Ōita Prefecture is a prefecture on Kyushu region of Japan. The prefectural capital is the city of Ōita. Around the 6th century Kyushu consisted of four regions: Tsukushi Province, Hi Province, Kumaso Province and Toyo Province. Toyo Province was divided into two regions and lower Toyo Province, called Bungo Province and Buzen Province. After the Meiji Restoration, districts from Bungo and Buzen provinces were combined to form Ōita Prefecture; these provinces were divided among many local daimyōs and thus a large castle town never formed in Ōita. From this time that whole area became known as "Toyo-no-kuni", which means "Land of Abundance"; the origins of the name Ōita are documented in a report from the early 8th century called the Chronicles of Bungo. According to the document, when Emperor Keikō visited the Kyushu region, stopping first in Toyo-no-kuni, he exclaimed that'This is a vast land, indeed, it shall be known as Okita-Kuni!' Okita-Kuni, meaning "Land of the Great Fields" came to be written as "Ōita".
Present day interpretations based on Ōita's topography state that Oita's name comes from "Okita", meaning "many fields", rather than "vast" or "great" field, because of Ōita's complex terrain. In the Edo period the town of Hita was the government seat for the entire domain of Kyushu, directly controlled by the national government or shōgun at that time; the region became well known for the money-lending industry based out of Hita. Merchants in Hita's Mameda and Kuma districts worked with the national government to create this money-lending industry known as Hita-kin. Ōtomo Sōrin: The Otomo family ruled over the Funai Domain, present day Ōita City, in the 16th century. Funai was a internationalized city which engaged in trade and exchange with other nations. Sōrin, the 21st leader of the Ōtomo clan, embraced Western culture enthusiastically and invited the missionary Francis Xavier to the city to promote Christianity. Sōrin dreamed of creating a Christian nation. Sōrin died in Tsukumi. Miura Baien: A scholar known as Susumu but called Baien after the name of his private school where he educated many scholars.
Miura developed his own system of logic and wrote many works including his three famous words, Deep Words, Redundant Words, Bold Words. He worked in a hospital and had a good knowledge of astronomy, he hand made an astronomical globe, passed down through many generations. He spent his entire life in Tominaga Village, the present day area of Aki Town in Kunisaki City. Miura Baien is considered one of Ōita's three sages along with Hoashi Banri and Hirose Tansō. Hoashi Banri: Miura Baien's pupil who expanded his academic ability into many fields including Confucianism, natural sciences and language, he taught himself Dutch to reference scientific publications for his eight-volume work Kyuritsu, considered the top work of Western natural science in Japan at that time. In 1832 he was made Minister for the Feudal Lord to fix the financial problems of the Hiji clan. Banri Hoashi is considered one of Ōita's three sages along with Miura Baien and Hirose Tansō. Hirose Tansō: A Confucian scholar and educator from a money-lending family in Hita.
Ōita's current governor Katsusada Hirose is a descendant of Tansō Hirose. In Edo period Japan, education was limited to the rich. However, Hirose Tansō opened a school called Kangien meaning "all are welcome" and admitted students regardless of social status, age, or education level; the school's methodology of a "self-administered work-study policy" is said to have had great influence on the modern day education system in Japan. Former Prime Minister Kiyoura Keigo was educated here, with other students who went on to become influential scholars and politicians; the school’s remains were designated a historical site in 1932 and are a couple blocks from the original Hirose family house, where the Hirose Museum is. There, Tansō Hirose and other family members’ works are on display, with other original Hirose artifacts, hina dolls, tea ceremony utensils and more. Both are about a 10-minute walk from Hita Station. Tansō Hirose is considered one of the Oita's three sages along with Hoashi Banri. An asteroid called 10009 Hirosetanso discovered by the University of Tokyo in 1977 was named after Tansō Hirose.
Fukuzawa Yukichi: Founded Japan's oldest institute of higher education, Keio University in Tokyo. Fukuzawa Yukichi is pictured on the 10,000 yen bill, he was influential in Japan's education system by promoting independence and self-reliance of the Japanese people at his classes as Keio-Gijuku University, known as present day Keio University a school for Western studies. The university now produces influential and prominent alumni. Sasamuta-jinja and Yusuhara Hachiman-gū are the chief Shinto shrines in the prefecture. Ōita Prefecture is on the north-eastern section of the island of Kyūshū. It is 119 kilometers from east to west, 106 kilometers from north to south, with a total area of 6,339 square kilometers. Surrounded by the Suo Channel and Honshū Island to the north, the Iyo Channel and Shikoku Island to the east, it is bordered by Miyazaki Prefecture to the south, Fukuoka Prefecture and Kumamoto Prefecture to the west, it is divided between north and south by a major tectonic line running from Usuki City in Ōita Prefecture to Yatsushiro City in Kumamoto Prefecture, to the west of Ōi
Keiji Mutoh is a Japanese professional wrestler who first gained international fame in the National Wrestling Alliance. He is known for his work as The Great Muta in New Japan Pro Wrestling during the 1990s, but he has worked in the United States, Puerto Rico and Taiwan, he is a former president of All Japan Pro Wrestling, as well as being a full-time wrestler for the promotion from 2002 to 2013. Mutoh is credited as one of the first Japanese wrestlers to achieve a fan base outside of his native Japan; the Great Muta gimmick is one of the most influential gimmicks in puroresu, having been emulated by many wrestlers including Satoshi Kojima, Kazushi Miyamoto, Atsushi Onita, Seiya Sanada. In addition, countless other wrestlers have paid tribute to Muta through imitation. Mutoh is one of three wrestlers to hold the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, the AJPW Triple Crown Heavyweight Championship, the IWGP Heavyweight Championship, he is a former five-time AJPW World Tag Team Champion and a six-time IWGP Tag Team Champion.
He is famous for taking part in what was considered to be the bloodiest professional wrestling match of all time against Hiroshi Hase, leading to the creation of the "Muta scale". Mutoh is the owner and founder of Wrestle-1, where he also wrestles semi-regularly, Mutoh made special appearances for American promotion Total Nonstop Action Wrestling as part of the TNA/W-1 talent exchange partnership. Between AJPW, NJPW, World Championship Wrestling and W-1, Mutoh has held a total of 22 championships. Mutoh was a judo black belt with experience in many national competitions prior to being trained by Hiro Matsuda in the New Japan Pro Wrestling Dojo, he debuted on October 1984 against Masahiro Chono. In 1985, Mutoh was sent on his first learning excursion to the United States. Wrestling in Florida as the "White Ninja", Mutoh teamed with Kendo Nagasaki before returning to New Japan in 1986, where he was nicknamed "Space Lone Wolf", a space-age type character, revived in 2005 by NOSAWA Rongai. In March 1987, Mutoh won the IWGP Tag Team Championship with Shiro Koshinaka, before losing the titles to Akira Maeda and Nobuhiko Takada six days later.
In the summer of 1987, Mutoh took part in the NOW vs. NEW feud, in which he aligned himself with Antonio Inoki and his group, teaming with the likes of Inoki, Seiji Sakaguchi, Yoshiaki Fujiwara, Kantaro Hoshino, battling the likes of Tatsumi Fujinami, Riki Choshu, Akira Maeda, Kengo Kimura, Super Strong Machine. In January 1988, Mutoh went on another excursion, this time in Puerto Rico for the World Wrestling Council under his new ring name, "The Super Black Ninja", he feuded with Miguel Perez Jr. with whom he lost a hair vs. hair match to that April. It was in Puerto Rico he formed The Three Musketeers with Shinya Hashimoto, he wrestled only one match in New Japan during this period on July 29, before returning to Puerto Rico. In the fall of 1988, Mutoh moved to the Dallas, Texas-based World Class Championship Wrestling, where he reunited with Kendo Nagasaki and had a short lived feud with Kevin Von Erich before departing the organization in March 1989. Mutoh's personality and ring skills shown in his early American matches earned him a high billing within the National Wrestling Alliance.
Mutoh first appeared as "The Great Muto" in the NWA on the March 18, 1989 edition of WCW Saturday Night, although announcer Jim Ross pronounced the name as "The Great Muta". His manager Gary Hart introduced him as the son of the Great Kabuki, whom Gary Hart had managed years earlier, he wrestled his first match under the new persona on April 2 against Scott Casey. Muta would feud with stars like Lex Luger, Ric Flair, Sting, from whom he would capture the NWA World Television Championship on September 3, 1989. Mutoh lost the championship to Arn Anderson on January 2, 1990, which aired on the January 12, 1990 edition of WCW Power Hour, some time after the Clash of the Champions on February 6, Mutoh would return to New Japan, going between his real name and his Muta gimmick as he pleased. Mutoh rose in the ranks upon returning to New Japan in March 1990, his Great Muta persona would make its NJPW debut six months later. In April 1990, he won his second IWGP Tag Team title with Masahiro Chono, defeating Shinya Hashimoto and Masa Saito.
He and Chono would hold the titles for over six months, before losing them to Hiroshi Hase and Kensuke Sasaki. Meanwhile in World Championship Wrestling, it was announced on Clash of the Champions XIII that The Great Muta would be returning at Starrcade'90 to team with Mr. Saito. Less than a month Mutoh teamed with Saito in the Pat O'Connor Memorial Tag-Team Tournament at Starrcade; the duo defeated The New Zealand Militia in the quarterfinals Victor Zangiev and Salmon Hasimikov in the semi-finals. Muta and Saito were defeated by US Tag Team Champions The Steiner Brothers in the finals. Muta continued to make sporadic appearances within WCW during 1991 while wrestling in New Japan, he was shown in attendance at WrestleWar 91, defeated old rival Sting at the combined New Japan/WCW Starrcade event on March 21, 1991 in Tokyo, Japan. Mutoh was entered into a match with United States Heavyweight Champion Lex Luger to determine the Number One Contender for the WCW World Heavyweight Championship. On June 12 at Clash of the Champions XV, Muta was pinned by Luger to ear
SuperBrawl was the inaugural SuperBrawl professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by World Championship Wrestling. The show was held at the Bayfront Arena in St. Petersburg, Florida; the main event of the show was a match between reigning WCW World Heavyweight Champion Ric Flair and the NWA World Heavyweight Champion Tatsumi Fujinami with both world championships on the line. In the United States the match was promoted as being for the WCW World Heavyweight Championship, not promoting the fact that Fujinami had defeated Flair for the NWA World Heavyweight Championship in March 1991; the undercard saw Bobby Eaton win the WCW World Television Championship from Arn Anderson while The Steiner Brothers defended the WCW World Tag Team Championship. In the opening match, The Fabulous Freebirds won the vacant WCW United States Tag Team Championship; the show consisted of twelve matches, with some of the matches being edited out of the official VHS tape release of the show. The event featured the television debut of Johnny B.
Badd. In 2015, all WCW pay-per-views were made available on the WWE Network; the event storylines. Wrestlers portrayed villains, heroes, or less distinguishable characters in the scripted events that built tension and culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches. SuperBrawl I was the direct follow up to events that happened on the first WCW/New Japan Supershow that had happened on March 21, 1991; the show took place in Japan and was co-promoted by World Championship Wrestling and their Japanese partner promotion New Japan Pro Wrestling. In the main event of the SuperShow, IWGP Heavyweight Champion put his title against Ric Flair who defended the NWA World Heavyweight Championship. Fujinami won the match and the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, becoming the first wrestler to hold both championships; the match and the match outcome was presented differently in the United States where they billed Flair as the WCW World Heavyweight Champion, not mentioning the fact that the NWA World Heavyweight Championship was considered a separate championship in Japan.
WCW and the American media claimed that Flair retained the WCW World Heavyweight Championship due to Flair being thrown over the top rope near the end of the match. SuperBrawl's main event focused on Ric Flair "getting revenge" on Fujinami as he defended his WCW World Heavyweight Championship, which in Japan was billed as being for both championships, not just the WCW World Heavyweight Championship; the storyline of Flair "defending WCW and America" painted him as more of a heroic character than the villain he had been working as for over a year prior to the match, with the Florida crowd cheering for Flair during the match. Ron Simmons and Butch Reed began working together as a tag team known as Doom as a masked team and unmasked under the real names. Together they held the WCW World Tag Team Championship and had several high quality, well received matches against tag teams such as The Steiner Brothers, Arn Anderson and Barry Windham and others. In early 1991, tension built between the two tag team partners as Simmons grew frustrated with the team after they lost the championship to The Fabulous Freebirds on February 24, 1991.
After the title loss, the two fought against each other with manager Theodore Long siding with Reed while Simmons turned into a fan favorite in the process. Due to Long helping Reed cheat during matches between the two, the SuperBrawl match had the added stipulation that Long would be locked in a small cage suspended in the air during the match. On February 18, 1991, The Steiner Brothers defeated The Fabulous Freebirds to win the WCW World Tag Team Championship while holding the WCW United States Tag Team Championship. On April 6, the WCW Board of directors declared the WCW United States Tag Team Championship vacant to allow the Steiners to focus on the WCW World Tag Team Championship. WCW scheduled the two top condender teams, The Fabulous Freebirds and The Young Pistols in a "Top Contenders" match for the vacant championship. At the time, The Freebirds and The Young Pistols were engaged in a long running storyline rivalry, with the championship match being one of the highlights of the storyline.
Note – Matches 3–7 were not included on the original VHS release. A complete version of the event has since been available on the WWE Network. SuperBrawl was the last time WCW alluded to the fact that technically the WCW and the NWA championships were separate championships until 1992 when split the two championships into two separate championship belts held by different wrestlers. SuperBrawl would be Flair's last WCW main event for several years as he left the company less than two months due to a pay dispute. At the time of his departure, he was still the champion and he took the title belt that represented the championship with him as collateral due to unpaid waged Flair felt he was owed; the match between The Steiner Brothers and Sting and Lex Luger was voted the 1991 "Match of the Year" by the readers of Pro Wrestling Illustrated. Butch Reed left WCW shortly after SuperBrawl with the steel cage match between the two ending the feud between the former members of Doom. Sid Vicious' loss to El Gigante turned out to be his last match with WCW at the time, as his contract had expired and he signed a contract to work for WCW's rival, the World Wrestling Federation.
The Windham/Pillman feud continued for a couple of months, leading to Windham pinning Brian Pillman in a match on the Clash of the Champions XV: Knocksville USA show that forced Pillman to leave WCW. The storyline was that Pi
Atsushi Kudo is a Japanese professional wrestler, better known by the ring name Kudo. Signed to the DDT Pro-Wrestling promotion, he is in his seventh reign as one third of the KO-D 6-Man Tag Team Champions, while being a former four-time KO-D Openweight Champion, four-time KO-D Tag Team Champion and the winner of the 2005 and 2011 King of DDT tournaments. Kudo has made several trips to the United States, working for various independent promotions including Chikara, Independent Wrestling Association Mid-South, International Wrestling Cartel, IWA East Coast and NWA Upstate. Trained by the Dramatic Dream Team promotion, Kudo working under a mask and the ring name Konica Man #2, made his professional wrestling debut on November 30, 2001, teaming with Tomohiko Hashimoto and Fushichu Crow in a six-man tag team match, where they were defeated by Fake Sanshiro Takagi, Issei Fujisawa and Tomohiro Ishii. Through the rest of 2001 and early 2002, he worked as a low-carder teaming with fellow masked wrestler Hero!.
On April 25, 2002, Konica Man #2, in storyline poisoned by Poison Sawada Julie, turned on Hero!, unmasked and renamed himself Toguro Habukage. This started a storyline, where Habukage, under the spell of Sawada, feuded with his former partner Hero!, trying to get him to remember who he was. Habukage and Hero! Faced off in a main event singles match on August 1, won by Hero! In late 2002, Poison Sawada Julie's control over Habukage and another minion, started to wear off, which led to dissension in the group and to a match between Sawada and Hebikage; the over-the-top storyline continued with Sawada's "serpent god" decapitating him and turning his body into stone as punishment for his inability to create a cohesive army, while taking away his minions, concluded in January 2003, when Hero!, while on a business trip to Hong Kong, found Habukage disoriented and unable to remember anything from his past. On January 4, 2003, now working under the ring name Kudo and a martial artist gimmick based on his own kickboxing background, returned to DDT, teaming with Hero! in a tag team match, where they defeated Takashi Sasaki and Tanomusaku Toba.
Kudo continued teaming with Hero! Throughout 2003 and on December 29, the two ended the year by defeating Seiya Morohashi and Tomohiko Hashimoto, Mikami and Onryo in a three-way Tables and Chairs match to win the KO-D Tag Team Championship. During 2003, Kudo won the Puroresu Koshien singles tournament and took part in Pro Wrestling Noah's Differ Cup. Kudo and Hero! went on to lose the KO-D Tag Team Championship to Gentaro and Takashi Sasaki on February 11, 2004. On September 2, Kudo made his debut for New Japan Pro Wrestling in a match, where he faced Wataru Inoue; that same month and Hero! took part in the DDT's 2004 KO-D Tag League defeating Danshoku Dino and Glenn Spectre on September 30 to not only win the tournament, but to regain the KO-D Tag Team Championship. However, Kudo's and Hero's second reign lasted just a month, before they were defeated by Seiya Morohashi and Tanomusaku Toba on November 2. In May 2005, Kudo won the King of DDT tournament to become the number one contender to DDT's top title, the KO-D Openweight Championship.
However, he would go on to lose to Sanshiro Takagi in his title match on June 29. On July 10, Kudo defeated Kota Ibushi in his final DDT match before leaving for a nine month learning excursion to the United States. On July 13, 2005, Kudo made the first appearance of his American excursion, when he defeated Eddie Kingston at an IWA East Coast event in South Charleston, West Virginia. On July 23, Kudo made his debut for Chikara, defeating Anthony Franco in the first round of the Young Lions Cup III tournament; that same day, Kudo was defeated by Shane Storm in a six-way elimination semifinal match, which included Claudio Castagnoli, Crossbones and Niles Young. Six days Kudo made his debut for International Wrestling Cartel, defeating Jimmy DeMarco. On August 13, Kudo returned to IWC; the two had a rematch thirteen days, won by Kudo. On August 19, Kudo made an appearance for Independent Wrestling Association Mid-South, losing to Brandon Thomaselli; the following day, Kudo was defeated by Arik Cannon.
On September 6, Kudo returned to IWA East Coast. Three days Kudo returned to IWA-MS, defeating Brandon Thomaselli in a rematch of their previous month's encounter; the following day, Kudo made his debut for NWA Upstate, defeating D to the Icky, Fabulous John McChesney and Mastiff in a four-way match. On September 16, Kudo returned to Chikara. On February 18, 2006, Kudo made another return to IWC, losing to fellow Japanese worker Milano Collection A. T. On February 24, Kudo entered Chikara's 2006 Tag World Grand Prix, teaming with fellow DDT worker Mikami. During the first night of the tournament and Mikami first defeated Larry Sweeney and Mana in their first round match and Team Kaientai Dojo in their second round match. Two days Kudo and Mikami were eliminated from the tournament in the quarterfinals by Delirious and Hallowicked. On March 17, Kudo made his fourth and final appearance for IWA-MS, losing to Brandon Thomaselli in the final match of their trilogy against each other; the following day, Kudo was defeated by Hentai at an IWC event.
Kudo returned to Japan and DDT on April 2, 2006, teaming with Mikami in a tag team match, where they defeated Harashima and Jet Shogo. During the following months, Kudo feuded with former partner Harashima and his villainous Disaster-Box stable. On Ju
Richard Morgan Fliehr, better known as Ric Flair, is an American professional wrestling manager and retired professional wrestler signed to WWE under its Legends program. Ranked by multiple peers and journalists as the greatest professional wrestler of all time, Flair had a career that spanned 40 years, he is noted for his tenures with Jim Crockett Promotions, World Championship Wrestling, the World Wrestling Federation and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. Since the mid-1970s, he has used the moniker "The Nature Boy". A major pay-per-view attraction throughout his career, Flair headlined at the premier annual NWA/WCW event, Starrcade, on ten occasions, while co-headlining its WWF counterpart, WrestleMania, in 1992, after winning that year's Royal Rumble. PWI awarded him their Wrestler of the Year award a record six times, while Wrestling Observer Newsletter named him the Wrestler of the Year a record eight times; the first two-time WWE Hall of Fame inductee, first inducted with the class of 2008 for his individual career and again with the class of 2012 as a member of The Four Horsemen, he is a member of the NWA Hall of Fame, Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame, Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame.
Flair is recognized by WWE as a 16-time world champion, although the number of his world championship reigns varies by source, ranging from 16 to 25. He has claimed to be a 21-time champion, he was the first holder of the WCW World Heavyweight Championship and the WCW International World Heavyweight Championship. As the inaugural WCW World Heavyweight Champion, he became the first person to complete WCW's Triple Crown, having held the United States Heavyweight and World Tag Team Championships, he completed WWE's version of the Triple Crown when he won the Intercontinental Championship, after holding the WWF Championship and the World Tag Team Championship. Fliehr was born on February 1949, in Memphis, Tennessee, his birth name is believed to be Fred Phillips, although on different documents he is credited as Fred Demaree or Stewart, while his biological parents were Luther and Olive Phillips. He was adopted, his adoptive mother, Kathleen Kinsmiller Fliehr, worked for the Star Tribune. Shortly afterward, the family settled in Edina, where the young Fliehr lived throughout his childhood.
After ninth grade, he attended Wayland Academy in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin for four years, during which time he participated in interscholastic wrestling and track. Flair trained as a professional wrestler with Verne Gagne, he attended Gagne's first wrestling camp with Greg Gagne, Jim Brunzell, The Iron Sheik and Ken Patera at Gagne's barn outside Minneapolis in the winter of 1971. On December 10, 1972, he made his debut in Rice Lake, battling George "Scrap Iron" Gadaski to a 10-minute draw while adopting the ring name Ric Flair. During his time in the American Wrestling Association, Flair had matches with Dusty Rhodes, Chris Taylor, André the Giant, Larry Hennig and Wahoo McDaniel. Flair first competed in Japan in 1973 for International Wrestling Enterprise, due to a working agreement between AWA promoter Verne Gagne and the IWE. After Flair left the AWA for Jim Crockett Jr.'s Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling in 1974, he began working tours for All Japan Pro Wrestling. On April 27, 1978, Flair challenged for the NWA United National Championship in a losing effort.
Throughout the 1980s, Flair defended the NWA World Heavyweight Championship in All Japan against the likes of Genichiro Tenryu, Riki Choshu, Jumbo Tsuruta, Harley Race, Kerry Von Erich. On October 21, 1985, Flair wrestled Rick Martel in a double title match where he defended the NWA World Heavyweight Championship and challenged for the AWA World Heavyweight Championship, but the match ended in a double countout; as All Japan withdrew from the National Wrestling Alliance in the late 1980s, World Championship Wrestling began a working agreement with New Japan Pro Wrestling. In 1989, the working agreement led to a feud between Flair and Keiji Mutoh, wrestling under The Great Muta gimmick, in the United States for WCW. On March 21, 1991, Flair defended the NWA World Heavyweight Championship and challenged Tatsumi Fujinami for the IWGP Heavyweight Championship in a double title match on the WCW/New Japan Supershow at the Tokyo Dome. Fujinami beat Flair for the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, but lost the title at WCW's SuperBrawl I on May 19, 1991 in the United States.
When Flair left WCW for the World Wrestling Federation in 1991, he continued to tour Japan in the Super World of Sports promotion, due to an agreement between WWF and SWS. He defended and retained the WWF World Heavyweight Championship against Genichiro Tenryu on September 15, 1992 in a match that resulted in a draw. In August 1995, under a WCW contract, Flair participated in the G1 Climax tournament in New Japan, where he beat Shiro Koshinaka, drew Masahiro Chono, lost to Keiji Mutoh. On July 17, 1996, Flair challenged Shinya Hashimoto for the IWGP Heavyweight Championship in a losing effort in NJPW. Once again under the WWE banner, Flair continued to tour Japan periodically between 2002 and 2008, he defended the Wo
Bret Sergeant Hart is a Canadian-American retired professional wrestler, amateur wrestler and actor. A member of the Hart wrestling family and a second-generation wrestler, he has an amateur wrestling background, wrestling at Ernest Manning High School and Mount Royal College. A major international draw within professional wrestling, he has been credited with changing the perception of mainstream North-American professional wrestling in the early 1990s by bringing technical in-ring performance to the fore. Hart is regarded as one of the greatest professional wrestlers of all time. For most of his career, he used the nickname, "Hitman". Hart joined his father Stu Hart's promotion Stampede Wrestling in 1976 as a referee, made his in-ring debut in 1978, he gained championship success throughout the 1980s and 1990s in the World Wrestling Federation, where he helmed The Hart Foundation stable. He left for World Championship Wrestling following the controversial "Montreal Screwjob" in November 1997, where he remained until October 2000.
Having been inactive from in-ring competition since January 2000, owing to a December 1999 concussion, he retired in October 2000, shortly after his departure from the company. He returned to sporadic in-ring competition from 2010–2011 with WWE, where he won his final championship, headlined the 2010 SummerSlam event, served as the general manager of Raw. Throughout his career, Hart headlined WrestleMania IX, X, XII, participated in the main event of Starrcade 1997 and 1999 – as a special enforcer and referee in the former. Hart has held championships in five decades from the 1970s to the 2010s, with a total of 32 held throughout his career, 17 held between the WWF/WWE and WCW. Among other accolades, he is a five-time WWF World Heavyweight Champion and a two-time WCW World Heavyweight Champion. Hart has most combined days as WWF World Heavyweight Champion during the 1990s, was the first WCW World Heavyweight Champion born outside the United States, he is the second WWF Triple Crown Champion and fifth WCW Triple Crown Champion, the first man to win both the WWF and WCW Triple Crown Championships.
Hart is the 1994 Royal Rumble match winner, the only two-time King of the Ring, winning the 1991 tournament and the first King of the Ring pay-per-view in 1993. Stone Cold Steve Austin, with whom Hart headlined multiple pay-per-view events as part of an acclaimed rivalry from 1996 to 1997, inducted him into the WWE Hall of Fame class of 2006. In 2019, Hart became one of only four people to be inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame twice. Outside of wrestling Hart has appeared in numerous films and television shows such as The Simpsons as well as featuring in several documentaries, both about himself and others about his family or the wrestling industry in general. Hart helped found and lent his name to the major junior ice hockey team the Calgary Hitmen, has written two biographies along with a weekly column for the Calgary Sun for over a decade. After his retirement Hart has spent much of his time on charitable efforts concerning stroke recovery and cancer awareness since his personal experiences with the two.
The eighth child of wrestling patriarch Stu Hart and his wife Helen, Bret Hart was born in Calgary, Alberta into the Hart wrestling family. He is of Greek descent through Irish through his maternal grandfather, his father was of Scots-Irish descent but had Scottish and English ancestry. Hart is a dual citizen of the United States since his mother Helen was born in New York. Hart has stated that he considers himself to be North American and that he is proud of his U. S. and Canadian nationality. His maternal grandfather was long-distance runner Harry Smith. Hart grew up in a household with eleven siblings, seven brothers Smith, Keith, Dean and Owen, as well as four sisters, Georgia and Diana; as a child he was the closest with his older brother Dean, the nearest to him in age of all his older brothers, being three years his senior. Together they would fight with Bret's two older sisters, two years older, Georgia, one year older. Hart's family were non-denominational Christians, but he and all of his siblings were baptized by a local Catholic priest.
Hart spent the vast majority of his childhood in the Hart family mansion, owned by his father. During one period his father was housing a bear known as Terrible Ted chained under the building, the bear had had all of its teeth removed and Hart would sometimes as a young child let the bear lick ice cream off his toes since he thought it was a good way to keep them clean, his introduction to professional wrestling came at an early age. As a child, he witnessed his father training future wrestlers like Billy Graham in the Dungeon, his household basement which served as a training room. Before school, Hart's father a wrestling promoter, had him hand out fliers to local wrestling shows. In the 1998 documentary Hitman Hart: Wrestling with Shadows, Hart reflected on his father's discipline, describing how Stu uttered morbid words while inflicting excruciating submission holds that left broken blood vessels in Bret's eyes. Hart claimed. Hart's first work in wrestling involved pulling out lucky numbers out of a metal box during intermission at the Stampede Wrestling shows when he was four years old.
When he got older he would sell programs to the shows, something all Hart's s
DDT Pro-Wrestling is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion based in Shinjuku, Japan. Its name stands for Dramatic Dream Team, the promotion's official name from 1997 to 2004. Founded in March 1997 by Shintaro Muto, but the promotion was bought and managed by Shoichi Ichimiya until December 2005, when Sanshiro Takagi took over as the new president. In 2017, DDT was sold to CyberAgent. Takagi retained his position. DDT became one of the top promotions in Japanese indie wrestling by creating a unique sports entertainment style parodying WWE, with a Japanese puroresu flair to the matches. DDT has had agreements with various MMA and professional wrestling promotions around the world. DDT's biggest event is the Ryōgoku Peter Pan, held each year since 2009; the promotion was founded by Shintaro Muto, Sanshiro Takagi, Kyohei Mikami and Kazushige Nosawa, after these four left Pro Wrestling Crusaders. The promotion was named Dramatic Dream Team, its first event took place on January 31, 1997, in Tokyo.
In 1999, DDT started producing pay-per-view digests of its product on DirectTV. DDT became one of the top names in Japanese indie wrestling by creating a unique Sports Entertainment style with a Japanese puroresu flair to the matches; the cards' matches tend to be a mixture of Japanese lucharesu, worked shoot-style, hardcore brawling and comedy matches. DDT is in many ways a parody of American pro wrestling WWE, using over-the-top gimmicks as well as unique match types including a hardcore match in a campsite, an "Office Deathmatch", a "Silence Match"; the promotion established their own governing body in 2000, the King of DDT, shortened as KO-D, creating the KO-D Openweight Championship, Ironman Heavymetalweight Championship and the KO-D Tag Team Championship. DDT created their own tag team tournament the DDT Tag League. In 2003, Shoichi Ichimiya became the new president of DDT. On 2004, DDT rebranded to DDT Pro Wrestling kabushiki gaisha renaming the promotion to DDT Pro Wrestling. In October, DDT got a timeslot on Fighting TV Samurai, creating their regular broadcast program DDT Dramatic Fantasia.
In 2005, indie promotion Union Pro Wrestling was revived by DDT. On December 28, 2005 Ichimiya retired from professional wrestling and announced his departure from DDT; this led to Sanshiro Takagi taking over the promotion as the new president. The company focused on the feud between the face stable Italian Four Horsemen and the heel stable Disaster-Box. In November 2006, DDT announced the creation of their fourth active title the DDT Extreme Division Championship. In 2007 DDT announced a working relationship with Dragon Gate. DDT and Dragon Gate held their first co-promoted show, Dramatic Dream Gate on April 18, 2007 in Shinjuku Face in Tokyo, Japan. DDT would become a member of the Global Professional Wrestling Alliance; the group was established as a means to aid the many competing wrestling promotions in Japan. In 2009, DDT announced that they were going to become a stock company, turning their company from private to public. In March 2010, DDT announced a working relationship with Big Japan Pro Wrestling.
In March, Takagi announced the DDT48, a fan vote where the winner receives a shot for the KO-D Openweight Championship. That month Michael Nakazawa stepped down as the CEO of DDT and Amon Tsurumi became the general manager of the promotion. In 2011 DDT received the Fighting TV Samurai Indie's Job prize for having the best show the year, winning the Best Box Office Award. In March 2012, DDT ended their DDT Dramatic Fantasia program. On April 2, DDT started to broadcasting to NicoNico creating the program DDT Wrestling Hour. On June 4, DDT launched another sub-brand named Tokyo Joshi Pro-Wrestling, exclusive to women's wrestlers. DDT celebrated its 15th anniversary on August 18, 2012, by holding its first event in Nippon Budokan. On December 23, 2012, DDT announced the creation of their fifth active title, the KO-D 6-Man Tag Team Championship. On January 17, 2013, DDT announced that Daisuke Sasaki had signed a contract to make DDT his home promotion, ending his days as a freelancer. On April 17 DDT formed another sub-brand Ganbare☆Puroresu.
On May 3, DDT's Max Bump event was broadcast live by Samurai TV. After that DDT launched a weekly program DDT Pro Wrestling Banzai, broadcast by Samurai TV. On November 28, DDT announced a new project named DDT New Attitude which would be another sub-brand of DDT, functioning as a farm league for DDT. On January 14, 2015, DDT opened a women wrestling school with Makoto Oishi and Cherry as instructors. DDT announced the creation of their sixth active title, the King of Dark Championship, which would be "won" by the loser of a dark match. On June 23, DDT opened the Dropkick Bar, a professional wrestling and mixed martial arts-themed sports bar. Professional wrestling personalities make appearances at the bar. On August 17 it was announced that Union Pro would be folding after its 10th anniversary event on October 4. Three days after its folding, Union was replaced by a new promotion named Pro-Wrestling Basara, which launched in January 2016. In October 2016, DDT announced "DDT Universe", a new streaming service for events held by DDT, DNA, Tokyo Joshi Pro