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Tazewell County, Illinois

Tazewell County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 135,394, its county seat and largest city is Pekin. It is pronounced with a short "a", to rhyme with "razz" rather than "raze". Tazewell County is part of IL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the majority of the population lives along the county's western border. Tazewell County was formed out of Peoria County in 1827; the consensus appears to be that it was named in honor of Littleton Tazewell, who served in the U. S. Senate, who became Governor of Virginia in 1834, it is, possible that it was named after Littleton's father, prominent Virginia politician Henry Tazewell, after whom Tazewell County, was named. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles, of which 649 square miles is land and 9.0 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pekin have ranged from a low of 14 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −27 °F was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in July 1936.

Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches in January to 4.17 inches in May. Peoria County Woodford County McLean County Logan County Mason County Fulton County The following public-use airports are located in Tazewell County: Pekin Municipal Airport - serves Pekin Manito Mitchell Airport - serves Manito, a village in Mason County As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 135,394 people, 54,146 households, 37,163 families living in the county; the population density was 208.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 57,516 housing units at an average density of 88.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 35.6% were German, 15.6% were American, 14.4% were Irish, 12.0% were English. Of the 54,146 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals.

The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 39.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $54,232 and the median income for a family was $66,764. Males had a median income of $50,372 versus $34,747 for females; the per capita income for the county was $27,036. About 6.3% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over. Delavan East Peoria Morton Marquette Heights Pekin Washington Heritage Lake Allentown Dillon Groveland Normandale Parkland Schaeferville Winkel Tazewell County is divided into these townships: Tazewell County has been solidly Republican on the national level, voting for the Republican candidate for U. S. President since 1996. National Register of Historic Places listings in Tazewell County, Illinois

Center for Neighborhood Technology

The Center for Neighborhood Technology is a non-profit organization, headquartered in Chicago, committed to sustainable development and livable urban communities. The organization was founded in 1978 by Scott Bernstein, Stanley Hallett, Dr. John Martin, it has grown to include an office in San Francisco, California. CNT has been responsible for developing a variety of projects, it launched two non-profits to advance its mission. It created Wireless Community Networks, a wireless internet access project which uses a mesh network. In addition, their Urban Practice Consulting offers a unique menu of tools and strategies which can be applied individually or collectively to urban development and redevelopment issues. Scott Bernstein is President. Kathryn Tholin was appointed CEO of CNT in September 2005, after serving as the interim CEO since February 2005. Stephen Perkins, Ph. D. who joined CNT in 1980, is CNT's Senior Vice President, Jacky Grimshaw, who joined CNT in 1992, is CNT's Vice President for Policy, Transportation & Community Development.

CNT was recognized on April 28, 2009, as one of only eight organizations from around the world to receive the prestigious John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Award for Creative and Effective Institutions. CNT received the award for its use of cutting-edge research to develop and implement transformative ideas for improving the quality of life in urban neighborhoods, including car sharing and energy audits; the award recognizes organizations that are "highly creative and effective, have made an extraordinary impact in their fields and are helping to address some of the world's most challenging problems." In 2000, the Center for Neighborhood Technology renovated their offices to the highest standards of the LEED Green Building Rating System. In December 2005, the building became the thirteenth building to receive a "Platinum" LEED ranking; the Center for Neighborhood Technology has been conducting research and developing and testing innovative programs to use urban resources more efficiently for 30 years.

These efforts relate to the growing concerns about reducing greenhouse gas emissions and slowing global warming. CNT's research has shown that cities can be the most efficient places to live, with their lower per capita greenhouse gas emissions due to efficient land use and transportation alternatives; because urban areas are compact and have extensive mass transit and communication networks, they offer the greatest opportunities to help solve the climate crisis by expanding and enhancing their existing strategies for reducing carbon emissions. In September 2008, the City of Chicago released its Climate Action Plan, which describes the major effects climate change could have on the city and suggests ways to address those challenges. CNT led the mitigation research team for the Chicago Climate Change Task Force that developed the report. CNT is not working to promote change locally however. In 2000, Elevate Energy was created. Elevate Energy's areas of focus include building performance and energy efficiency, real-time electricity pricing, climate change analysis, regional energy planning, green building research and evaluation.

In June 2008, CNT launched the Illinois Smart Grid Initiative, a voluntary group of state and local government, as well as consumer, business and utility stakeholders that will collaborate to examine how consumers can benefit from a comprehensive overhaul and modernization of the power grid in Illinois. CNT, in collaboration with the Community Investment Corporation, created the Cook County Energy Savers to provide owners of multi-family buildings with recommendations and solutions for energy efficiency, it is "a one-stop energy efficiency shop" that offers energy assessments, financing options for implementing energy recommendations, assistance with coordinating tax benefits, annual reports on energy performance. CNT published "Engaging as Partners in Energy Efficiency: Multifamily Housing and Utilities" in 2012, discussing how upgrades in multifamily buildings could save both building owners and residents up to a billion nationwide. One of Elevate Energy's most recent projects is Power Smart Pricing, which allows users to pay the hourly, wholesale market price of electricity, save money by timing their electricity usage to the hours when it is cheapest.

CNT helps communities find solutions to problems stemming from deteriorating water infrastructure like unreliable service, rising water rates, flooded neighborhoods. In 2012, CNT launched the "Smart Water for Smart Regions" initiative, which includes new research, inventive solutions, regional advocacy focused on water supply and stormwater in Illinois, Michigan, New York, Ohio and Wisconsin; the initiative helps communities deliver water services to homes and business efficiently and transparently, while sustaining water resources in the region. Another issue CNT considers, its goals are to reduce flooding, cut stormwater treatment and energy costs, protect rivers and vital landscape. In 2005, CNT developed a way to measure the effects of storm water m

Mixed transcortical aphasia

Mixed transcortical aphasia is the least common of the three transcortical aphasias. This type of aphasia can be referred to as "Isolation Aphasia"; this type of aphasia is a result of damage that isolates the language areas from other brain regions. Broca’s, Wernicke’s, the arcuate fasiculus are left intact. A stroke is one of the leading causes of disability in the United States. Following a stroke, 40% of stroke patients are left with moderate functional impairment and 15% to 30% have a severe disability as a result of a stroke. A neurogenic cognitive-communicative disorder is one result of a stroke. Neuro- meaning related to nerves or the nervous system and -genic meaning resulting from or caused by. Aphasia is one type of a neurogenic cognitive-communicative disorder which presents with impaired comprehension and production of speech and language caused by damage in the language-dominant, left hemisphere of the brain. Aphasia is any disorder of language that causes the patient to have the inability to communicate, whether it is through writing, speaking, or sign language.

Mixed transcortical aphasia is characterized by severe speaking and comprehension impairment, but with preserved repetition. People who suffer mixed transcortical aphasia struggle to produce propositional language or to understand what is being said to them, yet they can repeat long, complex utterances or finish a song once they hear the first part. Persons with mixed transcortical aphasia are nonfluent, in most cases do not speak unless they are spoken to, do not comprehend spoken language, cannot name objects, cannot read or write. However, they have the ability to repeat what is said to them. In fact, persons with mixed transcortical aphasia repeat in a parrot-like fashion; some patients with this disorder can experience many different types neurological symptoms including, bilateral paralysis, lack of voluntary speech, difficulty with producing spontaneous speech. A conversation between a clinician and person with transcortical mixed aphasia would have similar characteristics to the conversation below: Clinician: Hello, Mrs. Fenton Patient: Mrs. Fenton.

Yes. Clinician: How are you doing today? Patient: How are you doing today? Clinician: I’m fine, thank you. How are you doing? Patient: I’m fine, thank you. Clinician: My name is Mary. I’ll be working with you today. Patient: My name is Mary. I’m working today. In this rare type of aphasia, Broca's area, Wernicke's area, the arcuate fasciculus are intact but the watershed region around them is damaged; this damage isolates these areas from the rest of the brain. The most frequent etiology of mixed transcortical aphasia is stenosis of the internal carotid artery. Mixed transcortical aphasia can occur after cerebral hypoxia, cerebral swelling, any stroke that affects the cerebral artery. Lesions that cause mixed transcortical aphasia affect both the anterior and posterior perisylvian border zones; some times the type of aphasia can be determined just by knowing the lesion location. In order for a patient to be diagnosed with mixed transcortical aphasia all other forms of transcortical must be ruled out. Using WAB or the BDAE can rule out global aphasia.

If verbal fluency is depressed transcortical aphasia gets ruled out and if auditory processing and comprehension is weak it cannot be transcortical motor aphasia. After a stroke, many patients feel the devastating impacts of the loss of language. Studies have looked into ways to enhance verbal communication with therapy, one of the treatment approaches that proved to be successful is "Drawing Therapy". Drawing offers an alternative route to access semantic information; because of this, it provides adults who have lost language with a means to access and express their ideas and feelings. Drawing has been shown to activate right hemisphere regions; this makes drawing a non-linguistic intervention that can access semantic knowledge in the right hemisphere. The study conducted on drawing therapy found that it increased naming abilities in patients with acute and chronic aphasia, it produced fewer error attempts during naming tasks. The study found that the act of drawing itself, not the quality, was critical for the activation of the semantic-lexical network required for naming tasks.

Other studies have reported that family members have seen the effects of therapy at home. The gains made from drawing therapy were not ones that could have been made from spontaneous recovery. Drawing therapy was found to be useful in individuals with global and anomic aphasia. Both of these individuals were found to have produced more verbalizations post-therapy; this reinforces the idea that drawing provides a mean of recruiting areas or networks that were not otherwise sufficient for producing speech. Across the majority of patients, the quality of drawing improved as well as written output and sentence structure. Drawing therapy has proved to be effective after a few periods of therapy. Although this therapy is aimed at patients with aphasia, it can be implemented for any patient with expressive deficits. Drawing therapy can be implemented in the following hierarchy: 1. Clinician gives patient a prompt and asks them to draw a response 2. Clinician asks for clarification of drawing if it is unclear 3.

If possible, patient verbalizes about their drawing and assigns language Drawing therapy can be made harder through the type of prompt given a

Madngela

The Madngella, otherwise known as the Matngala or Hermit Hill tribe, are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory, Australia. The Madngella spoke one of the Eastern Daly languages, now extinct; the Madngella lived traditionally in the middle and lower reaches of the Daly River nearby to the Mulluk-Mulluk people. Norman Tindale assigned to them some 100 square miles of tribal land around Hermit Hill, the area west of the Daly River, placing them to the southeast of the Yunggor people; the Pongaponga lay to their north. In the merbok system of ceremonial exchange, the Madngella used the words in a way that indicated the coastal provenance of the articles exchanged, north-easterly and south-westerly. Medrdokfrom the former direction was calledpork padaka, as opposed to the south-westerly merbok, callednim berinken,whereberinken is a generic term used of tribe living south-west of the Madngella. A technique used in native medicine by the Madngella to heal infections to the penis after ritual circumcision had been performed was described by the Norwegian ethnographer Knut Dahl.

The Madngella tribe had experienced intense culture shock in the wake of white settlement, whose effects over 50 years, according to who studied them in the early 1930s, had been to disintegrate many of their attachments to the traditional way of life. Jesuit missionaries, after several endeavours to set up a station in the general area of the Daly River managed to establish a viable community at Hermit Hill. Madngella. Muttangulla. Matngelli. Hermit Hill tribe

My Home (Dvořák)

My Home, Op. 62, B. 125a, is an overture in C major by Czech composer Antonín Dvořák. He wrote it between December 1881 and January 23 of the next year as one of nine numbers comprising incidental music for the play Josef Kajetán Tyl by František Ferdinand Šamberk, but it is performed alone as a concert work of about ten minutes; the score’s sonata form develops two song-themes associated with the drama’s titular protagonist, himself a Czech playwright: Kde domov můj? by František Škroup and the folktune Na tom našem dvoře. Škroup composed Kde domov můj? in 1834 to a text by Tyl. Na tom našem dvoře was customarily sung in productions of Strakonický dudák, one of Tyl's most popular plays. Karel Ančerl conducting the Czech Philharmonic, Supraphon SU 11 1998 István Kertész cond. London Symphony Orchestra, Decca SXL 6273 Witold Rowicki cond. London Symphony Orchestra, Decca 4782296 Rafael Kubelík cond. Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Deutsche Grammophon 469366 Václav Neumann cond. Czech Philharmonic, Supraphon SU 3818-2 André Previn cond.

Los Angeles Philharmonic, Telarc 80173 Neeme Järvi cond. Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Chandos 241-3 Bohumil Gregor cond. Czech Philharmonic, Supraphon SU 11 0378-2 Libor Pešek cond. Czech Philharmonic, Virgin Classics 45127 Otmar Suitner cond. Staatskapelle Berlin, Berlin Classics 93112 Theodore Kuchar cond. Janáček Philharmonic Orchestra, Brilliant Classics 92297 Info on a comprehensive Dvorak site My Home: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project

Notochampsa

Notochampsa is an extinct genus of protosuchian crocodylomorph. Fossils have been found from the lower Clarens Formation of the Karoo Supergroup in South Africa, dating back to the Early Jurassic; the genus was named in a paper published in 1904 by Robert Broom. The type species was named N. istedana, a second species, named N. longipes, was described. In 1924, N. longipes was given its own genus, Erythrochampsa. In that paper, Sidney Haughton created the family Notochampsidae for Notochampsa. Notochampsa was used to include other genera of protosuchians such as Dyoplax, Pedeticosaurus and Protosuchus, Microchampsa and Orthosuchus. Notochampsa had once been assigned to the suborder Sphenosuchia. Notochampsa in the Paleobiology Database