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Telemachus

Telemachus is a figure in Greek mythology, the son of Odysseus and Penelope, a central character in Homer's Odyssey. The first four books of the Odyssey focus on Telemachus's journeys in search of news about his father, who has yet to return home from the Trojan War, are traditionally given the title the Telemachy. Telemachus's name in Greek means "far from battle", or "fighting from afar", as a bowman does. In Homer's Odyssey, under the instructions of Athena, spends the first four books trying to gain knowledge of his father, who left for Troy when Telemachus was still an infant. At the outset of Telemachus' journey, Odysseus had been absent from his home at Ithaca for twenty years due to the Trojan War and the intervention of Poseidon. During his absence, Odysseus' house has been occupied by hordes of suitors seeking the hand of Penelope. Telemachus first visits Nestor and is well received by the old man who regales him with stories of his father's glory. Telemachus departs with Nestor's son Peisistratus, who accompanies him to the halls of Menelaus and his wife Helen.

Whilst there, Telemachus is again treated as an honored guest as Menelaus and Helen tell complementary yet contradictory stories of his father's exploits at Troy. Telemachus focuses on his father's return to Ithaca in Book XV, he visits the swineherd, who happens to be hosting a disguised Odysseus. After Odysseus reveals himself to Telemachus due to Athena's advice, the two men plan the downfall of the suitors. Telemachus returns to the palace to keep an eye on the suitors and to await his father as the beggar; when Penelope challenges the suitors to string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow through the handle-holes of twelve axe heads, Telemachus is the first to attempt the task. He would have completed the task. Following the suitors' failure at this task, Odysseus reveals himself and he and Telemachus bring swift and bloody death to the suitors; the Telegony was a short two-book epic poem recounting the life and death of Odysseus after the events of the Odyssey. In this mythological postscript, Odysseus is accidentally killed by Telegonus, his unknown son by the goddess Circe.

After Odysseus' death, Telemachus returns to Aeaea with Telegonus and Penelope, there marries Circe. From the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology:Telemachus: The son of Odysseus and Penelope, he was still an infant at the time when his father went to Troy, in his absence of nearly twenty years he grew up to manhood. After the gods in council had determined that Odysseus should return home from the island of Ogygia, assuming the appearance of Mentes, king of the Taphians, went to Ithaca, advised Telemachus to eject the troublesome suitors of his mother from his house, to go to Pylos and Sparta, to gather information concerning his father. Telemachus followed the advice. There they were hospitably received by Nestor, who sent his own son to conduct Telemachus to Sparta. Menelaus again kindly received him, communicated to him the prophecy of Proteus concerning Odysseus. From Sparta Telemachus returned home, but as Athena had metamorphosed him into a beggar, Telemachus did not recognise his father until the latter disclosed to him who he was.

Father and son now agreed to punish the suitors. In the post-Homeric traditions, we read that Palamedes, when endeavouring to persuade Odysseus to join the Greeks against Troy, the latter feigned idiocy, placed the infant Telemachus before the plough with which Odysseus was ploughing. According to some accounts, Telemachus became the father of Perseptolis either by Polycaste, the daughter of Nestor, or by Nausicaa, the daughter of Alcinous. Others relate that he was induced by Athena to marry Circe, became by her the father of Latinus, or that he married Cassiphone, a daughter of Circe, but in a quarrel with his mother-in-law he slew her, for which in his turn he was killed by Cassiphone, he is said to have had a daughter called Roma, who married Aeneas. One account states that Odysseus, in consequence of a prophecy that his son was dangerous to him, sent him away from Ithaca. Servius makes Telemachus the founder of the town of Clusium in Etruria. In Contest of Homer and Hesiod, it is alleged that the Roman Emperor Hadrian asked the Delphic Oracle about Homer's birthplace and parentage.

The Oracle replied that Homer came from Ithaca and that Telemachus was his father by Epicasta, daughter of Nestor. According to Aristotle and Dictys of Crete, Telemachus married Nausicaa, King Alcinous' daughter, fathered a son named Perseptolis or Ptoliporthus. Telemachus is the subject of François Fénelon's The Adventures of Telemachus, Son of Ulysses, a scathing attack on the monarchy of France. Telemachus was the subject of numerous operas throughout the eighteenth century, most based on Fénelon's version. Among the most famous of these operas were André Cardinal Destouches's Télémaque, Alessandro Scarlatti's Telemaco, Gluck's Telemaco, ossia L'isola di Circe, Giuseppe Gazz

Switch (Lisa song)

Switch/I Only Want To Be With You is a double a-side by ex-m-flo vocalist LISA. The single charted at #43 on the Oricon charts and became the last single by LISA to chart in the top fifty; the track "Switch" features the hip-hop sister-duo Heartsdales and singer-songwriter Koda Kumi, while the track "I Only Want To Be With You" is a cover of the 1953 Dusty Springfield song of the same name. Switch/I Only Want To Be With You is Japanese R&B artist LISA's eleventh single under the Avex sub-label Rhythm Zone; the single charted low on the Oricon Singles Charts, coming in at #43 and selling 3,365 copies within its first week. Despite it being one of her better-selling singles, it would be her last album to chart in the Top 50. Although the single was promoted as a double a-side, only "Switch" garnered a music video. "Switch" featured the sister hip-hop duo Heartsdales. All four artists had equal parts in the song, with all four joining in the chorus and the various verses; this was the third time LISA had worked with Koda Kumi, whereas she had written the music and helped with the lyrics on Kumi's song "one" from her studio album grow into one, for the song "Magic,", released one month prior to Switch/I Only Want To Be With You, on her album feel my mind.

The second a-side, "I Only Want To Be With You", is a cover of the 1963 Dusty Springfield song of the same name. LISA would perform more cover songs on a bonus disc released on the corresponding album. Both songs would be placed on her second studio album, with "Switch" on the first CD and "I Only Want To Be With You" on the second CD, which consisted of various cover songs. "Switch" was utilized as the opening theme for the PlayStation 2 Capcom game Crimson Tears. "Switch" was written and composed by both LISA and artist Ryuichiro Yamaki, best known for his remixes under the stage name "R. Yamaki". Yamaki had worked with Koda Kumi several songs, including the remix of her song "Yume with You" and "S. O. S ~sound of silence~." They have worked with the likes of EXILE" and South Korean boy band TVXQ. While Yamaki and LISA wrote the song, LISA worked with Heartsdales for the lyrical portion. "I Only Want To Be With You" was written and composed by Mike Hawker and Ivor Raymonde for the debut solo of British singer Dusty Springfield's song song of the same name in 1963.

However, for LISA's version, Japanese songwriter and performer Satoshi Hidaka performed the piece to update it for modern audiences. Despite being an a-side, the song did not receive a music video on the single or corresponding album; the track would be available on the bonus CD for the studio album Gratitude. Despite being a double a-side, only "Switch" received a music video; the video for "Switch" carried an overall grunge-theme, present in North American media in the late 1980s to early 1990s. Most of the video utilized the green screen, showing a rundown Tokyo at night while showing clips of the Crimson Tears video game; the Heartsdales are first introduced by sitting on the flange of an I-beam and Kumi's introduced in frame on a black background. At no point during the video are all four artists shown together. Initial week estimate: 3,365 Total estimate: 7,410

William Pole-Tylney-Long-Wellesley, 4th Earl of Mornington

William Pole-Tylney-Long-Wellesley, 4th Earl of Mornington was an Anglo-Irish nobleman notorious for his dissipated lifestyle. One of his great-grandfathers was Henry Colley of King's County, Ireland; that family from Rutland, England settled in Ireland tempus Henry VIII, where they were distinguished soldiers and administrators. Henry's sister Elizabeth married Garret Wesley I of Dangan, younger son of Valerian Wesley and Ann Cusack. Henry's youngest son by Mary Usher, only daughter of Sir William Usher of Dublin, was Richard Colley who in 1728, on the death without issue of his first cousin Garret Wesley II inherited the Wesley estates with the proviso in the will that he and his heirs should adopt the name and arms of Wesley, he became known as Richard Wesley. In 1746 he was created an ancient barony of the Wesleys, his sister Ann married William Pole of Queen's County. Mornington married Elizabeth Sale, producing as heir Garret Wesley, 2nd Baron Mornington, created in 1760 1st Earl of Mornington in County Meath.

In 1759 he produced five successful sons. William, inherited the Pole estates from William Pole of Ballyfin, the childless brother of his aunt Ann Colley; the will of Pole required the family name honour the inheritance, here Pole, thus William Wesley became in 1778 William Wesley-Pole. Wesley-Pole, born in 1763 had an outstanding career, having been an Irish member of parliament for Trim, a Governor of Queen's County, after the Union of 1800 a Westminster member for that county and having served as Chief Secretary for Ireland, he married in 1784 Katherine-Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Hon. John Forbes, Admiral of the Fleet and they had the 4th Earl, he was born William Wesley-Pole on 22 June 1788 in London and baptised at St George's, Hanover Square, on 19 July. His family, quite broadly defined, changed their surname to the more archaic'Wellesley' in the early 1790s, his first marriage was on 14 March 1812 to Catherine Tylney-Long, known in fashionable London society as "The Wiltshire Heiress", believed to be the richest commoner in England.

Two months before the ceremony William Wellesley-Pole assumed the additional surnames of Tylney-Long, changing his name by Royal Licence. During this period William enjoyed a political career, first as a Tory Member of Parliament for the pocket borough of St Ives from 1812 until 1818, for Wiltshire, where his wife's family was influential. However, he was principally known for his extravagance. On one occasion in 1814, Long-Wellesley held a grand fête in Wanstead House and its gardens to celebrate his uncle the Duke of Wellington's victory over Napoleon, attended by the Prince Regent, a number of other members of the royal family, over a thousand dignitaries, he was known to be a friend of the Irish poet Thomas Moore and of Lord Byron. On 8 August 1822, as his debts began to mount, he was appointed a Gentleman Usher to King George IV, an appointment which rendered him immune to arrest for debt, but he was soon to leave England entirely. While in Europe evading his creditors, Long-Wellesley began a relationship with Helena Paterson Bligh, the wife of Captain Thomas Bligh of the Coldstream Guards abandoning Catherine, who died two years on 12 September 1825.

Catherine had implied in a letter to her sisters. Long-Wellesley married Helena in 1828, but this marriage as proved calamitous; as a notorious rake he was unable to afford to make prudent investments in his first wife's property, but nor could he sell or mortgage it, having only a life interest in it. As life tenant he arranged with other beneficiaries for the demolition and carving up of Wanstead House's estate, the proceeds of which repaid some of his great debts, he returned to Parliament in 1830, again as a member for St Ives. He was one of the Tories who broke with the first his uncle's Ministry and brought about its fall on 15 November 1830, he was returned and as a knight of the shire for Essex from 1831 to 1832. In the years following Catherine's death, he sought to regain control over his children, who were in the care of Catherine's two unmarried sisters and Emma, he was interested in William, the eldest, on whom Catherine's fortune had devolved. His uncle, the Duke, fighting one of his furious defensive actions, intervened on behalf of the children to keep the hapless William from his father.

Deprived of the custody of his children by the Court of Chancery, he was committed to the Fleet prison by Lord Brougham in July 1831 for contempt of court. For some time he was in and out of court on charges of libel, various other matters relating to his quest for custody of his children, he led a dissipated life and lived for a time in Brussels to avoid his creditors. In his last years he lived on a small pension of £10 a week allowed by his cousin Arthur Wellesley, 2nd Duke of Wellington. From 1842 he was styled Viscount Wellesley, succeeded his father as Earl of Mornington in 1845, he died in lodgings in Manchester Square, London, on 1 July 1857, from heart disease. The obituary notice three days i