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Telecommunications link

In telecommunications, a link is a communication channel that connects two or more devices. The link may be a dedicated physical link or a logical link that uses one or more physical links or shares a physical link with other telecommunications links. A telecommunications link is based on one of several types of information transmission paths such as those provided by communication satellites, terrestrial radio communications infrastructure and computer networks to connect two or more points; the term link is used in computer networking to refer to the communications facilities that connect nodes of a network. When the link is a logical link the type of physical link should always be specified A point-to-point link is a dedicated link that connects two communication facilities. Broadcast links connect two or more nodes and support broadcast transmission, where one node can transmit so that all other nodes can receive the same transmission. Ethernet is an example. Known as a multidrop link, a multipoint link is a link that connects two or more nodes.

Known as general topology networks, these include ATM and Frame Relay links, as well as X.25 networks when used as links for a network layer protocol like IP. Unlike broadcast links, there is no mechanism to efficiently send a single message to all other nodes without copying and retransmitting the message. A point-to-multipoint link is a specific type of multipoint link which consists of a central connection endpoint, connected to multiple peripheral CEs. Any transmission of data that originates from the central CE is received by all of the peripheral CEs while any transmission of data that originates from any of the peripheral CEs is only received by the central CE. Links are referred to by terms which refer to the ownership and / or accessibility of the link. A private link is a link, either owned by a specific entity or a link, only accessible by a specific entity. A public link is a link that uses the public switched telephone network or other public utility or entity to provide the link and which may be accessible by anyone.

Pertaining to radiocommunication service, an uplink is the portion of a feeder link used for the transmission of signals from an earth station to a space radio station, space radio system or high altitude platform station. Pertaining to GSM and cellular networks, the radio uplink is the transmission path from the mobile station to a base station. Traffic and signalling flowing within the BSS and NSS may be identified as uplink and downlink. Pertaining to computer networks, an uplink is a connection from data communications equipment toward the network core; this is known as an upstream connection. Pertaining to radiocommunication service, a downlink is the portion of a feeder link used for the transmission of signals from a space radio station, space radio system or high altitude platform station to an earth station. In the context of satellite communications, a downlink is the link from a satellite to a ground station. Pertaining to cellular networks, the radio downlink is the transmission path from a cell site to the cell phone.

Traffic and signalling flowing within the base station subsystem and network switching subsystem may be identified as uplink and downlink. Pertaining to computer networks, a downlink is a connection from data communications equipment towards data terminal equipment; this is known as a downstream connection. A forward link is the link from a fixed location to a mobile user. If the link includes a communications relay satellite, the forward link will consist of both an uplink and a downlink; the reverse link is the link from a mobile user to a fixed base station. If the link includes a communications relay satellite, the reverse link will consist of both an uplink and a downlink which together constitute a half hop. Data transmission Telecommunications network This article incorporates public domain material from the General Services Administration document "Federal Standard 1037C"; this article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of Defense document "Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms"


The Pfalztheater is a theatre building and company in the German city of Kaiserslautern, Rhineland-Palatine. It is the only three-genre venue in the state, putting on music and dance; the town's first theatre was built in 1862, financed by Andreas Müller, owner of the Spittelmühle in Kaiserslautern. It stood on Theaterstraße on the corner of Gasstraße, it was destroyed by fire a few years and rebuilt by Müller. In 1874, the theatre was converted into a public limited company; the shares were taken over in 1897 as a municipal theatre. It grew to the Städtebundoper during the first decades of the 20th century, in a cooperation with other theatres in the state with Pirmasens and Zweibrücken. Productions continued there until the building was destroyed by bombing on 14 August 19144. Performances resumed in October 1945 at the Capitol cinema; when funding had been raised, the Film-Palast cinema was converted into a permanent replacement for the lost theatre, opening in September 1950. Literature by and about Pfalztheater in the German National Library catalogue Official website Förderverein Freunde des Pfalztheaters

Dwight May

Dwight May was a politician from the U. S. state of Michigan who served as officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. May was born in Sandisfield, Massachusetts to Rockwell and Celestia May and moved to Richland, Michigan at the approximate age of twelve. There he attended district schools. In 1842, he attended the Kalamazoo branch of the University of Michigan, entered the sophomore class in 1846, graduated in 1849 from the classical department. During that time he became a member of Alpha Delta Phi. In 1849, he married Amelia S. Kellogg in had three daughters together. After graduating he entered the law office of Lathrop & Duffield in Detroit and in July 1850 was admitted to the bar at the Michigan Supreme Court; the following month he opened an office in Battle Creek, two years moved to Kalamazoo forming a co-partnership with Marsh Giddings. In 1854, he was elected prosecuting attorney and served from 1855-1862, he served as school inspector for two years and superintendent of the village schools from 1853 to 1856.

In 1861, May enlisted as a private in the Kalamazoo Light Guards and was elected captain of company I, 2nd Michigan Infantry. He resigned from the post that December to attend to legal business. On October 8, 1862, he was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 25th Michigan infantry at Bolivar and served through the rest of the American Civil War. May served in the battles of Blackburn's Ford, Middleburg, Little Rock and Clarendon. In June 1865 he succeeded Colonel W. H. Graves in command of the 12th Michigan Infantry Regiment and was soon afterwards brevetted brigadier general and mustered out of the service on March 6, 1866. In 1866, May was elected the 18th Lieutenant Governor of Michigan as well as trustee of the village of Kalamazoo, he served as lieutenant governor from 1867-1869 under Governor Henry Crapo’s second term. His brother Charles S. May had served as lieutenant governor from 1863-1865. In 1868, he was elected to the office of Michigan Attorney General and served from 1869-1873 under Governor Henry P. Baldwin.

In 1874, he was re-elected the following year. Dwight May was buried at Mountain Home Cemetery of Kalamazoo. Bingham, Stephen D.. "s.v. Dwight May". Early history of Michigan, with biographies of state officers, members of Congress and legislators. Pub. pursuant to act 59, 1887. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Library. P. 440. Retrieved 2007-08-25. Fisher, David. "s.v. GEN. DWIGHT MAY". Compendium of history and biography of Kalamazoo County, Mich. Pub. A. W. Bowen & Co. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Library. Pp. 526–527. Retrieved 2007-08-25. "s.v. Rockwell May". Portrait and biographical record of Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties, containing biographical sketches of... citizens... governors of the state, and... presidents of the United States. Pub. Chapman brothers. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Library. 2005. Pp. 513–515. Retrieved 2007-08-25. "Dwight May". Find a Grave. Retrieved September 2, 2010

Queen of the Stardust Ballroom

Queen of the Stardust Ballroom is an American television movie directed by Sam O'Steen and executive-produced by Roger Gimbel, from the teleplay by Jerome Kass. It was broadcast by CBS on February 13, 1975. Maureen Stapleton, Charles Durning, Charlotte Rae were nominated for Emmy Awards for their performances. Bea Asher is a lonely widow, told by a waitress named Angie to get out and enjoy life. Angie takes a nervous Bea to a local dance hall, for ballroom dancing. Despite Bea stating it has been years since she has danced, Al Green asks her to dance; when Bea returns home late, her worried sister Helen arrives, having disturbed Bea's daughter. Bea decides to be her own person now, takes on a more youthful appearance, frequents the Stardust to dance with Al; this starts a romance. Bea learns of Al's life off the dance floor, he is married, albeit unhappily. Bea's new lifestyle leads her to become the annual queen at the Stardust. Maureen Stapleton as Bea Asher: a New York widow who opens a thrift store to sell items in her house to keep from having to move in with her daughter Diane and her family.

Her life soon changes. Charles Durning as Al Green: a married mailman who frequents the Stardust, he falls in love with her. Michael Brandon as David Asher: Bea's son who helps her open the store moves with his family to Los Angeles Michael Strong as Jack: Helen's husband and Bea's accountant Charlotte Rae as Helen: Bea's sister, who dislikes the changes in her Jacquelyn Hyde as Angie: Bea's waitress friend, who, in showing her how to live life, takes her to the Stardust Beverly Sanders as Diane: Bea's daughter, who dislikes the changes in her Alan Fudge as Louis: Diane's husband Florence Halop as Sylvia Gil Lamb as Harry: Bea's first dance partner at the Stardust. Feeling overmatched, she excuses herself from the dance. Nora Marlowe as Emily Orrin Tucker as M. C. Billy Goldenberg composed the music for the film. Alan and Marilyn Bergman wrote the lyrics for the songs used in the film, most of which were sung by the two leads, except for a solo by Martha Tilton; the dance sequences were choreographed by Marge Champion.

And were filmed in Myron's Ballroom in Los Angeles with some 300 regular patrons, including Dean Collins, Skippy Blair, Larry Kern, Laure' Haile appearing as extras. O'Steen won the Directors Guild of America award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Specials, the Writers Guild of America honored Kass for his original teleplay; the program received two Emmys, for Outstanding Achievement in Choreography and Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography for a Special. The program, released in both VHS and DVD formats, served as the basis for the 1978 Broadway musical Ballroom. Marty Queen of the Stardust Ballroom on IMDb

Jimmy Creech

Jimmy Creech is a lifelong pioneer in LGBT equality issues. Creech is a former United Methodist Church minister, defrocked for marrying same-sex couples, he was a founding member of the North Carolina Religious Coalition for Marriage Equality, an interfaith same-sex marriage advocacy group, co-author of the Dallas Principles, was a participant in the Marriage Equality Express, is the current Board Chairman of the North Carolina Social Justice Project, a progressive policy and advocacy organization dedicated to eliminating inequality in North Carolina. Creech appeared in A Union in Wait, a 2001 Sundance Channel documentary film about same-sex marriage. In 2007 Creech became the executive director of Faith In America, a non-profit organisation founded by Mitchell Gold, focused on educating people about religion-based bigotry. Creech's memoir, Adam's Gift: A Memoir of a Pastor’s Calling to Defy the Church's Persecution of Lesbians and Gays was published by Duke University Press in 2011, he was interviewed on The State of Things on WUNC on April 11, 2011, to discuss his new book

Ton Lutz

Antonius Cornelis "Ton" Lutz was a Dutch actor and artistic leader. His two younger brothers and Pieter, were actors, as well as his nephew Joris Lutz, he was married to actress Ann Hasekamp. Twice, in 1968 and 1983, he was awarded the Louis d'Or, the Dutch prize for the best Dutch actor of the year. In years, 1993–2002, he appeared in television productions. After finishing high school, Lutz worked as a reporter for the Nieuwe Delftse Courant newspaper in Delft, where he found himself assigned to write the theater reviews. During World War II he tried join the repertoire group at the Royal Theatre in The Hague, known as the Residentie Tooneel, but was rejected. Instead, he was accepted for training at the Amsterdam Theatre School in 1944, but the program was shut down by the war. After liberation Lutz went to work as a radio announcer in Groningen. Subsequently he worked as an actor for various theatre companies, including the Nederlands Volkstoneel, Toneelgroep Comedia, De Nederlandse Comedie, the Rotterdam Theatre, Zuidelijk Toneel Globe and the Publiekstheater.

1963 Louis d'Or 1983 Louis d'Or 1984 Lutz was knighted by the Dutch crown into the Order of Orange-Nassau. Ton Lutz on IMDb