Taxi Driver is a 1976 American neo-noir psychological thriller film directed by Martin Scorsese, written by Paul Schrader, starring Robert De Niro, Jodie Foster, Cybill Shepherd, Harvey Keitel, Peter Boyle, Leonard Harris and Albert Brooks. Set in a decaying and morally bankrupt New York City following the Vietnam War, the film tells the story of a lonely taxi driver, who descends into insanity as he plots to assassinate both the presidential candidate for whom the woman he is infatuated with works, the pimp of an underage prostitute he befriends. A critical and commercial success upon release and nominated for four Academy Awards, including for Best Picture, Best Actor and Best Supporting Actress, Taxi Driver won the Palme d'Or at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival; the film generated controversy at the time of its release for its depiction of violence and casting of a 12 year old Foster in the role of a child prostitute. In 2012, Sight & Sound named it the 31st-best film in its decennial critics' poll, ranked with The Godfather Part II, the fifth-greatest film of all time on its directors' poll.
The film was considered "culturally or aesthetically" significant by the US Library of Congress and was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry in 1994. In 1975, Travis Bickle is a depressed 26-year-old living in isolation in New York City. Travis takes a job as a night shift taxi driver to cope with his chronic insomnia, driving passengers around the city's boroughs, he frequents porn theaters and keeps a diary in which he consciously attempts to include aphorisms, such as "You're only as healthy as you feel." Travis becomes infatuated with Betsy, a campaign volunteer for Senator and presidential candidate Charles Palantine. After watching her interact with fellow worker Tom through her window, Travis enters to volunteer as a pretext to talk to her takes her out for coffee. On a date, he takes her to see a pornographic film, which offends her, she goes home alone, his numerous attempts at reconciliation by sending flowers and apologizing over the phone are rebuffed, causing him to become embittered and convinced that she is like the "cold" people he detests in the city.
He confronts her at the campaign office, berating her before being kicked out by Tom. Travis is disgusted by the sleaze and prostitution that he witnesses throughout the city, struggles to find meaning for his existence, his worldview is furthered when an adolescent prostitute and runaway, who uses the professional name "Easy," enters his taxi, attempting to escape her pimp, Sport. Sport drags Iris from the taxi and throws Travis a crumpled $20 bill, which continually reminds Travis of her and the corruption that surrounds him. One evening, an unhinged racist passenger gloats to Travis of his intention to kill his adulterous wife and her black lover. Travis confides in fellow taxi driver Wizard about his thoughts, which are beginning to turn violent. In attempting to find an outlet for his frustrations, Travis begins a program of intense physical training. A fellow taxi driver refers him to an illegal gun dealer, "Easy" Andy, from whom Travis buys four handguns. At home, Travis practices drawing his weapons, builds a rig to allow him to hide and deploy one of his guns from his sleeve.
He begins attending Palantine's rallies to study their security. One night, Travis enters a convenience store seconds before a robber enters and holds the owner at gunpoint, leading Travis to fatally shoot the robber. To help him evade arrest, the store owner, an acquaintance of Travis, takes responsibility for the deed, claiming one of Travis's guns as his own. Travis seeks out Iris through Sport, twice tries to convince her to stop prostituting herself, an effort which convinces her. After a breakfast with Iris, Travis mails her a letter containing money, imploring her to return home. Travis cuts his hair into a mohawk and attends a public rally, where he intends to assassinate Palantine. While attempting to pull out his gun, Secret Service agents notice Travis putting his hand inside his coat and chase him down. Travis, however escapes the scene; that evening, Travis drives to Sport's brothel in the East Village. After Sport flicks a cigarette at Travis and derides him outside of the building, he shoots Sport and enters the brothel.
Travis shoots the owner's fingers off before being shot in the neck by Sport, whom he fatally shoots in turn. Travis moves upstairs, pursued by the owner, he attempts suicide with the revolver. Travis is not prosecuted, but instead, he is hailed as a local hero in the press, as the criminal dealings of those in the brothel were discovered and publicized, he receives a letter from Iris's father, thanking him for saving her and revealing that she has returned home to Pittsburgh, where she is going to school. After weeks of recovery and returning to work, Travis encounters Betsy as a fare. Travis drives her home refuses to let her pay the fare, driving away with a smile; as Travis drives off, he becomes agitated after noticing something in his rear-view mirror and the end credits roll. The film had a budget of $1.9 million. According to Scorsese, it was Brian De Palma. In Scorsese on Scorsese
Rocky Taylor is an English stuntman and actor. Taylor was born in Bermonsdey South East London England, his first appearance as a stuntman was an uncredited role in Dr. No, he has since been a stuntman for many famous and successful films including multiple James Bond and Indiana Jones films, A Bridge Too Far, The Da Vinci Code, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 1 and the HBO television series Game of Thrones. He has had minor acting roles in 40 films, including doubling for Roger Moore and Sean Connery in James Bond films, he is known as being the voice of the original Honey Monster in a series of commercials for Sugar Puffs. Taylor holds the record for being the oldest stuntman in Britain, with 35 years as a stunt performer and 20 years as a stunt co-ordinator, he appeared on Russell Howard's Good News in 2011 to discuss his career. Taylor suffered a fractured spine in 1985 when a stunt on the film Death Wish 3 went wrong, but survived the fall from a burning building, he performed the stunt 26 years later.
Taylor's father Larry was a stuntman, appearing in several films, including Zulu. Official website Rocky Taylor on IMDb
Penmaenpool is a hamlet on the south side of the estuary of the River Mawddach in Wales, near Dolgellau. Penmaenpool toll bridge is a wooden toll bridge built in 1879 to replace a ferry crossing, it is Cadw-registered and Grade II listed. The George III Inn was two buildings: a ship chandler serving the boatbuilding industry, a pub, it dates from 1650 and is Grade II listed. Gerard Manley Hopkins reputedly wrote the poem entitled "Penmaen Pool" in the visitor's book. Penmaenpool railway station signal; the Mawddach Trail passes through the hamlet. Fifteen people, including four children, were drowned on 22 July 1966 when the Prince of Wales ferry hit the toll bridge; the ferry had been taking 39 people on a pleasure trip from Barmouth to the hotel in the village. The hotel proprietor, John Antony Hall, with his chef David Jones and barman Bob Jones, saved many lives on that day. None was recognised for their bravery. A memorial was held by the signal box 50 years in 2016
Tea has long been used as an umbrella term for several different meals. Isabella Beeton, whose books on home economics were read in the 19th century, describes afternoon teas of various kinds, provides menus for the old-fashioned tea, the at-home tea, the family tea, the high tea. Teatime is the time at which the tea meal is eaten, late afternoon to early evening, being the equivalent of merienda. Tea as a meal is associated with Great Britain and some Commonwealth countries; some people in Britain refer to their main evening meal as "tea" rather than supper. This article is instead concerned with the various types of secondary, meals called "tea"; as a secondary meal, the timing of tea has moved over time in response to the moving and of the main dinner. Until the late 18th century dinner was eaten at what we now call "lunchtime", or in the early afternoon. Dinner began to migrate, amid much controversy, until by about 1900 it arrived at its present timing in the evening; the earliest "tea" meals were in the early evening, some three or four hours after dinner, or later, after a supper and before bed.
The philosopher Thomas Carlyle and his wife invited guests for 7 pm to their teas in the 1850s, although afternoon tea before dinner was becoming established by this time. The most common ingredients of a light tea are tea itself, with cakes, biscuits or pastries and jam, sandwiches, but there may be other types of both food offered or eaten at home. Afternoon tea is a light meal eaten between 3.30 pm and 5 pm. Observance of the custom originated amongst the wealthy social classes in England in the 1840s, as the time of dinner moved later. Anna Maria, Duchess of Bedford, is credited with inventing afternoon tea in England as a late-afternoon meal whilst visiting Belvoir Castle in Leicestershire. By the end of the nineteenth century, afternoon tea developed to its current form and was observed by both the upper and middle classes, it had become ubiquitous in the isolated village in the fictionalised memoir Lark Rise to Candleford, where a cottager lays out what she calls a "visitor's tea" for their landlady: "the table was laid… there were the best tea things with a fat pink rose on the side of each cup.
For the more privileged, afternoon tea was accompanied by thinly-sliced bread and butter, delicate sandwiches and cakes and pastries. Scones may be served; the sandwiches are crustless, cut into small segments, either as triangles or fingers, pressed thin. Biscuits are not served; the English afternoon tea blend is lighter than English breakfast tea. Nowadays, a formal afternoon tea is more of a special occasion, taken as a treat in a hotel; the food is served on a tiered stand. Afternoon tea as a treat may be supplemented with a glass of a similar alcoholic drink; this is a more recent innovation. A less formal establishment is known as a tearoom, similar to a coffeehouse; these used to be common in the UK, but these establishments have declined in popularity since the Second World War. A. B. C. Tea shops and Lyons Corner Houses were successful chains of such establishments, played a role in opening up possibilities for Victorian women. A list of significant tea houses in Britain gives more examples.
The custom of taking afternoon tea with bread or pastry was common in some continental European areas, though such customs are not known in English-speaking countries. For example, Alexandre-Balthazar-Laurent Grimod de La Reynière wrote in 1804 of afternoon tea in Switzerland. A tea party is a social gathering around this meal – not to be confused with the Boston Tea Party, a mid-December 1773 incident at the beginning of the American Revolution, or the 21st century political movement named after it; this snack is associated with the West Country, i.e. Cornwall, Devon and Somerset, it consists of scones, clotted cream, strawberry jam, plus, of course, tea to drink. Some venues will provide butter instead of clotted cream. In Australia, this is referred to as Devonshire Tea. High Tea is a name for the evening meal associated with the working class, is eaten between 5 pm and 7 pm; this was sometimes called a "meat-tea" in the past. In most of the United Kingdom people traditionally call their midday meal dinner and their evening meal tea, whereas the upper social classes would call the midday meal lunch or luncheon and the evening meal dinner or supper.
This differentiation in usage is one of the classic social markers of English. However, in most of the south of England, the midday meal is universally called "lunch", with "dinner" being the evening meal, regardless of social class. High tea consists of a hot dish, followed by cakes and bread and jam. There will be cold cuts of meat, such as ham salad; the term was firs
Hey, Come On! was Shinhwa's fourth album and it debuted at #3. As with the past albums, Come On! was well received by the fans and the title track climbed up the chart rapidly. The album's release coincided with the rise of the Korean Wave, spreading the group's popularity overseas. Hey, Come On! Spent 28 weeks on the MIAK Chart before it dropped. Information is adapted from the liner notes of Hey, Come On!: For their music video, "Hey, Come On!", Shinhwa can be seen dancing in a white room. The choreography consists of heavy leg movement as well as members jumping around; the music video concentrated on Jun Jin and Lee Min Woo the most and feature the two twisting their body in the air as they jump. Towards the end of the music video, we can see Minwoo running towards a wall and jumping off of it, causing the "wall" to open suggesting that the members were in space, dancing inside of a white rocket, though this is unclear; the music video ended with Minwoo running as the rocket was lit on fire behind him, causing him to jump into the air and land back on his feet.
Although Hey, Come On! was well received, it garnered much controversy at the time. Andy Lee didn't participate in their 4th album and it was rumored that he had tried to commit suicide. However, it was revealed that he had only left the group to be with his Mother, critically ill in the United States. Another controversy that arose was when Taiwanese boy band Energy covered Shinhwa's song, "Hey, Come On!", calling it "Come On!", causing Shinhwa fans to dislike Energy. The Taiwanese group 5566 covered Shinhwa's "Dark". Information is adapted from the liner notes of Hey, Come On!: The song I Swear is a solo song, sung by Shin Hye Sung
John Baird was a Scottish revolutionary. A weaver by trade, he was brought up in the village of Condorrat, he is best remembered as a radical commander in the "Radical War" of 1820, along with James Wilson and Andrew Hardie is the best remembered radical combatant in the "Radical War". Baird had a military career in the British Army, serving in the 2nd Battalion of the 95th Regiment of Foot seeing military action in both Argentina and Spain, his military experience meant that he was suitable to become commander of the Radicals in their doomed march to the Carron Ironworks. He was executed in Stirling on 8 September 1820 along with Hardie, he is remembered as a martyr to the fight for universal suffrage by many figures in Scotland the 1820 Society. Greater details of Baird's involvement in the Radical War and his military career Account of the executions of Baird & Hardie