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Temple Mount

The Temple Mount, known to Muslims as the Haram esh-Sharif and the Al Aqsa Compound, is a hill located in the Old City of Jerusalem that for thousands of years has been venerated as a holy site, in Judaism and Islam alike. The present site is a flat plaza surrounded by retaining walls, built during the reign of Herod the Great for an expansion of the temple; the plaza is dominated by three monumental structures from the early Umayyad period: the al-Aqsa Mosque, the Dome of the Rock and the Dome of the Chain, as well as four minarets. Herodian walls and gates, with additions from the late Byzantine and early Islamic periods, cut through the flanks of the Mount, it can be reached through eleven gates, ten reserved for Muslims and one for non-Muslims, with guard posts of Israeli police in the vicinity of each. According to Jewish tradition and scripture, the First Temple was built by King Solomon the son of King David in 957 BCE and destroyed by the Neo-Babylonian Empire in 586 BCE – however no substantial archaeological evidence has verified this.

The Second Temple was constructed under the auspices of Zerubbabel in 516 BCE and destroyed by the Roman Empire in 70 CE. Jewish tradition maintains it is here that a third and final Temple will be built; the location is the place Jews turn towards during prayer. Due to its extreme sanctity, many Jews will not walk on the Mount itself, to avoid unintentionally entering the area where the Holy of Holies stood, since according to Rabbinical law, some aspect of the divine presence is still present at the site. Among Muslims, the Mount is the site of one of the holiest sites in Islam. Amongst Sunni Muslims, it is considered the third holiest site in Islam. Revered as the Noble Sanctuary, the location of Muhammad's journey to Jerusalem and ascent to heaven, the site is associated with Jewish biblical prophets who are venerated in Islam. Umayyad Caliphs commissioned the construction of the al-Aqsa Mosque and Dome of the Rock on the site; the Dome was completed in 692 CE, making it one of the oldest extant Islamic structures in the world.

The Al Aqsa Mosque rests on the far southern side of the Mount. The Dome of the Rock sits in the middle, occupying or close to the area where the Holy Temple stood. In light of the dual claims of both Judaism and Islam, it is one of the most contested religious sites in the world. Since the Crusades, the Muslim community of Jerusalem has managed the site as a Waqf; the Temple Mount is within the Old City, controlled by Israel since 1967. After the Six-Day War, Israel handed administration of the site back to the Waqf under Jordanian custodianship, while maintaining Israeli security control, it remains a major focal point of the Arab–Israeli conflict. In an attempt to keep the status quo, the Israeli government enforces a controversial ban on prayer by non-Muslims; the concept of the "Temple Mount" gained prominence in the first century CE, after the destruction of the Second Temple. Although the term "Temple Mount" was first used in the Book of Micah – as "Mount of the House" – it was not used again until one thousand years later.

The term was not used in the New Testament. The term was used next in the Talmud's Tractate Middot; the term was used in Talmudic texts thereafter. The Temple Mount forms the northern portion of a narrow spur of hill that slopes downward from north to south. Rising above the Kidron Valley to the east and Tyropoeon Valley to the west, its peak reaches a height of 740 m above sea level. In around 19 BCE, Herod the Great extended the Mount's natural plateau by enclosing the area with four massive retaining walls and filling the voids; this artificial expansion resulted in a large flat expanse which today forms the eastern section of the Old City of Jerusalem. The trapezium shaped platform measures 488 m along the west, 470 m along the east, 315 m along the north and 280 m along the south, giving a total area of 150,000 m2; the northern wall of the Mount, together with the northern section of the western wall, is hidden behind residential buildings. The southern section of the western flank is revealed and contains what is known as the Western Wall.

The retaining walls on these two sides descend many meters below ground level. A northern portion of the western wall may be seen from within the Western Wall Tunnel, excavated through buildings adjacent to the platform. On the southern and eastern sides the walls are visible to their full height; the platform itself is separated from the rest of the Old City by the Tyropoeon Valley, though this once deep valley is now hidden beneath deposits, is imperceptible in places. The platform can be reached via Gate of the Chain Street – a street in the Muslim Quarter at the level of the platform sitting on a monumental bridge; the Temple Mount has historical and religious significance for all three of the major Abrahamic religions: Judaism and Islam. It has particular religious significance for Judaism and Islam, the competing claims of these faith communities has made it one of the most contested religious sites in the world; the Temple Mount is the holiest site in Judaism, which regard

Saint-Cyr River South

The Saint-Cyr River South is a tributary of the Mégiscane River (via the Canusio Lake, flowing into Senneterre, in the administrative region of Abitibi-Témiscamingue, in Quebec, in Canada. The river Saint-Cyr Sud flows successively into the cantons of Bailly, Kalm and Cherrier. Forestry is the main economic activity of the sector; the valley of the Saint-Cyr South River is served by the forest road R1053 which passes on the north-west side and north of Lac Saint-Cyr. This road joins the road R1009; the surface of the Saint-Cyr South River is frozen from early November to mid-May, safe ice circulation is from mid-November to mid-April

Monte Carlo

Monte Carlo is an administrative area of the Principality of Monaco the ward of Monte Carlo/Spélugues, where the Monte Carlo Casino is located. Informally, the name refers to a larger district, the Monte Carlo Quarter, which besides Monte Carlo/Spélugues includes the wards of La Rousse/Saint Roman, Larvotto/Bas Moulins, Saint Michel; the permanent population of the ward of Monte Carlo is about 3,500, while that of the quarter is about 15,000. Monaco has four traditional quarters. From west to east they are: Fontvieille, Monaco-Ville, La Condamine, Monte Carlo. Monte Carlo is situated on a prominent escarpment at the base of the Maritime Alps along the French Riviera. Near the quarter's western end is the world-famous Place du Casino, the gambling center which has made Monte Carlo "an international byword for the extravagant display and reckless dispersal of wealth", it is the location of the Hôtel de Paris, Café de Paris and Salle Garnier. The quarter's eastern part includes the community of Larvotto with Monaco's only public beach, as well as its new convention center, the Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel & Resort.

At the quarter's eastern border, one crosses into the French town of Beausoleil, just 8 kilometres to its east is the western border of Italy. By the 1850s Monaco's reigning family was bankrupt. At the time, a number of small towns in Europe were growing prosperous from the establishment of casinos, notably in German towns such as Baden-Baden and Homburg. In 1856, Charles III of Monaco granted a concession to Napoleon Langlois and Albert Aubert, to establish a sea-bathing facility for the treatment of various diseases, to build a German-style casino; the initial casino was unsuccessful. It relocated several times, before reaching its present location in the "Les Spélugues" area of Monte Carlo. Success came largely because Monaco was inaccessible from much of Europe; the railway, installed in 1868, brought with it an influx of people, Monte Carlo grew in wealth. Saint-Charles Church on Monte Carlo's Avenue Sainte-Charles was completed in 1883, it was restored in its centenary year. The municipality of Monte Carlo was created in 1911, when the Constitution divided the principality of Monaco into three municipalities.

Monte Carlo encompassed the existing neighborhoods of La Rousse/Saint Roman, Larvotto/Bas Moulins, Saint Michel. The municipalities merged in 1917, after accusations that the government used them to "divide and conquer". Since they are wards. Today, Monaco is divided into 10 wards, with an eleventh planned to encompass land reclaimed from the sea; the quarter of Monte Carlo was served by tramways from 1900 to 1953. It linked all parts of Monaco. In 2003 a new cruise ship pier was completed in the harbour at Monte Carlo. Monte Carlo has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, influenced by oceanic climate and humid subtropical climate; as a result, it has mild, rainy winters. Monte Carlo is host to most of the Circuit de Monaco, on which the Formula One Monaco Grand Prix takes place, it hosts world championship boxing bouts, the European Poker Tour Grand Final and the World Backgammon Championship as well as the Monaco International Auto Show, fashion shows and other events. Although the Monte Carlo Masters tennis tournament is billed as taking place in the community, its actual location is in the adjacent French commune of Roquebrune-Cap-Martin.

The Monte Carlo Rally is one of most respected car rallies. The rally, takes place outside the Monte Carlo quarter and is run on French roads. Monte Carlo has been visited by royalty as well as the public and movie stars for decades. Monte Carlo is one of Europe's leading tourist resorts, although many of the key tourist destinations are in other parts of Monaco, including such attractions as Monaco Cathedral, the Napoleon Museum, the Oceanographic Museum and aquarium, the Prince's Palace, all of which are in Monaco-Ville; the Opéra de Monte-Carlo or Salle Garnier was built to designs of the architect Charles Garnier, who designed the Paris opera house now known as the Palais Garnier. Although much smaller, the Salle Garnier is similar in style with decorations in red and gold, frescoes and sculptures all around the auditorium, it was inaugurated on 25 January 1879 with a performance by Sarah Bernhardt dressed as a nymph. The first opera performed there was Robert Planquette's Le Chevalier Gaston on 8 February 1879, and, followed by three more in the first season.

With the influence of the first director, Jules Cohen and the fortunate combination of Raoul Gunsbourg, the new director from 1883, Princess Alice, the opera-loving, American wife of Albert I, the opera company became internationa

Gerard Brennan

Sir Francis Gerard Brennan, is an Australian lawyer and jurist who served as the 10th Chief Justice of Australia. Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser appointed Brennan to the court in 1981. Brennan was born in Queensland, he is the son of Frank Tenison Brennan, a Labor Party politician and judge of the Supreme Court of Queensland. He was raised as, continues to be, a Catholic and has said: "Egalitarianism and the respect for conscience are the practical manifestations of faith and charity." He is the father of Frank Brennan. After his father's death in 1949, he worked at the Australian National University and as associate to Kenneth Townley, a newly appointed Justice of the Supreme Court of Queensland. Townley had been appointed to preside over the war crimes trials on Manus Island, New Guinea, his work provided Brennan with an early insight into the complexities of international law. Brennan was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1951, his first reported case appears to have been a humble matter involving letters of administration granted to a person outside the jurisdiction.

Although modest, his early practice was diverse, consisting of matters ranging from committal proceedings to commercial disputes. In each of these matters, Brennan demonstrated his comprehensive knowledge of the law through his clear and lucid argument, his talent soon gained him respect, he became one of the first Catholic barristers to cross the strong sectarian line that permeated the Brisbane Bar by receiving briefs from the Protestant end of town. Brennan was appointed a Queen's Counsel in Queensland in 1965, he was admitted in New South Wales, the Northern Territory and New Guinea, Fiji. Notable cases in which he appeared included his 1969 representation of the Fijian Alliance Party in an arbitration matter before Lord Denning and his 1972 prosecution in Rabaul of the murder of a District Commissioner, he was one of the first advocates to argue a case for Aboriginal land rights, representing the Northern Land Council before the Woodward Royal Commission into Aboriginal Land Rights in the Northern Territory in 1974.

During his time at the Bar, Brennan played a leading role within the legal profession. He was elected president of the Bar Association of Queensland, president of the Australian Bar Association, member of the Executive of the Law Council of Australia, he began to influence the development of Australian law through his position as a part-time member of the Australian Law Reform Commission. One of Brennan's greatest achievements was the contribution he made to the development of Australian administrative law. In 1976, the Fraser government appointed him as the first president of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal; the Tribunal occupied a novel position at the time, straddling the divide between executive and judicial power. As the first president of the new institution, Brennan was in a unique position, able to develop the tribunal along lines consistent with either an administrative or judicial model. Brennan consciously adopted a judicial model, through his strong leadership, guided the tribunal through the difficult period of its establishment and early development.

This, together with his work as the first president of the newly created Administrative Review Council, is argued to have strengthened the new administrative structures. In 1977, Brennan was appointed as one of the foundation judges of the new Federal Court of Australia, which absorbed the jurisdiction of the Australian Industrial Court. In 1979, Brennan retired from his position as president of the Tribunal to concentrate full-time on his duties as a judge of the Federal Court, to which he had been one of the original appointees in 1977. However, Brennan's service as a full-time member of the Federal Court was short-lived. In 1981, the Fraser government appointed him Justice of the High Court. Brennan had moved to Canberra shortly after his appointment as president of the Tribunal and remained there until his retirement from the High Court. From his earliest days on the High Court, Brennan displayed characteristics that would stamp his judicial style for nearly two decades. Espousing a well-defined conception of a limited judicial role, Brennan strove for certainty in the exposition and application of legal principle.

He was willing to develop the law when he considered this to be necessary to achieve a just result consistent with the demands of modern society. As part of the majority in Koowarta's Case and the Tasmanian Dam Case, he gave wide scope to the external affairs power. In Kioa v West, he expounded the importance of natural justice to the exercise of administrative power while emphasising its fundamental difference from judicial power. In He Kaw Teh v The Queen, he distilled a mass of conflicting case law into expressed presumptions concerning the mental element of statutory offences. Together with Mason and Deane, Brennan played a prominent role within the Mason Court, yet his judicial method and his view of a limited role for the judiciary led him to frequent dissents. Unlike Mason and Deane, Brennan saw no place for social policy in judicial development of the law, he was prepared to embrace the notion of community values as a guide to judicial decision making, but only to a limited extent. The fundamental difference between the role of the judiciary and the role

Rikuzen-Ōtsuka Station

Rikuzen-Ōtsuka Station is a railway station on the Senseki Line in the city of Higashimatsushima, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company. The station was closed between March 2011 and May 2015. Rikuzen-Ōtsuka Station is served by the Senseki Line, is located 30.8 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Aoba-dōri Station. It is served by trains of the Senseki-Tōhoku Line. Rikuzen-Ōtsuka Station has one island platform connected to the station building by a level crossing; the station is unattended. The station opened on April 1928, as Ōtsuka Station on the Miyagi Electric Railway; the line was nationalized on May 1, 1944, the station was renamed Rikuzen-Ōtsuka at that time. The station was absorbed into the JR East network upon the privatization of JNR on April 1, 1987; the station was closed from March 11, 2011, due to damage to the line associated with the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, services were replaced by a provisional Bus Rapid Transit service. The station reopened on 30 May 2015.

Miyagi Prefectural Route 27 List of railway stations in Japan Official website

2014–15 West Coast Conference women's basketball season

The 2014–15 West Coast Conference women's basketball season began with practices in October 2014 and ended with the 2015 West Coast Conference Women's Basketball Tournament at the Orleans Arena March 5–10, 2015 in Paradise, Nevada. The regular season began with the conference schedule starting at the end of December; this was the 30th season for WCC women's basketball, which began in the 1985–86 season when the league was known as the West Coast Athletic Conference. It was the 26th season under the West Coast Conference name. Pre-season media day took place in October at the Time Warner Cable SportsNet and Time Warner Cable Deportes Studios. Video interviews were hosted on the WCC's streaming video outlet, TheW.tv, beginning at 11:30 AM PDT. Jeff Lampe of WCC Live got a preview of their respective season; the regional television schedule announcement, the Pre-season Conference team, the pre-season coaches rankings were some of the additional events that took place. Rank, Points 1. Gonzaga, 78 2.

BYU, 71 3. San Diego, 65 4. Pacific, 60 5. Saint Mary's, 48 6. San Francisco, 37 7. Portland, 32 8. Loyola Marymount, 27 9. Pepperdine, 17 10. Santa Clara, 15 Player, School, Yr. Pos. Morgan Bailey, BYU, Sr. F Zhane Dikes, San Francisco, Jr. G Lexi Eaton, BYU, Jr. G Nici Gilday, Santa Clara, Sr. G Sunny Greinacher, Gonzaga, Sr. F Malina Hood, San Diego, Jr. F Deanna Johnson, Loyola Marymount, Jr. G Kendall Kenyon, Pacific, Sr. F Taylor Proctor, San Francisco, Jr. F Jasmine Wooton, Portland, Sr. G The AP Poll does not do a post-season rankings; as a result, their last rankings are Week 19. The Coaches Poll does the end of the NCAA Tournament. Gonzaga defeated #22 Dayton 75—65. Saint Mary's won the 2014 Hilton Concord Classic. Santa Clara won the 2014 Air Force Classic. Loyola Marymount won the 2014 DoubleTree LA Thanksgiving Classic; this table summarizes the head-to-head results between teams in conference play. Indicates games remaining this season. March 5–10, 2015– West Coast Conference Basketball Tournament, Orleans Arena, Nevada.

The 2014-15 season saw a lot of new faces to the WCC. Three of the conference members had new head coaches. Kelly Graves left the Zags to become the new head coach at Oregon, Jim Sollars retired, Jennifer Mountain did not have her contract renewed; as a result Gonzaga and Santa Clara all introduced new coaches into the fold. Jeff Judkins, BYU Lisa Mispley Fortier, Gonzaga Charity Elliott, Loyola Marymount Lynne Roberts, Pacific Ryan Weisenberg, Pepperdine Cheryl Sorensen, Portland Paul Thomas, Saint Mary's Cindy Fisher, San Diego Jennifer Azzi, San Francisco JR Payne, Santa Clara No WCC teams participated in the 2015 WBI; the WCC player of the week awards are given each Monday. College Madness WCC player of the Week Awards will be given every Sunday. Voting was by conference coaches: Player of The Year: Morgan Bailey, BYU Newcomer of The Year: Stella Beck, Saint Mary's Defensive Player of The Year: Sophia Ederaine, San Diego Coach of The Year: Lisa Fortier, Gonzaga.