The Tarim Basin is an endorheic basin in northwest China occupying an area of about 1,020,000 km2. Located in China's Xinjiang region, it is sometimes used synonymously to refer the southern half of the province, or Nanjiang, as opposed to the northern half of the province known as Dzungaria or Beijiang, its northern boundary is the Tian Shan mountain range and its southern boundary is the Kunlun Mountains on the edge of the Tibetan Plateau. The Taklamakan Desert dominates much of the basin; the historical Uyghur name for the Tarim Basin is Altishahr. Xinjiang consists of two main geographically and ethnically distinct regions with different historical names and the Tarim Basin, before Qing China unified them into one political entity called Xinjiang province in 1884. At the time of the Qing conquest in 1759, Dzungaria was inhabited by steppe dwelling, nomadic Tibetan Buddhist Dzungar people, while the Tarim Basin was inhabited by sedentary, oasis dwelling, Turkic speaking Muslim farmers, now known as the Uyghur people.
They were governed separately until 1884. North side The Chinese called this the Tien Shan Nan Lu or Tien Shan South Road, as opposed to the Bei Lu north of the mountains. Along it runs the modern railroad while the middle Tarim River is about 100 km south. Kashgar was. Bachu or Miralbachi. Center Most of the basin is occupied by the Taklamakan Desert, too dry for permanent habitation; the Yarkand and Aksu Rivers join to form the Tarim River which runs along the north side of the basin. It continued to Loulan, but some time after 330AD it turned southeast near Korla toward Charkilik and Loulan was abandoned; the Tarim ended at the now-dry Lop Nur. Eastward is the fabled Jade Gate. Beyond, Dunhuang with its ancient manuscripts and Anxi at the west end of the Gansu Corridor. South side Kashgar; the modern road continues east to Tibet. There is no current road east across the Kumtag Desert to Dunhuang, but caravans somehow made the crossing through the Yangguan pass south of the Jade Gate; the Southern Xinjiang Railway branches from the Lanxin Railway near Turpan, follows the north side of the basin to Kashgar and curves southeast to Khotan.
Roads The main road from eastern China reaches Urumchi and continues as highway 314 along the north side to Kashgar. Highway 315 continues east to Tibet. There are four north-south roads across the desert. 218 runs from Charkilik to Korla along the former course of the Tarim forming an oval whose other end is Kashgar. The Tarim Desert Highway, a major engineering achievement, crosses the center from Niya to Luntai; the new Highway 217 follows the Khotan River from Khotan to near Aksu. A road follows the Yarkand River from Yarkand to Baqu. East of the Korla-Charkilik road travel continues to be difficult. Rivers Rivers coming south from the Tien Shan join the largest being the Aksu. Rivers flowing north from the Kunlun are named for the town or oasis they pass through. Most dry up in the desert, only the Hotan River reaching the Tarim in good years. An exception is the Qiemo River. Ruins in the desert imply. Caravans and passes The original caravan route seems to have followed the south side. At the time of the Han Dynasty conquest it shifted to the center.
When the Tarim changed course about 330AD it shifted north to Hami. A minor route went north of the Tian Shan; when there was war on the Gansu Corridor trade entered the basin near Charkilik from the Qaidam Basin. The original route to India seems to have started near Yarkand and Kargilik, but it is now replaced by the Karakoram Highway south from Kashgar. To the west of Kashgar via the Irkeshtam border crossing is the Alay Valley, once the route to Persia. Northeast of Kashgar the Torugart pass leads to the Ferghana Valley. Near Uchturpan the Bedel Pass leads to the steppes. Somewhere near Aksu the difficult Muzart Pass led north to the Ili River basin. Near Korla was the Iron Gate Pass and now the railway north to Urumchi. From Turfan the easy Dabancheng pass leads to Urumchi; the route from Charkilik to the Qaidam Plateau was of some importance. North of the Mountains is Dzungaria with its central Gurbantünggüt Desert, Urumchi the capital and the Karamay oil fields; the Kulja territory is the upper basin of the Ili River and opens out onto the Kazakh steppe with several roads eastward.
The Dzungarian Gate was once a migration route and is now a road and rail crossing. Tacheng or Tarbaghatay is a road crossing and former trading post; the Tarim Basin is the result of an amalgamation between an ancient microcontinent and the growing Eurasian continent during the Carboniferous to Permian periods. At present, deformation around the margins of the basin is resulting in the mi
Dean Northover is a Canadian professional soccer player who plays for Cavalry FC as a full-back. In 2015, Northover joined local club Calgary Foothills FC in their inaugural season in the Premier Development League. In 2016, Northover made fourteen league appearances and five playoff appearances for Calgary. In 2017, Northover made another fourteen league appearances for Foothills while attending the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, where he was named 2017–18 ACAC Men's Soccer Player of the Year. In 2018, Northover made nine league appearances for Calgary and four playoff appearances as the Foothills won the 2018 PDL Championship. Northover made more appearances in the PDL than any other player from 2015 to 2018. On 23 January 2019, Northover signed with local Canadian Premier League side Cavalry FC, joining former Foothills coach Tommy Wheeldon Jr. and several of is former Foothills teammates. On 4 May 2019, he made his professional debut in the club's inaugural match against York 9 FC.
After starting for Cavalry in the 2019 Spring season, Northover would tear his ACL in July 2019, forcing him to miss the remainder of the 2019 season. Calgary Foothills PDL Championship: 2018Individual ACAC Men's Soccer Player of the Year: 2017 Dean Northover at Soccerway
George Parks Hitchcock was an American actor, playwright, labor activist and painter. He is best known for creating Kayak, a poetry magazine that he published as a one-man operation from 1964 to 1984. Important, Hitchcock published writers under the "Kayak" imprint including the first two books by Charles Simic, second books by Philip Levine and Raymond Carver, translations by W. S. Merwin, early books by Robert Bly and James Tate. Hitchcock was born in Hood River, graduating in 1935 from the University of Oregon, where he was a reporter on the school newspaper. After college, he worked as a journalist for several labor movement periodicals, including The Western Worker and The People’s Daily World developing an interest in poetry, fostered by Kenneth Rexroth, he joined the United States Merchant Marine during World War II, worked as a cook and a waiter in the South Pacific. After the war, he became more active in the labor movement, working to organize dairy workers in California and teaching at the California Labor School.
He became active in the San Francisco theater scene, writing plays and acting with the Actor's Workshop and the Interplayers while working as a landscape gardener. While performing at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in 1957, Hitchcock was called to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee, where in response to a question asking him his profession, he responded, "I am a gardener. I do underground work on plants", he refused to answer any further questions "on the grounds that this hearing is a big bore and waste of the public's money". In 1958, after the San Francisco Review published one of Hitchcock's plays, he joined it as an editor; when the organization folded, he founded Kayak as a response to what he saw as the "tepid eclecticism" of the other literary journals of the day, with the journal's title representing the "small watertight vessel operated by a single oarsman", a metaphor for the way he ran the publication as a self-titled "dictator". Hitchcock ran Kayak frugally as a one-man show from its creation in 1964, using an offset printing press he had purchased and having "designed the magazine, edited it, printed it, illustrated it" and ran parties where the printed sheets would be assembled for mailing.
During his Kayak period in San Francisco, ca. 1967, he was on the adjunct faculty of San Francisco State and taught a lively graduate level playwriting course out of his home on Webster Street—three hours in the evening once a week—where students performed scenes they had written for assignments. Hitchcock moved to Santa Cruz, California in 1970 and joined the faculty of the University of California, Santa Cruz, where he taught poetry and playwriting until 1989. In the magazine's 64 issues published before he shut the publication in 1984, Kayak included many significant poets and writers of prose, such as Raymond Carver, Anne Sexton, Robert Bly, Margaret Atwood. Howard Junker and editor of Zyzzyva: The Journal of West Coast Writers and Artists, called Hitchcock "the pre-eminent maverick independent magazine publisher". Hitchcock had co-written a critical satire Pioneers of Modern Poetry with poet Robert Peters in 1966, it was led to be an experiment in criticism. In these pieces where Hitchcock arranged most of the "poems" from various prose texts, Peters wrote most of the "interpretations."
These ripostes between Hitchcock & Peters were thrust against some of the excesses of Projective Verse poets, their adulators, academic readings of poems. Hitchcock died at age 96 on August 2010, at his home in Eugene, Oregon, he was survived by his companion, Marjorie Simon, as well as by a son, two grandchildren and a great-grandchild. A Tribute to George Hitchcock was published in ViVACE 2 Literary Magazine in 2010. Included in the tribute were quirky vignettes by Hitchcock's fellow poets, colleagues and former students. ViVACE was founded by one of Hitchcock's former UCSC students Christine Neilson in 2009. In Memoriam: George Hitchcock by Robert McDowell, at the Academy of American Poets website "Dawn" on-line poem by Hitchcock, first published in his volume A Ship of Bells "A Bit About My Father" Memorial Blog by his son Stephen. Kayak at the Confluence: A Tribute to George Hitchcock by Liz Wiley, poetry symposium held March 19, 2011 in St. Louis, Missouri