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Taygetus

The Taygetus, Taygetos or Taÿgetus is a mountain range on the Peloponnese peninsula in Southern Greece. The highest mountain of the range is Mount Taygetus known as "Profitis Ilias", or "Prophet Elias"; the name is one of the oldest recorded in Europe, appearing in the Odyssey. In classical mythology, it was associated with the nymph Taygete. During Byzantine times and up until the 19th century, the mountain was known as Pentadaktylos; the Taygetus Massif is about 100 km long, extending from the center of the Peloponnese to Cape Matapan, its southernmost extremity. It contains the tallest mountain in the Profitis Ilias summit, reaching 2,404 m; the summit is an ultra-prominent peak. It is prominent above the Isthmus of Corinth, which separating the Peloponnese from mainland Greece, rises only to 60 m. Numerous creeks wash down from the mountains and the Eurotas has some of its headwaters in the northern part of the range; the western side of the massif houses the headwaters of the Vyros Gorge, which carries winter snowmelt down the mountain, emptying into the Messenian Gulf in the town of Kardamyli.

Taygetus overlooks the cities of Kalamata, whose skyline it dominates. The mountain range lies within the prefectures of Arcadia and Messenia. Taygetus is crossed by Greek National Road 82, which links Kalamata to Sparti and separates Northern Taygetus from the Central Range; the Rindomo Gorge separates the Central Range from Southern Taygetos. The section of Taygetus that forms the backbone of the Mani Peninsula is known as Saggias, is not considered part of Taygetus; the central part of the mountain range is called "Skoteini Plevra", which means "the dark side" because the villages located there do not receive as much sunshine in the early morning and the late afternoon hours. The mountains of southern Europe that fringe the Mediterranean Sea and run in an east-west direction are of the folded type generated by collision of the northward-moving African Plate with the Eurasian Plate. Where the northern edge of the African Plate is being subducted in an irregular line a second orogeny occurs, not understood.

The mountains of Italy and Greece are a combination of Folded Mountains and Fault-block mountains running in a northwest–southeast direction. The Hellenic Subduction carries the leading edge of the African Plate under the Aegean Sea Plate at the Hellenic Trench, it follows an arc around the outer edge of the Crete. The subduction on the west is to the northeast, on the east to the northwest, north in the center; the average direction is N 21° E. In the islands and southern Greece a fault-block mountain orogeny prevails due to a double set of crustal movements. On the one hand the Aegean Sea Plate is being raised by the subduction. On the other hand, north–south extensional movements, yet unexplained, are pulling the plate apart, creating normal extensional faults and generating a parallel sequence of horsts and grabens, or rift valleys, running in a north–south direction. Mount Taygetus is a limestone horst bordering the Eurotas Rift Valley. Below its eastern face is the Sparta fault, a normal fault striking perpendicular to the direction of extension.

Footwall scarps are visible on the eastern side of Taygetus at the base of its spurs. They result from sudden slippages of the hanging wall in the direction of the dip, causing earthquakes. Single earthquakes result in 1–12 m of scarp; the Sparta fault is zig-zag in strike, varying between N 170° E and N 140° E. The maximum slippage has been 10–12 m in three increments; the earthquake of 464 BC, which levelled Sparta, resulted from a slippage of 3–4 m over a length of 20 km of the fault. The slip rate has been about 1 mm per year suggesting an average interval between earthquakes of 3000 years; the slopes of Taygetus are forested with Greek fir and black pine. Devastating fires in 2005 and 2007 consumed much of the forests on the central west slopes, only about half remain; the slopes of Taygetus have been inhabited since at least Mycenean times. The site of Arkina, near the village of Arna, is still unexplored. Taygetus was important as one of Sparta's natural defenses; the Spartans threw criminals and "unfit" infants into a chasm of Taygetus known as Ceadas or Caeadas.

In antiquity, Spartan newborns were abandoned there. Recent evidence, found by the University of Athens, discovered remains of adult individuals which appeared to confirm that Ceadas was a place of punishment for criminals and captives. During the era of barbarian invasions, Taygetus served as a shelter for the native population. Many of the villages in its slopes date from this period. In Medieval times, the citadel and monastery of Mystras was built on the steep slopes, became a center of Byzantine civilization and served as the capital of the Despotate of the Morea. Mystras remains occupied by a tiny religious community; the buildings a major tourist attraction in the region. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site; the peak known as Taleton, above Bryseae, was'dedicated' to Helios, the Sun, to whom horses were sacrificed. Taleton was also'dedicated' to Zeus. Today, the mountain is associated with the holy Prophet Elias, every year on the 20th of July, the small chapel at the peak holds a large festival, includ

Your Television Babysitter

Your Television Babysitter billed as Your TV Babysitter, was a daytime live television children’s series which debuted November 1, 1948, on the DuMont Television Network, was hosted by Pat Meikle and created by her husband Hal Cooper. Your Television Babysitter was hosted by Pat Meikle. In each episode, Meikle would tell a story using her “magic chalkboard”, from which colorful fairy-tale characters would appear, including Maxwell the Mouse; the series was produced by Pat Meikle's husband. They married on December 21, 1944, had two children Bethami and Pamela. Meikle and Cooper divorced in 1970. Your Television Babysitter, which aired Monday through Friday 8:30am to 9am ET, led to a spin-off and Cooper’s The Magic Cottage, aimed at older children, aired on weekday evenings from 6:30 to 7 pm ET. According to the book The Forgotten Network, both series were well received by television critics at the time. Variety praised Meikle and stated that "her knowing method of not talking down to her moppet audience is the answer to a mother’s prayers.

She's being touted as a new TV star." The Magic Cottage continued on DuMont’s flagship station WABD until 1955. Meikle continued to work at WABD; as with most DuMont series, no episodes are known to exist. List of programs broadcast by the DuMont Television Network List of surviving DuMont Television Network broadcasts 1948–49 United States network television schedule Playroom, DuMont children's series Kids and Company, DuMont children's series hosted by Johnny Olsen The Magic Cottage DuMont series created by Meikle and Hal Cooper David Weinstein, The Forgotten Network: DuMont and the Birth of American Television ISBN 1-59213-245-6 Alex McNeil, Total Television, Fourth edition ISBN 0-14-024916-8 Tim Brooks and Earle Marsh, The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network TV Shows, Third edition ISBN 0-345-31864-1 DuMont historical website

Épendes, Vaud

Épendes is a municipality in the district of Jura-Nord Vaudois of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. Épendes is first mentioned in 1154 as Spinles. In 1174 it was mentioned as Espinnes; the municipality is the site of the Château d'Épendes and the Observatory of Épendes, open to the public. Épendes has an area, as of 2009, of 4.8 square kilometers. Of this area, 3.62 km2 or 74.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.66 km2 or 13.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.45 km2 or 9.3 % is settled, 0.1 km2 or 2.1 % is either lakes. Of the built up area and buildings made up 2.5% and transportation infrastructure made up 6.2%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 66.0% is used for growing crops and 7.5% is pastures, while 1.4% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is flowing water; the municipality was part of the Yverdon District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, Épendes became part of the new district of Jura-Nord Vaudois.

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules a Barrulett Or, overall a Reed Vert fructed Sable between two Frogs Vert in base. Épendes has a population of 358. As of 2008, 11.1% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 8.2%. It has changed at a rate of 11.3 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French as their first language, with Portuguese being second most common and German being third; the age distribution, as of 2009, in Épendes is. Of the adult population, 40 people or 12.6 % of the population are between 29 years old. 48 people or 15.1% are between 30 and 39, 46 people or 14.5% are between 40 and 49, 43 people or 13.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 44 people or 13.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 13 people or 4.1% are between 70 and 79, there are 4 people or 1.3% who are between 80 and 89, there is 1 person, 90 and older. As of 2000, there were 139 people who never married in the municipality.

There were 22 individuals who are divorced. As of 2000, there were 132 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.4 persons per household. There were 38 households that consist of 9 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 135 households that answered this question, 28.1% were households made up of just one person and there was 1 adult who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 39 married couples without children, 46 married couples with children There were 6 single parents with a child or children. There were 2 households that were made up of unrelated people and 3 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing. In 2000 there were 42 single family homes out of a total of 83 inhabited buildings. There were 23 multi-family buildings, along with 11 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 7 other use buildings that had some housing. In 2000, a total of 130 apartments were permanently occupied, while 15 apartments were seasonally occupied and 6 apartments were empty.

As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 0 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0%; the historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 31.34% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP and the Green Party. In the federal election, a total of 106 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 46.9%. As of 2010, Épendes had an unemployment rate of 2.1%. As of 2008, there were 20 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 9 businesses involved in this sector. 15 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 4 businesses in this sector. 12 people were employed with 7 businesses in this sector. There were 183 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 42.1% of the workforce. In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 36; the number of jobs in the primary sector was 15.

The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 13 of which 11 or were in manufacturing and 2 were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 8. In the tertiary sector. In 2000, there were 15 workers who commuted into 136 workers who commuted away; the municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 9.1 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. Of the working population, 9.8% used public transportation to get to work, 66.1% used a private car. From the 2000 census, 67 or 20.9% were Roman Catholic, while 197 or 61.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 2 members of an Orthodox church, there was 1 individual who belongs to another Christian church. There were 10 (or about 3.13% of t