click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Terah

Terah or Terach is a biblical figure in the Book of Genesis, son of Nahor, son of Serug and father of the Patriarch Abraham, all descendants of Shem's son Arpachshad. Terah is mentioned in the Hebrew New Testament. Most of what is told about Terah is recorded in Genesis 11:26–28. Terah's father was son of Serug, descendants of Shem, they and many of their ancestors were polytheistic. Terah had three sons: Abram and Nahor II; the family lived in Ur of the Chaldees. One of his grandchildren was Lot, whose father, had died at Ur. Terah left Ur to move to the land of Canaan. Terah stopped in the city of Haran along the way, where he died. In the Book of Joshua, in his final speech to the Israelite leaders assembled at Shechem, Joshua recounts the history of God's formation of the Israelite nation, beginning with "Terah the father of Abraham and Nahor, lived beyond the Euphrates River and worshiped other gods." Genesis 11:26 states that Terah lived 70 years, he begat Abram and Haran. Rashi comments on the subsequent elaboration on the story of Abraham that Abraham was the gem of the chronology of Genesis 11 which the Torah wanted to focus on.

In the Jewish tradition, Genesis teaches. The Talmud says that Abraham was 52 years old at year 2000 AM, which means that he was born in the year 1948 AM. Rashi explains this based on Abram being born when Terah was 70. While it is a given in Jewish tradition that Genesis relates that Abram was born when Terach was 70, the basis of the current Jewish year, there is yet a question whether Abram was born first as listed, or he is listed first because he was the wisest similar to Shem and Jafeth where Shem was not the oldest, but was the wisest. Seder Olam Rabbah holds that Abram was the eldest. According to rabbinical tradition Terah was a idolatrous priest who manufactured idols. Abram, in opposition to his father’s idol shop, smashed his father’s idols and chased customers away. Terah brought his unruly son before Nimrod, who threw him into a fiery furnace, yet Abram miraculously escaped; the Zohar says that when God saved Abram from the furnace, Terah repented and Rabbi Abba B. Kahana said. Rabbi Hiyya relates this account in Genesis Rabba: Terah left Abram to mind the store while he departed.

A woman asked Abram to offer it to the idols. Abram took a stick, broke the idols, put the stick in the largest idol’s hand; when Terah returned, he demanded. Abram told his father that the idols fought among themselves and the largest broke the others with the stick. “Why do you make sport of me?” Terah cried, “Do they have any knowledge?” Abram replied, “Listen to what you are saying!” Terah is identified as the person who arranged and led the family to embark on a mysterious journey to Canaan. It is shrouded in mystery to Jewish scholars as to why Terah began the journey and as to why the journey ended prematurely, it is suggested that he was a man in search of a greater truth that could be found in the familiar land of Canaan, that it was Abram who picked up the torch to continue his father's quest, that Terah himself was unable to achieve. In Jewish tradition, when Terah died at age 205, Abraham was 135 years old. Abram thus left Haran at age 75; the Torah, relates Terah's death in Haran before Abram continues the journey to Canaan as an expression that he was not remiss in the Mitzvah of honoring a parent by leaving his aging father behind.

The significance of Terah not reaching Canaan, was a reflection of his character, a man, unable to go “all the way”. Though on a journey in the right direction, Terah fell short at arriving to the divine destination — in contrast to Abram, who did follow through and achieved the divine goal, was not bound by his father’s idolatrous past. Abram's following God’s command to leave his father, thus absolved him from the Mitzvah of honoring parents, as Abraham, he would go on to create a new lineage distinct from his ancestors. In the Samaritan Pentateuch Terah dies aged Abram leaves Haran after his death. In the Christian tradition Abram left Haran; the Christian views of the time of Terah come from a passage in the New Testament at Acts 7:2–4 where Stephen said some things that contrast with Jewish Rabbinical views. He said that God appeared to Abraham in Mesopotamia, directed him to leave the Chaldeans—whereas most Rabbinical commentators see Terah as being the one who directed the family to leave Ur Kasdim from Genesis 11:31: "Terah took his son Abram, his daughter-in-law Sarai, his grandson Lot and left Ur of the Chaldeans to go to the land of Canaan."

Stephen asserts. In some Islamic sects, Abraham's father is believed to have been a disbelieving man, due to his refusal to listen to the constant advice of his son. In fact, the earliest story involving Abraham in the Quran is his discussion with his ab; the name given for this man in the Qur'an is'Āzar', though Arab gen

Hermann Fictuld

Hermann Fictuld was a pseudonym used by an early Freemason, whose identity has not been determined. He wrote books on Hermeticism. In addition to other works on alchemy, Fictuld published Der Längst gewünschte und versprochene chymisch-philosophische Probier-Stein, auf welchem sowohl der wahrhafften hermetischen Adeptorum als der verführischen und betriegerischen Sophisten Schrifften sind probirt und nach deren Werth dargestellt worden, beschrieben in zweyen Classen, an annotated bibliography of alchemical writings. In the second edition Fictuld distinguishes between those he considers true adepts and sophists or charlatans, he criticized the works of alchemists such as DJW with "great severity", castigating them as fit only for burning. Hermann Fictuld was one of the leaders of the Order of the Golden and Rosy Cross, whose origins he traced to the Order of the Golden Fleece; the Golden and Rosy Cross was first written about by Samuel Richter in Breslau in 1710. Fictuld led an extensive reform in the organization in the 1770s.

Fictuld's Aureum Vellus oder Goldenes Vliess may have offered a common foundation which appealed to a variety of existing Hermetic groups. Fictuld corresponded with theosopher Friedrich Christoph Oetinger. In his recreation of the Order, Fictuld sought a return to "old ways and ceremonies" representing the "veneration of God and the welfare of humankind." The Aureum Vellus was read and may have led to the Order's integration into the Society of Freemasons. Some believe that Hermann Fictuld's real identity was Baron Johann Friedrich von Meinstorff, based on a substitution cipher at the end of one of his books, p. 380 of Azoth et Ignis, Das ist, das wahre Elementarische Wasser und Feuer Oder Mercurius Philosophorum, Als das einige nothwendige der Fundamental-Uranfänge und Principiorum des Steins der Weisen, 1749. Other sources suggest that his real name may have been Johann Heinrich Schmidt von Sonnenberg

Jonnalagadda, Guntur district

Jonnalagadda is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Guntur East mandal of Guntur revenue division, it is 12 km away from Guntur. Due to its proximity to the town the village boasts of many educated people. Jonnalagadda is a politically active village and the first Assembly Speaker of Andhra Pradesh, Mr Nallapati Venkata Ramaiah comes from this village. Jonnalagadda is a perfect village with soils suitable to grow rice and rainfed crops, dairy, Kalyana Mandapam and Pharma and engineering colleges. There are 7 temples in the village i.e. Sai baba temple, Vinayaka temple, Venugopala swamy temple, Anjeneya swamy temple, Poleramma temple and Gangamma temple besides Boddurai where prayers are offered on special occasions; as per the inscription available at the premises, the Venugopala swamy temple was constructed by a chieftain of Kakatiya Rudramadevi, in reciprocation to the comfortable treatment for his army during one of his endeavours by the village chief Sri Jonnalagadda Verri Ragaiah.

It has been renovated since then. Sai baba temple, though recent, has gained importance among the residents of Jonnalagada as well as Narasaroapet, it has become a custom to celebrate Sai baba Thirunala every year on May 18. It is a huge festival in Jonnalagada. Many people from different places, from near and far, participate in the proceedings on that day. Four famous engineering colleges are there near the village; every sankranthi festival is celebrated by conducting sports and yedla pandalu, in which many people from nearby villages take part and enjoy. Every festival is celebrated with show. One of the major festivals is Vinayaka chavithi. Children enjoy identifying and collecting herbs for puja, preparing Ganesh idols with clay, performing puja and immersing the God in Kuppagunji vagu. Poleramma and Gangamma jataras are performed. Jonnalagadda stands as an example for communal amity with a mosque. Chritmas and Ramjan are celebrated with equal fervor. Jonnalagadda has Rangareddy Palem. Jonnalagadda village stands as a mute witness to the exploitation of colonial British, with 3 pairs of abandoned Neelimandu bavulu used for processing blue, cultivation of which must have rendered many fertile lands useless.

These wells still can be seen behind Poleramma temple. - Improved by Dr J S Prasad May 19, 2016 Chinapalakaluru is situated to the north of the district headquarters, Guntur, at 16.3438°N 80.4410°E / 16.3438. It is spread over an area of 917 ha. Jonnalagadda gram panchayat is the local self-government of the village, it is divided into wards and each ward is represented by a ward member. The village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and is under the jurisdiction of APCRDA; as per the school information report for the academic year 2018–19, the village has a total of 4 schools. These are 1 private and 4 Zilla/Mandal Parishad schools. List of villages in Guntur district

Katete

Katete is a small town in the Eastern Province of Zambia, is headquarters of Katete District. The town is at the foot of rocky hills which lie to its east, including Mpangwe Hill and Kangarema Hill, which rise to 1600 m and are surrounded by cultivated fields, it lies on the Great East Road about 90 km south-west of the provincial capital, Chipata at an elevation of 1060 m on the watershed between the middle Luangwa River and the Zambezi. In the town is a major road junction, with a surfaced road branching off and running 50 km to the Mozambique border and connecting with Tete on the Zambezi 339 km to the south-east. Although Katete now lies on the Great East Road, in the 1950s Katete was a small settlement down a dirt track. At the road junction there was a handful of shops run by Indian traders; the settlement was to service an "NRG" secondary technical school for African male students. The school had a brickyard where mud bricks were kiln-fired. Subjects included woodwork, sugar-making, leather tanning, but academic subjects such as arithmetic and science were taught.

The teachers, who were European, lived in bungalows in the settlement. The school was known as part of the Eastern Province, NRG Development Area; the school dealt with adult education which included mass literacy in the Chichewa vocabulary that included women. This latter was based on the Frank Laubach system and refined by Hope Hay whose husband Rev Arthur Hay built and was first principle of the school. Katete was a bus stop on the Great East road for the Thatcher Hobson Servivce, where the small commercial centre was sited; the NRG administrative and educational settlement was South of this point while St Francis Church mission hospital and an agricultural research station lay to the North. The area was known for several tobacco farms cultivated by white settlers. Terracarta/International Travel Maps, Vancouver Canada: "Zambia, 2nd edition", 2000

Brad Williams (cricketer)

Brad Andrew Williams is a former Australian cricketer, who played Tests and ODIs. He is a right arm fast bowler who made his first-class debut for Victoria in the 1994–95 season as a nineteen-year-old. Williams moved to Western Australia for the 1999–2000 season after struggling to hold down a regular spot in the Victorian team. On the bouncy WACA pitch in Perth he went on to his most successful domestic season, capturing 50 first-class wickets, leading to his national debut the following year. After taking five first class wickets for the Warriors at a bowling average of 57 in the first three matches of the 2005–06 season, he was dropped for the fourth game of the season against the Tasmanian Tigers, he reacted by storming out of the training session and withdrawing himself for the team to play the Tigers in an ING Cup one-day match; that was viewed by the Western Australian Cricket Association as a breach of his playing contract, Williams was suspended for the remainder of the season. When Western Australia announced their squad for the 2006/07 season he was the notable omission, ostensibly ending his cricket career.

At the time he had raw speed and was tipped as a future star for the national team, although his debut for Australia didn't come until a One Day International match against New Zealand in January 2001. Williams had to wait until October 2003 for his Test debut but he struggled to hold down a regular spot in the national team, due in part to limited opportunity. Williams' best Test batting score of 10 not out was made against India, Melbourne, 2003–2004 His best Test bowling figures of 4 for 53 came against India, Melbourne, 2003–2004 Williams' best ODI batting score of 13 not out was made against New Zealand, Melbourne, 2001–2002 His best ODI bowling figures of 5 for 22 came against Zimbabwe, Sydney, 2003–2004 HowSTAT! Statistical profile on Brad Williams Brad Williams suspended for remainder of season, Cricinfo.com

CUGBP1

CUG triplet repeat, RNA binding protein 1 known as CUGBP1, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CUGBP1 gene. Members of the CELF/BRUNOL protein family contain two N-terminal RNA recognition motif domains, one C-terminal RRM domain, a divergent segment of 160-230 aa between the second and third RRM domains. Members of this protein family regulate pre-mRNA alternative splicing and may be involved in mRNA editing, translation; this gene may play a role in myotonic dystrophy type 1 via interactions with the dystrophia myotonica-protein kinase gene. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms, it is estimated that 5 to 8% of human mRNAs are unstable because of mRNA instability elements in their 3' untranslated regions. A number of such elements have been called AU-rich elements, it is now known that AREs are binding sites for RNA-binding proteins that target mRNAs to rapid degradation. However, only few of the proteins reported to bind AREs were demonstrated to play a role in mRNA degradation.

A shared feature of these proteins is to bind only to a subclass of the known AREs that contain the pentamer AUUUA. A convergent effort of several research teams now adds CUGBP1 to the short list of ARE-Binding proteins that control mRNA stability, with the peculiarity that it binds to non-AUUUA AREs. CUGBP1 has been involved both as a key regulator of human myotonic dystrophy 1 and more as a regulator of human papilloma virus mRNA expression. Evidence for CUGBP1 acting as a RNA degradation factor came first from the Xenopus model. Xenopus CUGBP1 was identified in 1998 for its ability to bind to a GU-rich element located in the 3'UTRs of some mRNAs that are deadenylated and translationally repressed after fertilization in early development; because deadenylation is the rate limiting step of mRNA degradation the enhancement of deadenylation increases mRNA turnover. Human CUGBP1 had been identified by Timchenko and colleagues for its ability to bind to CUG repeats located in the DMPK 3'UTR. A large amount of work has since described the role of hCUGBP1 on control of alternative splicing and will not be discussed here.

The demonstration that hCUGBP1 is involved in the control of mRNA deadenylation and instability like xCUGBP1 came next. In mammalian cell extract as well as in xenopus egg extracts and rescue experiments showed that specific binding of CUGBP1 to the 3'UTR of mRNA is required for the targeted specific deadenylation to occur. In rescue experiments in xenopus egg extracts, the recombinant human protein can replace the xenopus one making them functional homolog. Furthermore, the Poly ribonuclease PARN was shown to interact with CUGBP1. In human cells, tethering of hCUGBP1 to a mRNA decreases its steadystate suggesting the destabilization of the mRNA; the first human mRNA reported to be targeted to rapid deadenylation and degradation by CUGBP1 is the oncogene c-jun. Years ago, it was shown that the class III ARE of the human c-jun oncogene directed rapid deadenylation and degradation to a reporter mRNA. Both xCUGBP1 and hCUGBP1 were shown to bind to c-jun ARE; the binding of CUGBP1 to the 3'UTR of mRNAs bearing GU-rich element would target these mRNAs for rapid deadenylation by PARN and subsequent degradation.

This was demonstrated by siRNA-mediated knockdown of hCUGBP1 that led to stabilization of a reporter RNA bearing the c-jun UG -rich ARE. UGU tetranucleotides are key determinants of the binding site for xCUGBP1. A SELEX approach for the identification of artificial substrate of hCUGBP1 led to the proposition that UGU containing sequences were favoured for binding. More the reappraisal of CUGBP1 binding sites on the base of a combination of the SELEX approach and Immunoprecipitation of the CUGBP1 containing complexes has led Graindorge et al. to propose a 15 nt motif as a key determinant of CUGBP1 binding. Such a motif is found in a number of unstable mRNAs in human cells suggesting that they are degraded by a CUGBP1 deadenylation dependent pathway. Human CELF1 genome location and CELF1 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser