A television film is a feature-length motion picture, produced and distributed by or to a television network, in contrast to theatrical films made explicitly for initial showing in movie theaters. Such a production has been called a TV movie, TV film, television movie, telemovie, motion picture made for television, made-for-television movie, made-for-television film, direct-to-TV movie, direct-to-TV film, movie of the week, feature-length drama, single drama and original movie. Precursors of "television movies" include Talk Faster, which aired on WABD in New York City on December 18, 1944, was produced by RKO Pictures, the 1957 The Pied Piper of Hamelin, based on the poem by Robert Browning, starring Van Johnson, one of the first filmed "family musicals" made directly for television; that film was made in Technicolor, a first for television, which ordinarily used color processes originated by specific networks. Most "family musicals" of the time, such as Peter Pan, were not filmed but broadcast live and preserved on kinescope, a recording of a television program made by filming the picture from a video monitor – and the only method of recording a television program until the invention of videotape.
Film production was an unstable business with challenges facing early participants. Many television networks were hostile toward film programming, fearing that it would loosen the network's arrangements with sponsors and affiliates by encouraging station managers to make independent deals with advertisers and film producers. Conversely, beginning in the 1950s episodes of American television series would be placed together and released as feature films in overseas cinemas. Television networks were in control of the most valuable prime time slots available for programming, so syndicators of independent television films had to settle for fewer television markets and less desirable time periods; this meant much smaller advertising revenues and license fees compared with network-supplied programming. The term "made-for-TV movie" was coined in the United States in the early 1960s as an incentive for movie audiences to stay home and watch what was promoted as the equivalent of a first-run theatrical film.
Beginning in 1961 with NBC Saturday Night at the Movies, a prime time network showing of a television premiere of a major theatrical film release, the other networks soon copied the format, with each of the networks having several Night At The Movies showcases which led to a shortage of movie studio product. The first of these made-for-TV movies is acknowledged to be See How They Run, which debuted on NBC on October 7, 1964. A previous film, The Killers, starring Lee Marvin and Ronald Reagan, was filmed as a TV-movie, although NBC decided it was too violent for television and it was released theatrically instead; the second film to be considered a television movie, Don Siegel's The Hanged Man, was broadcast by NBC on November 18, 1964. These features filled a 90-minute programming time slot expanded to two hours, were broadcast as a weekly anthology television series. Many early television movies featured major stars, some were accorded higher budgets than standard television series of the same length, including the major dramatic anthology programs which they came to replace.
In 1996, 264 made-for-TV movies were made by five of the six largest American television networks at the time, averaging a 7.5 rating. By 2000, only 146 TV movies were made by those five networks. While the number of made-for-cable movies made annually in the U. S. doubled between 1990 and 2000. ABC's Battlestar Galactica: Saga of a Star World premiered to an audience of over 60 million people on September 17, 1978; the most-watched television movie of all time was ABC's The Day After, which premiered on November 20, 1983, to an estimated audience of 100 million people. The film depicted America after a nuclear war with the Soviet Union, was the subject of much controversy and discussion at the time of its release due to its graphic nature and subject matter. Another popular and critically acclaimed television movie was 1971's Duel, written by Richard Matheson, directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Dennis Weaver; such was the quality and popularity of Duel that it was released to cinemas in Europe and Australia, had a limited theatrical release to some venues in the United States and Canada.
The 1971 made-for-TV movie Brian's Song was briefly released to theatres after its success on television, was remade in 2001. In some instances, television movies of the period had more explicit content included in the versions prepared to be exhibited theatrically in Europe. Examples of this include The Legend of Helter Skelter, Prince of Bel Air and Spectre. Many television movies released in the 1970s were a source of controversy, such as Linda Blair's 1974 film Born Innocent and 1975's Sarah T. - Portrait of a Teenage Alcoholic, as well as 1976's Dawn: Portrait of a Teenage Runaway and its 1977 sequel, Alexander: The Other Side of Dawn, which were vehicles for former Brady Bunch actress Eve Plumb. Another significant film was Elizabeth Montgomery's portrayal of a rape victim in the drama A Case of Rape. My Sweet Charlie with Patty Duke and Al Freeman, Jr. dealt with racial prejudice, That Certain Summer, starring Hal Holbrook and Martin Sheen, although controversial, was considered the first television movie to approach the subject of homosexuality in a non-threatening manner.
ARX was an unreleased Mach-like operating system written in Modula-2+ developed by Acorn Computers Ltd in the Acorn Research Centre United Kingdom and Olivetti Research Center and on Software Technology Laboratory at Palo Alto, California for their new ARM architecture reduced instruction set computer central processing unit based Archimedes personal computers. According to the project Application Manager during the project, while Acorn was developing the kernel, it used C and Acorn Modula Execution Library in Acorn Extended Modula-2 compiler, though never released externally, CAMEL was ported to use it in Sun Microsystems Unix computer, in an effort to port Sun's workstations Sun NeWS to the Archimedes, after Olivetti acquired Acorn, developed a compiler based on AEM2 for the programming language Modula-3. ARX was a preemptive multitasking, multi-user operating system. Much of the OS ran in user mode and as a result suffered performance problems due to switches into kernel mode to perform mutexes, which led to the introduction of the SWP instruction to the instruction set of the ARM3 version of the ARM processor.
It had support of optical disks file system and featured a window system, a window toolkit and an Interscript-based text editor, for enriched documents written in Interpress. The OS had to be fitted in a 512 kibibyte read-only memory ROM image; this suggests. It was not finished in time to be used in the Acorn Archimedes range of computers, which shipped in 1987 with an operating system named Arthur renamed RISC OS, derived from the earlier Machine Operating System from Acorn's earlier 8-bit BBC Micro range; the Acorn Research Centre was acquired by Olivetti. RISC iX ARX features History of the addition of the SWP instruction to the ARM3 instruction set
Nick Margevicius is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Seattle Mariners of Major League Baseball. He has played in MLB for the San Diego Padres. Margevicius attended Saint Ignatius High School in Ohio. After high school, Margevicius attended Rider University. In 2016, he played collegiate summer baseball with the Wareham Gatemen of the Cape Cod Baseball League. In 2017, as a junior, he went 6-4 with a 2.89 ERA in 14 games. After the season, he was drafted by the San Diego Padres in the 7th round, 198th overall, in the 2017 MLB draft. In his debut season of 2017, he played for the Tri-City Dust Devils, he accumulated a 4-1 record with a 1.31 ERA over 48 innings. He split the 2018 season between the Fort Wayne TinCaps and the Lake Elsinore Storm, accumulating a 10-8 record with a 3.60 ERA in 134.1 innings. Margevicius appeared in one game with the San Antonio Missions during the 2018 Texas League playoffs. Margevicius was called up by the Padres on March 30, 2019, made his major league debut that evening.
He recorded five plus innings, while striking out five. Upon selecting what number to wear, Margevicius chose to wear number 25 after his favorite player growing up for his hometown Cleveland Indians was Jim Thome, he became the second player from the 2017 draft class to reach MLB. He was optioned to the Amarillo Sod Poodles on May 17, was recalled on June 1, he was optioned once again on June 19. Margevicius was designated for assignment on January 17, 2020. On January 24, 2020, Margevicius was claimed off waivers by the Seattle Mariners. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference Nick Margevicius on Twitter