Tenerife is the largest and most populated island of the eight Canary Islands. It is the most populated island of Spain, with a land area of 2,034.38 square kilometres and 904,713 inhabitants, 43 percent of the total population of the Canary Islands. Tenerife is the largest and most populous island of Macaronesia. Five million tourists visit Tenerife each year, making it the most visited island of the archipelago, it is one of the most important tourist destinations in Spain, hosting one of the world's largest carnivals, the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Tenerife is served by Tenerife North Airport and Tenerife South Airport. Tenerife is the economic capital of the Canary Islands; the capital of the island, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, is the seat of the island council. The city is the capital of the autonomous community of Canary Islands, sharing governmental institutions such as presidency and ministries. Between the 1833 territorial division of Spain and 1927, Santa Cruz de Tenerife was the sole capital of the Canary Islands.
In 1927 the Crown ordered that the capital of the Canary Islands be shared, as it remains at present. Santa Cruz contains the modern Auditorio de Tenerife, the architectural symbol of the Canary Islands; the island is home to the University of La Laguna. The city of La Laguna is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is the third in the archipelago. It was the capital of the Canary Islands before Santa Cruz replaced it in 1833. Teide National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is located in the center of the island. In it, the Mount Teide rises as the highest elevation of Spain, the highest of the islands of the Atlantic Ocean, the third-largest volcano in the world from its base. On the island, the Macizo de Anaga has been a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve since 2015, it has the largest number of endemic species in Europe. The island's indigenous people, the Guanche Berbers, referred to the island as Achinet or Chenet in their language. According to Pliny the Younger, Berber king Juba II sent an expedition to the Canary Islands and Madeira.
Juba II and Ancient Romans referred to the island of Tenerife as Nivaria, derived from the Latin word nix, meaning snow, referring to the snow-covered peak of the Teide volcano. Maps dating to the 14th and 15th century, by mapmakers such as Bontier and Le Verrier, refer to the island as Isla del Infierno meaning "Island of Hell", referring to the volcanic activity and eruptions of Mount Teide; the Benahoaritas are said to have named the island, deriving it from the words ife. After colonisation, the Hispanisation of the name resulted in adding the letter "r" to unite both words, producing Tenerife. However, throughout history there have been other explanations to reveal the origin of the name of the island. For example, the 18th-century historians Juan Núñez de la Peña and Tomás Arias Marín de Cubas, among others, state that the island was named by natives for the legendary Guanche king, nicknamed "the Great", he ruled the entire island in the days before the conquest of the Canary Islands by Castile.
The formal demonym used to refer to the people of Tenerife is Tinerfeño/a. In modern society, the latter term is applied only to inhabitants of the capital, Santa Cruz; the term chicharrero was once a derogatory term used by the people of La Laguna when it was the capital, to refer to the poorer inhabitants and fishermen of Santa Cruz. The fishermen caught mackerel and other residents ate potatoes, assumed to be of low quality by the elite of La Laguna; as Santa Cruz grew in commerce and status, it replaced La Laguna as capital of Tenerife in 1833 during the reign of Fernando VII. The inhabitants of Santa Cruz used the former insult to identify as residents of the new capital, at La Laguna's expense; the earliest known human settlement in the islands date to around 200 BCE, by Berbers known as the Guanches. However, the Cave of the Guanches in the municipality of Icod de los Vinos in the north of Tenerife, has provided the oldest chronologies of the Canary Islands, with dates around the sixth century BCE.
Regarding the technological level, the Guanches can be framed among the peoples of the Stone Age, although this terminology is rejected due to the ambiguity that it presents. The Guanche culture is characterized by an advanced cultural development related to the Berber cultural features imported from North Africa and a poor technological development, determined by the scarcity of raw materials minerals that allow the extraction of metals; the main activity was grazing, although the population were engaged in agriculture, as well as fishing and the collection of shellfish from the shore or using fishing craft. As for beliefs, the Guanche religion was polytheistic. Beside him there was an animistic religiosity that sacralized certain places rocks and mountains. Among the main Guanche gods could be highlighted. Singular was the cult to the dead, practicing the mummification of
The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a major Christian denomination with a significant presence in India with over 1,607,719 members as of June 30, 2018. The Seventh-day Adventist Church splits India into seven Unions. East-Central India Union Section Adilabad Region East Telangana Section Guntur Region Hyderabad Metro Section North Andhra Section North Orissa Region North Rayalaseema Section Northeast Andhra Section Orissa Section South Andhra Section South Rayalaseema Section Southeast Andhra Section Vishaka Metro Region West Telangana Section Northeast India Union Section website Arunachal Pradesh Region Assam Region Garo Section Khasi Jaintia Conference Manipur Conference Mizo Conference Nagaland Region Northern India Union Section Bihar Region Central Uttar Pradesh Region Chhattisgarh Region Delhi Metro Region Eastern Jharkhand Section Eastern Uttar Pradesh Section Haryana Region Himachal Pradesh Region Kolkata Region Madhya Pradesh Region North Bengal Section North India Section Rajasthan Section South Bengal Section Upper Ganges Section Uttarakhand Region Western Jharkhand Section South-Central India Union Section Bangalore Metro Conference Goa-West Karnataka Section Kolar-Chinthamani Region North Karnataka Section Raichur-Bellary Region South Karnataka Section Southeast India Union Section website Chennai Metro Section Coimbatore Tirpur Region Dharmapuri Region Erode Nilgiris Section Kanchipuram-Chengalpet Section North Tamil Conference Pudukottai-Thirumayam Region Sivagangai Ramanathapuram Section South Tamil Conference Thanjavur-Karaikal Section Theni-Periyakulam Region Vellore Region Villupuram-Thindivanam Region Southwest India Union Section Alappuzha-Pathanamthitta Section Idukki Section.
Andaman and Nicobar Island Region The Seventh-day Adventist Church operates 104 secondary schools in India. The church operates six schools of higher learning named Flaiz Adventist College; the church operates eleven hospitals in India named Aizawl Adventist Hospital. The Seventh-day Adventist Church has two orphanages named Elim Adventist Home & Sunshine Children's Home; the Adventist Development and Relief Agency India is active since 1992. Oriental Watchman Publishing House Adventist Media Centre-India William Lenker and A. T. Stroup started selling Adventist literature in Madras in 1893; the Southern Asia Division was organized under president John E. Fulton in 1919 with 26 churches and 978 members. Australian Union Conference of Seventh-day Adventists Seventh-day Adventist Church in Brazil Seventh-day Adventist Church in Canada Seventh-day Adventist Church in the People's Republic of China Seventh-day Adventist Church in Colombia Seventh-day Adventist Church in Cuba Seventh-day Adventist Church in Ghana Italian Union of Seventh-day Adventist Churches New Zealand Pacific Union Conference of Seventh-day Adventists Seventh-day Adventist Church in Nigeria Adventism in Norway Romanian Union Conference of Seventh-day Adventists Seventh-day Adventist Church in Sweden Seventh-day Adventist Church in Thailand Seventh-day Adventist Church in Tonga Seventh-day Adventists in Turks and Caicos Islands Christianity in India Seventh-day Adventist Church, Nilokheri
The Neutrino Factory is a proposed particle accelerator complex intended to measure in detail the properties of neutrinos, which are weakly interacting fundamental particles that can travel in straight lines through normal matter for thousands of kilometres. Up until the 1990s, neutrinos were assumed to be massless, but experimental results from searches for solar neutrinos and others are inconsistent with this assumption, thus indicate that the neutrino does have a small mass; the Neutrino Factory will create a focused beam of neutrinos at one site on the Earth and fire it downwards in two beams emitted in different directions from a racetrack shaped underground muon storage ring, until the beams resurface at other points. One example could be a complex in the UK sending beams to Italy; the properties of the neutrinos will be examined at the remote sites to determine how neutrinos evolve over time. This will provide information about weak interaction properties; the project is in the conceptual design stage.
An international "Scoping Study" was completed in 2007 and an international effort to write a design report has now begun. Many new technologies are being pioneered for this experiment, including the use of liquid metal jets as a target for pion production, under test in the "MERIT experiment". CERN. the use of Fixed Field Alternating Gradient accelerators, under test in the EMMA experiment, liquid hydrogen energy reduction cavities for reducing the divergence in the muon beam during the intermediate stages. The International Design Study seeks to present a design report for the Neutrino Factory that details the physics performance and costs by 2012; the study will include contributions from all regions in a combined Reference Design Report. There is a United Kingdom Neutrino Factory group. In 2010, the Muon Accelerator Program unified the United States Department of Energy research support for Muon Colliders and Neutrino Factories; the Muon Collider project is more ambitious than the Neutrino Factory.
In the Muon Collider, the muons will be inserted into a high-energy collider ring, aiming to reach higher concentrations of energy than the Large Hadron Collider or even the Linear Collider Collaboration experiments CERN did a design study a few years ago, before effort moved on to the LHC. Activities in Europe continue with meetings and involvement in international experiments and collaborations; this is based on an unusual type of accelerator called an Fixed Field Alternating Gradient that combines elements from the cyclotrons of the 1950s with modern automated magnet design processes, new magnetic alloy radiofrequency accelerating gaps. The main advantage of these is that the magnetic fields are fixed and do not have to be synchronised to the beam in any way, yet the beam moves into regions of higher field as its energy increases, allowing for rapid acceleration without the difficulties found in rapid-cycling synchrotrons. International Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment "General Info".
International Design Study