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Technical University of Denmark

The Technical University of Denmark simply referred to as DTU, is a university in Kongens Lyngby, 12 kilometres north of central Copenhagen, Denmark. It was founded in 1829 at the initiative of Hans Christian Ørsted as Denmark's first polytechnic, is today ranked among Europe's leading engineering institutions. DTU, along with École Polytechnique in Paris, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Eindhoven University of Technology, Technical University of Munich and Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, is a member of Eurotech Universities. DTU was founded in 1829 as the "College of Advanced Technology" with the physicist Hans Christian Ørsted a professor at the University of Copenhagen, as one of the driving forces; the inspiration was the École Polytechnique in Paris, France which Ørsted had visited as a young scientist. The new institution was inaugurated on 5 November 1829 with Ørsted as its principal, a position he held until his death in 1851; the new college's first home was two buildings in Studiestræde and St- Pederstræde in central Copenhagen.

Although expanded several times, they remained inadequate and in 1890 a new building complex was inaugurated in Sølvgade in 1890. The new buildings were designed by the architect Johan Daniel Herholdt. In 1903, the College of Advanced Technology commenced the education of electrical engineers in addition to the construction engineers, production engineers, mechanical engineers educated at the college. In the 1920s, space had once again become insufficient and in 1929 the foundation stone was laid for a new school at Østervold. Completion of the building was delayed by World War II and it was not completed until 1954. From 1933, the institution was known as Danmarks tekniske Højskole, translated as the'Technical University of Denmark'. On 1 April 1994, in connection with the joining of Danmarks Ingeniørakademi and DTH, the Danish name was changed to Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, in order to include the word'University', thus giving rise to the initials DTU by which the university is known today.

The formal name, Den Polytekniske Læreanstalt, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, still includes the original name. In 1960 a decision was made to move the College of Advanced Technology to new and larger facilities in Lyngby north of Copenhagen, they were inaugurated on 17 May 1974. On 23 and 24 November 1967, the University Computing Center hosted the NATO Science Committee's Study Group first meeting discussing the newly coined term "Software Engineering". On 1 January 2007, the university was merged with the following Danish research centers: Forskningscenter Risø, Danmarks Fødevareforskning, Danmarks Fiskeriundersøgelser, Danmarks Rumcenter, Danmarks Transport-Forskning; the university is governed by a board consisting of 10 members: six members recruited outside the university form the majority of the board, one member is appointed by the scientific staff, one member is appointed by the administrative staff, two members are appointed by the university students. The President of DTU is appointed by the university board.

The president in turn appoints deans, deans appoint heads of departments. In 2014, DTU was granted an institutional accreditation by the Danish Accreditation Institution; the institutional accreditation ensures that the quality assurance system of the institution is well-described, well-argued, well-functioning in practice. Since DTU has no faculty senate, since the faculty is not involved in the appointment of president, deans, or department heads, the university has no faculty governance; the university is located on a plain known as Lundtoftesletten in the northeastern end of the city of Lyngby. The area was home to the airfield Lundtofte Flyveplads; the campus is divided in half by the road Anker Engelunds Vej going in the east-west direction, perpendicular to that, by two lengthy, collinear roads located on either side of a parking lot. The campus is thus divided into four parts, referred to as quadrants, numbered 1 through 4 in correspondence with the conventional numbering of quadrants in the Cartesian coordinate system with north upwards.

DTU was the subject of controversy in 2009 because the institute director of the Department of Chemistry, O. W. Sørensen, was a high-ranking member of Scientology. In relation to this, the university was accused of violating the principles of free speech by threatening to fire employees, among them Rolf W. Berg, who voiced their criticism of the institute director. On 7 April 2010, the successor of Sørensen was announced, at a department meeting, as Erling Stenby, who took over as Director on 1 May 2010; the university maintains an updated site with the university's standing in several relevant academic and research rankings. In November 2007 the Times Higher Education Supplement put the university as number 130 in their ranking of the universities of the world and number 122 in 2010. In "The World's Most Innovative Universities" 2015 ranking by Thomson Reuters, DTU is ranked:No. 1 in the Nordic countries No. 43 in the World In the "engineering" category in the QS subject rankings, DTU is ranked: No. 2 in the Nordic countries No. 36 in the World On the Leiden Ranking's 2008 "crown indicator" list of Europe's 100 largest universities in terms of the number of Web of Science publications in the period 2000–2007, DTU is ranked:No. 1 in the Nordic countries No. 5 in Europe In the 2015 QS World University Rankings DTU is ranked: No. 112 in the World In the 2013 Leiden Ranking DTU is ranked: No. 45 in the World No. 7 in Europe In the 2013–2014 Times Higher Education World Unive

Ang Lihim ni Antonio

Ang Lihim ni Antonio is a 2008 Philippines film by Filipino film director Joselito Altarejos. It tells the story about teenage boy whose emerging gay sexuality alienates him from his friends and family, until his libertine uncle, comes to live with him and his mother. Antonio thinks he has found a kindred spirit, until the older man's intentions toward the boy become incestuous and an act of unthinkable violence leaves the family reeling. Antonio is a curious fifteen-year-old boy, beginning to come to terms with his own sexuality. Although his straight best friend, has been supportive of his coming out, his first sexual conquest has led to the destruction of his friendship with his other best buddy, Nathan. Antonio's exploration of his identity unfolds, his altruistic mother, Tere is in complete denial that his father has abandoned them. One day, Antonio's grandparents arrived at their home bringing in with his uncle Jonbert. Jonbert plans to stay at Antonio's house; that day when Antonio, his mother and uncle are all sharing meals.

Antonio is seen looking at his uncle with sexual malice, his Uncle Jonbert seems to respond looking with confusion. Since Antonio temporarily shares his room with his uncle Jonbert. One rainy night, He sexually touches his uncle while the latter is sleeping; the next day Jonbert tells Antonio that he was aware of what Antonio did, confessed that he enjoyed it. From on they masturbate each other and have oral sex, sometimes sharing sweet gestures when they are alone. However, one day Jonbert wants to anally penetrate Antonio, rapes him when he declines, his mother kills Jonbert. Music of the film is performed by Ajit Hardasani entitled "Awit Para Kay Antonio". Lyrics by Lex Bonife and music by Ajit Hardasani, it was shot in Marikina City. Ang Lihim ni Antonio on IMDb

Working cow horse

Working cow horse is a type of competition, known as reined cow horse, where horses are asked to work a single live cow in an arena, performing specific maneuvers that include circling the cow, turning it in a specified manner, performing a reining pattern. Horses that can perform these tasks are called "reined cow horses," "cow horses," "stock horses," or "working cow horses." Competition consists of three parts where a horse and rider are judged on their performance in a reining pattern, herd work, "fence work". Horses are judged on accuracy and responsiveness, as well as how they handle a single cow and their ability to ride into a herd of cattle and "cut" a cow from the herd; the modern horse was reintroduced to the Americas by the Spanish conquistadors. By the time the Spanish missionaries were making their way into California in the 18th century, the Spanish vaqueros were well established in other parts of America and came with them; the King of Spain granted large tracts of land to loyal subjects, which were the basis for the "Californio" ranches and lifestyle common until the mid-19th century.

These vast ranches raised range-bred beef for other markets. The cattle were half-wild and dangerous, requiring a fast, well-trained horse that could intimidate an individual cow, turn it back from the herd, separate it for branding and other handling, do it all effortlessly. Over time, the "Californio" cowboy or vaquero developed a system of training working cow horses that became famous for its elegance and difficulty of training the horse; the roots of these methods are in a system to train horses for war. Adopted by the pre-Moors and Moors in Spain, transferred to the Spanish conquistadors, the Californio methods created horses so sensitive to their riders' signals they were known as "Hair-trigger" or "whisper" reined horses. At the time, a finished reining horse required at least seven years to train: three to four years to train the basics in a bosal hackamore at least a year carrying both the bosal and the high-ported spade bit to help the horse learn how to carry the bit several years refining techniques in the spade until the horse was a "made" reining horse.

The training could not be done by just any Californio, reining horses were valuable because of the difficulty of training and scarcity. A finished reining horse could be controlled and directed with minute movements of the fingers of the left hand, which hovered above the saddle horn; because of the potential severity of the spade bit, chains added to the ends of the reins to balance the bit in the horse's mouth, knotted and braided rawhide reins which prevented the reins from swinging unnecessarily at a lope, the "made" reining horse seemed to run, stop and handle a cow on its own, with little communication from its rider. In the early-to-mid-19th century, the Gold Rush changed the future of California; the influx of newcomers into the Golden State helped to dissolve the vast cattle ranches of earlier days. On the ranches that did remain, modern livestock management techniques and machinery eliminated much of the need for a well-trained, versatile working horse. By the early 20th century, the reined cow horse had gone from being a necessity to a luxury, there was little activity to sustain the history or background of this training tradition.

Most ranchers were struggling to survive the Great Depression. This trend continued through World War II. Only a handful of horsemen who remembered the old Californios or worked with them on the remaining California ranchos learned the old ways of training a "made" reining horse. Among those who maintained the tradition in its purest sense is Ed Connell, author of the definitive spade-bit reining horse training manuals Hackamore Reinsman and Reinsman of the West. Trained in the 1940s by some of the last of the original Californio reinsman, Connell recorded this knowledge that provide an overview of the methods of training a "made" spade-bit horse resembling the famous horses of the past. Reined cow horse events which are "open" to all breeds and held by the National Reined Cow Horse Association. Working cow horse events are held at breed specific shows, such as at an American Quarter Horse Association or Arabian Horse Association show, The general rules between various organizations are similar to the NRCHA in that the horse is required to perform two or three different sorts of work in one or two sessions.

One session consists of reining work. This is referred to as the "dry work." The other is the cow work, where a single cow is released into the arena and the horse is asked to first hold the cow at one end of the arena run the horse along the rail of the arena, turning it back without the aid of the fence. Lastly, the horse maneuvers the cow into the center of the arena and cause the cow to circle in a tight circle in each direction. All this must be accomplished. In three event competition, a "Herd Work" session is included; the herd work is similar to cutting where a single cow is "cut" from a herd of cattle and prevented from returning to the herd by the inter