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Tatting

Tatting is a technique for handcrafting a durable lace from a series of knots and loops. Tatting can be used to make lace edging as well as doilies, accessories such as earrings and necklaces, other decorative pieces; the lace is formed by a pattern of rings and chains formed from a series of cow hitch or half-hitch knots, called double stitches, over a core thread. Gaps can be left between the stitches to form picots, which are used for practical construction as well as decorative effect. In German, tatting is known by the Italian-derived word Occhi or as Schiffchenarbeit, which means "work of the little boat", referring to the boat-shaped shuttle. Tatting with a shuttle is the earliest method of creating tatted lace. A tatting shuttle facilitates tatting by holding a length of wound thread and guiding it through loops to make the requisite knots, it was a metal or ivory pointed-oval shape less than 3 inches long, but shuttles come in a variety of shapes and materials. Shuttles have a point or hook on one end to aid in the construction of the lace.

Antique shuttles and unique shuttles have become sought after by collectors — those who do not tat. To make the lace, the tatter wraps the thread around one hand and manipulates the shuttle with the other hand. No tools other than the thread, the hands and the shuttle are used, though a crochet hook may be necessary if the shuttle does not have a point or hook. Traditional shuttle tatting may be simulated using a tatting needle or doll needle instead of a shuttle. There are two basic techniques for needle tatting. With the more disseminated technique, a double thread passes through the stitches; the result is similar to shuttle tatting but is thicker and looser. The second technique more approximates shuttle tatting because a single thread passes through the stitches; the earliest evidence for needle tatting dates from April 1917, in an article by M. E. Rozella, published in The Modern Priscilla. A tatting needle is a blunt needle that does not change thickness at the eye of the needle; the needle used must match the thickness of the thread chosen for the project.

Rather than winding the shuttle, the needle is threaded with a length of thread. To work with a second color, a second needle is used. Although needle tatting looks similar to shuttle tatting, it differs in structure and is thicker and looser because both the needle and the thread must pass through the stitches. However, it may be seen; as well, Florence Hartley refers in The Ladies' Hand Book of Fancy and Ornamental Work to the use of the tatting needle, so it must have originated prior to the mid-1800s. In the late 20th century, tatting needles became commercially available in a variety of sizes, from fingering yarn down to size 80 tatting thread. Few patterns are written for needle tatting. There are two manufacturers of tatting needles. Cro-tatting combines needle tatting with crochet; the cro-tatting tool is a tatting needle with a crochet hook at the end. One can cro-tat with a bullion crochet hook or a straight crochet hook. In the 19th century, "crochet tatting" patterns were published which called for a crochet hook.

One of the earliest patterns is for a crocheted afghan with tatted rings forming a raised design. Patterns are available in English and are divided between yarn and thread. In its most basic form, the rings are tatted with a length of plain thread between them, as in single-shuttle tatting. In modern patterns, beginning in the early 20th century, the rings are tatted and the arches or chains are crocheted. Many people consider cro-tatting more difficult than needle tatting; some tatting instructors recommend using a tatting needle and a crochet hook to work cro-tatting patterns. Stitches of cro-tatting unravel unlike tatting made with a shuttle. A form of tatting called. Takashima Tatting uses a custom needle with a hook on one end, it is not that widespread however. Older designs through the early 1900s, tend to use fine white or ivory thread and intricate designs, they were constructed of small pieces 10 cm or less in diameter, which were tied to each other to form a larger piece — a shawl, veil or umbrella, for example.

This thread was either made of silk or a silk blend, to allow for improper stitches to be removed. The mercerization process spread their use in tatting. Newer designs from the 1920s and onward use thicker thread in one or more colors, as well as newer joining methods, to reduce the number of thread ends to be hidden; the best thread for tatting is a "hard" thread. Cordonnet thread is a common tatting thread; some tatting designs incorporate beads. Older patterns use a longhand notation to describe the stitches needed, while newer patterns tend to make extensive use of abbreviations such as "ds" to mean "double stitch," and an mathematical-looking notation; the following examples describe the same small piece of tatting Ring five ds, three picots separated by five ds, five ds, turn, space R 5ds, 3 p sep by 5ds, 5ds, cl, turn, sp R 5-5-5-5 cl rw spSome tatters prefe

Olivér Várhelyi

Olivér Várhelyi is a Hungarian lawyer and diplomat, European Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations from Hungary in the von der Leyen Commission after the rejection of László Trócsányi by the European Parliament. Várhelyi obtained a Master of European Legal Studies at Aalborg University, Denmark, in 1994, a Law degree at the University of Szeged, in 1996. In 2005 he passed the bar exam. Várhelyi started his career in the Hungarian public administration in 1996 at the Ministry for Industry and Trade, he moved to the Foreign Affairs Ministry, where he was tasked with alignment with the EU acquis. From 1998 to 2001 he was chief of cabinet of the head of the legal unit of the ministry, he moved to Brussels at the Hungarian's mission to the EU, as legal counselor and head of legal service until 2006, after Hungary's EU accession. For two years Várhelyi served as head of the EU law department at the Hungarian Ministry of Justice. From 2008 to 2001 he served as head of unit at the European Commission, in charge of industrial property rights at the Directorate General Internal Market and Services.

He moved back to the Hungarian foreign service, service from 2011 onward as deputy head and from 2015 head of the Permanent Representation in Brussels, with the rank of ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary. In his role as Ambassador to the EU, he was considered loyal to Orbán, despite having no formal party affiliation. Despite being deemed intelligent and knowledgeable, his style has been described as "incredibly rude", with "an abrasive leadership style that has included screaming and swearing at staffers", as well as adopting a more combative approach in ambassadors' meetings than other permanent representatives. In 2019 Várhelyi was appointed by Hungary's PM Viktor Orbán to the post of European Commissioner from Hungary to the von der Leyen Commission, after the European Parliament had rejected his first appointee, László Trócsányi, he was entrusted with the portfolio of European Enlargement. His appointment was greeted by long-standing Orbán allies, including Serbia's President Aleksandar Vučić and Bosnian Serb leader Milorad Dodik.

It was decried by several observers and enlargement experts. In his Parliamentary hearing, Várhelyi did not gather two thirds of votes, thus being subject to an additional round of written questions from MEPs. In his asset declaration, Várhelyi declared ownership of a 5035 m2 farm in Szentendre, a 160 m2 family house in Szeged with a 586 m2 garden, a 57 m2 apartment in Budapest, he declared ownership of a BMW from 1992 and a Lexus RS from 2018. Media related to Olivér Várhelyi at Wikimedia Commons

Rubik's Clock

Rubik's Clock is a mechanical puzzle invented and patented by Christopher C. Wiggs and Christopher J. Taylor; the Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik bought the patent from them to market the product under his name. It was first marketed in 1988. Rubik's Clock is each side presenting nine clocks to the puzzler. There are four wheels, one at each corner of the puzzle, each allowing the corresponding corner clock to be rotated directly. There are four buttons which span both sides of the puzzle; the state of each button determines whether the adjacent corner clock is mechanically connected to the three other adjacent clocks on the front side or on the back side: thus the configuration of the buttons determines which sets of clocks can be turned by rotating a suitable wheel. The aim of the puzzle is to set all nine clocks to 12 o'clock on both sides of the puzzle simultaneously; the method to do so is by starting by constructing a cross on both sides and solving the corner clocks.

The Rubik’s clock is listed as one of the 17 WCA events. It is the most unpopular event and most competitors don’t compete in this event; the types of World Records you can set are either the fastest time to solve it, or the fasted average of 5 solves. Since there are 14 independent clocks, with 12 settings each, there are a total of 12 14 =1,283,918,464,548,864 possible combinations for the clock faces; this does not count for the number of pin positions. The world record for a single solve is 3.29 seconds, set by Suen Ming Chi of Hong Kong on 23 March 2019 at GDSY Open 2019 in Guangzhou, China. The world record average of 5 is 4.38 seconds, set by Yunhao Lou of China on 9 November 2019 at Hangzhou Autumn 2019 in Hangzhou, with the times of 4.16, 4.81, 4.17 seconds. Rubik's Clock Solution An illustrated description of the solution. Unofficial Records Speedsolving.com's page of unofficial records for many puzzles including Rubik's Clock Real Genius Computer game implementation of Rubik's Clock for the Commodore Amiga, released in 1989

1972 Eastern Suburbs season

The 1972 Eastern Suburbs season was the 65th in the club's history. They competed in the NSWRFL's 1972 premiership, winning 18 of their 25 matches and finishing runners-up, defeated by Manly-Warringah. Coach- Don Furner Captain- Ron Coote Lineup- FB Allan McKean WG Jim Porter CE Harry Cameron CE Mark Harris WG Bill Mullins FE John Ballesty HB Kevin Junee PR John Armstrong HK Peter Moscatt PR Arthur Beetson SR Greg Bandiera John Quayle LK Ron Coote SR Laurie Freier Mick Alchin Johnny Mayes Kel Jones Dick Thornett Phil Hawthorne C. Boyd C. Renilson P. Flanders Eastern Suburbs finished the season as runners-up, beaten by Manly Warringah 19-14in the grand final. Allan McKean was the highest point scorer for the New South Wales Rugby League in the 1972 season; the Story Of Australian Rugby League, Gary Lester

Association of Comics Magazine Publishers

The Association of Comics Magazine Publishers was an American industry trade group formed in the late 1940s to regulate the content of comic books in the face of public criticism during that time. It was a precursor to the Comics Magazine Association of America, the ACMP Publishers Code served as the template for a more detailed set of rules enforced by the CMAA's Comics Code Authority; the ACMP was formed in May 1947 and publicly announced on July 1, 1948. Founding members included: Phil Keenan, publisher of Hillman Periodicals Leverett Gleason, publisher of Lev Gleason Publications Bill Gaines, publisher of EC Comics Harold Moore, publisher of Famous Funnies Rae Herman, publisher of Orbit Publications Frank Armer, distributor Irving Manheimer, distributorGeorge T. Delacorte, Jr. founder of Dell Publishing, which included Dell Comics, served as president, Manhattan attorney Henry E. Schultz, president of the board of Queens College and a member of the New York City Board of Higher Education, as executive director.

The ACMP was formed after "accusations from several fronts charged comic books with contributing to the rising rates of juvenile delinquency", city and county ordinances had banned some publications though these were overturned with a March 29, 1948, United States Supreme Court ruling that a 64-year-old New York State law outlawing publications with "pictures and stories of deeds of bloodshed, lust or crime" was unconstitutional. Regardless, the uproar increased upon the publication of two articles: "Horror in the Nursery", by Judith Crist, in the March 25, 1948, issue of Collier's Weekly, based upon the symposium "Psychopathology of Comic Books" held a week earlier by psychiatrist Fredric Wertham "The Comics... Funny!", by Frederic Wertham, in the May 29, 1948, issue of The Saturday Review of LiteratureSpencer, West Virginia held a comic-book burning on October 26, 1948. After the Associated Press reported on it, copycat comic-book burnings followed around the country, particularity in Catholic parishes.

In 1948, the association released their "Publishers Code," drawing on the Hollywood Production Code, drafted to stave off external regulation. Like the Production Code, it forbid portrayals of crime that might "throw sympathy against the law" or "weaken respect for established authority," and prohibited "ridicule or attack on any religious or racial group." "Sexy, wanton comics" were not to be published, divorce was not to be "treated humorously or represented as glamorous or alluring." Comics that complied with the code were offered a "Seal of Approval." Sexy, wanton comics should not be published. No drawing should show a female indecently or unduly exposed, in no event more nude than in a bathing suit worn in the United States of America. Crime should not be presented in such a way as to throw sympathy against the law and justice or to inspire others with the desire for imitation. No comics shall show the methods of a crime committed by a youth. Policemen, Government officials, respected institutions should not be portrayed as stupid, ineffective, or represented in such a way to weaken respect for established authority.

No scenes of sadistic torture should be shown. Vulgar and obscene language should never be used. Slang should be used only when essential to the story. Divorce should not be represented as glamorous or alluring. Ridicule or attack on any religious or racial group is never permissible; the code, was not a success, ignored by both large and small publishers. Some publishers, such as Dell Comics, refused to join the organization. Others, such as founding member EC Comics, terminated their participation; those who continued as members made use of the ACMP seal of approval without any formal process of review. Describing the situation in 1954 at the Senate comic book hearings, Director Schultz said: "The association, I would say, is out of business and so is the code." In 1954, a mounting tide of criticism, including a new book by Wertham — Seduction of the Innocent — and congressional hearings, spurred the formation of the ACMP's successor, the Comics Magazine Association of America. The ACMP Publishers Code served as the template for a more detailed set of rules enforced by the CMAA's Comics Code Authority.

EC comics and Mad magazine publisher, William M. Gaines, in a 1983 interview with The Comics Journal revealed: After the Senate Subcommittee hearings, this isn’t well known, but I can prove it again, I sent a letter to every comics publisher, invited them to a meeting and footed the bill for the hall. We took a big place somewhere, all these people showed up and I tried to convince them that we should form an association and hire the Gleuks of Harvard or anybody else we could find who could do some sort of independent, honest research into whether comic books in truth were the horrendous things that people said they were, and since I didn’t think they were, I figured, such a study would exonerate us. None of these guys wanted to do that, right away the whole thing was taken away from me, they turned it into a situation where they wrote a Code, the Code forbade the use of the words'horror,"terror,' or'crime' — this was all my books — and'weird,' even'weird,' so that would wipe me out. So I didn’t join the association.

But I decided to drop all those books anyway and put out the New Direction stuff. I put out the six first issues, six bi-monthlies, they sold 10, 15 percent. You can't believe, and I found out that it was because the word was passed by the wholesalers, "Get ‘im!" So they got me

Len Chappell

Leonard R. Chappell was an American basketball player, he was selected to one NBA All-Star Game. A 6'8" power forward/center, Chappell was a star at Wake Forest University, where he was a teammate of future broadcaster Billy Packer He helped lead the Demon Deacons to a third-place finish in the 1962 NCAA tournament and was named ACC Men's Basketball Player of the Year in 1961 and 1962. In 1962, he became Wake Forest's first consensus All-American He was the ACC tournament's all-time leading scorer until Duke University's J. J. Redick surpassed him in 2006. Chappell was named to the ACC 50th Anniversary men's basketball team in 2002, honoring him as one of the 50 greatest players in Atlantic Coast Conference history. After college, the Syracuse Nationals selected him with the fourth pick in the 1962 NBA draft, he played one season with the Nationals. The following year the team was renamed the 76ers. After one game in Philadelphia, the New York Knicks purchased his contract. After moving to New York, he had his best season with 17 points and nine rebounds per game, earning his only All-Star selection.

He left New York in 1966 and played for the Chicago Bulls, Cincinnati Royals, Detroit Pistons, Milwaukee Bucks, Cleveland Cavaliers, Atlanta Hawks. He played one season with the Dallas Chaparrals of the American Basketball Association. Chappell suffered a brain hemorrhage after a fall in April 2018 and suffered a stroke and pneumonia, he died July 2018 in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. List of NCAA Division I men's basketball players with 2,000 points and 1,000 rebounds Career statistics and player information from Basketball-Reference.com