Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 16th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by eight states, with Kentucky to the north, Virginia to the northeast, North Carolina to the east, Georgia and Mississippi to the south, Arkansas to the west, Missouri to the northwest; the Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, the Mississippi River forms the state's western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a 2017 population of 667,560 and a 2017 metro population of 1,903,045. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis, which had a population of 652,236 in 2017; the state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians. What is now Tennessee was part of North Carolina, part of the Southwest Territory. Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1, 1796. Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861.
Occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war. Tennessee furnished more soldiers for the Confederate Army than any other state besides Virginia, more soldiers for the Union Army than the rest of the Confederacy combined. Beginning during Reconstruction, it had competitive party politics, but a Democratic takeover in the late 1880s resulted in passage of disenfranchisement laws that excluded most blacks and many poor whites from voting; this reduced competition in politics in the state until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-20th century. In the 20th century, Tennessee transitioned from an agrarian economy to a more diversified economy, aided by massive federal investment in the Tennessee Valley Authority and, in the early 1940s, the city of Oak Ridge; this city was established to house the Manhattan Project's uranium enrichment facilities, helping to build the world's first atomic bombs, two of which were dropped on Imperial Japan near the end of World War II.
After the war, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory became a key center for nuclear research. In 2016, the element tennessine was named for the state. Tennessee's major industries include agriculture and tourism. Poultry and cattle are the state's primary agricultural products, major manufacturing exports include chemicals, transportation equipment, electrical equipment; the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the nation's most visited national park, is headquartered in the eastern part of the state, a section of the Appalachian Trail follows the Tennessee–North Carolina border. Other major tourist attractions include the Tennessee Aquarium and Chattanooga Choo-Choo Hotel in Chattanooga; the earliest variant of the name that became Tennessee was recorded by Captain Juan Pardo, the Spanish explorer, when he and his men passed through an American Indian village named "Tanasqui" in 1567 while traveling inland from South Carolina. In the early 18th century, British traders encountered a Cherokee town named Tanasi in present-day Monroe County, Tennessee.
The town was located on a river of the same name, appears on maps as early as 1725. It is not known whether this was the same town as the one encountered by Juan Pardo, although recent research suggests that Pardo's "Tanasqui" was located at the confluence of the Pigeon River and the French Broad River, near modern Newport; the meaning and origin of the word are uncertain. Some accounts suggest, it has been said to mean "meeting place", "winding river", or "river of the great bend". According to ethnographer James Mooney, the name "can not be analyzed" and its meaning is lost; the modern spelling, Tennessee, is attributed to James Glen, the governor of South Carolina, who used this spelling in his official correspondence during the 1750s. The spelling was popularized by the publication of Henry Timberlake's "Draught of the Cherokee Country" in 1765. In 1788, North Carolina created "Tennessee County", the third county to be established in what is now Middle Tennessee; when a constitutional convention met in 1796 to organize a new state out of the Southwest Territory, it adopted "Tennessee" as the name of the state.
Tennessee is known as The Volunteer State, a nickname some claimed was earned during the War of 1812 because of the prominent role played by volunteer soldiers from Tennessee during the Battle of New Orleans. Other sources differ on the origin of the state nickname; this explanation is more because President Polk's call for 2,600 nationwide volunteers at the beginning of the Mexican–American War resulted in 30,000 volunteers from Tennessee alone in response to the death of Davy Crockett and appeals by former Tennessee Governor and Texas politician, Sam Houston. Tennessee borders eight other states: Virginia to the north.
Al-Salmiya Sporting Club is a Kuwaiti professional football and sports club in Salmiya. They have won the Kuwaiti Premier League four times, most in 2000, they were founded in 1964 and the club covers a total area of 94 thousand square metres comprising ten sports: football, table tennis, squash, judo, taekwondo and athletics. Al-Salmiya plays their home games at Thamir Stadium in Salmiya; the stadium was Opened on 2004. It has a current capacity of 16,000 spectators; the logo of the club is inspired by the location of Salmiya on the map of the State of Kuwait, with green representing the land, while the color blue represents the sea. Al-Salmiya's home kit is all sky blue shirts and white shorts, while their away kit is all white shirts and sky blue shorts. VIVA Premier League: 5 Winners: 1980–81, 1994–95, 1997–98, 1999–00, 2007-08 Kuwait Emir Cup: 2 Winners: 1992–93, 2000–01 Kuwait Crown Cup: 2 Winners: 2000–01, 2015–16 Kuwaiti Division One: 1 Winners: 1971–72 Al-Khurafi Cup: 1 Winners: 1999–00 GCC Champions League:Runners-up: 1999 Brigadiers Cup: 1 Winners: 2012-13 Kuwaiti futsal league: Winners: 2011-12 Asian Club League Handball Championship: 5 Runners-up: 1999, 2001 AFC Champions League: 1 appearance2005: Group StageAsian Club Championship: 3 appearances1996: Second Round 1999: First Round 2001: Second RoundAsian Cup Winners Cup: 2 appearances1994: First Round 2002: withdrew in First Round Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.
Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official site
Joseph James Connors is an American art historian and educator, who specializes in the Italian Renaissance and Baroque architecture. Born in New York City, Connors was graduated from Regis High School in Manhattan, he earned his Bachelor of Arts from Boston College in 1966. Two years Connors received a Marshall Scholarship to study at Clare College at the University of Cambridge for a year. After a period teaching Greek and Latin at the Boston Latin School, Connors studied with Ernst Kitzinger and James S. Ackerman in the Department of Fine Arts of Harvard University, he has taught at the University of Chicago. Connors’ research centers on the architecture of seventeenth-century Rome and in particular on the genial, enigmatic figure of Francesco Borromini, he has written on town planning in Rome from the late Renaissance to the eighteenth century, pioneering a view of urban change generated around large and long-lived institutions. Connors served as director of the American Academy in Rome in 1988-92 and of Villa I Tatti, The Harvard Center for Italian Renaissance Studies in Florence, from 2002 to 2010.
To date he is the only person to have directed both of the major American research institutes in Italy. He has held fellowships from the American Council of Learned Societies, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Guggenheim Foundation, CASVA at the National Gallery of Art, the Bibliotheca Hertziana in Rome, All Souls College Oxford, the Clark Art Institute, he was Slade Professor at Oxford in 1999, he was elected to the Accademia Nazionale di San Luca in Rome in 1993, to the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia in 2006. He served as President of the Renaissance Society of America in 2014-16. In 2013, a book was written in honor of Connors' work as director of the Villa I Tatti titled Renaissance Studies in Honor of Joseph Connors, ISBN 0674073274. Connors married Françoise Gabrielle Germaine Moison in 1969 in France. Borromini and the Roman Oratory: Style and Society, 1980, ISBN 978-0262030717 The Robie House of Frank Lloyd Wright, 1984, ISBN 978-0226115429 Specchio di Roma barocca: Una guida inedita del XVII secolo, 1991, ISBN 978-8871760070 Alleanze e inimicizie: L'urbanistica di Roma barocca, 2005, ISBN 978-8842077183 Piranesi and the Campus Martius: The Missing Corso, 2011, ISBN 978-8816411401 Bernard Berenson: Formation and Heritage, with Louis Waldman, 2014, ISBN 9780674427853 The New York Review of Books profile Dictionary of Art Historians profile Harvard University Faculty Website