Teignbridge is a local government district in Devon, England. Its council is based in Newton Abbot. Other towns in the district include Ashburton and Teignmouth, it is named for the old Teignbridge hundred. The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of the Ashburton, Dawlish, Newton Abbot and Teignmouth urban districts along with Newton Abbot Rural District and part of St Thomas Rural District. Elections to the borough council are held every four years, with all of the 46 seats on the council being elected at each election; the council had been under no overall control since the 1983, until the Conservatives gained a majority in the 2011 elections. After the 2019 local elections, the Liberal Democrats won control of the council; the political composition of the borough has been as follows: Teignbridge contains the following towns and villages

Online shopping

Online shopping is a form of electronic commerce which allows consumers to directly buy goods or services from a seller over the Internet using a web browser. Consumers find a product of interest by visiting the website of the retailer directly or by searching among alternative vendors using a shopping search engine, which displays the same product's availability and pricing at different e-retailers; as of 2020, customers can shop online using a range of different computers and devices, including desktop computers, tablet computers and smart speakers. An online shop evokes the physical analogy of buying products or services at a regular "bricks-and-mortar" retailer or shopping center; when an online store is set up to enable businesses to buy from another businesses, the process is called business-to-business online shopping. A typical online store enables the customer to browse the firm's range of products and services, view photos or images of the products, along with information about the product specifications and prices.

Online stores enable shoppers to use "search" features to find specific models, brands or items. Online customers must have access to the Internet and a valid method of payment in order to complete a transaction, such as a credit card, an Interac-enabled debit card, or a service such as PayPal. For physical products, the e-tailer ships the products to the customer; the largest of these online retailing corporations are Alibaba,, eBay. Alternative names for the activity are "e-tailing", a shortened form of "electronic retail" or "e-shopping", a shortened form of "electronic shopping". An online store may be called an e-web-store, e-shop, e-store, Internet shop, web-shop, web-store, online store, online storefront and virtual store. Mobile commerce describes purchasing from an online retailer's mobile device-optimized website or software application; these websites or apps are designed to enable customers to browse through a companies' products and services on tablet computers and smartphones.

One of the earliest forms of trade conducted online was IBM's online transaction processing developed in the 1960s and it allowed the processing of financial transactions in real-time. The computerized ticket reservation system developed for American Airlines called Semi-Automatic Business Research Environment was one of its applications. Here, computer terminals located in different travel agencies were linked to a large IBM mainframe computer, which processed transactions and coordinated them so that all travel agents had access to the same information at the same time; the emergence of online shopping as we know today developed with the emergence of the Internet. This platform only functioned as an advertising tool for companies, providing information about its products, it moved on from this simple utility to actual online shopping transaction due to the development of interactive Web pages and secure transmissions. The growth of the internet as a secure shopping channel has developed since 1994, with the first sales of Sting album'Ten Summoner's Tales'.

Wine and flowers soon followed and were among the pioneering retail categories which fueled the growth of online shopping. Researchers found that having products that are appropriate for e-commerce was a key indicator of Internet success. Many of these products did well as they are generic products which shoppers did not need to touch and feel in order to buy, but importantly, in the early days, there were few shoppers online and they were from a narrow segment: affluent, male, 30+. Online shopping has come along way since these early days and -in the UK- accounts for significant percents; as the revenues from online sales continued to grow researchers identified different types of online shoppers, Rohm & Swaninathan identified four categories and named them "convenience shoppers, variety seekers, balanced buyers, store-oriented shoppers". They focused on shopping motivations and found that the variety of products available and the perceived convenience of the buying online experience were significant motivating factors.

This was different for offline shoppers, who were more motivated by time saving and recreational motives. Digital High Street 2020 English entrepreneur Michael Aldrich was a pioneer of online shopping in 1979, his system connected a modified domestic TV to a real-time transaction processing computer via a domestic telephone line. He believed that videotex, the modified domestic TV technology with a simple menu-driven human–computer interface, was a'new, universally applicable, participative communication medium — the first since the invention of the telephone.' This enabled'closed' corporate information systems to be opened to'outside' correspondents not just for transaction processing but for e-messaging and information retrieval and dissemination known as e-business. His definition of the new mass communications medium as'participative' was fundamentally different from the traditional definitions of mass communication and mass media and a precursor to the social networking on the Internet 25 years later.

In March 1980 he launched Redifon's Office Revolution, which allowed consumers, agents, distributors and service companies to be connected on-line to the corporate systems and allow business transactions to be completed electronically in real-time. During


Carludovica is a genus in the family Cyclanthaceae. It is native to tropical America, from southern Guatemala to Ecuador and Bolivia. Carludovica is named in honor of his wife Maria Luisa of Parma; the genus is best known for Carludovica palmata, the young leaves of which are made into Panama hats. Carludovica divergens is added to some versions of the hallucinogenic drink Ayahuasca. An unidentified species belonging to this family has been marketed as a houseplant in the United States under the name "Jungle Drum". According to Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, there are four species Carludovica drudei Mast. - Chiapas, Tabasco, Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela Carludovica palmata Ruiz & Pav. - widespread from Tabasco to Bolivia Carludovica rotundifolia Schaedtler - Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama Carludovica sulcata Hammel - Nicaragua, Costa RicaTropicos lists more species but it may contain potential synonyms: C. acuminata - C. angustifolia - C. angustissima - C. asplundii - C. atropurpurea - C. atrovirens - C. aurantiaca - C. brachypus - C. bracteosa - C. caput-medusae - C. caribaea - C. caulescens - C. chelidonura - C. chiapensis - C. coma-pyrrhae - C. coronata - C. costaricensis - C. crenifolia - C. decurrens - C. dentata - C. disticha - C. divergens - C. drudei - C. ecuadoriensis - C. elegans - C. ensiformis - C. euryphylla - C. fanshawei - C. fimbriata - C. funifera - C. gardneri - C. gigantea - C. glandulosa - C. glauca - C. goebelii - C. gracilis - C. helicotricha - C. heterophylla - C. hookeri - C. horrida - C. humilis - C. imperialis - C. incisa - C. insignis - C. insularis - C. integrifolia - C. irazuensis - C. kegeliana - C. killipii - C. labela - C. lancifolia - C. latifolia - C. latifrons - C. laucheana - C. leucocarpa - C. longicomans - C. longicrura - C. longipes - C. macropoda - C. marceana - C. mattogrossensis - C. mexicana - C. microcarpa - C. microcephala - C. microphylla - C. moritziana - C. nana - C. nobilis - C. oerstedii - C. palmata - C. palmifolia - C. parvula - C. phacospatha - C. pittieri - C. plicata - C. plumerii - C. polymera - C. pygmaea - C. quitoensis - C. rheithrophila - C. rhodocephala - C. rigida - C. rivularis - C. rotundifolia - C. rupestris - C. sarmentosa - C. sartori - C. scandens - C. schizophylla - C. sellowiana - C. serpens - C. serrata - C. stenophylla - C. steyermarkii - C. stylaris - C. subacaulis - C. sulcata - C. tabascana - C. tetragona - C. tetragonopus - C. tocoso - C. trailiana - C. trigona - C. tristicha - C. utilis - C. vestita - C. wallisii - C. williamsii