Theodore Samuel "Ted" Williams was an American professional baseball player and manager. He played his entire 19-year Major League Baseball career as a left fielder for the Boston Red Sox from 1939 to 1960. Nicknamed The Kid, The Splendid Splinter, Teddy Ballgame, The Thumper, Williams is regarded as one of the greatest hitters in baseball history. Williams was a nineteen-time All-Star, a two-time recipient of the American League Most Valuable Player Award, a six-time AL batting champion, a two-time Triple Crown winner, he finished his playing career with a.344 batting average, 521 home runs, a.482 on-base percentage, the highest of all time. His career batting average is the highest of any MLB player whose career was played in the live-ball era, ranks tied for 7th all-time. Born and raised in San Diego, Williams played baseball throughout his youth. After joining the Red Sox in 1939, he emerged as one of the sport's best hitters. In 1941, Williams posted a.406 batting average. He followed this up by winning his first Triple Crown in 1942.
Williams was required to interrupt his baseball career in 1943 to serve three years in the United States Navy and Marine Corps during World War II. Upon returning to MLB in 1946, Williams won his first AL MVP Award and played in his only World Series. In 1947, he won his second Triple Crown. Williams was returned to active military duty for portions of the 1952 and 1953 seasons to serve as a Marine combat aviator in the Korean War. In 1957 and 1958 at the ages of 39 and 40 he was the AL batting champion for the fifth and sixth time. Williams retired from playing in 1960, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. Williams managed the Washington Senators/Texas Rangers franchise from 1969 to 1972. An avid sport fisherman, he hosted a television program about fishing, was inducted into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame. Williams' involvement in the Jimmy Fund helped raise millions in dollars for cancer care and research. In 1991 President George H. W. Bush presented Williams with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award bestowed by the United States government.
He was selected for the Major League Baseball All-Time Team in 1997 and the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in 1999. Williams was born in San Diego on August 30, 1918, named Theodore Samuel Williams after former president Theodore Roosevelt as well as his father, Samuel Stuart Williams, he amended his birth certificate, removing his middle name, which he claimed originated from a maternal uncle, killed in World War I. His father was a soldier and photographer from New York, while his mother, May Venzor, a Mexican-American from El Paso, was an evangelist and lifelong soldier in the Salvation Army. Williams resented his mother's long hours working in the Salvation Army, Williams and his brother cringed when she took them to the Army's street-corner revivals. Williams' paternal ancestors were a mix of Welsh and Irish; the maternal, Mexican side of Williams' family was quite diverse, having Spanish and American Indian roots. Of his Mexican ancestry he said that "If I had my mother's name, there is no doubt I would have run into problems in those days, the prejudices people had in Southern California".
Williams lived in San Diego's North Park neighborhood. At the age of 8, he was taught how to throw a baseball by Saul Venzor. Saul was one of his mother's four brothers, as well as a former semi-professional baseball player who had pitched against Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Joe Gordon in an exhibition game; as a child, Williams' heroes were Pepper Martin of the St. Louis Cardinals and Bill Terry of the New York Giants. Williams graduated from Herbert Hoover High School in San Diego, where he played baseball as a pitcher and was the star of the team. During this time, he played American Legion Baseball being named the 1960 American Legion Baseball Graduate of the Year. Though he had offers from the St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Yankees while he was still in high school, his mother thought he was too young to leave home, so he signed up with the local minor league club, the San Diego Padres. Throughout his career, Williams stated his goal was to have people point to him and remark, "There goes Ted Williams, the greatest hitter who lived."
Williams played back-up behind Vince DiMaggio and Ivey Shiver on the Pacific Coast League San Diego Padres. While in the Pacific Coast League in 1936, Williams met future teammates and friends Dom DiMaggio and Bobby Doerr, who were on the Pacific Coast League's San Francisco Seals; when Shiver announced he was quitting to become a high school football coach in Savannah, the job, by default, was open for Williams. Williams posted a.271 batting average on 107 at bats in 42 games for the Padres in 1936. Unknown to Williams, he had caught the eye of the Boston Red Sox's general manager, Eddie Collins, while Collins was scouting Bobby Doerr and the shortstop George Myatt in August 1936. Collins explained, "It wasn't hard to find Ted Williams, he stood out like a brown cow in a field of white cows." In the 1937 season, after graduating from Hoover High in the winter, Williams broke into the line-up on June 22, when he hit an inside-the-park home run to help the Padres win 3–2. The Padres ended up winning the PCL title.
Meanwhile, Collins kept in touch with Padres general manager Bill Lan
London Underground anagram map is a parody map of the London Underground with the station and line names replaced with anagrams. The anagram map was circulated on the web in February 2006; the map was featured on thousands of blogs before a Transport for London lawyer requested that the map be removed. It inspired some people to create anagram versions of their hometown's metro system with similar legal repercussions; the fact that it was appreciated internationally, despite some not knowing the stations behind the anagrams, is a recognition of Harry Beck's iconic Tube map design. The map was created by'Barry Heck' using a photoshopped Tube map and an online anagram generator, on 7 February 2006, it was shown in a thread on the Thingbox chat forum and, after being submitted by one of the site owners, appeared on BoingBoing a couple of days receiving 31,000 hits within the next six days. The idea came from The Great Bear, a 1992 artwork by UK artist Simon Patterson on display at Tate Modern in London, but it was not until Dorian Lynskey's music genre tube map appeared in a newspaper in 2006 that Barry Heck decided to make it.
In 2000, Scottish artist Mark Campbell created the Glasgow Anagram Tour which involved a large light box anagram map of glasgow and Pop-out Maps with anagrams of Glasgow's cultural establishments which were for sale to commemorate Scotland's Year of the Artist 2000. Transport for London claimed the image was a copyright infringement and had one of their lawyers ask for the map to be removed from the web; the site hosting it complied and it was removed on 22 February 2006 with the action being reported on BoingBoing again. Transport for London censored other websites that hosted the image such as the www.geofftech.co.uk site. But an online backlash against TFL's lawyers meant that many other websites made mirrors of Geoff's page, thus resulting in more copies of tube map "mash-ups" on the internet; the owner of the site – Geoff Marshall, was interviewed on BBC Radio 5 Live by Chris Vallance about "map-mashing" in which the London Underground anagram map was discussed. This was broadcast on 14 March 2006.
BoingBoing has reported that Washington, Amsterdam, Oslo, New York City, Atlanta and Vienna had anagram maps created for their metro systems, inspired by the London map. The anagram map was featured in thousands of blogs and its progress can be tracked at Technorati.com. Because of similarities with Neverwhere it was mentioned in the letters page of author Neil Gaiman's blog, with his fanbase ensuring over 1,700 others linked to it, but nearly 21,000 other blogs linked to BoingBoing's article alone. Blackwall and Hornchurch stations could not be properly anagrammatized and instead were split into their component words and reversed to produce "Wall Black" and "Church Horn" respectively. Burch Chow/Chow Burch was rejected as an anagram for Bow Church, because of a dislike for uncommon proper nouns, leaving it reversed as "Church Bow". Bank was anagrammatized into the edible berry of the Ziziphus lotus tree. Not all derivatives for other cities followed this pattern. For Toronto, the impossible stations were named after streets, so the namesake's designation as "Avenue" or "Street" was appended before anagramming.
BoingBoing's article on the anagram Tube map BoingBoing's article on the censorship of Geofftech's site Radio 5 Live's'map-masher' interview with Geoff Marshall Neil Gaiman's blog featuring the anagram map Anagram Tube Map Geofftech's website Transport for London's website Mark Campbell's Anagram Tour
What Satellite and Digital TV was a satellite, terrestrial and broadband television magazine published monthly in the United Kingdom by MyHobbyStore. Although the magazine was targeted for the UK market, it was sold in Europe and the Middle East; the magazine was launched as What Satellite by WV Publications in May 1986, as an eight page monthly supplement with What Video magazine It became a monthly magazine in May 1989, following the launch of the first Astra satellite and Sky TV, changed its name to What Satellite TV for the October 1992 issue. WV Publications was purchased by Highbury House Communications plc in 1998, which published the title until Summer 2005 when Future Publishing acquired What Satellite TV along with the majority of the Highbury House specialist consumer titles for £30.5 million. What Satellite TV focused on satellite television, including the Astra and Eutelsat satellites and the Sky Digital platform until June 2002 when it started to cover digital terrestrial television, including ITV Digital and Top Up TV and renamed itself to its current name.
It thereafter covered all aspects of digital TV, including broadband and internet-delivered services such as Virgin Media, BT Vision, TalkTalk TV, the BBC iPlayer and 4oD, digital radio. The magazine incorporated listings for many years, did so since early editions, it included features on upcoming TV shows, film reviews and interviews. In April 2002, What Satellite and Digital TV was the first magazine to discover secret military broadcasts of NATO spy planes over Bosnia being broadcast and received using a one metre satellite dish The United States encrypted the transmissions after the security breach was discovered; the magazine was merged with sister title Satellite TV Monthly when that magazine ceased publication in 2005. The May 2007 issue of What Satellite and Digital TV marked the 250th issue of the magazine's publication. In July 2011, Future Publishing announced its intention to either sell or close the magazine alongside other publications due to a slump in profits. On 11 October 2011, it was announced that MyHobbyStore had purchased the magazine along with sister publications Hi-Fi Choice and Home Cinema Choice.
In October and November 2014 a reduced content plus a free Hi-Fi Choice was issued and subscriptions no longer being accepted. The November issue was the last and the website redirects to Home Cinema Choice; the magazine featured news, a letters page, reviews on satellite and terrestrial television set-top boxes, satellite dishes and gadgets, in depth features on satellite and terrestrial television technology as well as satellite television channel line-up's by satellite and TV listings, plus Certificate X, an article on censorship in the media but not dealing with the adult satellite television industry. What Satellite and Digital TV website
Knott's Scary Farm or Knott's Halloween Haunt is a seasonal Halloween event at Knott's Berry Farm in Buena Park, California. It is an event in which the theme park is transformed into "160 acres of horror", via a series of roaming monsters, terrifying mazes and'scare zones'; as of 2010, it was said to be the first and longest-running Halloween event to be held at a theme park. Wax Works Origins: The Curse of Calico Dark Entities The Depths Pumpkin Eater Dark Ride Shadowlands Special Ops: Infected Paranormal Inc. A three-night affair, running October 26-28, 1973, the annual six-week-long event celebrates its 47th year in 2019, it has become the largest event of any theme park. The concept was introduced to the park's operations committee in a meeting in September 1973 by George Condos and Martha Boyd of the marketing department, Bill Hollingshead and Gary Salisbury of the entertainment office. Bud Hurlbut, who built and operated the Mine Ride, Log Ride and other rides, decided that having static props wasn't enough, so he put on a gorilla suit and scared guests as they rode on the Mine Ride.
Halloween Haunt was an instant hit, by the next year, the event sold out nightly. Knott's Berry Farm was modeled after Calico, California, a ghost town, a result of the California silver rush. Having a dedicated Ghost Town section in the theme park, this area would become the designed area for the original Halloween Haunt expanding to the entire park; the 1980s would continue to be a success for the theme park, popular culture icons were employed to represent the event. In 1981, actor and parodist "Weird Al" Yankovic joined the cast, as did Cassandra "Elvira" Peterson in the following year. Elvira was prominently featured in many Halloween Haunt events until 2001. According to postings on her Myspace page, Cassandra was released from her contract by the park's new owners due to their wanting a more family friendly appeal; the 1990s would show a different approach to Halloween. Humor was added to many facets in the theme park and Knott's turned from the explicit horror to black comedy; this continuing balance of horror and humor has been a key to the continuing success of Knott's Halloween Haunt.
While Knott's Berry Farm is a year-round theme park, the entire acreage is modified to fit the Halloween motif. Rides and other attractions are converted into macabre themes. Seasonal workers are cast as a variety of monsters, roaming the 160-acre park in terrifying scare zones, amidst haze produced by giant fog machines; some characters have developed a special appeal, such as the legendary and infamous Sarah Rebecca Anne "The Green Witch" Morgan-Marshall. Back in 1973 Diana Kelly was chosen to don the role of the first Green Witch under the name of Spooky when Haunt began. After Diana left the Haunt she passed her role to Charlene Parker in 1982, still to this day Parker is the longest serving of all the monsters who scare the guests at this event; the controversial "Hanging" live show is a staple of the Haunt that lampoons celebrities and persons in the news through a series of staged hangings. The Hanging has been an annual event since the 1979 Halloween Haunt; as of 2019, the park has 9 mazes, 4 scare zones, 4 experiences, 4 live shows.
Knott's Scary Farm has won Amusement Today's Golden Ticket Award for Best Halloween Event twice, in 2005 and 2007. Halloween Haunt, Halloween events at other Cedar Fair parks Knott's Scary Farm 2011: Here's A Cheer For 38 Years Of Fears, Leo Buck Buck-ing Trends November 30, 2011 Official Knott's Scary Farm website Comprehensive tribute site Halloween Haunt reviews and video
Hiroshima is a 1946 book by Pulitzer Prize-winning author John Hersey. It tells the stories of six survivors of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, it regarded as one of the earliest examples of the New Journalism, in which the story-telling techniques of fiction are adapted to non-fiction reporting. The work was published in The New Yorker, which had planned to run it over four issues but instead dedicated the entire edition of August 31, 1946, to a single article. Less than two months the article was printed as a book by Alfred A. Knopf. Never out of print, it has sold more than three million copies. "Its story became a part of our ceaseless thinking about world wars and nuclear holocaust," New Yorker essayist Roger Angell wrote in 1995. Before writing Hiroshima, Hersey had been a war correspondent in the field, writing for Life magazine and The New Yorker, he followed troops during the invasions of Italy and Sicily during World War II. In 1944, Hersey began working in the Pacific Theater and followed Lt. John F. Kennedy through the Solomon Islands.
One of the first Western journalists to view the ruins of Hiroshima after the bombing, Hersey was commissioned by William Shawn of The New Yorker to write articles about the impact of a nuclear explosion by using witness accounts, a subject untouched by journalists. Hersey interviewed many witnesses; the issue of August 31, 1946, arrived in subscribers' mailboxes bearing a light-hearted cover of a summer picnic in a park. There was no hint. Hersey's article began where the magazine's regular "Talk of the Town" column began after the theater listings. At the bottom of the page, the editors appended a short note: "TO OUR READERS; the New Yorker this week devotes its entire editorial space to an article on the complete obliteration of a city by one atomic bomb, what happened to the people of that city. It does so in the conviction that few of us have yet comprehended the all but incredible destructive power of this weapon, that everyone might well take time to consider the terrible implications of its use.
The Editors." One of the few people other than the principal editors of The New Yorker tipped to the forthcoming publication was the magazine's principal writer E. B. White, to whom Harold Ross confided his plans. "Hersey has written thirty thousand words on the bombing of Hiroshima", Ross wrote to White in Maine, "one hell of a story, we are wondering what to do about it... wants to wake people up, says we are the people with a chance to do it, the only people that will do it, if it is done." Containing a detailed description of the bomb's effects, the article was a publishing sensation. In plain prose, Hersey described the horrifying aftermath of the atomic device: people with melted eyeballs, or people vaporized, leaving only their shadows etched onto walls; the New Yorker article Hiroshima was an immediate best seller and was sold out at newsstands within hours. Many requests for reprints were received by the magazine's offices; the ABC Radio Network preempted regular programming to broadcast readings of the complete text by well-known actors in four half-hour programs.
Many radio stations abroad did including the BBC in Britain, where newsprint rationing that continued after the war's end prevented its publication. The Book of the Month Club rushed a copy of the article into book format, which it sent to members as a free selection, saying "We find it hard to conceive of anything being written that could be of more important at this moment to the human race."Published a little more than a year after the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, the American public was shown a different interpretation of the Japanese from what had been described in the media. The Americans could let go of some of the guilt knowing that the Japanese did not blame them for this terrible act of war. After reading Hiroshima, a Manhattan Project scientist wrote that he wept as he remembered how he had celebrated the dropping of the atomic bomb. Scientists along with the American public felt shame and guilt at the suffering of the people of Hiroshima; as voiced by witnesses in Hiroshima, the people of Hiroshima did not blame the Americans for the infliction but instead their own government.
Many Japanese believe that the dropping of the atomic bomb saved Japan and it was thought that the Japanese Government would have destroyed the entire country before losing the war. The 31,000 word article was published the same year by Alfred A. Knopf as a book. Hersey's work is cited as one of the earliest examples of New Journalism in its melding of elements of non-fiction reportage with the pace and devices of the novel. Hersey's plain prose was praised by critics as a model of understated narrative. Hersey gave interviews and abhorred going on anything resembling book tours, as his longtime editor Judith Jones recalled. "If there was a subject calculated to make a writer overwrought and a piece overwritten, it was the bombing of Hiroshima", wrote Hendrik Hertzberg. "The flat style was deliberate", Hersey said 40 years "and I still think I was right to adopt it. A high literary manner, or a show of passion, would have brought me into the story as a mediator. I wanted to avoid such mediation, so the reader's experience would be as direct
The Hawker P.1103 was a design by Hawker Aircraft to meet the British Operational Requirement F.155. Operational Requirement F.155 was an Operational Requirement issued by the British Ministry of Supply in 1955 for an interceptor aircraft to defend the United Kingdom from high flying supersonic bombers. F.155 specified exacting demands: The capability of making an intercept within 20 minutes of target contact with a target speed of Mach 1+ Ceiling: 60,000 ft Armament: a mixture of infra-red guided missiles and radar guided missiles Crew: A crew of two was specified because of the anticipated workload: pilot plus weapon systems operator /navigatorThe Ministry of Supply made clear in the requirement that the plane and missiles should be treated as a "weapon system" i.e. a cohesive whole. The armament specifications were covered by a separate Operational Requirement, OR.1131, which listed two missile systems: the infra-red guided de Havilland "Blue Vesta" and the radar-guided Vickers "Red Hebe".
The submission by Hawker Siddeley a design by the legendary designer Sir Sydney Camm was a supersonic development of his successful Hawker Hunter design, using a single engine - a 25,000 lb development of the de Havilland Gyron breathing through an under-chin air intake. Two detachable rocket boosters, to give a 3.7 minute boost, were carried in mid-wing nacelles. Although a nuclear threat from high-flying Soviet supersonic nuclear-armed bombers was identified in 1955, F.155 calling for supersonic interceptors was superseded by the 1957 Defence White Paper. The paper was a major review of military spending and one of its elements was the cancellation of nearly all manned fighter projects as a radical change had occurred in strategic threats with the expectation that intercontinental ballistic missiles and low-level strike would replace high flying bombers. Data from Futile Rivals, British secret projects: jet fighters since 1950General characteristics Crew: 2 Length: 63 ft Wingspan: 39 ft Height: 15 ft 6 in Wing area: 500 sq ft Max takeoff weight: 41,850 lb with Red Hebe missiles Fuel capacity: 1,100 imp gal internal Powerplant: 1 × de Havilland Gyron, 20,000 lbf thrust dry, 25,000 lbf with afterburner Powerplant: 2 × rocket detachable self contained boosters, 2,000 lbf thrust eachPerformance Maximum speed: Mach 2.0 Never exceed speed: 864 mph at low altitudes Service ceiling: 68,000 ft + Rate of climb: 61,000 ft/min at sea levelArmament Missiles: 2× Red Top or 2× Red Hebe air-to-air missiles or 2x Blue Jay missiles mounted on the wingtips Related development Hawker P.1121Aircraft of comparable role and era Convair F-106 Delta Dart Dassault Mirage III English Electric Lightning Lockheed F-104A MiG-21 Saab 35 Draken Sukhoi Su-9 Buttler, Tony.
British Secret Projects: Jet Fighters Since 1950. Leicester, UK: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-095-8. Buttler, Tony. "Futile Rivals: F.155T—The Quest for'An Ultimate in Interceptors'". Air Enthusiast: 65–73. ISSN 0143-5450. Martell-Mead, Paul. Hawker P.1103 & P.1121: Camm's Last Fighter Projects. Project Tech Profiles. Blue Envoy Press. ISBN 978-0-9561951-5-9. Mason, Francis K.. Hawker Aircraft Since 1920. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-839-9