Lafayette County, Florida
Lafayette County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,870, making it the second-least populous county in Florida; the county seat is Mayo. Lafayette County is a prohibition or dry county, allowing retail sales of beer. Lafayette County was created on December 1856 from part of Madison County. At the time it comprised all the area of present-day Dixie counties; the County was named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, the French general who rendered assistance to the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. The famed Suwannee River forms the entire eastern boundary; the county courts first met at the home of Ariel Jones near Fayetteville. The county seat was New Troy until the court house burned down on New Year's Eve, 1892, it was moved to Mayo in 1893, Mayo is Lafayette's only incorporated town. The moving of the courthouse was the end for New Troy; the Gainesville Sun states that houses were dismantled for their timber and bricks, hardwoods replaced the fields, steamboat traffic ended in 1899, the ferry closed in 1917.
In 1921 the lower part of the county was removed to create Dixie County. Historic sites in Lafayette County include: The Hal W. Adams Bridge built in 1947 across the Suwannee River 3 mi north of Mayo, it was Florida's first suspension bridge. The Old Lafayette County Courthouse, built in 1893-1894, now an inn; the current Lafayette County Courthouse built in 1908. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 548 square miles, of which 543 square miles is land and 4.5 square miles is water. Suwannee County - east Gilchrist County - southeast Dixie County - south Taylor County - west Madison County - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 7,022 people, 2,142 households and 1,591 families residing in the county; the population density was 13 people per square mile. There were 2,660 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 79.27% White, 14.37% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.30% from other races, 1.21% from two or more races.
9.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 41.1% were English, 8.0% were Irish, 7.1% were American, 5.3% were German. There were 2,142 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.70% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.70% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 34.00% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 148.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 157.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,651, the median income for a family was $35,020. Males had a median income of $25,030 versus $22,007 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $13,087. About 12.90% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.70% of those under age 18 and 17.30% of those age 65 or over. Parks in the county include Lafayette Blue Springs State Park and Troy Springs State Park, both accessible to the Suwannee River; the Lafayette County Public Library is part of the Three Rivers Regional Library System, which serves Gilchrist and Taylor counties. Mayo Day Airline Alton Buckville Cooks Hammock Hatchbend Midway Dry counties Lafayette County Board of County Commissioners Lafayette County Supervisor of Elections Lafayette County Property Appraiser Lafayette County Sheriff's Office Lafayette County Tax Collector Lafayette County Schools Suwannee River Water Management District Lafayette County Clerk of Courts Public Defender, 3rd Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Columbia, Hamilton, Madison and Taylor Counties Office of the State Attorney, 3rd Judicial Circuit of Florida Circuit and County Court for the 3rd Judicial Circuit of Florida
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Dekle Beach, Florida
Dekle Beach is a Gulf coastal community in the southern part of Taylor County, United States. Dekle Beach is located at 29.8491° N, 83.6193° W. Dekle Beach is 21.8 miles south of the county seat of Perry. According to local historians, Dekle Beach was acquired and developed by Perry, Florida businessman and politician Gus J. Dekle sometime in the mid 1940s. Mr. Dekle was the owner of Dekle Motor Company, a local Chevrolet dealership, as well as a previous member of the City Council of Perry and a member of the Florida House of Representatives during the 1940s and 1950s. According to some accounts the property had been owned by the United States government, operated as a United States Air Force training facility during World War II; however it is known that it was used for salt manufacturing by the Confederacy during the American Civil War. It is known that Mr. Dekle was the owner of the property when it was developed into its current state as a residential beach area. Previous residents said that Mr. Dekle dredged the channels, dug the canals and developed Dekle Beach into the area that we know and love today.
During the residential development period of the beach, Mr. Dekle traded the southernmost point of the beach to his friend, Jimmy Archer, a Texan, a long-time resident of Perry, Florida after marrying local resident Sybil Poppell. Mr. Archer was the owner of a local salvage yard and wrecker service, utilized by Dekle Motor Company, the land was provided as a barter in return for wrecker services; the descendants of Mr. Archer still live on part of the property to this day. Mr. Lewis Hamilton and his wife, along with their friends Willie Joe and Ann Moody purchased much of the property as well, impacted the growth of the community by investing extensive time and effort into developing much of the land into the beautiful residential area seen today; this area is still enjoyed by several of their descendants as well, many of whom call Dekle Beach home to this day. Dekle was devastated on March 13, 1993 when the “Jordan lovely” battered the beach without warning in the wee hours that fateful Saturday morning.
Several residents and visitors lost their lives that day, including Mrs. Sybil Archer, the widow of Mr. Jimmy Archer. Although the devastating Storm changed the face of the beach, it didn’t change the heart of the residents, the survivors rebuilt their beloved beach from the ground up
Jefferson County, Florida
Jefferson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,761, its county seat is Monticello. Jefferson County is part of FL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Jefferson County was created in 1827, it was named for Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America, who had died the year before the county's establishment. Fort Roger Jones, north of US 90. Fort Noel, south of Lamont on the Aucilla River, six miles northwest of Fort Pleasant in Taylor County. Known as Fort Number Three. Camp Carter, near Waukeenah. Fort Welaunee, a settlers' fort on the Welaunee Plantation near Wacissa. Fort Gamble was established here. Fort Aucilla, two miles south-east of Fort Gamble, southwest of Lamont, between the Aucilla and Wacissa Rivers. Spelled Ocilla. Fort Wacissa, a settlers' fort located south of Wacissa on the Wacissa River, west of Cabbage Grove. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 637 square miles, of which 598 square miles is land and 38 square miles is water.
Jefferson County is the only county in Florida which borders both the state of Georgia and the Gulf of Mexico Thomas County, Georgia - north Brooks County, Georgia - northeast Madison County - east Taylor County - southeast Wakulla County - southwest Leon County - west St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge Aucilla River Lake Miccosukee Wacissa River As of the census of 2010, there were 14,761 people, 5,646 households, 3,798 families residing in the county; the population density was 25 people per square mile. There were 5,251 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 60.4% White, 36.2% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, 1.30% from two or more races. 3.70 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 5,646 households out of which 26.9% had individuals under the age of 18 living with them, 47.30% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.70% were non-families.
28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 18.6% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 32.30% from 45 to 64, 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.00 males age 18 and over. The following income information is from the 2000 census; the median income for a household in the county was $32,998, the median income for a family was $40,407. Males had a median income of $26,271 versus $25,748 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,006. About 13.30% of families and 17.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over. Jefferson County is one of only a handful of counties in the Florida Panhandle that favors the Democratic Party.
In 2016 it flipped and Donald Trump won the county. The Jefferson County School District is the only one in Florida operating under a declared financial emergency due to budget deficits. On April 23, 2009, the Florida Department of Education took over financial oversight of the district. In June 2011, the District exited financial emergency one year sooner than expected due to hard work and sacrifice of the part of District faculty and staff; the District has now operated for two years with a fund balance well over the mandated 3%. The District is proud to be financially sound. Academically, the District is showing huge gains in writing. In 2013 there is a new sense of excitement on the part of students and the community as all are working hard to provide a high quality education delivered with fidelity in a safe, secure environment. Career Academies have been introduced on the campus of Jefferson County Middle High School offering students options in career areas connected to the local economy.
The Jefferson County Tigers won the State Championship in Football in 2011. Jefferson County's library is the R. J. Bailar Public Library, which works with the Wilderness Coast Public Libraries; the sole existing railroad line is a CSX line once owned by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad, used by Amtrak's Sunset Limited until 2005, when the service was truncated to New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina. No Amtrak trains stopped anywhere in Jefferson County. Interstate 10 is the main west-to-east interstate highway in the county, serves as the unofficial dividing line between northern and southern Jefferson County, it contains three interchanges within the county. Beyond this point I-10 runs through Madison County. US 19 is the westernmost north-south US highway in the county, it enters from southwestern Madison County as the Georgia-Florida Parkway in a concurrency with US 27 breaks away from US 27 in Capps to run straight north through Monticello where it encounters a traffic circle with US 90 around the historic Monticello Courthouse.
North of the city it runs through the State of Georgia. US 27 is another north-south US highway in the county, it enters from Madison County in a concurrency with US 19, but unlike US 19 breaks away at Capps and runs west toward Tallahassee SR 59 is the westernmost north-south highway in Jeff
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf