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Hōtō is a noodle soup and popular regional dish originating from Yamanashi, Japan made by stewing flat udon noodles and vegetables in miso soup. Though hōtō is recognized as a variant of udon, locals do not consider it to be an udon dish because the dough is prepared in the style of dumplings rather than noodles. Wheat farming and the flour culture were brought into Yamanashi prefecture due to shortages in local rice crops. Sericulture had turned lands traditionally reserved for rice crops into silk farms, flour products like hōtō were invented as a means to counter food shortages which arose from this change in agriculture; this transition may have begun in Yamanashi's Gunnai region, where rice farming was impossible to start due to cold temperature and large amounts of volcanic debris embedded into the soil. Wheat farming spread through the rest of the prefecture and into the neighboring Nagano, Shizuoka and Gunma prefectures, where similar cuisine using flour dough and soup can be found.

For example, a dish called nibōtō, identical to hōtō except with a soy sauce-flavored soup, can be found throughout Saitama and Gunma prefectures. Another prevalent theory suggests; the redevelopment of industry and commerce after World War II made tourism the prefecture's most profitable enterprise, the image of Takeda Shingen was used to promote the area's regional products. Locals sought to popularize hōtō as a tourist food by advertising it as the meal consumed by Takeda Shingen and his soldiers before each battle. Modern-day tourists can enjoy hōtō in numerous local restaurants and in rather unlikely locations such as coffee shops and ice cream parlors. A more extreme branch of these advertisements claims that the descendants of the Takeda clan introduced the recipe to the Tokugawa shogunate, who used it to develop Nagoya's miso-nikomi udon; the validity of this statement remains speculative. The name hōtō is thought to be a euphony of hakutaku; the kanji "餺飥" first appeared in Nara period dictionaries, their reading is listed in dictionaries of the cloistered rule period as hautau, showing that the pronunciation had begun to transform into the reading hōtō.

Though hōtō was introduced to Japan far earlier than udon, both names are believed to have originated from China. For instance, in modern-day Shanxi province of China, the word wonton is written with similar kanji, is pronounced "hōtō." Local linguists point out that the word is used in Edo period documents to describe all sorts of flour products, including flour made from non-wheat crops. In the local dialect, the word for flour is hatakimono, while the local word for grinding crops into powder is hataku; some linguists theorize that hōtō originated from these local words when flour was turned into a popular dish. Other linguists disagree with the Chinese origin theory because there is no conclusive evidence that the word originated from China, they argue that popular acceptance of hōtō as a cuisine found in the Yamanashi area voids theories stating that the word was imported from overseas. However, from a historical viewpoint, the word hataku first appears in documents around 1484 in the Muromachi period, while hōtō or hautau can be found much earlier in writings such as The Pillow Book.

This contradicts the idea. The word can be thought of as a euphony of "宝刀" or "放蕩". For "宝刀", the given explanation is that Takeda Shingen cut the ingredients for the dish with his own sword. However, linguists tend to view this idea as a clever play on words in an advertisement campaign rather than a legitimate theory; the dough is kneaded with bare hands in a wooden bowl, stretched out to dry. It is folded over and cut into large pieces with a kitchen knife. Unlike udon, hōtō requires a tougher texture of dough, brought about by the amount of gluten, the dough is not mixed with salt or left to sit. One peculiarity is, it is thought that the best taste is brought out by boiling pumpkin in the miso soup until it becomes tender and melts into pieces. The dashi is made from niboshi, which are left in the soup in home-cooked meals. Vegetables differ by season. Pork or chicken can be included by preference. In terms of nutrition value, hōtō provides large amounts of starch from the noodles and potatoes, vitamins and fiber from the soup and vegetables.

Most hōtō noodles are flatter compared to regular udon noodles. Though it is a hearty meal on its own, it can be served with white rice in the same manner as miso soup; some restaurants will serve hōtō with thick, heavy noodles in large iron pots to bring about a voluminous feeling reminiscent of nabemono and other steamboat dishes. Azuki-bōtō refers to red bean soup with hōtō noodles added instead of the traditional mochi or shiratama. Though red bean soup has a watery texture, azuki-bōtō consists of a thick, gluey stew, placed on the hōtō noodles and eaten like botamochi. A local dish from Ōita Prefecture called yaseuma is similar to azuki-bōtō, except sweeter and considered to be more of a snack rather than a meal. In this sense, hōtō differs from the modern categorization of udon. Azuki-bōtō is not common within Yamanashi prefecture, is only found in the o

Cheremosh National Nature Park

Cheremosh National Nature Park was created by Ukraine in 2009 from a collection of three existing nature reserves in the northeastern section of the Carpathian Mountains, located in southwestern Ukraine. The park highlights the varied geology of the northeastern Carpathians, as well as the deep spruce forests of the region; the park is located in the Putyla District of Chernivtsi Oblast. The park stands in the historical region of Bukovina, a 60 km diameter sector of the Eastern Carpathians that straddled the border of present-day Ukraine and Romania. Cheremosky was assembled in 2009 from three existing nature reserves: Black Dil Nature Reserve, established in 1972 as a geological reserve, with a close placement of different types of metamorphic shale, grano-diorites, Triassic-Jurassic carbonates, sedimentary rock. State Enterprise Putil Forest, covering the upper reaches of the White Cheremosh River, protecting important geological sites and landforms, Marmaros Crystalline Massif, a limestone mountain with caves and a mine.

The elements of the park occupy elevations from 947 meters to 1574 meters The Cheremosky area has a Humid continental climate - warm summer sub-type, with large seasonal temperature differentials and a warm summer. Precipitation in the general region averages 850 mm/yr, of which about 300 mm/yr falls in the park as snow; the average temperature in January is −9.1 °C, the average temperature in August is 21.5 °C. Because the park is at higher elevations, its climate is cooler than the surrounding lowlands; the park is in the Carpathian montane conifer forest ecoregion. This region covers the Carpathians across their entire length, from Poland to the south of Romania, with the Cheremosky National Park in the center; the dominant vegetation is spruce forest. Interspersed are mountain meadows and rivers, with the occasional stand of old-growth forest containing fir and deciduous trees at lower altitudes; the park is known for it wide variety of mountain wildflowers. The park features hiking trails and mountain biking trails.

Park rangers provide ecological education and tours to local school children and to interested visitors. National Parks of Ukraine

1986 Kansas City Chiefs season

The 1986 Kansas City Chiefs season was the franchise's 17th season in the National Football League and the 27th overall. It ended with a 10–6 record, the most wins for the franchise since 1971; the Chiefs clinched a wild card playoff berth, but lost to the New York Jets 35-15. Former linebacker Willie Lanier was enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame on August 2. On the field, the pieces started coming together for head coach John Mackovic, his offense displayed plenty of scoring punch, while the club’s defense and special teams became effective. With the team sitting at 3–3, Bill Kenney replaced Todd Blackledge for the second half of the season in a game against San Diego, guiding the club to a 42–41 victory; that win was the first of four consecutive triumphs with Kenney at the helm, the club’s longest winning streak since 1980. Poised with a 7–3 record after 10 games, three straight losses in November put the Chiefs playoff chances in jeopardy. Two December wins gave Kansas City a 9–6 mark, putting the Chiefs on the verge of their first postseason berth in 15 years.

The defining moment of the season came in the regular season finale at Pittsburgh on December 21. Despite being outgained in total yardage by a 515-to-171-yard margin, the Chiefs were able to notch a 24–19 victory as all of the team’s points came via special teams on a blocked punt return, a field goal, a kickoff return and a blocked field goal return. With a 10 -- 6 record the Chiefs earned an AFC Wild Card berth. Bill Kenney was injured in the fourth quarter of the Steelers contest, meaning Todd Blackledge would draw the starting assignment for the club’s first playoff contest since 1971, a 35–15 loss at New York. Mackovic was fired by Chiefs owner Lamar Hunt after the season. Quarterback Pat Ryan led the Jets to the victory with 3 touchdown passes; the Chiefs scored first on a 67-yard drive capped by running back Jeff Smith. On their ensuing possession, the Jets faced fourth down and 6 on the Kansas City 33-yard line. Rather than attempt a long field goal, Ryan rushed for a 24 yard gain. Two plays running back Freeman McNeil scored on a 4-yard rushing touchdown.

In the second period, Ryan completed two touchdown pass: a 1-yarder to McNeil and an 11-yarder to wide receiver Al Toon. On the first play of the second half, Jets linebacker Kevin McArthur returned an interception 21 yards for a touchdown. Ryan clinched the victory in the fourth period with a 6-yard touchdown pass to tight end Billy Griggs; the Chiefs' only scores in the second half was a blocked punt recovery in the end zone, an intentional safety by the Jets. McNeil finished the game with 135 rushing yards, 3 receptions for 16 yards, 2 touchdowns. Scoring KC – Smith 1 run NYJ – McNeil 4 run NYJ – McNeil 1 pass from Ryan NYJ – Toon 11 pass from Ryan NYJ – McArthur 21 interception return KC – Lewis recovered blocked punt in end zone NYJ – Griggs 6 pass from Ryan KC – Safety, Jennings ran out of end zone 1986 Kansas City Chiefs at

Fantasy Zone

Fantasy Zone is a 1986 arcade game by Sega, the first game in the Fantasy Zone series. It was ported to a wide variety of consoles, including the Master System; the player controls a sentient spaceship named Opa-Opa who fights an enemy invasion in the titular group of planets. The game contains a number of features atypical of the traditional scrolling shooter; the main character, Opa-Opa, is sometimes referred to as Sega's first mascot character. The game design and main character had many similarities to the earlier TwinBee, together the games are credited with the creation of the cute'em up subgenre. Numerous sequels were made over the years. In the game, the player's ship is placed in a level with a number of bases to destroy; when all the bases are gone, the stage boss appears, who must be defeated in order to move on to the next stage. There are eight stages, in all of them, except the final one, the scroll is not fixed; the final level consists of a rematch against all of the previous bosses in succession before facing the final boss.

Opa-Opa uses two different attacks: the standard weapon and bombs. He can move down to land on the ground by sprouting feet and walking around until he flies again, it is possible to upgrade Opa-Opa's weapons and flying engine to increase speed, as well as get extra lives. Before that, the player must get money by defeating enemies, bases or bosses, access a shop by touching a marked balloon; each time a new item is bought, they become more expensive. When the player chooses to exit or the time runs up, another screen appears, in which he or she can select what upgrades Opa-Opa can use; some of the new weapons have a time limit. Some of the bombs are limited in quantity. Engine upgrades are permanent; the powerups can be reassigned by reentering the shop or touch a balloon with the word "Select" written on it. If the player loses a life, all of the upgrades are lost. Fantasy Zone was ported to the Sega Master System, MSX, Nintendo Entertainment System, Sharp X68000 and PC Engine. While all of these ports play to the original version, some of them have several omissions and changes.

For instance, the Master System version lacks some features such as the radar that indicates the location of the bases or a gauge that indicates how much energy they have left, two of the bosses were replaced by original ones. Two different versions were released for the Famicom/NES; the Japanese version was developed and published by Sunsoft. The American unlicensed version was developed by Pixel and published by Tengen. In 1997, Fantasy Zone was released under the "Sega Ages" label in Japan for the Sega Saturn. Fantasy Zone was remade for the PlayStation 2, again under the "Sega Ages" label. Although similar in appearance to the arcade version, this version used polygons instead of sprites and added some stages, including bonus levels in which the game takes the view behind Opa-Opa as he tries to collect coins from any boss, defeated at the moment; this version was released in North America along other remade classic Sega titles in the Sega Classics Collection compilation. Fantasy Zone was released for mobile phones in 2002 in Japan and in August 2003 in the United States.

Due to hardware limitations, this version of the game was divided in three different parts. On March 11, 2008, the Master System version saw a re-release in Japan for the Virtual Console. In Europe and Australia, it was released on April 11, 2008, in North America, on April 14, 2008. On September 18 of the same year, Sega released another Sega Ages disc devoted to the series, title Fantasy Zone Complete Collection, making the final release in the Ages series; this time, instead of a 3D remake, the disc compiled all of the games in the series, including spin-offs, all of Sega's own ports. It included a remake of Fantasy Zone II created for System 16 hardware; the original arcade release is included in Sonic's Ultimate Genesis Collection in, an unlockable game. A 3D port of the game was released on March 19, 2014 for the Nintendo 3DS titled 3D Fantasy Zone: Opa-Opa Bros. New features of the 3DS port involve stereoscopic 3D visuals, adjustable difficulty settings, an ability to save the game, the ability to switch to the Japanese versions and US versions of the game, a Stage Select feature and a new mode which involves the player playing as Upa-Upa, Opa-Opa's brother.

In addition, satisfying certain conditions during the game enables the player to confront the two "replacement" bosses from the Master System release, each entering the boss fight by "replacing" the standard boss. Fantasy Zone is included as a minigame in Yakuza 0, it can be unlocked after completing one of the game's friendship sidequests. It is identical to the original arcade release, with the only change being the addition of a rapid fire button. Fantasy Zone II: The Tears of Opa-Opa Opa Opa Galactic Protector Space Fantasy Zone Fantasy Zone Gear: The Adventures of Opa-Opa Jr. Super Fantasy Zone Fantasy Zone Medal de Fantasy Zone Fantasy Zone proved to be successful in Japanese arcades, helping to give rise to the popular System 16 arcade board. Despite this, the game was ignored by the gaming media, as were most arcade games at the time; the game was r

The Adventures of Ch!pz

The Adventures of Ch!pz is the debut album from Dutch pop group Ch!pz. It was released on 4 February 2004, in the Netherlands, but in 2005 in Austria and Germany; as result of the success of the album and its singles in the countries near the Netherlands, they started to release their singles in the Scandinavian countries in 2006 too. "Cowboy" – 2:52 "Captain Hook" – 3:14 "Bang Bang" – 3:14 "Ch!pz in Black" – 3:02 "Say I'm Ur No 1" – 2:51 "Milky Way" – 3:14 "The Haunted House" – 3:18 "4 Who U R" – 3:57 "The Happy Hook" – 3:38 "Jungle Beat" – 3:08 "Slay Slay" – 3:28 "The Timeriders" – 3:38 The Adventures of Ch!pz peaked at:#17 in the Dutch 2004 year end Mega Album Top 100 chart. #67 in the Austrian 2005 year end Album Top 75 chart