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Tenakee Springs, Alaska

Tenakee Springs is a city on Chichagof Island in Hoonah-Angoon Census Area, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 131, up from 104 at the 2000 census. Tenakee Springs is located on the northern part of Chichagof Island at 57°46′41″N 135°13′11″W, on the north side of Tenakee Inlet, about 10 miles west of its mouth in Chatham Strait. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.1 square miles, of which 14.2 square miles are land and 4.9 square miles, or 25.78%, are water. Tenakee Springs first appeared on the 1910 U. S. Census as the unincorporated village of "Tenakee." It reported under that name until 1940. From 1950-onwards, it reported under its present name of Tenakee Springs, it formally incorporated in 1971. As of the census of 2000, there were 104 people, 59 households, 28 families residing in the city; the population density was 7.5 people per square mile. There were 144 housing units at an average density of 10.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.50% White, 2.88% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.96% Pacific Islander, 1.92% from other races, 5.77% from two or more races.

2.88 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 59 households out of which 16.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 52.5% were non-families. 47.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.76 and the average family size was 2.46. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 13.5% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 42.3% from 45 to 64, 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 121.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,125, the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $38,125 versus $26,250 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,482. There were 9.1% of families and 11.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including 10.0% of under eighteens and 33.3% of those over 64.

Tenakee Springs is served by Alaska Marine Highway. The Chatham School District operates the Tenakee Springs School, a school building used to support homeschooling families. In periods prior to 2016 it was a full-service school. Official website

Vojtech Mastny

Vojtech Mastny is an American historian of Czech descent, professor of political science and international relations, specializing in the history of the Cold War. He has been considered one of the leading American authorities on Soviet affairs. Mastny received his Ph. D. from Columbia University and has been professor of history and international relations at Columbia, University of Illinois, Boston University and the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, as well as professor of strategy at U. S. Naval War College, Fulbright professor at the University of Bonn, Senior Research Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and Senior Fellow at the National Security Archive, he is the coordinator of the Parallel History Project. In 1996-1998 he was the first researcher awarded Manfred Wörner Fellowship by NATO. Mastny's books include Continental Europe under Nazi Rule, which won him the Clarke F. Ansley award in 1971, Russia's Road to the Cold War, The Helsinki Process and the Reintegration of Europe and The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity: The Stalin Years, which won the American Historical Association's 1997 George L.

Beer Prize. Mastny, Vojtech. "Russia's road to the Cold War" Mastny, Vojtech. The Cold War and Soviet insecurity: the Stalin years Mastny, Vojtech. "Superpower détente: US-Soviet relations, 1969–1972". Bulletin of the German Historical Institute. Supplement 1: 19–25


The Oxcentrics is a Dixieland jazz band founded in 1975 at Oxford University. The band's name was derived from an original 1920s jazz band. Several members were from University College, they played at a number of Oxford Balls, for the Oxford University Jazz Club, on May Morning, for other events. The line-up Oxford University undergraduates, who recorded The Halcyon Days of the'20s &'30s on 29 February 1976 at the Acorn Studios in Stonesfield, were: Adrian Sheen — vocals Geoff'Hot-Lips' Varrall — trumpet Adam Brett — trumpet Olly Weindlingclarinet Glyn Lewistenor saxophone Paul St John-Smith — trombone Charles'Herbie' Kutatuba Simon'Des' Wallace — piano Graham Downing — banjo Chris West — drumsAdrian Sheen was the original bandleader and Mike Southon subsequently took over as frontman in late 1976. Colin Moynihan was the short-lived pianist. Sally Jones tap danced for the band on occasions. Jonathan Bowen recorded the band in the 1970s. Further musicians who played with the Oxcentrics included Yva Thakurdas and Hugh Wallis.

The band's manager was Laura Lassman. The band continued in a changed form in London in the 1980s, managed by Olly Weindling, using many of the top young London jazz musicians such as Ashley Slater, Mark Lockheart and Billy Jenkins. Guests included Iain Ballamy and many others from Loose Tubes. In 1988, the Oxcentrics produced a CD, Oxcentromania! through Eccentric Records. In 2005, the Oxcentrics reformed to celebrate their 30th anniversary, they got together again in 2006 for a one-off gig at a ball held at St Hugh's College, again in 2016 for a late 40th-anniversary gig, in 2019 back at University College, followed by a recording session. Dixieland Jazz Trad jazz The Oxcentrics on Oxcentrics on MySpace Oxcentrics Top # 6 Facts on YouTube

Gaurav Chanana

Gaurav Chanana is an Indian model and film and television actor. The role of Akash in Ishkq in Paris provided his major breakthrough, he worked as a Second Unit Director or Assistant Director for Ittefaq. Gaurav appeared in the music video for the Yesudas song, Chamak cham cham chamake hai sitaro me tu hi, with Rimi Sen, he made his film debut in Woh Tera Naam Tha in 2004. He played the protagonist role of Dr. Rahul Mehra in the tele-series Sanjivani, but was replaced by Mihir Mishra, he starred in soaps like Hey... Yehii To Haii Woh! on Star One where he played the male lead and Risshton Ki Dor on Sony TV as Rahul Raichand where he was replaced by Amit Sareen. He appeared in "Chamak Cham Cham Chamke Hain" along with actress Rimi Sen. List of Indian film actors Gaurav Chanana on IMDb

Froissart of Louis of Gruuthuse (BnF Fr 2643-6)

The Froissart of Louis of Gruuthuse is a illustrated deluxe illuminated manuscript in four volumes, containing a French text of Froissart's Chronicles and illuminated in the first half of the 1470s in Bruges, Flanders, in modern Belgium. The text of Froissart's Chronicles is preserved in more than 150 manuscript copies; this is one of the most lavishly illuminated examples, commissioned by Louis of Gruuthuse, a Flemish nobleman and bibliophile. Several leading Flemish illuminators worked on the miniatures; the four volumes are now in the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris as BnF, MSS Français 2643-6, contain 110 miniatures of various sizes painted by some of the best Brugeois artists of the day. The page size is 44 x 33 cm, with miniatures of various sizes, from 3/4 page and half-page, to historiated initials; the French text is in two columns and there is extensive marginal decoration of scrolling stems and other plant motifs, with some human and animal figures among them. Loiset Lyédet did the sixty miniatures in the first two volumes.

He was a successful, if somewhat formulaic, working on secular manuscripts for Philip III, Duke of Burgundy and his court. He used assistants, but it is hard to detect separate hands in his work; the last two volumes, which are in general finer, were worked on by the anonymous illuminators known as the Master of Anthony of Burgundy, the Master of Margaret of York, the Master of the Dresden Prayer Book, the last as an assistant to the Master of Anthony of Burgundy. These masters are named after prominent patrons of theirs, it appears that the project was split in half from an early stage, as the scribes who wrote the text and the style of border decoration differ between volumes 1-2 and 3-4. The large miniatures by the Master of Anthony of Burgundy are sophisticated in style, those by the young Master of the Dresden Prayer Book are notable for "their startlingly ambitious palette and combination of colors and vibrantly modelled drapery, an inexhaustible range of well-designed figure poses, challenging placement of figures within complex spaces".

All the illustrations below are from the first two volumes. Louis of Gruuthuse was born and lived in Bruges and was an important member of the court of Philip the Good, he appears to have been the second largest purchaser in the period, after Philip himself, of illuminated manuscripts from the best Flemish workshops at their peak of success. He had a book collection totalling about 190 volumes secular in content, of which over half were contemporary illuminated copies; this made his collection over twice the size of the contemporary English Royal collection. Louis was in fact one of the last people to commission new manuscripts on such a scale. In some cases from that decade the titles existed in printed form, by the end of his life most titles could be bought printed, Flemish illumination of secular works, was in deep decline. Froissart's Chronicles were not printed in Paris, he incorporated portraits of himself in miniatures in several books. Many of his volumes, like this set, passed to King Louis XII of France, are now in the Bibliothèque nationale de France.

King Louis painted his arms over those of Louis de Gruuthuse on some pages in this set. The current bindings are but traces of what were the original blue velvet bindings remain. Like the "Harley Froissart", the most illustrated of all illuminated Froissarts, this is an example of a notable resurgence of interest in Froissart's work from the late 1460s onwards. All miniatures by Loyset Liédet. Dates are of the events, not the miniatures. T Kren & S McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe, No 71, pp 268–71 Getty Museum/Royal Academy of Arts, 2003, ISBN 1-903973-28-7 Digitised manuscript from the Bibliothèque nationale de France: volume 1, volume 2, volume 3, volume 4 The Master of the Dresden Prayer Book at Getty Museum


Bunhwangsa is a temple complex from the Old Silla era of Korea. It is located in Gyeongju; the temple is recorded to have been built in 634 under the auspices of Queen Seondeok. Today the temple is still used by a small group of worshipers but in its heyday, the temple covered several acres and was one of the four main temples of the Silla Kingdom used by the state to ask the Buddha to bless the kingdom; the ruins of Hwangnyongsa Temple lay nearby. It is part of the UNESCO world heritage site Gyeongju Historic Areas. A notable ruin at the temple is the Bunhwangsa Pagoda, the oldest dated pagoda from the Silla Kingdom; the pagoda is National Treasure of Korea No. 30 and was designated by the South Korean government on December 20, 1962. The pagoda is based on prototypes from the Tang Dynasty in China. However, unlike Tang pagodas which were made from brick, Silla architects used stones of black andesite cut like brick; each story of the pagoda is progressively smaller in size and each story’s roof is made by placing bricks in a staircase-like fashion.

Today, only three tiers of the pagoda remain. Ancient records state the pagoda stood nine stories tall. Although once hollow, the collapsed stories of the pagoda have filled the center of pagoda with debris. An excavation and partial restoration in 1915 by the Japanese uncovered a sarira, or relic box, of the cremated remains of a priest hidden in between the second and third stories. Precious artifacts such as gold and stone ornaments, scissors, a needle were found in the pagoda which indicated that a woman of royal blood even Queen Seondeok herself, had once owned the objects; each side of the pagoda has. Two figures guard each doorway and are known as Geumgan-yeoksa or Inwangsang, guardians of the Buddhist canon; each corner of the one-step platform upon which the pagoda rests holds a guardian lion statue. Granite lotus blossoms adorn the pagoda. A contemporaneous pair of stone pagodas were built at the Baekje Mireuksa Temple and the Bunhwangsa Pagoda is compared with them although those stone pagodas more imitated wood architectural styles.

Located at the temple complex is a well called Hogukyongbyeoneojeong or Samnyongbyeoneojeong from the Silla period. The well's octagonal upper part extends above the ground 70 cm/27.6 in height while the lower part of the well is cylindrical. The structure of the well represents Buddhism's essence. According to legend in the Samguk Yusa, in 795, the 11th year of King Wonseong, missionaries from the Tang Dynasty visited Silla; the missionaries changed three dragons protecting Silla into small fish and took them away to Tang China with them, hidden in bamboo. The next day two women, identifying themselves as two of the dragons' wives, living in Dongji and Cheongji, came to the king and asked the king to retrieve their dragon husbands taken away by the Tang missionaries; the king sent his men in to bring back the dragons, permitting them live in the Bunhwangsa well. Monument pedestal of Hwajaengguksa erected in 1101 at the wish of King Sukjong. Only the stele, with its original calligraphy, remains.

This monument appeared to have been destroyed in 1597 when the temple was destroyed, only the pedestal of the monument was left. The historical research of Chusa Kim Jeong-huI, who visited the temple at the end of the Joseon Dynasty, revealed that it was a monument erected by Wonhyo; some of the inscriptions were written on the site of the Daedonggeumseokseo, discovered in the Bunhwangsa Temple compound in 1976, are located in the museum of Dongguk university. Yaksayeorae, a statue built during the 50th year of King Yeongjo. Of note is the flagpole holder which survives from the Silla era. Queen Seondeok of Silla Hwangnyongsa List of Korea-related topics Mireuksa Korean Buddhist temples Korean Buddhism National treasures of Korea National treasures of North Korea Asian Historical Architecture: Bunhwangsa Temple Bunhwangsa Seoktap Bunhwangsa