presented his portrait to him. Ayyub Bashirov was awarded with the order of the Badge of Honour. Eyyub Bashirov was of Shamakhi origin. After the earthquake that took place on May 31, 1859, their families moved to the village of Xol Qarabucaq in Salyan, his great-grandfather, Hadji Samed was the veteran of the city during the earthquake. Eyyub Bashirov was a father of three sons, his elder son, Yashar is the President of the National Karate Federation of Azerbaijan and European champion, Honorable Sports Master. Yasar is a candidate of biological sciences. Khanlar is a well-known dancer of the Azerbaijan Honored Artist of Azerbaijan, his last son, Khagani is a businessman
The monsoon of South Asia is among several geographically distributed global monsoons. It affects the Indian subcontinent, where it is one of the oldest and most anticipated weather phenomena and an economically important pattern every year from June through September, but it is only understood and notoriously difficult to predict. Several theories have been proposed to explain the origin, strength, variability and general vagaries of the monsoon, but understanding and predictability are still evolving; the unique geographical features of the Indian subcontinent, along with associated atmospheric and geophysical factors, influence the behavior of the monsoon. Because of its effect on agriculture, on flora and fauna, on the climates of nations such as Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka — among other economic and environmental effects — the monsoon is one of the most anticipated and studied weather phenomena in the region, it has a significant effect on the overall well-being of residents and has been dubbed the "real finance minister of India".
The word monsoon, although defined as a system of winds characterized by a seasonal reversal of direction, lacks a consistent, detailed definition. Some examples are: The American Meteorological Society calls it a name for seasonal winds, first applied to the winds blowing over the Arabian Sea from the northeast for six months and from the southwest for six months; the term has since been extended to similar winds in other parts of the world. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change describes a monsoon as a tropical and subtropical seasonal reversal in both surface winds and associated precipitation, caused by differential heating between a continental-scale land mass and the adjacent ocean; the Indian Meteorological Department defines it as the seasonal reversal of the direction of winds along the shores of the Indian Ocean in the Arabian Sea, which blow from the southwest for half of the year and from the northeast for the other half. Colin Stokes Ramage, in Monsoon Meteorology, defines the monsoon as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation.
Observed by sailors in the Arabian Sea traveling between Africa and Southeast Asia, the monsoon can be categorized into two branches based on their spread over the subcontinent: Arabian Sea branch Bay of Bengal branch Alternatively, it can be categorized into two segments based on the direction of rain-bearing winds: Southwest monsoon Northeast monsoonBased on the time of year that these winds bring rain to India, the monsoon can be categorized into two periods: Summer monsoon Winter monsoon The complexity of the monsoon of South Asia is not understood, making it difficult to predict the quantity and geographic distribution of the accompanying precipitation. These are the most monitored components of the monsoon, they determine the water availability in India for any given year. Monsoons occur in tropical areas. One area that monsoons impact is India. In India monsoons create an entire season; the rainfall is a result of the convergence of wind flow from the Bay of Bengal and reverse winds from the South China Sea.
The onset of the monsoon occurs over the Bay of Bengal in May, arriving at the Indian Peninsula by June, the winds move towards the South China Sea. Although the southwest and northeast monsoon winds are seasonally reversible, they do not cause precipitation on their own. Two factors are essential for rain formation: Moisture-laden winds Droplet formationAdditionally, one of the causes of rain must happen. In the case of the monsoon, the cause is orographic, due to the presence of highlands in the path of the winds. Orographic barriers force wind to rise. Precipitation occurs on the windward side of the highlands because of adiabatic cooling and condensation of the moist rising air; the unique geographic relief features of the Indian subcontinent come into play in allowing all of the above factors to occur simultaneously. The relevant features in explaining the monsoon mechanism are as follows: The presence of abundant water bodies around the subcontinent: the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean.
These help moisture accumulate in the winds during the hot season. The presence of abundant highlands like the Western Ghats and the Himalayas right across the path of the southwest monsoon winds; these are the main cause of the substantial orographic precipitation throughout the subcontinent. The Western Ghats are the first highlands of India; the Western Ghats rise abruptly from the Western Coastal Plains of the subcontinent, making effective orographic barriers for the monsoon winds. The Himalayas play more than the role of orographic barriers for the monsoon, they help confine it to the subcontinent. Without them, the southwest monsoon winds would blow right over the Indian subcontinent into Tibet and Russia without causing any rain. For the northeast monsoon, the highlands of the Eastern Ghats play the role of orographic barrier. There are some unique features of the rains. Bursting of monsoon refers to the sudden change in weather conditions in India, characterized by an abrupt rise in the mean daily rainfall.
The burst of the northeast monsoon refers to an abrupt increase in the mean daily rainfall over the affected regions. One of the most used words to
The Sonatina in G major for violin and piano, Op. 100, B. 183, was written by December 3, 1893, in New York City. It was the last chamber composition. Dvořák catered the sonatina to the developing musical abilities of his children those of his 15-year-old daughter Ottilie and 10-year-old son Toník. In a letter to Fritz Simrock on January 2, 1894, Dvořák conceived the piece in the following terms: "It is intended for youths, but grown-ups, should be able to converse with it..." The sonatina was published by Simrock in Berlin in 1894. It exists in a version for cello and piano; the four short movements of the sonatina each exhibit a clear, formal structure. They all contain themes, like those found in his other American chamber works, owe their inspiration to Indian melodies and Negro spirituals, which are characterized by pentatonic scales and syncopated rhythm, among other traits; the mood of the composition is joyful. Only the second movement and part of the last movement are nostalgic; the slow movement Larghetto was hurriedly noted down on Dvořák's shirt sleeve while on a visit to Minnehaha Falls, in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Simrock sold this movement separately, without the composer's permission, Fritz Kreisler performed it as Indian Lament. It appeared as Indian Canzonetta. Victor 12" record 74387, recorded 3/31/1914 Antonín Dvořák: Sonatina G-Dur. Op. 100. Violino e piano. Urtext. Prague: Editio Bärenreiter, 2006. H 1364. ISMN M-2601-0389-4 Dvořák Violin Sonatina: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project Performance of Sonatina in an arrangement for viola and piano by Dimitri Murrath and Vincent Planes from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in MP3 format
Cheick Fantamady Camara was an award-winning Guinean film director. He was the director of two feature films, his 2006 film Il va pleuvoir sur Conakry won the 2007 Panafrican Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso and the 2008 Prix Ousmane Sembène at the Khouribga African Cinema Festival in Morocco. Cheick Fantamady Camara was born in 1960 in Guinea. While living in France in his 40s, he took a course in screenwriting at the Institut national de l'audiovisuel, graduating in 1997. A year in 1998, he studied film directing at the Louis Lumière College. Camara began by directing two short films: Konorofili in 2000 and Bé Kunko in 2004, he subsequently directed two feature films: Il va pleuvoir sur Conakry in 2006 and Morbayssa in 2010. Camara won the Prix RFI du Public at the 2007 Panafrican Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso and the 2008 Prix Ousmane Sembène at the Khouribga African Cinema Festival in Morocco for Il va pleuvoir sur Conakry. Camara died on January 7, 2017, at the age of 57.
Cheick Fantamady Camara on IMDb
Year 558 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 558 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. May 7 -- In the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses due to an earthquake. Emperor Justinian I orders the dome to be rebuilt; the Avars and the Slavs occupy the Hungarian Plain on the Balkans. The threat of Avar domination prompts the Lombards to migrate to Italy. December 13 – King Chlothar I reunites the Frankish Kingdom after his brother Childebert I dies, becoming sole ruler of the Franks. Conall mac Comgaill becomes king of Dál Riata, a Gaelic overkingdom on the western coast of Scotland. Istämi, ruler of the Western Turkic Khaganate, establishes diplomatic relations with the Byzantine Empire. December 23 – The Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés is dedicated by Germain, bishop of Paris; the Bangor Abbey is founded by the Irish abbot Comgall in Northern Ireland.
Gao Yan, prince of Northern Qi Yu Shinan and official May 1 – Marcouf and saint May 13 – John the Silent and saint May 15 – Hilary of Galeata, Christian monk December 13 – Childebert I, king of the Franks Abraham of Kratia, Christian monk Empress Dugu, Northern Zhou consort Gabrán mac Domangairt, king of Dál Riata Jing Di, emperor of the Liang Dynasty