SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Telephone numbers in Gibraltar

The Gibraltar telephone numbering plan is the system used for assigning telephone numbers in Gibraltar. It is regulated by the Gibraltar Regulatory Authority, which holds responsibility for telecommunications; the country calling code to Gibraltar is +350, assigned to the territory by the International Telecommunication Union in the late 1960s. When calling abroad from Gibraltar, the international call prefix is 00. Gibraltar's first telephone exchange was set up in 1886 as a private enterprise and taken over by the Government of Gibraltar. In the 1970s there were three generations of automatic telephone exchange equipment in use with four and five digit numbers; the volume of calls grew and a System X digital exchange was installed and was taken over by a privatised telephone operator, who operate a GSM network. Direct telephone connections between Gibraltar and Spain were severed in 1969, when land communications between both territories were halted by the government of Francisco Franco, as a result of the Spanish sovereignty claim, were not restored until 1986.

However, Gibraltar remained subject to restrictions after that date, which affected the expansion and modernisation of Gibraltar's telecommunications infrastructure. These included a refusal to recognise Gibraltar's International Direct Dialling code which restricted the expansion of Gibraltar's telephone numbering plan, the prevention of roaming arrangements for Gibraltar GSM mobile phones in Spain and vice versa. Following the signing of the Córdoba Accord between the Governments of Gibraltar, the United Kingdom and Spain in September 2006, these restrictions were removed with effect from 10 February 2007. Since 1 October 2008 telephone numbers for landlines and mobile phones in Gibraltar have been eight digits long. Prior to this date, landline numbers consisted of five digits starting with either 4, 5 or 7, while mobile phone numbers remained unchanged. Since this date all calls to existing Gibtelecom five digit landline number have to be prefixed with 200, making the numbers eight digits long.

Thus 52200 became 20052200 and when dialled from outside Gibraltar +350 20052200. CTS Limited, an alternative telecommunications provider began to offer a landline service prefixed with 216 and a mobile service with numbers prefixed by 606; this company ceased to operate in 2013. Since September 2015, u-mee, a provider of fibre broadband services, has offered a fixed line telephone service called u-mee talk, in which numbers will be prefixed with the digits 222. Since late 2017, Gibfibrespeed, a provider of fibre broadband services, has offered a fixed line telephone service, in which numbers are prefixed with the digits 225, The GRA themselves have announced regular updates to the numbering plan, Gibfibrespeed as a fixed line operator is licensed to provide carrier routing and transit services. Communications in Gibraltar Telecom dispute between Gibraltar and Spain Gibraltar Regulatory Authority Gibtelecom

Chapple and Young Block

The Chapple and Young Block is a historic building located in La Porte City, United States. William Chapple and Clayton E. Young built this commercial block; the first floor was completed in 1892 and the second floor in 1896. It was a period of economic expansion in the community. There was a single-story section attached to 318 Main Street, a non-contributing part of this nomination, but has subsequently been torn down and replaced; the two-story brick structures is an example of the commercial Romanesque Revival style. Brick pilasters divide the main façade into three bays. A cornice of decorative brickwork is divided into three sections with a taller center section; the cornice level is at the same level with the neighboring building at 314 Main Street as the Chapple and Young Block was designed to be compatible with the older building. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002

Rancho San Jacinto Nuevo y Potrero

Rancho San Jacinto Nuevo y Potrero was a 48,861-acre Mexican land grant in present-day Riverside County, California given in 1846 by Governor Pío Pico to Miguel Pedrorena. At the time of the US Patent, Rancho San Jacinto Nuevo y Potrero was a part of San Diego County; the County of Riverside was created by the California Legislature in 1893 by taking land from both San Bernardino and San Diego Counties. The grant encompassed present-day Lake Perris. Miguel Pedrorena was married to Antonia Estudillo, daughter of José Antonio Estudillo, grantee of Rancho San Jacinto Viejo. José Antonio Estudillo was appointed administrator and major domo at Mission San Luis Rey in 1840. Three grants, comprising over 133,000 acres of the former Mission San Luis Rey lands in the San Jacinto area were made to the Estudillo family: Rancho San Jacinto Viejo to José Antonio Estudillo in 1842. With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored.

As required by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho San Jacinto Nuevo y Potrero was filed with the Public Land Commission in 1852, the grant was patented to T. W. Sutherland, guardian of the minor children of Miguel Pedrorena in 1883. In 1853, José Antonio Aguirre of Rancho San Jacinto Sobrante bought Rancho San Jacinto Nuevo y Potrero from the estate of Miguel Pedrorena. Rancho San Jacinto Sobrante Rancho San Jacinto Viejo Rancho San Jacinto y San Gorgonio Ranchos of California List of Ranchos of California