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Tepotzotlán is a city and a municipality in the Mexican state of Mexico. It is located 40 km northeast of Mexico City about a 45-minute drive along the Mexico City-Querétaro at marker number 41. In Aztec times, the area was the center of a dominion that negotiated to keep most of its independence in return with being allied with the Aztec Triple Alliance, it would be part of a “Republic of the Indians, ” allowing for some autonomy under Spanish rule as well. The town became a major educational center during the colonial period when the Jesuits established the College of San Francisco Javier; the college complex that grew from its beginnings in 1580 would remain an educational center until 1914. Today this complex houses the Museo del Virreinato, with one of the largest collections of art and other objects from this time period; the name Tepotzotlán is of Nahuatl origin and means “among humpbacks,” referring to the shape of the hills that surround this area. The oldest surviving Aztec glyph for this area is found in the Ozuna Codex, which features a humpbacked person sitting on top of a hill.

This is now the symbol of the municipality. Another version of the glyph shows a humpbacked person defending sacred precinct; the municipality has a lesser-known European-style coat-of-arms. This contains the adopted version of the glyph in the upper part, a representation of the Arcos del Sitio, the facade of the Church of San Francisco Javier and chimneys and a tractor representing both the agriculture and industry found here. Underneath these are written the words “Libertad, Cultura y Trabajo”; the first ethnic group was most the Otomi, who settled here between 2500 BCE. and 100 CE. At about 100 C. E. the Teotihuacan became ascendant, with the Otomis here subject to Teotihuacan until about 700 CE. During the period that Teotihuacan was in decline, a Nahua-Chichimeca tribe headed by Chicontonatiuh, took control of this area, along with what is now Maxuexhuacan, Chapa de Mota, Huehuetoca. After the death of Chichontonatuih, nine other chiefs ruled this same area until 1174. After this time other Nahua and Chichimeca people began to arrive here and the rest of the Valley of Mexico.

The area came to be ruled by a chieftain named Xotlotl, who explored the valley's lakes and took the first census here, counting about a million people living in the Valley of Mexico. Rule over this area passed from father to son peacefully for a number of generations until the early 14th century. Conflict with neighboring Xaltocan and Texcoco led to a number of political intrigues, including the assassination of one of the few female lords in the Valley of Mexico, Ehuatlicuetzin in 1372. In the first part of the 15th century, the Aztec Empire began to consolidate and extend its power north. At this time the area was ruled by Ayactlacatzin and the area was called Xaquintehcutli. Ayactlacatzin negotiated an alliance with Moctezuma I to allow this dominion, renamed Tepotzotlán, to remain semi-independent after Azcapotzalco fell to the Triple Alliance in 1460; this arrangement stayed intact until the fall of Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan in 1521. Macuilxochitzin was governor of Tepotzotlán when the Spanish arrived here in 1520.

This dominion opposed the Spanish invasion. When the Spanish subdued the main city, they destroyed everything in their path. Evangelization work was begun here in 1525 by friars Alonso de Guadalupe and Alonso de Herrero, who built a hermitage over the ruins of the old city in Tepotzotlán in the same year; the Church of San Pedro Apostol sits on the site of the hermitage today. These were followed by Toribio de Benavente Jerónimo de Mendieta of the Franciscans. By 1547, Tepotzotlan had become a center of the spread of the new faith, with surrounding villages under its jurisdiction. Diego Nequametzin, son of Macuilxochitzin, succeeded his father and ruled under the Spanish from 1534 to 1549, but severe economic problems as well as epidemics of typhoid and smallpox decimated the population here; the area became under the control of an encomienda under Juan de Ortega. When Ortega died, the land became property of the Spanish Crown, who created a “corregimiento” under the dominion of the nearby city of Cuautitlán.

The Indians here were granted limited autonomy in the way of a “Republic of the Indians”, with Pedro de San Agustín as the first governor. In 1580, the first of the Jesuits arrived established three schools; the first two were founded in Tepotzotlán but the third and largest was due to the movement of priest training from the College of San Pedro y San Pablo in Mexico City to here in 1585. It was named the College of San Francisco Javier and all three would be housed in the same complex, bringing Tepozotlán fame as one of the most important educational centers of New Spain; this college would produce a number of famous Jesuits such as Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora, Francisco Javier Clavijero, Francisco Javier Alegre and Eusebio Francisco Kino. These Jesuit schools, along with the large number of haciendas and ranches that the Jesuits owned in this area, pushed both the cultural and economic development of this region north of Mexico City and would continue to do so until the Jesuits were expelled from Mexico in 1767.

After the expulsion, the school complex was ceded to regular clergy for the training of priests under the name of Real Colegio de Instrucción Retiro Voluntario y Corrección para el Clero Secular until it was abandoned pe

Ingleside Terraces, San Francisco

Ingleside Terraces is an affluent residential neighborhood of 750 detached homes built at the former location of the Ingleside Racetrack in the southwestern part of San Francisco. It is adjacent to the Balboa Terrace, Merced Heights and Lakeside neighborhoods, is bordered by Ocean Avenue to the north, Ashton Avenue to the east, Holloway Avenue to the south and Junipero Serra Boulevard to the west; the main local event that occurs is the Annual Sundial Park Picnic, in which the local residents host bicycle and wagon racing. There is a large sundial located on Entrada Court, surrounded by the oval-shaped Urbano Drive, once a horse race track. Ingleside Terraces is one of nine master-planned residence parks in San Francisco. In 1910, Joseph A. Leonard's Urban Realty Development Company bought the track and set about turning the land into a residence park. By 1912, Ingleside Terraces had opened, with Urbano Drive paved on the loop of the old racetrack. Like other suburban developments built in the United States at the time, Ingleside Terraces was explicitly designed to be a segregated whites-only neighborhood, written into the property deed was a section reading: "That no person of African, Chinese, or of any Mongolian descent shall be allowed to purchase, lease, or occupy said real property or any part thereof."

The 1948 Supreme Court case Shelley v. Kraemer declared racial restrictions were illegal and unenforceable in courts, though the restrictions continued to be enforced socially. In 1957, assistant district attorney Cecil F. Poole moved into the neighborhood with his family as the first non-white residents; the following year, on June 5, 1958, other neighborhood residents burned a cross on the front lawn of the Poole's house. Ingleside Racetrack was opened on November 28, 1895, the result of a dispute between Edward Corrigan and Thomas Williams at Williams’ Bay View Racetrack; the reason for the disagreement is unclear, but Corrigan vowed to build his own racetrack, grander, of higher quality than Williams’. Eight thousand people came on opening day. Ingleside Racetrack had raised the elegance standard considerably; the first automobile race in California was held at the track in 1900. Out of the eight vehicles, only the winner reached the finish line. By 1905, Thomas Williams had taken over the racing business in the Bay Area, soon adding Ingleside Racetrack to his collection.

However, before the track could be reopened, the 1906 earthquake and fires hit. Williams offered the track to the city, free of charge, to serve as a more permanent refugee camp for many homeless San Franciscans. Windows were added to the horse stables, which were painted, it hosted the patients from today's Laguna Honda Hospital as the facility recovered from the earthquake. The track was never re-opened. Ingleside Terraces history 1906 Earthquake Ingleside Racetrack Then and Now Photographs of Ingleside Terraces

Chord Overstreet

Chord Paul Overstreet is an American actor and singer. He is known for his role as Sam Evans on the Fox television series Glee. On August 26, 2016, he released his debut single, "Homeland", through Island Records and Safehouse Records. Chord Overstreet was born in Nashville, Tennessee, to hairdresser Julie and country music singer-songwriter Paul Overstreet, he has an older brother, Nash Overstreet, who plays guitar in the band Hot Chelle Rae, an older sister and three younger sisters, Harmony and Charity. He is of German and English descent, he was named after the musical term of the same name. Overstreet was raised on a farm outside of Nashville. Encouraged by his parents to pursue music, he started playing the mandolin at an early age, moved on to the drums, flute and guitar, he is a songwriter. In his teenage years, Overstreet modeled for advertisements for Famous Footwear and Gap. In 2017, a couple of months after one of Overstreet’s closest friends died, he released one of his biggest songs "Hold On".

He explains that this song was challenging to write as he couldn’t maintain his mental state because he didn't imagine that one day she could commit suicide and leave him. “I was going through a lot in a tumultuous relationship at the time and had lost somebody close to me”. Overstreet began to pursue his passion of performing after his high school graduation in 2007. After two unsuccessful years, Overstreet started his acting career on the web series Private as Josh Hollis, he was featured in an episode of iCarly titled "iSpeed Date" and starred in the unaired pilot of No Ordinary Family. His first film role was that of Teenage Boy in the 2009 thriller The Hole, he starred in the 2011 film A Warrior's Heart as Dupree, alongside Ashley Greene and Kellan Lutz. Overstreet played the character of Sam Evans, a transfer student and athlete, on the FOX comedy-drama television series Glee, he landed the role after auditioning with the Commodores' song "Easy" and Gavin DeGraw's "I Don't Want to Be". He sang "Billionaire" by Travie McCoy featuring Bruno Mars as a studio test, sang this in his debut episode titled "Audition".

His cover of "Billionaire" was released as a single and charted at #15 in Ireland, #24 in Canada, #28 in the United States, #34 in Australia. On April 21, 2011, the video for Hot Chelle Rae's "Tonight Tonight" was released on YouTube and featured a series of cameos of Overstreet alternately making out with a girl on an office copier, DJing at a club playing guitar and mugging for the crowd with his brother, Hot Chelle Rae band member, Nash. On July 1, 2011, TVLine's Michael Ausiello broke the news that Overstreet's contract option to become a series regular on Glee had not been picked up for season 3, but that he could come back as an occasional guest star. In reaction to the announcement, fans launched a campaign to promote Overstreet's cover of "Billionaire" and various tags related to the actor, most notably "#DontCutTheChord", began trending on Twitter; the song made its way into the iTunes top 5 Glee charts during the campaign. At the 2011 Comic-Con event, Glee co-creator Brad Falchuk reported that they had offered Overstreet a ten-episode deal with a possibility to become a series regular at mid-season, but that Overstreet had declined the option.

Overstreet stated to Ausiello during an interview that he had decided to leave the show to focus on his music career, explaining: "They offered me the chance to come back for a few episodes, but there was nothing guaranteed so I decided to dive into the music thing." It was reported on October 18, 2011, confirmed by series co-creator Ryan Murphy six days that Overstreet would be returning to Glee as a recurring character starting with the third season's eighth episode. On July 23, 2012, it was confirmed that Overstreet would be a series regular for the fourth season of Glee, where he continued until the last season. Chord has cited James Taylor, David Gray, Jimmy Buffett, Bob Dylan, Paul Simon, Hall & Oates as musicians that inspire him. On December 15, 2015, Overstreet signed a recording contract with Safehouse Records, a record label founded by Demi Lovato, Nick Jonas and Phil McIntyre, he was the first artist to be signed to the label. He opened for Lovato and Jonas on several tour dates of their Future Now Tour in summer 2016.

On August 26, 2016, Chord released his first official solo single, "Homeland", through Island Records and Safehouse Records. Digital Journal called giving the song a five star rating. A music video for the song premiered through Billboard on October 7, 2016. In a September 2016 interview with the Huffington Post, Overstreet revealed that he was working on an EP, yet to be released. In December 2016, he released a cover of "All I Want For Christmas is a Real Good Tan", written by Overstreet's father and recorded by Kenny Chesney. Overstreet released a new single, "Hold On", on February 3, 2017; the song peaked at number 31 on the Spotify Viral 50 chart. He released his first EP consisting of four tracks on May 2017, entitled Tree House Tapes. In June 2017, he was picked as Elvis Duran's Artist of the Month and was featured on NBC's Today show broadcast nationally where he performed live his single "Hold On", he performed the song on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon on August 14, 2017. Co-headlining Glee Cast – Glee Live!

In Concert! Opening act Demi Lovato and Nick Jonas – Future Now Tour Chord Overstreet at Island Records Chord Overstreet on IMDb


Facter is a Melbourne based, Australian multi-disciplinary artist, toy maker and curator, best known for his colourful, fantastical creatures rendered in a unique illustrative style. His work has featured in numerous publications, as well as being featured in several documentaries and TV shows on street art in Australia. Facter has been involved in street art and graffiti since 1990, began as a graffiti artist in Perth, Western Australia. After several years hiatus from graffiti, Facter returned in 2007 with pasteups and stickers, began producing larger scale works again after relocating to Melbourne in 2008, his practice encompasses street art, designer toys, illustration and writing, has painted murals across five continents, in countries such as Australia, USA, Taiwan, Norway, Latvia, Indonesia and Malaysia. In 2016, Facter started; the creatures within the Irikanji urban vinyl line inhabit. Alongside his visual art practice, Facter is the creator and chief writer for the website.

Invurt maintains news of exhibitions and events and photography of street art across Australia, New Zealand and South East Asia. Alongside his co-host Ariana Leane, Facter is the producer and host of Invurtion, a weekly podcast on arts and artists around the Melbourne and Australian area; as an arts writer, Facter was responsible for coining the term "paintspotting", a portmanteau word now used for photographers and street art enthusiasts who capture new street art, much like "trainspotters". Facter is a well-known figure for his advocacy of street art and graffiti in Australia, in addition to consultation with numerous local governments, he has written numbers articles on street art in Australia, as well as on issues of copyright. In 2012 Facter was instrumental in the overturning of a proposal to install CCTV cameras in Hosier Lane, in opening of the lane way from a permit based painting zone to one that allowed artists to paint without permission. Under the Invurt banner, Facter has been responsible for the production a wide range of large scale painting productions in Melbourne.

In 2013, alongside Land Of Sunshine and Just Another Agency and the National Gallery of Victoria produced'All Your Walls', a large scale repainting of the entirety of Hosier Lane involving over 150 artist. In 2012 - 2014 Facter curated over 100 artists in the creation of Artist Lane in the City of Stonnington, under the Aerosol Alley events banner, he assisted in the production of the 2016 graffiti event “Meeting Of Styles Melbourne” under the Invurt banner. Facter was the chief curator, alongside Dean Sunshine, David Russell and Luke McManus for the Melbourne publication of the Google Street Art art project. Alongside Jo Jette, Facter was the co-editor for the short lived print publication Damnit! magazine. Facter worked as a freelance writer for XPress Magazine, Knowledge Magazine, Drum magazine, for which he wrote hundreds of articles and interviews on electronic music artists. Official Invurt website Official Irikanji website Damn It! magazine CutBack official website Young, Alison. Street Art, Public City: Law and the Urban Imagination.

Routledge. ISBN 9781135143510. Melbourne Street Art by & Land of Sunshine at Google Cultural Institute

Smile mask syndrome

Smile mask syndrome, abbreviated SMS, is a psychological disorder proposed by professor Makoto Natsume of Osaka Shoin Women's University, in which subjects develop depression and physical illness as a result of prolonged, unnatural smiling. Natsume proposed the disorder after counselling students from the university in his practice and noticing that a number of students had spent so much time faking their smiles that they were unaware that they were smiling while relating stressful or upsetting experiences to him. Natsume attributes this to the great importance placed on smiling in the Japanese service industry for young women. Smiling is an important skill for Japanese women working in the service industry. All service industry companies in Japan require their female staff to smile for long periods of time. Natsume says that his female patients talk about the importance of smiling when the topic of the conversation is on their workplace, he relates examples of patients saying that they felt their smile had a large effect on whether they were hired or not, that their superiors had stressed the effect that good smiles had on customers.

According to Natsume, this atmosphere sometimes causes women to smile unnaturally for so long that they start to suppress their real emotions and become depressed. Japanese author Tomomi Fujiwara notes that the demand for a common smile in the workplace emerged in Japan around the 1980s, blames the cultural changes wrought by the Tokyo Disneyland, opened in 1983, for popularizing the demand for an obligatory smile in the workplace; the smile mask syndrome has been identified in Korea. Korean writer Bae Woo-ri noted that smiling gives one a competitive advantage over the others, has become a necessary attribute of many employees, just like a "neat uniform". Yoon-Do-rahm, a psychology counselor, compared the current society, full of smile-masks, to a clown show. Smile mask syndrome can cause physical problems as well as mental ones. Natsume relates that many of his patients developed muscle aches and headaches as a result of prolonged smiling, says that these are similar to the symptoms of repetitive strain injury.

Honne and tatemae

Nursing in India

Nursing in India is the practice of providing care for patients and communities in that nation to improve health and quality of life. History indicates that the practices of nursing in India are ancient. Prior to the 20th century, Indian nurses were young men, with women acting as midwives for assisting with childbirth; the acceptance of nursing as a profession in India is improved a lot with good quality of education and clinical exposure to students. Majority of Indian Nurses tend to move to abroad countries like Australia, Canada, USA, UK etc. as the better pay and working conditions. Military nursing was the earliest type of modern nursing. In 1664 the East India Company started a hospital for soldiers in a house at Fort St. George, Madras; the first sisters were sent from London to this military hospital. In 1797 a Lying-in-Hospital for the poor of Madras was built with the help of subscriptions by John Underwood. In 1854 the government sanctioned a training school for midwives in Madras. Florence Nightingale was the first woman to have great influence over nursing in India and had a close knowledge of Indian conditions in the army.

She was interested in the nursing service for the civilian population, though her first interest was the welfare of the army in India. In 1865, Nightingale drew up some detailed "Suggestions on a system of nursing for hospitals in India". Graduates were sent out from the Nightingale School of Nurses at St Thomas' Hospital, England to start similar schools in India. St Stephen's Hospital, Delhi was the first one to begin training the Indian women as nurses in 1867. In 1871, the first school of nursing was started in Government General Hospital, Madras with a six-month diploma midwives programme with four students. Four female superintendents and four trained nurses from England were posted to Madras. Between 1890 and 1900, many schools, under either missions or government, were started in various parts of India. In the 20th century, national nursing associations were started. In 1897, B. C. Roy worked to nurses of both sexes. In 1908, the Trained Nurses Association of India was formed to uphold the dignity and honour of the nursing profession.

In 1918, training schools were started at Delhi and Karachi. Two English nurses and Graham, were appointed to give training and to supervise the nurses. In 1926, Madras State formed the first registration council to provide basic standards in education and training; the first four-year bachelor's degree programme was established in 1946 at the college of nursing in Delhi and the Christian Medical College and Hospital in Vellore. With the assistance from the Rockefeller Foundation, seven health centres were set up between 1931 - 1939 in the cities of Delhi, Bangalore, Trivandrum and Calcutta. In 1947, after Indian independence, the community development programme and the expansion of hospital service created a large demand for nurses, auxiliary nurse midwives, health visitors, nursing tutors and nursing administrators; the Indian Nursing Council was passed by ordinance on December 31, 1947. The council was constituted in 1949. In 1956, Adrenwala was appointed as the Nursing Advisor to Government of India.

The development of Nursing in India was influenced by the Christian missionaries, WorldWar, British rule and by the International agencies such as the World Health Organization UNICEF, the Red Cross, UNSAID etc. The first master’s degree course, a two-year postgraduate programme was begun in 1960 at the Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing, Delhi. In 1963, the School of Nursing in Trivandrum, instituted the first two-year post certificate bachelor's degree programme. Associations such as the International Council of Nurses, the nurses auxiliary of the CMA of India, T. N. A. I. Indian Nursing Council and State level Registration Council promote and support the nursing profession. There was a time when professional nurses had little choice of service because nursing was centred in the hospital on bedside nursing. Career opportunities are more varied now for a number of reasons. Career options include: A staff nurse provides direct patient care to one patient or a group of patients. Assists ward supervision.

Directly responsible to the ward supervisor. Ward sister or nursing supervisor, responsible to the nursing superintendent for the nursing care management of a ward or unit. Takes full charge of the ward. Assigns work to non-nursing personnel working in the ward. Responsible for safety and comfort of patients in the ward. Provides teaching sessions if it is a teaching hospital. Department supervisor/assistant nursing superintendent responsible to the nursing superintendent and deputy nursing superintendent for the nursing care and management of more than one ward or unit for example the surgical department or out-patient department. Deputy nursing superintendent responsible to the nursing superintendent and assists in the nursing administration of the hospital. Nursing superintendent responsible to the medical superintendent for safe and efficient management of hospital nursing services. A Director of Nursing is responsible for both nursing service and nursing educations within a teaching hospital.

Community Health Nurse services focus on the reproductive child health programme. Teaching in nursing; the functions and responsibilities of the nursing instructor include planning and supervising the learning experiences for students. Positions in nursing education include clinical instructor, senior tutor and associate professor, Reader in nursing and professor in nursing. Industrial nurses provide first aid, care during illness, health education ab