A Technische Hochschule is a type of university focusing on engineering sciences in Germany. It existed in Austria, the Netherlands, Finland. In the 1970s and the 1980s, the Technische Hochschule emerged into the Technische Universität or Technische Universiteit. Since 2009, several German universities of applied sciences were renamed to Technische Hochschulen. In German-language countries, the term Hochschule is more general than Universität and encompasses universities which do not have the right to confer doctorates and habilitations, in contrast to Universitäten. Today, Universitäten as well as other Hochschulen call themselves Technische Hochschule for historical reasons. However, a Technische Hochschule with the status of a Universität is regarded as a Technische Universität despite the name. Since the Middle Ages, higher education institutions in Europe were called a university only if a certain classical canon of subjects encompassing philosophy, medicine and theology was taught; when engineering sciences became more important in academica due to the Industrial Revolution, institutions of tertiary education devoted to these were denied the prestigious denomination "university", had to use the more general term Hochschule instead.
It was a major breakthrough when in the first half of the 20th century, some Technische Hochschulen in Germany and Technische Hogescholen in the Netherlands were given the right to award the doctoral degrees, again when they were allowed to call themselves universities. This change of status was accompanied by a broader spectrum of academic disciplines and more fundamental research. While most former Technische Hochschulen opted to change their name to Technische Universität to reflect their new status, some of them preferred to maintain their traditional and established names, most notably the RWTH Aachen in Germany as well as ETH Zurich and EPF Lausanne in Switzerland. Starting in 2009, several German universities of applied sciences with a technical focus have changed their names to Technische Hochschule. List of Austrian Technische Universitäten by location: List of German Technische Universitäten by location: List of Technische Hochschulen by location: List of Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology by location: The concept of a TH exists in Finland as teknillinen korkeakoulu, equivalent to a TH.
Examples include Teknillinen korkeakoulu in Espoo, Tampereen teknillinen korkeakoulu and Lappeenrannan teknillinen korkeakoulu. To German speaking countries, most of them changed their name to teknillinen yliopisto, equivalent to a TU. However, Teknillinen korkeakoulu retained its old name until it merged with two other universities to form the current Aalto University. TU9 German Institutes of Technology e. V. List of universities in Germany
Greenwich Township is a township in Berks County, United States. The population was 3,725 at the 2010 census; the Dreibelbis Station Bridge, Kutz Mill, Kutz's Mill Bridge, Merkel Mill, Stein Mill are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 31.3 square miles, all of it land. It is drained by the Maiden Creek into the Schuylkill River; the township's villages include Dreibelbis, Grimville and Krumsville. Greenwich Township has a humid continental climate and the hardiness zones are 6a and 6b; the average monthly temperatures in Krumsville range from 29.0 °F in January to 71.9 °F in July. Albany Township Windsor Township Perry Township Richmond Township Maxatawny Township Weisenberg Township, Lehigh County The borough of Lenhartsville is surrounded by Greenwich Township; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,386 people, 1,245 households, 957 families living in the township. The population density was 108.3 people per square mile.
There were 1,330 housing units at an average density of 42.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 98.49% White, 0.35% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.06% from other races, 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population. There were 1,245 households, out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.1% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.1% were non-families. 16.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 4.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.06. In the township the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.7 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $51,250, the median income for a family was $55,703. Males had a median income of $36,352 versus $27,278 for females; the per capita income for the township was $23,332. About 2.7% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over. The Appalachian National Scenic Trail passes through the northwest corner of the township and most of the Pennsylvania State Game Lands Number 182 is located near the southwest corner. Greenwich is crossed east-to-west by Interstate 78/U. S. Route 22, which has interchanges with north-to-south Pennsylvania Route 143 and Pennsylvania Route 737 in the township. Within Berks County and other adjacent counties of Pennsylvania, the word "Greenwich" is pronounced GREEN-witch rather than the more common GREN-itch; this anomaly in pronunciation leads to confusion with natives of Greenwich, New York City, other areas containing a Greenwich Township, such as Huron County, Ohio
Speech recognition software is available for many computing platforms, operating systems, use models, software licenses. Here is a listing of such, grouped in various useful ways; the following list presents notable speech recognition software engines with a brief synopsis of characteristics. The following list presents notable speech recognition software that operate in a Chrome browser as web apps, they make use of HTML5 Web-Speech-API. The following list presents notable speech recognition software that operates independently on a browser. Many mobile phone handsets, including feature phones and smartphones such as iPhones and BlackBerrys, have basic dial-by-voice features built in. Many third-party apps have implemented natural-language speech recognition support, including: The Windows Speech Recognition version 8.0 by Microsoft comes built into Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 10. Speech Recognition is available only in English, Spanish, Japanese, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese and only in the corresponding version of Windows.
Windows 7 Ultimate and Windows 8 Pro allow you to change the system language, therefore change which speech engine is available. Windows Speech Recognition evolved into Cortana, a personal assistant included in Windows 10. Voice Finger – software for Windows Vista and Windows 7 that improves the Windows speech recognition system by adding several extensions to accelerate and improve the mouse and keyboard control. Braina – Dictate into third party software and websites, fill web forms and execute vocal commands. Dragon NaturallySpeaking from Nuance Communications – Successor to the older DragonDictate product. Focus on dictation. 64-bit Windows support since version 10.1. SpeechMagic – Nuance Communications acquired Philips owned. Medical industry focus according to Sullivan. Standalone or embedded. Tazti – Create speech command profiles to play PC games and control applications – programs. Create speech commands to open files, webpages, applications. Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 versions.
Microsoft Speech API – Speech recognition functionality included as part of Microsoft Office and on Tablet PCs running Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition. It can be downloaded as part of the Speech SDK 5.1 for Windows applications, but since, aimed at developers building speech applications, the pure SDK form lacks any user interface, thus is unsuitable for end users. Microsoft Kinect includes built-in software. Older generations of Nokia phones like Nokia N Series used speech-recognition with family names from contact list and a few commands. Siri implemented in the iPhone 4S, Apple's personal assistant for iOS, which uses technology from Nuance Communications. Cortana, Microsoft's personal assistant built into Windows Phone and Windows 10; the following are interactive voice response systems: CSLU Toolkit Genesys HTK – copyrighted by Microsoft, but allows altering software for licensee's internal use LumenVox ASR Tellme Networks. No longer supported for versions above Windows Vista. Untested above macOS 10.4 or on Macintoshes with an Intel chipset.