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Tel Lachish

Tel Lachish, is the site of an ancient Near East city, now an archaeological site and an Israeli national park. Lachish is located in the Shephelah region of Israel between Mount Hebron and the Mediterranean coast, it is first mentioned in the Amarna letters as Lakisha-Lakiša. According to the Bible, the Israelites captured and destroyed Lachish for joining the league against the Gibeonites; the territory was assigned to the tribe of Judah and became part of the Kingdom of Israel. Of the cities in ancient Judah, Lachish was second in importance only to Jerusalem. One of the Lachish letters warns of the impending Babylonian destruction, it reads: "Let my lord know that we are watching over the beacon of Lachish, according to the signals which my lord gave, for Azekah is not seen." According to the prophet Jeremiah and Azekah were the last two Judean cities to fall before the conquest of Jerusalem. This pottery inscription can be seen at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. Occupation at the site of Lachish began during the Pottery Neolithic period.

Major development began in the Early Bronze Age. By the end of the Early Bronze, Lachish had become a large settlement. During the Middle Bronze, the Canaanite settlement developed. In the Middle Bronze I, the mound was resettled. Remains of a cult place and an assemblage of votive cultic vessels were found in Area D. In the Middle Bronze IIA, the development continued. In the Middle Bronze IIB-C, Lachish became a major city in the Southern Levant. An impressive glacis was constructed around the city, which shaped its present steep slopes and sharp corners. In Area P, a massive "palace" was found. By the End of Middle Bronze IIC the city was destroyed by fire. In the Late Bronze Age, Lachish was re-established and developed eventually it became a large and prosperous city in the Southern Levant, it came under the 18th Dynasty of Egypt who built an Egyptian Empire following the military campaigns of Thutmose III. During the Egyptian Amarna Period, a number of letters were written to the Pharaoh as part of the Amarna Archive.

It is mentioned in the Amarna letters as Lakisha-Lakiša. During the 20th Dynasty of Egypt, the Egyptian Empire started to loose its control in the Southern Levant. While Lachish had prospered under Egyptian hegemony, it was destroyed by fire around 1150 BC, it was rebuilt by Canaanites. However, this settlement was soon destroyed by another fire around 1130 BC; the site remained abandoned for a long period of time. The reasons for these destructions may have been invasions by the Sea Peoples. Rebuilding of the city began in the Early Iron Age during the 10th and 9th centuries BCE when it was part of Judah; the unfortified settlement may have been destroyed c. 925 BCE by Egyptian Pharaoh Sheshonk I. In the first half of the 9th century BCE, under the kings Asa and Jehoshaphat, Lachish became an important city in the kingdom of Judah, it was fortified with massive walls and ramparts and a royal palace was built on a platform in the center of the city. Lachish was the foremost among several fortified cities and strongholds guarding the valleys that lead up to Jerusalem and the interior of the country against enemies which approached from the coast.

In 701 BCE, during the revolt of king Hezekiah against Assyria, it was besieged and captured by Sennacherib despite the defenders' determined resistance. Some scholars believe that the fall of Lachish occurred during a second campaign in the area by Sennacherib ca. 688 BCE. The site now contains the only remains of an Assyrian siege ramp discovered so far. Sennacherib devoted a whole room in his "Palace without a rival", the South-west palace in Nineveh, for artistic representations of the siege on large alabaster slabs, most of which are now on display in the British Museum, they hold depictions of Assyrian siege ramps, battering rams and other siege machines and army units, along with Lachish's architecture and its final surrender. In combination with the archaeological finds, they give a good understanding of siege warfare of the period.. The town was rebuilt in the late 7th century BCE during the decline of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. However, the city fell to Nebuchadnezzar in his campaign against Judah in 586 BCE.

Modern excavation of the site has revealed that the Assyrians built a stone and dirt ramp up to the level of the Lachish city wall, thereby allowing the soldiers to charge up the ramp and storm the city. Excavations revealed 1,500 skulls in one of the caves near the site, hundreds of arrowheads on the ramp and at the top of the city wall, indicating the ferocity of the battle; the city occupied an area of 8 hectares and was destroyed in 587 BCE. Residents were exiled as part of the Babylonian captivity. During Babylonian occupation, a large residence was built on the platform that had once supported the Israeli palace. At the end of the captivity, some exiled Jews returned to Lachish and built a new city with fortifications. Under the Babylonian or Achaemenid Empire, a large altar on the east section of the mound was built; the shrine was abandoned. The tell has been unoccupied since then. Lachish is mentioned in several books in the Hebrew Bible; the Book of Joshua refers to Lachish in chapter 10.

Japhia, the King of Lachish, is listed as one of the Five Amorite Kings that allied to repel the inv

Hope (The Blackout album)

Hope is the third studio album by Welsh post-hardcore band The Blackout. The album was first announced in mid-2010; the album was recorded at the end of 2010 and was funded by donations by fans on the website PledgeMusic. Due to drummer Gareth "Snoz" Lawrence injuring himself prior to the recording of the album he does not drum on the album, his place was taken by drummers Phillip Jenkins of Kids in Glass Houses and Tom Winch of Hexes. On 12 January 2011, vocalist Gavin Butler said. "Ambition Is Critical" was released as a free download on 21 January from the group's website. Following the track being played on BBC Radio 1's Rock Show, a music video was released for the track on 25 January. Two days the album's artwork and track listing were revealed; the first single to be released from the album was Higher, which features Hyro Da Hero. The titled "Whatever You Hear, Don't Scream" was released on 13 February 2011 on iTunes as a one track single. On 28 March 2011 it was released again this time with two b-sides, a Tek One remix and a Live recording from their Nottingham Show on the My Chemical Romance World Contamination Tour.

In March and April, the group went on a UK tour alongside the Swellers and Hyro da Hero. A music video was released for "Never by Your Side" on 10 May. Kerrang! magazine revealed that it would be released as the second single with an expected release date of 30 May. On 18 July, a music video was released for "The Storm"; the group appeared at the Reading and Leeds Festivals in August, before headlining the main stage at Merthyr Rock festival in September. A music video was released. In October and November, the group went on a UK headlining tour with support from We Are the Ocean and Canterbury. Sean Smithvocals Gavin Butler – vocals James "Bob" Davies – rhythm guitar, backing vocals Matthew Davies – lead guitar, backing vocals Rhys Lewisbass guitar Gareth "Snoz" Lawrence – percussion, backing vocals Hyro Da Hero – additional vocals on track 3 Hope at YouTube

John David Merwin

John David Merwin was a former politician of the United States Virgin Islands who served in that territory's Legislature, as government secretary, as the first native-born governor. He was the first "politician" to be made governor as previous appointees were men of the military, industry, or non-elected government servants. Merwin was born in St. Croix. In the 1950s, he became a member of the legislature, during which time he voted for a 10-year exemption on all taxes for businesses with $10,000 of capitalization and a 75% reduction in income taxes for those industries, he was an avid campaigner for a USVI representative in the United States Congress. On December 23, 1957, he was made government secretary; the following year, President Dwight D. Eisenhower nominated him for governor on August 4, Congress approved and he was sworn in on September 25; as governor, he worked to build a second airport on St. Thomas, but that plan was scrapped by his successor, he worked to boost tourism by attending tourism conventions and opened a Department of Tourism office in New York, New York.

Virgin Islands Vote Aid to New Business. New York Times. New York, N. Y.: Jun 15, 1957. Pg. 24, 1 pgs Lebanon Envoy Named. New York Times. New York, N. Y.: Dec 24, 1957. Pg. 7, 1 pgs J. D. Merwin Is Named For Virgin Islands Post. Special to The New York Times. New York Times. New York, N. Y.: Aug 6, 1958. Pg. 5, 1 pgs Merwin Is Sworn it as Virgin Isles' Governor. Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago, Ill.: Sep 26, 1958. Pg. 5, 1 pgs New York Office to Open. New York Times. New York, N. Y.: Jan 22, 1961. Pg. XX26, 1 pgs A Life of Friendships. By John D. Merwin. Southern Cross Publications 2010