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Teapot Dome scandal

The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery scandal involving the administration of United States President Warren G. Harding from 1921 to 1923. Secretary of the Interior Albert Bacon Fall had leased Navy petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome in Wyoming, two locations in California, to private oil companies at low rates without competitive bidding; the leases were the subject of a seminal investigation by Senator Thomas J. Walsh. Convicted of accepting bribes from the oil companies, Fall became the first presidential cabinet member to go to prison. Before the Watergate scandal, Teapot Dome was regarded as the "greatest and most sensational scandal in the history of American politics", it damaged the reputation of the Harding administration, severely diminished by its controversial handling of the Great Railroad Strike of 1922 and Harding's veto of the Bonus Bill in 1922. Congress subsequently passed legislation, enduring to this day, giving subpoena power to the House and Senate for review of tax records of any US citizen without regard to elected or appointed position, nor subject to White House interference.

In the early 20th century, the U. S. Navy converted from coal to fuel oil. To ensure that the Navy would always have enough fuel available, several oil-producing areas were designated as naval oil reserves by President Taft. In 1921, President Harding issued an executive order that transferred control of Teapot Dome Oil Field in Natrona County and the Elk Hills and Buena Vista Oil Fields in Kern County, from the Navy Department to the Department of the Interior; this was not implemented until 1922, when Interior Secretary Fall persuaded Navy Secretary Edwin C. Denby to transfer control. In 1922, Interior Secretary Albert Fall leased the oil production rights at Teapot Dome to Harry F. Sinclair of Mammoth Oil, a subsidiary of Sinclair Oil Corporation, he leased the Elk Hills reserve to Edward L. Doheny of Pan American Petroleum and Transport Company. Both leases were issued without competitive bidding; this manner of leasing was legal under the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920. The lease terms were favorable to the oil companies, which secretly made Fall a rich man.

Fall had received a no-interest loan from Doheny of $100,000 in November 1921. He received other gifts from Doheny and Sinclair totaling about $404,000; this money changing hands was illegal, not the leases. Fall attempted to keep his actions secret, but the sudden improvement in his standard of living was suspect. In April 1922, a Wyoming oil operator wrote to his Senator, John B. Kendrick, angered. Kendrick did not respond, but two days on April 15, he introduced a resolution calling for an investigation of the deal. Republican Senator Robert M. La Follette Sr. of Wisconsin led an investigation by the Senate Committee on Public Lands. At first, La Follette believed. However, his suspicions were aroused after his own office in the Senate Office Building was ransacked. Democrat Thomas J. Walsh of Montana, the most junior minority member, led a lengthy inquiry. For two years, Walsh pushed forward. No evidence of wrongdoing was uncovered, as the leases were legal enough, but records kept disappearing mysteriously.

Fall had made the leases appear legitimate. By 1924, the remaining unanswered question was how Fall had become so rich so and easily. Money from the bribes had gone to investments in his business; as the investigation was winding down with Fall innocent, Walsh uncovered a piece of evidence Fall had failed to cover up: Doheny's $100,000 loan to Fall. This discovery broke open the scandal. Civil and criminal suits related to the scandal continued throughout the 1920s. In 1927, the Supreme Court ruled; the Court invalidated the Elk Hills lease in February 1927, the Teapot Dome lease in October. Both reserves were returned to the Navy. In 1929, Fall was found guilty of accepting bribes from Doheny. Conversely, in 1930, Doheny was acquitted of paying bribes to Fall. Further, Doheny's corporation foreclosed on Fall's home in Tularosa Basin, New Mexico, because of "unpaid loans" that turned out to be that same $100,000 bribe. Sinclair served six months in jail on a charge of jury tampering. Although Fall was to blame for this scandal, Harding's reputation was sullied because of his involvement with the wrong people.

Evidence proving Fall's guilt only arose after Harding's death in 1923. Another significant outcome was the Supreme Court's ruling in McGrain v. Daugherty which, for the first time, explicitly established that Congress had the power to compel testimony; the oil field was idled for 49 years, but went back into production in 1976. After earning over $569 million in revenue having extracted 22 million barrels of oil over the previous 39 years, in February 2015, the Department of Energy sold the oil field for $45 million to New York-based Stranded Oil Resources Corp; the Teapot Dome scandal has been regarded as the worst such scandal in the United States – the "high water mark" of cabinet corruption. It is used as a benchmark for comparison with subsequent scandals. In particular it has been compared to the Watergate scandal, in which a cabinet member, Attorney General John N. Mitchell, went to prison, the second time in American history that a member of cabinet has been incarcerated. Little Green House on K Street List of federal political scandals in the United States Bates, J. Leonard.

The Origins of Teapot Do


Feilbingert is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Bad Kreuznach; the municipality's name is a fusion of the names Feil and Bingert, borne by two separate villages that fused together. Feilbingert lies on a high plateau near the northernmost edge of the North Palatine Uplands amidst vineyards and woodlands, about 5 km south of Bad Münster am Stein-Ebernburg and some 10 km away from the district seat, Bad Kreuznach, it has some 1,750 inhabitants. Clockwise from the north, Feilbingert's neighbours are the town of Bad Münster am Stein-Ebernburg and the municipalities of Altenbamberg, Hochstätten, Oberhausen an der Nahe and Niederhausen. Feilbingert comes within several metres of the municipality of Alsenz in the neighbouring Donnersbergkreis but does not meet it at a boundary. A similar situation exists between its near neighbour the municipality of Duchroth.

Feilbingert's Ortsteile are Bingert and Feil, two separate villages that have been united, as have their names. Belonging to Feilbingert are the outlying homesteads of Lemberghaus, Lemberghütte, Lüßerttal and Waldhof; when a village arose at what is now Feilbingert has not yet been determined with any certainty. Modern readers can but make do. Feil made its first appearance in written history in 1212 under the name Vilde, which meant “Location at treeless farmed field”. Through sound shifts and misunderstandings of the name's meaning, the form Fyle arose by 1440, by 1788, this had become Feil, the form still used today for that part of the municipality. In 1071, Bingert had its first documentary mention in the Codex Laureshamensis, the book of documents kept by the former Imperial Abbey at Lorsch, as Binegarten or Bingarden; this wealthy monastery had holdings all up and down the Rhine and up its tributaries as well, from Switzerland down to the Netherlands. These towns and estates contributed to the monks’ livelihood, Binegarden was no exception.

Sound shifts had by 1837 yielded the form Bingert still in use today. Bingert formed together with Feil and Norheim the “Lordship of Ebernburg”; the Ebernburg passed from the Rhenish-Franconian Dukes to the Salians, from them as a fief and by other ways to various comital houses. For example, in 1212, the church at Ebernburg was transferred to the Neuhausen Foundation near Worms, together with the great tithes that it commanded from Feil's and Bingert's municipal areas, it was at this time. By inheritance, the Vogtei of Ebernburg passed in 1214 to the Counts of Leiningen from the House of Saarbrücken. Conrad V, the Prince-Bishop of Speyer, concluded an hereditary treaty between the brothers Friedrich and Emich of Leiningen on 18 October 1237:Conrad, by God’s grace Bishop of Speyer, offers compliments in the Lord to all whom this writing reaches … Thus, belonging to Friedrich, the Count of Leiningen, is Castle Hartenberg … Belonging to his brother Emich, however, is Castle Frankenstein with the incomes from the “curacy” of Businsheim … Bingert and Feil … This is given before our faces and the castellans and the ministerial officials … in the Lord’s year 1237 on the morning of the Feast of Luke the Evangelist.

In 1338, Raugrave Rubrecht von Altenbaumburg cropped up as owner of Castle Ebernburg. He pledged the castle, with the exceptions of Feil and Bingert, in 1347 to Count Wolfram of Sponheim against a loan of 2,500 Rhenish guilders. In 1381, Raugrave Heinrich ceded ownership of the castle and the village, somewhat also Feil and Bingert, to Count Simon III at Sponheim – Kreuznach line – and in 1394 the Schenk von Erbach forsook all rights of claim against it. Thus, the Ebernburg, together with its appurtenances Feil and Norheim, passed to the Counts of Sponheim; the last Count of Sponheim, named Johann, pledged the castle, with its appurtenances in 1430 to the House of Winterbach because he owed them 1,200 guilders, but reserved the right to cancel the pledge on six months’ notice and refund the money. Although the 1440 agreement between Electoral Palatinate and the County of Veldenz explicitly repeated that Ebernburg, the castle and the dale, along with the villages of Feil and Norheim, were not to be alienated, the House of Winterbach nonetheless transferred their pledge rights to Dietrich Knebel von Katzenellenbogen, whose wife was Eva von Winterbach.

The Sickingens acquired from Count Palatine Friedrich at Simmern and Margrave Jakob of Baden in 1448 leave to take the official pledge upon themselves. By the upheavals of history and Bingert passed in the 15th century as a pledge to Reinhard of Sickingen, Franz's grandfather. From this time, come the first accounts of mining on the Lemberg. Mentioned in them is the recovery of cinnabar from the pits “Geiskammer” and “Ernesti Glück”. Franz von Sickingen was born in 1481 at Castle Ebernburg, he was a follower of the Reformation and replaced Catholic church services at the church in Feil with Protestant ones. At the time of the Thirty Years' War, the Feilbingert area was devastated by Spanish troops, they ruled the whole region for 12 years. When Swedish King Gustav II Adolf conquered Kreuznach in March 1632, beating the Spanish, the Spaniards’ allies, the Croats, under Captain Matthias Gallas’s leadership, latched onto the village of Bingert; these events brought the mining on the Lemberg to an end.

Franz von Sickingen’s descendant

Yoshio Yoshida (pilot)

Yoshio Yoshida was a Japanese army aviator known for achieving flying ace status against Boeing B-29 Superfortresses. Among pilots in his air group, the 70th Sentai, Yoshida downed the second-highest number of B-29s: six confirmed and one probable, he was awarded the Bukosho, the highest award given by the Imperial Japanese Army to soldiers who demonstrated exceptionally valorous action in combat. In 1921, Yoshida was born in the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture. In 1939, he enrolled as an officer candidate in the 55th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force Academy northwest of Tokyo, he completed his studies in March 1942 and was directed to the Akeno Fighter School to learn advanced fighter techniques. After this he was assigned to the 70th Sentai, flying the Nakajima Ki-44 Shōki, called "Tojo" by the Allies of World War II. On 29 July 1944, American XX Bomber Command attacked Japanese military forces in Anshan, with 96 heavy bombers. In August, Yoshida's air group moved to the Anshan area to provide air defense, flying the uprated Ki-44-II, with four larger 12.7 mm machine guns and a more powerful engine.

On 8 September, 108 of the B-29s returned. The 70th Sentai rose to meet them and First Lieutenant Yoshida claimed one probable. American B-29 groups were next directed to bomb Japan itself, so to counter the attacks the 70th Sentai was transferred in November 1944 to Kashiwa, northeast of Tokyo; the fighter pilots were given newer 20 mm Ho-5 cannon-equipped Nakajima Ki-84 machines, called "Frank" by the Allies. In February, Captain Yoshida was made the leader of 3rd Chutai, he brought to his squadron an aggressive determination to score against the B-29s. He scored against four more in the following six weeks—all at night. Yoshida was awarded the Bukosho, his citation mentioning the bravery of the September 1944 action in the obsolescent Ki-44. In the summer of 1945, Yoshida underwent testing to see if he was physically fit enough to fly the rocket-powered Mitsubishi J8M Shūsui, Japan's copy of the German Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet; the war ended before he was able to fly one of these aircraft

Sri Mani

Shree Mani known as SriMani is an Indian Lyricist well known for his works in Telugu Cinema and his unique style of Lyrics. He won Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist - Telugu for the film Atharintiki Daaredi penning the song "Aaradugula Bullet". Shree Mani's parents died during his young age and he was raised by his grandparents I.e respected koniki dathatreyuluand koniki ramanamma. Since the age of 8, he developed an interest in writing. During his days of bachelor's degree, his Grand Father died which planted a thought of his own employment and career, he moved to Hyderabad for the Job of a Lyricist, after a lot of struggles director Sukumar gave him the first chance to write Lyrics for a song in his film 100% Love and on he shot to fame for his lyrics in Sega, which gave hime good fame and name the great and legendary singer Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan SPBalasubramaniyam gave complements to him for Varsham munduga song in sega in padutha theeyagaa program which telecasts in Eenadu TV leads him to Trivikram Srinivas to give him a chance in Julai, AtharintikiDaredhi, S/O Sathyamurthy and more.

He used to say the most memorable moment is when he got compliments for the lyrics in 100% Love and from Devi Sri Prasad and Sukumar. He was told never once sat down with an intention to write, his songs always used to happen spontaneously while travelling, with a few friends or on the move which he recorded in his phone immediately. Sree Mani on IMDb

Worldwide Day of Play

Worldwide Day of Play is an annual event designed to encourage children and parents to turn off the television and play together outdoors. The yearly event began on October 2, 2004, has been broadcast on all US Nickelodeon channels: Nickelodeon, Nick GAS, The N, Nick Jr. and NickMusic. The event is designed. In addition, would have special features for children to learn how to stay active and healthy. Since the late 2000s, an international version of the event has been broadcast on counterparts in Germany, Benelux and Poland; the event encourages children to think about being physically active. Schools and educational organizations have been encouraged to host events around this theme; as it has since 2007, Nickelodeon will suspend programming on WWDoP across all of its TV channels–Nickelodeon, Nick Jr. Nicktoons and TeenNick– and websites from 12 p.m. to 3 p.m. urging kids to “get up, go outside and play.” According to Viacom, the owner of the Nickelodeon networks, millions of children and adults are expected to participate in "thousands of events in dozens of countries."When the Let's Just Play campaign ended in September, Nickelodeon aired the finale during the last Saturday of September, the "Worldwide Day of Play".

Nickelodeon and its sister channels suspend programming for three hours from 12 Noon to 3PM ET/PT. During the time there was no programming, a special message would appear on the screen. There was no Let's Just Play campaign in 2008. Nickelodeon's 15th WWDoP took place on September 29, 2018, but there wasn't any "Off-Air" screens that year on the Nick networks. After Nickelodeon resumes airing, they air marathons and premieres of TeenNick series, or SpongeBob SquarePants. In 2007, SpongeBob SquarePants, alongside Just Jordan and the Power of Juju, Zoey 101, iCarly, Back at the Barnyard, had new episodes. Following in 2008 was the season premiere of iCarly and the finale of My Family's Got GUTS. Following in 2009 and 2010, iCarly, True Jackson, VP, Big Time Rush had new episodes, with the inclusion of Nickelodeon's rebrand. Followed in 2011, new episodes of iCarly, Big Time Rush and Supah Ninjas aired. In 2012, before the Worldwide Day of Play begin, new episodes of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness aired as well with an hour-long final season premiere of "iCarly" that night with a sneak peek of See Dad Run following iCarly.

For 2013, new episodes of Sanjay and Craig and Rabbids Invasion aired prior to the event, while premieres of Sam & Cat and The Haunted Hathaways were shown that evening. In 2014, new episodes of Sanjay and Craig and Breadwinners were shown prior to the event, while new episodes of The Haunted Hathaways, Henry Danger, Ricky, Dicky & Dawn, The Thundermans, AwesomenessTV were shown in the evening. In 2015, new episodes of Henry Danger, Game Shakers, 100 Things To Do Before High School had aired that evening. In 2016, season premieres of Henry Danger, Game Shakers, & School Of Rock had aired that evening. In 2017, new episodes of Henry Danger and Game Shakers had aired that evening. Special appearances were arranged for the Worldwide Day of Play. Guests have included first lady Michelle Obama; some of the guests were included of its cast from original Nickelodeon shows including Power Rangers: Samurai and Big Time Rush

Heterocrossa cryodana

Heterocrossa cryodana is a species of moth in the family Carposinidae. It is endemic to New Zealand; this species was described by Edward Meyrick in 1885 using material collected in Dunedin and named Heterocrossa cryodana. In 1922 Meyrick listed Heterocrossa as a synonym for Carposina. George Hudson, in his 1928 publication The Butterflies and Moths of New Zealand, discusses this species under the name Carposina cryodana. Alfred Philpott studied the male genitalia of this species in 1928. In 1978 Elwood Zimmerman argued that the genus Heterocrassa should not be a synonym of Carposina as the genitalia of the species within the genus Heterocrassa are distinctive. In 1988 John S. Dugdale assigned the species back to the genus Heterocrossa; the lectotype specimen is held at London. This species was described by Meyrick as follows: female. — 16-17 mm. Head and thorax white speckled with grey. Palpi in male moderate, in female long. Antennae whitish. Abdomen and legs ochreous-whitish and middle pair dark fuscous except apex of joints.

Fore-wings elongate, tolerably oblong, costa moderately arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin straight oblique. Hindwings grey-whitish; this species is endemic to New Zealand. It has been collected in Codfish Island; this species is on the wing in November. It is associated with Leptospermum species. Larvae of the species have been found on fruits. Image of lectotype specimen