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Telescopium

Telescopium is a minor constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere, one of twelve named in the 18th century by French astronomer Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille and one of several depicting scientific instruments. Its name is a Latinized form of the Greek word for telescope. Telescopium was much reduced in size by Francis Baily and Benjamin Gould; the brightest star in the constellation is Alpha Telescopii, a blue-white subgiant with an apparent magnitude of 3.5, followed by the orange giant star Zeta Telescopii at magnitude 4.1. Eta and PZ Telescopii are two young star systems with brown dwarf companions. Telescopium hosts two unusual stars with little hydrogen that are to be the result of two merged white dwarfs: PV Telescopii known as HD 168476, is a hot blue extreme helium star, while RS Telescopii is an R Coronae Borealis variable. RR Telescopii is a cataclysmic variable that brightened as a nova to magnitude 6 in 1948. Telescopium was introduced in 1751–52 by Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille with the French name le Telescope, depicting an aerial telescope, after he had observed and catalogued 10,000 southern stars during a two-year stay at the Cape of Good Hope.

He devised 14 new constellations in uncharted regions of the Southern Celestial Hemisphere not visible from Europe. All but one honored instruments that symbolised the Age of Enlightenment. Covering 40 degrees of the night sky, the telescope stretched out northwards between Sagittarius and Scorpius. Lacaille had Latinised its name to Telescopium by 1763; the constellation was known by other names. It was called Tubus Astronomicus in the eighteenth century, during which time three constellations depicting telescopes were recognised—Tubus Herschelii Major between Gemini and Auriga and Tubus Herschelii Minor between Taurus and Orion, both of which had fallen out of use by the nineteenth century. Johann Bode called it the Astronomische Fernrohr in his 1805 Gestirne and kept its size, but astronomers Francis Baily and Benjamin Gould subsequently shrank its boundaries; the much-reduced constellation lost several brighter stars to neighbouring constellations: Beta Telescopii became Eta Sagittarii, which it had been before Lacaille placed it in Telescopium, Gamma was placed in Scorpius and renamed G Scorpii by Gould, Theta Telescopii reverted to its old appellation of d Ophiuchi, Sigma Telescopii was placed in Corona Australis.

Uncatalogued, the latter is now known as HR 6875. The original object Lacaille had named Eta Telescopii—the open cluster Messier 7—was in what is now Scorpius, Gould used the Bayer designation for a magnitude 5 star, which he felt warranted a letter. A small constellation, Telescopium is bordered by Sagittarius and Corona Australis to the north, Ara to the west, Pavo to the south, Indus to the east, cornering on Microscopium to the northeast; the three-letter abbreviation for the constellation, as adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1922, is "Tel". The official constellation boundaries, as set by Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a quadrilateral. In the equatorial coordinate system, the right ascension coordinates of these borders lie between 18h 09.1m and 20h 29.5m, while the declination coordinates are between −45.09° and −56.98°. The whole constellation is visible to observers south of latitude 33°N. Within the constellation's borders, there are 57 stars brighter than or equal to apparent magnitude 6.5.

With a magnitude of 3.5, Alpha Telescopii is the brightest star in the constellation. It is a blue-white subgiant of spectral type B3IV, it is radiating nearly 800 times the Sun's luminosity, is estimated to be 5.2±0.4 times as massive and have 3.3±0.5 times the Sun's radius. Close by Alpha Telescopii are the two blue-white stars sharing the designation of Delta Telescopii. Delta¹ Telescopii is of spectral type B6IV and apparent magnitude 4.9, while Delta² Telescopii is of spectral type B3III and magnitude 5.1. They form an optical double, as the stars are estimated to be around 710 and 1190 light-years away respectively; the faint Gliese 754, a red dwarf of spectral type M4.5V, is one of the nearest 100 stars to Earth at 19.3 light-years distant. Its eccentric orbit around the Galaxy indicates that it may have originated in the Milky Way's thick disk. At least four of the fifteen stars visible to the unaided eye are orange giants of spectral class K; the second brightest star in the constellation—at apparent magnitude 4.1—is Zeta Telescopii, an orange subgiant of spectral type K1III-IV.

Around 1.53 times as massive as the Sun, it shines with 512 times its luminosity. Located 127 light years away from Earth, it has been described as reddish in appearance. Epsilon Telescopii is a binary star system: the brighter component, Epsilon Telescopii A, is an orange giant of spectral type K0III with an apparent magnitude of +4.52, while the 13th magnitude companion, Epsilon Telescopii B, is 21 arcseconds away from the primary, just visible with a 15 cm aperture telescope on a dark night. The system is 417 light-years away. Iota Telescopii and HD 169405—magnitude 5 orange giants of spectral types K0III and K0.5III respectively—make up the quartet. They are around 497 light-years away from the Sun respectively. Another ageing star, Kappa Telescopii is a yellow giant with a spectral type G9III and apparent magnitude of 5.18. Around 1.87 billion years old, this star of around 1.6 solar masses has swollen to 11 times the Sun's diameter. It is 293 light-years from Earth, is another optical double.

Xi Telescopii is an irregular variable star that ranges between magnitudes 4.89 and 4.94. Located 1079 light-years distant, it is a red giant of spectral type M2III that has a diameter around 5.6 times the Sun's, a luminosity around 2973 times

Verreaux's eagle

Verreaux's eagle is a large African, bird of prey. It is called the black eagle in Southern Africa, leading to potential confusion with the Indian black eagle, which lives far to the east in Asia. Verreaux's eagle lives in hilly and mountainous regions of southern and eastern Africa, locally in West Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the southern Middle East, it is one of the most specialized species of accipitrid in the world, with its distribution and life history revolving around its favorite prey species, the rock hyraxes. When hyrax populations decline, the species have been shown to survive with mixed success on other prey, such as small antelopes, hares and other assorted vertebrates. Despite a high degree of specialization, Verreaux's eagle has, from a conservation standpoint, been faring well in historic times. One population of this species, in the Matobo Hills of Zimbabwe, is arguably the best studied eagle population in the world, having been subject to continuous detailed study since the late 1950s.

Like all eagles, this species belongs to the taxonomic order Accipitriformes and the family Accipitridae, which may be referred to colloquially as accipitrids or raptors. This species was first described by René Primevère Lesson in his 1830 publication, Centurie zoologique, ou choix d'animaux rares, nouveaux ou imparfaitement connus, as Aquila Verreauxii; the species’ name commemorates the French naturalist Jules Verreaux, who visited southern Africa in the early 19th century and collected the type specimen for the French Academy of Sciences. Verreaux's eagle is part of a broad group of raptors called "booted eagles" which are defined by the feature that all included species have feathering over their tarsus, whereas most other accipitrids have bare legs. Included in this group are all species described as "hawk eagles" including the genera Spizaetus and Nisaetus, as well as assorted monotypical genera such as Oroaetus, Stephanoaetus, Polemaetus and Ictinaetus; the genus Aquila is distributed for South America and Antarctica.

Up to 20 species have been classified in the genus but the taxonomic placement of some of the traditionally included species has been questioned. Traditionally, the Aquila eagles have been grouped superficially as largish brownish or dark-colored booted eagles that vary little in transition from their juvenile to their adult plumages. Genetic research has shown the Verreaux's eagle is included in a clade with its nearest relatives, the sister species Bonelli's eagle and African hawk-eagle, as well as the more distant sister species pair, the wedge-tailed eagle and Gurney's eagle. Related to this clade are the golden eagle and Cassin's hawk-eagle; some of the relationships within this group have long been suspected based on morphological similarities among the large-bodied species. The identification of the smaller, much paler-bellied A. fasciatus and A. spilogaster as members of the clade was a surprise, given that they were included in the genus Hieraaetus. Cassin's hawk-eagle has been assigned to both the Hieraaetus group and the Spizaetus/Nisaetus "hawk-eagle" group but is now known based on this genetic data to nest within Aquila.

Other largish Aquila species, the eastern imperial eagle, the Spanish imperial eagle, the tawny eagle and the steppe eagles, are now thought to be separate, close-knit clade, which attained some characteristics similar to those of the prior clade via convergent evolution. Genetically, the "spotted eagles", have been discovered to be more related to the long-crested eagle and the black eagle, have been transferred to the genus Clanga; the genus Hieraaetus, traditionally including the booted eagle, little eagle and Ayres's hawk-eagle, consists of much smaller species, that are in fact the smallest birds called eagles outside of the unrelated Spilornis serpent-eagle genus. This genus has been eliminated by many authorities and is now also included in Aquila, although not all ornithological unions have followed this suit in this re-classification; the small-bodied Wahlberg's eagle has been traditionally considered an Aquila species due to its lack of change from juvenile to adult plumage and brownish color but it is genetically aligned to the Hieraaetus lineage.

Verreaux's eagle is a large eagle. It measures 75 to 96 cm long from the bill to the tip of the tail, making it the sixth longest eagle in the world. Males can weigh 3 to 4.2 kg and the larger females weigh 3.1 to 7 kg. The average weight is 4.19 kg, based on the weights of 21 eagles of both sexes. Other reported mean body mass measurements of Verreaux's eagles were lower however, with seven unsexed birds averaging 3.32 kg, while four unsexed eagles in an additional study averaged 3.72 kg. In another group of weighed eagles, four females were found to average 4.6 kg, more than a kilogram more than the average male, It is the seventh or eighth heaviest living eagle in the world. In average mass and overall weight range, if not linear measurements, the Verreaux's is similar in size to its occasional competitor, the martial eagle, titled the largest of the African eagles, it rivals the martial and golden eagles as the largest extant member of the "booted eagle" clan. It has a wingspan of 1.81 to

King's Crossing

King's Crossing is an American nighttime soap opera which aired on ABC from January 16, 1982 to February 27, 1982 on Saturday Night at 8:00pm for seven episodes. Its roots can be found in the 1980 drama Secrets of Midland Heights, which aired on CBS for eight episodes; when that show was canceled, Lorimar Productions announced. The show centered on the Hollister family relocating to California; the father, was a recovering alcoholic, hoping for a fresh start with his family and career as an English professor at the town's college. His long-suffering wife Nan was trying to reestablish a connection with her cold and distant Aunt Louisa Beauchamp, who had never approved of Paul. Nan and Paul had two teenage daughters: Lauren, an aspiring pianist who fell into an affair with her piano teacher, symphony conductor Jonathan Hadary, Carey, a student curious about Aunt Louisa and family secrets. One of those secrets involved a mysterious person hidden away in an attic room. Carey tried to restore Jillian's confidence and draw her further into the family, much to Aunt Louisa's consternation.

Louisa's attempts to hide family secrets and the true story behind Jillian's accident were not revealed before the show was canceled. Michael Zaslow... Jonathan Hadary Stephanie Braxton... Carol Hadary Donegan Smith... Dr. Bloom Bradford Dillman... Paul Hollister Mary Frann... Nan Hollister Linda Hamilton... Lauren Hollister Marilyn Jones... Carey Hollister Daniel Zippi... Billy McCall Doran Clark... Jillian Beauchamp Beatrice Straight... Louisa Beauchamp Dorothy Meyer... Willa Bristol Jennifer Parsons Mary Ann Copeland, Soap Opera History, Mallard Press, 1991 Christopher Schemering, The Soap Opera Encyclopedia, Ballantine Books, 1985 King's Crossing on IMDb

Charleston Subdivision

The Charleston Subdivision is a railroad line owned by CSX Transportation in the U. S. states of South Georgia. The line from Florence, South Carolina, to Savannah, for a total of 195.8 miles. At its north end it continues south from the South End Subdivision and at its south end it continues south as the Savannah Subdivision of the Jacksonville Division; the Charleston Subdivision is a part of CSX's A Line, one of their main lines which extends from Richmond, Virginia to Tampa, Florida. The line from Florence to Charleston was built as the Northeastern Railroad in 1856; the Northeastern Railroad became part of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in 1898. The line south of Charleston was chartered in 1854 by the Charleston and Savannah Railroad; some of the line in Charleston, including the bridge over the Ashley River, was built as the Ashley River Railroad, which opened in on December 27, 1877. This was the final link in; the Charleston and Savannah Railway and the Ashley River Railroad came under the ownership of Henry B.

Plant in the 1880s. The Plant System would be bought by the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in 1902; the Atlantic Coast Line and Seaboard Air Line merged in 1967, with the merged company becoming CSX by 1986. List of CSX Transportation lines

Henri Brisson

Eugène Henri Brisson was a French statesman, Prime Minister of France for a period in 1885-1886 and again in 1898. He was born at Bourges, followed his father's profession of advocate. Having made his mark in opposition during the last days of the empire, he was appointed deputy-mayor of Paris after the government was overthrown, he was elected to the Assembly on 8 February 1871. While not approving of the Commune, he was the first to propose amnesty for the condemned, but the proposal was voted down, he supported compulsory primary education, was anti-clerical. He was president of the chamber from 1881—replacing Léon Gambetta—to March 1885, when he became prime minister upon the resignation of Jules Ferry, he remained conspicuous as a public man, took a prominent part in exposing the Panama scandals, was a powerful candidate for the presidency after the murder of President Carnot in 1894, was again president of the chamber from December 1894 to 1898. In June of the latter year he formed a cabinet when the country was violently excited over the Dreyfus affair.

As a leader of the radicals he supported, the ministries of Waldeck-Rousseau and Combes concerning the laws on the religious orders and the separation of church and state. In 1895 he lost to Félix Faure. In May 1906 he was elected president of the chamber of deputies by 500 out of 581 votes. Henri Brisson - President of the Council and Minister of Justice Charles de Freycinet - Minister of Foreign Affairs Jean-Baptiste Campenon - Minister of War François Allain-Targé - Minister of the Interior Jean Clamageran - Minister of Finance Charles Eugène Galiber - Minister of Marine and Colonies René Goblet - Minister of Public Instruction, Fine Arts, Worship Hervé Mangon - Minister of Agriculture Sadi Carnot - Minister of Public Works Ferdinand Sarrien - Minister of Posts and Telegraphs Pierre Legrand - Minister of CommerceChanges 16 April 1885 - Sadi Carnot succeeds Clamageran as Minister of Finance. Charles Demôle succeeds Carnot as Minister of Public Works. 9 November 1885 - Pierre Gomot succeeds Mangon as Minister of Agriculture.

Lucien Dautresme succeeds Legrand as Minister of Commerce. Henri Brisson - President of the Council and Minister of the Interior Théophile Delcassé - Minister of Foreign Affairs Godefroy Cavaignac - Minister of War Paul Peytral - Minister of Finance Ferdinand Sarrien - Minister of Justice and Worship Édouard Locroy - Minister of Marine Léon Bourgeois - Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts Albert Viger - Minister of Agriculture Georges Trouillot - Minister of Colonies Louis Tillaye - Minister of Public Works Émile Maruéjouls - Minister of Commerce, Industry and TelegraphsChanges 5 September 1898 - Émile Zurlinden succeeds Cavaignac as Minister of War 17 September 1898 - Charles Chanoine succeeds Zurlinden as Minister of War. Jules Godin succeeds Tillaye as Minister of Public Works. 25 October 1898 - Édouard Locroy succeeds Chanoine as interim Minister of War, remaining Minister of Marine. Attribution: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed..

"Brisson, Eugène Henri". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4. Cambridge University Press. P. 574

Manigachhi (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Manigachhi was an assembly constituency in Darbhanga district in the Indian state of Bihar. As a consequence of the orders of the Delimitation Commission of India, Manigachhi ceased to exist in 2010, it was part of Darbhanga. In the October 2005 state assembly elections, Lalit Kmar Yadav of RJD won the Manigachhi assembly seat defeating his nearest rival Prabhakar Chaudhary of JD. Contests in most years were multi cornered but only winners and runners are being mentioned. Prabhakar Chaudhary of JD defeated Lalit Kumar Yadav of RJD in February 2009. Lalit Kumar Yadav of RJD/ JD defeated Dr. Madan Mohan Jha of Congress in 2000 and 1995. Madan Mohan Jha of Congress defeated Ashok Kumar of JD in 1990 and Ramakant Choudhary of JP in 1985. Nagendra Jha of Congress defeated Indrakant Jha of Janata Party / JP in 1980 and 1977