The tarot is a pack of playing cards, used from the mid-15th century in various parts of Europe to play games such as Italian tarocchini, French tarot and Austrian Königrufen, many of which are still played today. In the late 18th century, some tarot packs began to be used as a trend for divination via tarot card reading and cartomancy leading to custom packs developed for such occult purposes. Like common playing cards, the tarot has four suits which vary by region: French suits in Northern Europe, Latin suits in Southern Europe, German suits in Central Europe; each suit has ten pip cards numbering from one to ten and four face cards. In addition, the tarot has a single card known as the Fool. Depending on the game, the Fool may be played to avoid following suit; these tarot cards are still used throughout much of Europe to play conventional card games without occult associations. Among English-speaking countries where these games are not played tarot cards are used for novelty and divinatory purposes using specially designed packs.
Some occult enthusiasts make relative claims to ancient Egypt, the Kabbalah, Indian Tantra, the I Ching, among many others, though no documented evidence of such origins or of the usage of tarot for divination before the 18th century has been demonstrated to a scholarly standard. The word Tarot and German Tarock derive from the Italian Tarocchi, the origin of, uncertain but taroch was used as a synonym for foolishness in the late 15th and early 16th centuries; the decks were known as Trionfi during the fifteenth century. The new name first appeared in Brescia around 1502 as Tarocho. During the 16th century, a new game played with a standard deck but sharing a similar name was becoming popular; this coincided with the older game being renamed tarocchi. In modern Italian, the singular term is Tarocco, which, as a noun, refers to a cultivar of blood orange. Playing cards first entered Europe in the late 14th century, most from Mamluk, with suits of Batons or Polo sticks, Coins and Cups; these suits were similar to modern tarot divination decks and are still used in traditional Italian and Portuguese playing card decks.
The first documented tarot packs were recorded between 1440 and 1450 in Milan, Ferrara and Bologna when additional trump cards with allegorical illustrations were added to the common four-suit pack. These new decks were called carte da trionfi, triumph cards, the additional cards known as trionfi, which became "trumps" in English; the earliest documentation of trionfi is found in a written statement in the court records of Florence, in 1440, regarding the transfer of two decks to Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta. The oldest surviving tarot cards are the 15 or so Visconti-Sforza tarot decks painted in the mid-15th century for the rulers of the Duchy of Milan. A lost tarot-like pack was commissioned by Duke Filippo Maria Visconti and described by Martiano da Tortona between 1418 and 1425, since the painter he mentions, Michelino da Besozzo, returned to Milan in 1418, while Martiano himself died in 1425, he described a 60-card deck with 16 cards having images of the Roman gods and suits depicting four kinds of birds.
The 16 cards were regarded as "trumps" since in 1449 Jacopo Antonio Marcello recalled that the now deceased duke had invented a novum quoddam et exquisitum triumphorum genus, or "a new and exquisite kind of triumphs". Other early decks that showcased classical motifs include the Sola-Busca and Boiardo-Viti decks of the 1490s. In Florence, an expanded deck called; this deck of 97 cards includes astrological symbols and the four elements, as well as traditional tarot motifs. Although a Dominican preacher inveighed against the evil inherent in cards in a sermon in the 15th century, no routine condemnations of tarot were found during its early history; because the earliest tarot cards were hand-painted, the number of the decks produced is thought to have been small. It was only after the invention of the printing press; the expansion of tarot outside of Italy, first to France and Switzerland, occurred during the Italian Wars. The most important tarot pattern used in these two countries was the Tarot of Marseilles of Milanese origin.
The original purpose of tarot cards was to play games. A cursory explanation of rules for a tarot-like deck is given in a manuscript by Martiano da Tortona before 1425. Vague descriptions of game play or game terminology follow for the next two centuries until the earliest known complete description of rules for a French variant in 1637; the game of tarot has many regional variations. Tarocchini has survived in Bologna and there are still others played in Piedmont and Sicily, but in Italy the game is less popular than elsewhere; the 18th century saw tarot's greatest revival, during which it became one of the most popular card games in Europe, played everywhere except Ireland and Britain, the Iberian peninsula, the Ottoman Balkans. French tarot experienced a revival beginning in the 1970s and France has the strongest tarot gaming community. Regional tarot games—often known as tarock, tarok, or tarokk are played in central Europe within the borders of the former Austro-Hungarian empire; these were the oldest form of tarot deck to be made, being first devised in the 15th century in northern Italy.
The so-called occult tarot dec
Under the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives by wheel arrangement, a 2-6-6-2 is a locomotive with one pair of unpowered leading wheels, followed by two sets of three pairs of powered driving wheels and one pair of trailing wheels. The wheel arrangement was principally used on Mallet-type articulated locomotives, although some tank locomotive examples were built. A Garratt type locomotive with the same wheel arrangement is designated 2-6-0+0-6-2. Under the UIC classification the wheel arrangement is referred to as C1' for Mallet locomotives; the 2-6-6-2 wheel arrangement was most used for articulated compound steam Mallet locomotives. In a compound Mallet, the rear set of coupled wheels are driven by the smaller high pressure cylinders, from which spent steam is fed to the larger low pressure cylinders that drive the front set of coupled wheels; this type of locomotive was used in North America on logging railroads. The 2-6-6-2 wheel arrangement was used in South Africa and the Soviet Union.
The Serbian government used a Mallet articulated compound locomotive for freight service on 2 ft 6 in narrow gauge. It was built for the Serbian government by the American Locomotive Company; the South African Railways operated 22 Mallet locomotives with this wheel arrangement, spread over five classes, all of them built to 3 ft 6 in Cape gauge. In March 1910, the Central South African Railways placed a single experimental Mallet articulated compound steam locomotive in service. Ordered from ALCO, it was the first Mallet on the CSAR and, with its full working order weight of 157 long tons, it was the heaviest locomotive in the world working on 3 ft 6 in gauge at the time, it used saturated steam. In 1912, when it was assimilated into the SAR, it was designated Class MD. In 1911, the CSAR placed nine compound Mallets in service. Built by ALCO and with Walschaerts valve gear, they were similar to the experimental Class MD, but they were equipped with Schmidt superheaters. In 1912, when they were assimilated into the SAR, they were classified as Class MF.
Five more that were delivered in November 1911 were taken directly onto the SAR roster. In 1923 and 1925, six of them were converted to simple expansion locomotives. A single experimental compound locomotive was included with the CSAR’s order for Class MF Mallets from ALCO, it was similar to the others with Walschaerts valve gear, but it used saturated steam and had a mechanical stoker, the first South African locomotive to be so equipped. The coupled wheels on the leading engine unit were of a 5 inches larger diameter than those of the trailing engine unit, it was the only South African articulated locomotive to have driving wheels of different diameters and, in theory, this configuration was to result in improved acceleration, with the rear engine unit providing the traction. It was believed that the difference in frequency between the front and rear cylinder exhaust beats would result in a more pressure in the receiver pipe and therefore improved steam flow. In 1912, when it was assimilated into the SAR, it was designated Class MG.
During 1911, the CSAR ordered an experimental simple expansion Mallet from the North British Locomotive Company. Compared to other South African Mallets, this locomotive was unique, being arranged as a simplex locomotive with four high pressure cylinders instead of the more usual compound expansion arrangement; the locomotive was intended for test purposes on branchlines with light 45 pounds per yard rail. It was equipped with a Schmidt superheater. By the time it was delivered in January 1912, the CSAR had become part of the newly established SAR, who designated it the sole Class ME. In 1915, the SAR placed five Class MH compound Mallets in service, designed in detail in the locomotive drawing office in Pretoria under the direction of D. A. Hendrie, Chief Mechanical Engineer of the SAR from 1910 to 1922, they had Walschaerts valve gear. The locomotives erected in the Salvokop shops in Pretoria. At the time of their introduction, the Class MH was the largest and most powerful locomotive in the world on Cape gauge, with a full working order weight of 179.6 long tons.
"Baby Hold On" is a song recorded by American rock singer Eddie Money. It was written by Money and guitarist Jimmy Lyon and released in 1978 as the first single from Money's debut album Eddie Money; the song reached number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100, number 4 on the Canadian Hot 100, number 19 on the Kent Music Report. The song was a big success, has since been considered one of Eddie Money's most famous songs, it still gets frequent airplay on adult contemporary radio stations. "Baby Hold On" starts with a catchy guitar introduction by Jimmy Lyon. The song builds in tempo as the song progresses; the lyrics alter the borrowed refrain "Whatever will be, will be/The future's NOT ours to see" from the Doris Day song "Que Sera, Sera" written by Jay Livingston and Ray Evans to "Whatever will be, will be/the future IS ours to see". James Halliday of Rolling Stone magazine gave the song 4/5 stars in 1977, he stated "while'Baby Hold On' is simple, it's catchy and it's bound to get stuck on your head. "Baby Hold On" was performed by Eddie Money on Saturday Night Live in 1978 and American Bandstand in 1980.
The song was used in the films Queens Logic, Imaginary Heroes, Roll Bounce, A Little Help, Joe Dirt 2: Beautiful Loser. While he performed the song on NBC Sunday Night Football in 2011; the song was featured in the video games Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories and Rock Band 3, on the TV shows, Cold Case S5 E14 "The Cornerstone", Hawaii Five-O S4 E3 "The Last Break", as well as in an episode of the musical television series Take Me Out in 2013. It appeared in a 2007 Chevrolet Silverado television commercial, in an episode of The Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon; the song was covered by John Roberts for the Bob's Burgers episode O. T.: The Outside Toilet. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics Listen to "Baby Hold On" on YouTube
Dror Mishani is an Israeli crime writer and literary scholar, specializing in the history of detective fiction. His series of crime fiction, featuring police inspector Avraham Avraham, was first published in Hebrew in 2011 and is translated to over 15 languages, including English and German; the first novel in the series, The Missing File, was short listed for the 2013 CWA International Dagger award and won the Martin Beck Award, for the best translated crime novel in Sweden. Mishani's second novel, A Possibility of Violence, was the first crime novel on Sapir prize's shortlist and won the Berenstein prize for best Hebrew novel of the year; the third novel in the series, The Man who wanted to know, was published in Hebrew in May 2015. Mishani’s wife is from Poland. While she was teaching in Cambridge, Mishani’s plan was to finish his doctoral dissertation, but he ended up writing The Missing File. Afterward, he instead wrote the second novel. Mishani lives with two children in Tel Aviv. Tik Ne'edar Efsharut shel Alimut Haish sheratza ladaat hakol Reflections in the Lake, a short story, at The Short Story Project
John A. Cosgrove is an American politician. On August 16, 2013, he was sworn in as a member of the Senate of Virginia, representing the 14th district, after winning an August 6 special election to replace the retiring Harry Blevins. From 2002 to 2013 Cosgrove served in the Virginia House of Delegates, representing the 78th district in the city of Chesapeake. Cosgrove is a member of the Republican Party. Cosgrove is a Virginia State Leader for the American Legislative Exchange Council, which writes conservative model bills for state legislators to introduce. Cosgrove is an advocate for gun rights. In 2017, the Virginia Citizens Defense League named him one of the most pro-gun politicians in the state. In 2017, Cosgrove mistakenly left. "John Cosgrove". Virginia Public Access Project. "Election Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 2013-04-29. "Delegate John Cosgrove". Richmond Sunlight
Berks and Oxon Division 3 is an English rugby union league featuring teams from Berkshire and Oxfordshire. As with all of the divisions in this area at this level, the entire league is made up of second and fourth teams of clubs whose first teams play at a higher level of the rugby union pyramid. Promoted teams move up to Berks/Bucks & Oxon 2 while relegated teams drop to Berks/Bucks & Oxon 4 - north or south - depending on location; the league was introduced in 2011 as a single division, splitting into regional divisions for the 2012 and 2013 seasons, before returning to the original format. Bicester II Bracknell III Buckingham III Grove II Maidenhead III Reading III Reading Abbey III Tadley II Wallingford II Berkshire RFU Buckinghamshire RFU Oxfordshire RFU English rugby union system Rugby union in England