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Tau Ceti

Tau Ceti, Latinized from τ Ceti, is a single star in the constellation Cetus, spectrally similar to the Sun, although it has only about 78% of the Sun's mass. At a distance of just under 12 light-years from the Solar System, it is a nearby star and the closest solitary G-class star; the star appears stable, with little stellar variation, is metal-deficient. Observations have detected more than ten times as much dust surrounding Tau Ceti as is present in the Solar System. Since December 2012, there has been evidence of five planets orbiting Tau Ceti, with two of these being in the habitable zone; because of its debris disk, any planet orbiting Tau Ceti would face far more impact events than Earth. Despite this hurdle to habitability, its solar analog characteristics have led to widespread interest in the star. Given its stability and relative proximity to the Sun, Tau Ceti is listed as a target for the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence and appears in some science fiction literature, it can be seen with the unaided eye with an apparent magnitude of 3.5.

As seen from Tau Ceti, the Sun would be in the northern hemisphere constellation Boötes with an apparent magnitude of about 2.6. The name "Tau Ceti" is the Bayer designation for this star, established in 1603 as part of German celestial cartographer Johann Bayer's Uranometria star catalogue: it is "number T" in Bayer's sequence of constellation Cetus. In the catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Al Achsasi al Mouakket, written at Cairo about 1650, this star was designated Thālith al Naʽāmāt, translated into Latin as Tertia Struthionum, meaning the third of the ostriches; this star, along with η Cet, θ Cet, ζ Cet, υ Cet, were Al Naʽāmāt, the Hen Ostriches. In Chinese astronomy, the "Square Celestial Granary" refers to an asterism consisting of τ Ceti, ι Ceti, η Ceti, ζ Ceti, θ Ceti and 57 Ceti; the Chinese name for τ Ceti itself is "the Fifth Star of Square Celestial Granary". The proper motion of a star is its rate of movement across the celestial sphere, determined by comparing its position relative to more distant background objects.

Tau Ceti is considered to be a high-proper-motion star, although it only has an annual traverse of just under 2 arc seconds. Thus it will require. A high proper motion is an indicator of closeness to the Sun. Nearby stars can traverse an angle of arc across the sky more than the distant background stars and are good candidates for parallax studies. In the case of Tau Ceti, the parallax measurements indicate a distance of 11.9 ly. This makes it one of the closest star systems to the Sun and the next-closest spectral class-G star after Alpha Centauri A; the radial velocity of a star is the component of its motion, toward or away from the Sun. Unlike proper motion, a star's radial velocity cannot be directly observed, but can be determined by measuring its spectrum. Due to the Doppler shift, the absorption lines in the spectrum of a star will be shifted toward the red if the star is moving away from the observer, or toward blue when it moves toward the observer. In the case of Tau Ceti, the radial velocity is about −17 km/s, with the negative value indicating that it is moving toward the Sun.

The star will make its closest approach to the Sun in about 43,000 years, when it comes to within 10.6 ly. The distance to Tau Ceti, along with its proper motion and radial velocity, together give the motion of the star through space; the space velocity relative to the Sun is 37.2 km/s. This result can be used to compute an orbital path of Tau Ceti through the Milky Way, it has a mean galacto-centric distance of 9.7 kiloparsec and an orbital eccentricity of 0.22. The Tau Ceti system is believed to have only one stellar component. A dim optical companion has been observed with magnitude 13.1. As of 2000, it was 137 arcseconds distant from the primary, it may be gravitationally bound, but it is considered more to be a line-of-sight coincidence. Most of what is known about the physical properties of Tau Ceti and its system has been determined through spectroscopic measurements. By comparing the spectrum to computed models of stellar evolution, the age, mass and luminosity of Tau Ceti can be estimated.

However, using an astronomical interferometer, measurements of the radius of the star can be made directly to an accuracy of 0.5%. Through such means, the radius of Tau Ceti has been measured to be 79.3%±0.4% of the solar radius. This is about the size, expected for a star with somewhat lower mass than the Sun; the rotation period for Tau Ceti was measured by periodic variations in the classic H and K absorption lines of singly ionized calcium. These lines are associated with surface magnetic activity, so the period of variation measures the time required for the activity sites to complete a full rotation about the star. By this means the rotation period for Tau Ceti is estimated to be 34 d. Due to the Doppler effect, the rotation rate of a star affects the width of the absorption lines in the spectrum. By analyzing the width of these lines, the rotational velocity of a star can be estimated; the projected rotation velocity for Tau Ceti is veq · sin i ≈ 1 km/s,where veq is the velocity at the equator, i is the inclina

The Wheatley School

The Wheatley School is a public high school serving grades 8 through 12 located in Old Westbury, New York and part of the East Williston Union Free School District. The school district encompasses all of East Williston and parts of Mineola, Old Westbury, Roslyn Heights; as of the 2016-17 school year, the school had an enrollment of 722 students and 70.02 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 10.3:1. There were 5 eligible for reduced-cost lunch. Art and Photo Club Jazz Band Stage Band Brainstormers Book Club C. A. R. E. Club Chess Club DECA Drama Environmental Action Committee French Club Gay Straight Alliance Inter-Cultural Unity Italian Club Key Club Literary/Art Magazine Mathletes Mock Trial Newspaper Peer Tutoring Robotics Science Olympiad Spanish Club Student Senate Yearbook Video Club Model United Nations Bowtie Haig Daniel Schwartz - CEO of Burger King Steven Rubenstein - anthropologist Dan Weiss-president of Haverford College Anita Silvers - American philosopher, interested in medical ethics, feminism, disability studies Laura Silverstein - Fashion Features Department of the Vogue Magazine team, of Condé Nast Katy Krassner - author and social media director for rock band Duran Duran.

Rick Berman - executive producer of several of the Star Trek television series Todd Glickman - radio meteorologist Rick Hoffman - actor Winnie Holzman - creator of My So Called Life, writer of thirtysomething and Wicked Carol Leifer - Seinfeld writer, comedian Steven Starr - filmmaker, media activist Dave Rothenberg - sports radio host, ESPN David Alpert - executive producer, The Walking Dead Scott S Kramer - Emmy and Webby Award winning content producer Carol Alt - model/actress/author Mitchell Stephens - journalist and professor of journalism and mass communications at New York University Stephanie Klein - blogger and writer Nicole Krauss - writer Todd Strasser - writer Stefan P. Kruszewski - clinical and forensic psychiatrist, fraud investigator Bradley S. Feuer - Physician/Attorney, Chief Surgeon Florida Highway Patrol Ned Lagin - musician Kevin Oh - Korean singer, winner of Superstar K season 7 Arthur Engoron - Justice, New York State Supreme Court, New York County Ian H. Solomon-Vice President for Global Engagement at the University of Chicago, former United States Executive Director of the World Bank Group Mike Masters - professional soccer player Carlos Mendes - professional soccer player East Williston Union Free School District Web site for The Wheatley School 50th anniversary version of the Wheatley Wildcat Long Island High School Soccer Information

2008 Oregon Ballot Measure 61

Oregon Ballot Measure 61 was an initiated state statute ballot measure that enacted law to create mandatory minimum prison sentences for certain theft, identity theft, forgery and burglary crimes. The measure appeared on the November 4, 2008 general election ballot in Oregon, as did Measure 57 which dealt with similar issues, but in a different way. In 1994, Measure 11, another initiative proposed by Kevin Mannix, was passed, which set mandatory minimum sentences for violent crimes, it is responsible for 28% of today's prison population. Oregon uses the highest percentage of its state budget to lock up criminals and supervise parole of any state. Oregon has seen a growth in prison inmates from about 4,000 to more than 13,500. If Ballot Measure 61, or the competitive measure proposed by the legislature, is passed, Oregon's prison population and percentage of state budget will become more pronounced. At the same time, Oregon has seen a greater drop in violent crime than the rest of the country on average since Measure 11 passed.

In February 2008, some members of the Oregon State Legislature proposed a bill to put a legislatively referred ballot measure, Measure 57, on the November 2008 ballot that would compete with Measure 61, but which would have less stringent mandatory minimums in it. In response, Mannix said that this "stinks of political manipulation", his concern is with. If the ballot title sounds tough-on-crime, voters—many of whom will judge the measure based on its title—might vote for it though the competing legislative measure is "wimpy"; the key difference between the competing measures lies in. Measure 61 requires mandatory jail time for some first-time offenders. Supporters of Measure 61 believe that the method of establishing the ballot title for Oregon ballot measures is unfair and gives the legislatively referred Measure 57 an undue advantage at the polls. For a citizen-initiated measure in Oregon, the ballot title is determined by the state's Attorney General. In the case of the measure that will compete with Measure 61, the claim has been made that the legislature plans to set the ballot title without going through those normal channels.

Ballot Measure 61 enacted the following provisions: Sets mandatory minimum sentences for certain drug and property crimes and for identity theft. It establishes a new felony crime of motor vehicle theft. A person sentenced under Measure 61 sentencing guidelines must serve his or her full sentence—the sentence could not be reduced for any reason; the sentences must be served in state prison facilities and work camps. The state is to reimburse counties for the cost of pre-trial detention for persons sentenced under Measure 61. Manufacturing or dealing heroin or ecstasy requires 36 months in prison. Manufacturing or dealing meth or cocaine within 1000 feet of a school requires 36 months in prison. Persons convicted of burglarizing a residence or identity theft must serve a 36-month sentence; the state's Financial Estimate Committee prepares estimated fiscal impact statements for any ballot measures that will appear on the ballot. The estimate prepared by this committee for Measure 61 says: Measure 61 would require additional state spending of between $8–$10 million in the first year.

In the second year, it would cost from $67–$88 million. In the third year, the cost would be $122–$178 million. In the fourth and subsequent years, the cost would rise to $164 million and on up; the state's Criminal Justice Commission said that the Mannix measure will cost between $128–$200 million a year, whereas the competing measure, Measure 57, would cost between $65–70 million per year. The chief petitioners for Measure 61 were Duane Fletchall and Steve Beck. Kevin Mannix said that Oregon's incarceration rate is below the national average and that the costs are high because of well-compensated corrections officers. "You get what you pay for", Mannix argued, adding that state prisons are among the most drug-free in the country. Oregon prison officials questioned the Pew Center's numbers, mentioned below, pointed out that the Department of Corrections funnels about 20 percent of its budget directly to counties for jails and parole. Loren Parks, the biggest political contributor in Oregon history, donated over $100,000 to the campaign for this measure.

Notable arguments in opposition to the measure included: Prison budgets take away from other government programs. "The point is getting tough on crime has gotten tough on taxpayers". It doesn't take account of differing circumstances. Defend Oregon, as a committee, fought seven different ballot measures, supported two others; as a result, it is not possible to discern how much of its campaign money was going to defeat Measure 59. Altogether, the group raised over $6 million in 2008. Major donations to the Defend Oregon group as of October 8 included: $4.1 million from the Oregon Education Association. $100,000 from School Employees Exercising Democracy $100,000 from the AFL-CIO. $50,000 from Oregon AFSCME Council 75. "Kroger backs alternative to crime measure", July 17, 2008 "Either anti-crime measure will cost over $1 billion, state says", Oregons Against Measure 11 The Oregonian, "Loren Parks begins spending on Oregon crime measures", August 14, 2008 Chief Petitioner Kevin Mannix on Oregon Voters' Pamphlet for Measures 2008 General Election: Voter Guide Full text of the initiative Status and information on this initiative from the Oregon Secretary of State Website for the Defend Oregon Coalition

Mount Stephen

Mount Stephen, 3,199 m, is a mountain located in the Kicking Horse River Valley of Yoho National Park, ½ km east of Field, British Columbia, Canada. The mountain was named in 1886 for George Stephen, the first president of the Canadian Pacific Railway; the mountain is composed of shales and dolomites from the Cambrian Period, some 550 million years ago. The Stephen Formation, a stratigraphical unit of the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin was first described at the mountain and was named for it; the first ascent was made on September 1887 by James. J. McArthur and his assistant T. Riley, made more difficult by the surveying equipment they carried with them. For them, smoke from forest fires limited visibility from the top. Beginning at 4:30 am, it took them four hours to pierce dense forest to reach tree line. After another three hours, the final rocks were reached which bore the inscription "Hill, Ross, September 6, 1886". Above the rocks, they had to navigate an ice couloir and a knife-edged arete before reaching the summit.

Sometime between this ascent and one in 1892, an estimated 200,000 cubic feet of rock had fallen in the upper section of the mountain, making the climb notably easier. The main route ascends slopes on the southwest face but requires much route finding and the final section of 125 m to the top is rated difficult. A cornice on the summit may prevent parties from reaching the top so if in doubt of conditions, attempts should wait until August; the route passes through a fossil bed and thus requires a special park permit to be in the area. The elevation gain is 1,920 m. For rock climbers, a route on the north ridge is rated III 5.7 with good rock formations composed of quartzite. Based on the Köppen climate classification, Mount Stephen is located in a subarctic climate with cold, snowy winters, mild summers. Temperatures can drop below -20 °C with wind chill factors below -30 °C. Weather conditions during winter make Mount Stephen one of the better places in the Rockies for ice climbing. Precipitation runoff from Mount Stephen drains into the Kicking Horse River.

Mount Stephen trilobite beds Mount Stephen House

The Heart of a Hero

The Heart of a Hero is a surviving 1916 silent film historical drama based upon the play "Nathan Hale" by Clyde Fitch, directed by Emile Chautard and starring Robert Warwick and Gail Kane. It was distributed by World Film Corporation. Prints exist at the Library of Congress; the story of Nathan Hale, an American soldier and spy from his days as a teacher to his eventual capture and execution. Robert Warwick - Nathan Hale Gail Kane - Alice Adams Alec B. Francis - Colonel Knowlton George MacQuarrie - Guy Fitzroy Clifford Grey - Tom Adams Henry West - Cunningham Charles Jackson - Thomas Jefferson Clara Whipple - Widow Chichester Mildred Havens - Amy Brandon Herbert Evans - William Howe Cardigan America The Heart of a Hero at synopsis at AllMovie Grapevine video dvd lobby poster

Amy Lansky

Amy Lansky is an American academic. She was the director of the Office of National AIDS Policy. Lansky earned a bachelor's degree in political science from Swarthmore College, she holds doctoral and master's degrees in public health from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Lansky served as the Deputy Director for Surveillance and Laboratory Science in Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention where she provided scientific direction and oversight for HIV surveillance activities, epidemiologic studies and clinical trials, laboratory research. Lansky was a Senior Policy Advisor to the Office of National Drug Control Policy and Office of National AIDS Policy where she ensured coordination on issues of substance abuse and HIV infection, co-authored the National HIV/AIDS Strategy: Updated to 2020, she became the director of the Office of National AIDS Policy. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States government