Terms of Endearment is a 1983 American comedy-drama film adapted from Larry McMurtry's 1975 novel, directed and produced by James L. Brooks, starring Shirley MacLaine, Debra Winger, Jack Nicholson, Danny DeVito, Jeff Daniels, John Lithgow; the film covers 30 years of the relationship between her daughter Emma. The film was a major critical and commercial success, grossing $108.4 million at the domestic box office and becoming the second-highest-grossing film of 1983. It received a leading eleven nominations at the 56th Academy Awards, won five: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Actress for MacLaine, Best Supporting Actor for Nicholson. Widowed Aurora Greenway keeps several suitors at arm's length, focusing instead on her close, but controlling, relationship with daughter Emma. Anxious to escape her mother, Emma marries callow young college professor Flap Horton over her mother's objections, moves away, has three children. Despite their frequent spats and difficulty getting along and Aurora have a tie between them that cannot be broken, keep in touch by telephone.
Emma and Flap soon run into marital difficulties. Emma has trouble managing the children and household, she and Flap both have extramarital affairs. Emma relies on her mother for emotional support. Meanwhile, the lonely Aurora overcomes her repression, begins a whirlwind romance with her next-door neighbor, retired astronaut Garrett Breedlove; the Horton family moves from Houston to Des Moines and to Nebraska for Flap's career, but so he can be near his girlfriend. Emma is diagnosed with cancer. Aurora stays by Emma's side through her treatment and hospitalization while dealing with her own pain after Garrett ends their relationship; the dying Emma shows her love for her mother by entrusting her own children to Aurora's care. After Emma's death, Garrett re-appears in the family's life, begins to bond with Emma's young children. Shirley MacLaine as Aurora Greenway Debra Winger as Emma Greenway-Horton Jack Nicholson as Garrett Breedlove Danny DeVito as Vernon Dalhart Jeff Daniels as Flap Horton John Lithgow as Sam Burns Lisa Hart Carroll as Patsy Clark Huckleberry Fox as Ted "Teddy" Horton Troy Bishop as Tom "Tommy" Horton Shane Sherwin as Tom "Tommy" Horton Megan Morris as Melanie Horton Tara Yeakey as Melanie Horton Kate Charleson as Janice Albert Brooks as Rudyard Brooks wrote the supporting role of Garrett Breedlove for Burt Reynolds, who turned down the role because of a verbal commitment he had made to appear in Stroker Ace.
"There are no awards in Hollywood for being an idiot", Reynolds said of the decision. The exterior shots of Aurora Greenway's home were filmed at 3060 Locke Lane, Texas. Larry McMurtry, writer of the novel on which the screenplay was based, had received his M. A. at Rice University, a mere three miles from the home. The exterior shots of locations intended to be in Des Moines and Kearney, Nebraska were instead filmed in Lincoln, Nebraska. Many scenes were filmed near, the campus of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. While filming in Lincoln, the state capital, Winger met then-governor of Nebraska Bob Kerrey. MacLaine and Winger did not get along with each other during production. MacLaine confirmed in an interview that "it was a tough shoot... Chaotic... likes working with tension on the set." On working with Nicholson, MacLaine said, "Working with Jack Nicholson was crazy", but that his spontaneity may have contributed to her performance. She said,We're like old smoothies working together. You know the old smoothies.
They would have this elderly man and woman – who at that time were 40 – and they had a little bit too much weight around the waist and were moving a little slower. But they danced so elegantly and so in synch with each other that the audience just laid back and sort of sighed. That's the way. We both know, and we don't socialize, or anything. It's an amazing chemistry -- a wonderful feeling. MacLaine confirmed in an interview with USA Today that Nicholson improvised when he put his hand down her dress in the beach scene. Terms of Endearment was commercially successful. On its opening weekend, it grossed $3.4 million, ranking number two, until its second weekend, when it grossed $3.1 million, ranking #1 at the box office. Three weekends it arrived number one again, with $9,000,000, having wide release. For four weekends, it remained number one at the box office, until slipping to number two on its tenth weekend. On the film's 11th weekend, it arrived number one, grossing $3,000,000. For the last weekends of the film, it dwindled downward.
The film grossed $108,423,489 in the United States. The film was well regarded by critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 78% approval rating based on 50 reviews, with a weighted average of 7.57/10. The site's consensus reads: "A classic tearjerker, Terms of Endearment isn't shy about reaching for the heartstrings – but is so well-acted and smartly scripted that it's impossible to resist." Metacritic reports a score of 79/100 based on reviews from 10 critics, indicating "Generally favorable reviews". Roger Ebert gave the film a four-out-of-four star rating, calling it "a wonderful film" and stating, "There isn't a thing that I would change, I was exhilarated by the freedom it gives itself to move from the high comedy of Nicholson's best moments to the acting
Route 2 is a major provincial highway in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, carrying the main route of the Trans-Canada Highway in the province and a core route in the National Highway System. It is a 4-lane freeway in its entirety; the highway connects with Autoroute 85 at the border with Quebec and with Highway 104 at the border with Nova Scotia, as well as traffic from Interstate 95 via the Route 95 connector. Route 2 directly serves the cities of Edmundston and Moncton. A 20-year project to replace the original 1960s-era 2-lane Trans-Canada Highway with a 4-lane freeway was completed on November 1, 2007; the final upgrade to Route 2 and its short connector Route 95 has extended the continuous freeway network of North America east to New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. Once Autoroute 85 in Quebec is completed, Route 2 will connect with the freeway networks of central Canada without passing through the United States; the highway's western terminus is at the interprovincial boundary with Quebec 15 km north of Edmundston.
It follows the lower section of the Madawaska River valley and enters the Saint John River valley where it passes north of Edmundston, running several kilometres inland from the east bank of the Saint John River, crossing the Rivière Verte as it continues past Saint-Léonard. At Grand Falls, the highway crosses to the west bank of the river and passes by Perth-Andover and Hartland. At Woodstock the Saint John River turns east and the highway continues to parallel the river on a ridge several kilometres inland along the western bank, it passes south of Oromocto before crossing the northeastern edge of CFB Gagetown. The Saint John River turns south near Jemseg where the highway crosses the river on the Saint John River High Level Crossing and continues east over the Jemseg River using the Jemseg River Bridge; the highway leaves the river valleys as it continues east across the rolling hills south of Grand Lake and passes by Havelock, River Glade and Salisbury. The highway passes north and east of Moncton and Dieppe before turning south and passing by Memramcook and Aulac before reaching the eastern terminus at the inter-provincial boundary with Nova Scotia.
Route 2 was one of the initial routes defined in 1927, running from Quebec at Quebec Route 2's terminus to Nova Scotia via Edmundston, Grand Falls, Fredericton, Saint John and Moncton. After a short crossing of the New Brunswick Panhandle alongside the Madawaska River to Edmundston, Route 2 followed the Saint John River all the way to Saint John, crossing three times - from the east to the west at Grand Falls, back to the east at Perth-Andover, back to the west at Hartland; the road on the east side of the river between Edmundston and Grand Falls had just been opened in about 1926. A Route 2A cut the distance between Fredericton and Saint John via a poorer-quality but more direct road, intersecting Route 2 at Oromocto and Westfield. Beyond Saint John, Route 2 went northeast via Sussex to Moncton, turned southeast to cross the Nova Scotia border near Sackville; the original path of Route 2 between Quebec and Sussex is now the River Valley Scenic Drive. When the route of the Trans-Canada Highway was defined in about 1950, it did not follow Route 2 via Saint John between Fredericton and Sussex, but took the more direct Route 9.
Through the late 1950s and 1960s, a number of bypasses and realignments two-lane, were built to improve Route 2 with federal Trans-Canada Highway funds. The first, built in the 1950s, was between southwest of Salisbury and Sackville; the old road through Moncton became Route 2A Route 6 in 1965, is now Route 106. Next was the bypass around Woodstock; the road from Route 42 at Jacksonville northeast to Route 2 at Somerville was Route 2B by the late 1950s. The initial bypass of Fredericton was built in about 1960, including the 1959 Princess Margaret Bridge across the Saint John River, which replaced the Carleton Street Bridge for traffic to Route 8, 9, Route 10. Traffic remaining on Route 2 to Saint John exited the bypass at what is now exit 7 for Route 7. Route 2 was moved to be identical with the Trans-Canada Highway, absorbing Route 9, in the 1965 renumbering of several New Brunswick highways; the old alignment via Saint John, where it did not become Route 7 or an extension of Route 1, was renumbered as the new Route 102 between Oromocto and Westfield.
The majority of road development in New Brunswick follows settlement patterns which pre-dated motor transport, thus most communities developed along navigable waterways or were served by railways. The development of controlled access expressways only began in the 1960s and only around the largest communities; the majority of early provincial highway improvements consisted of upgrading local roads. Route 2 followed present-day Route 144 from the N. B.-Quebec interprovincial boundary to Edmundston and down the Saint John River Valley to Grand Falls. There, it crossed to the west bank of the Saint John River, continued south to Florenceville where it crossed to the east bank to continue along present-day Route 105 to Hartland recrossed the river to the west bank which it followed present-day Routes 103, 165, 102 to Fredericton in a southeast direction. At Frederict
"From Paris to Berlin" is a song by Danish pop/dance group Infernal. It was released in 2005 From Paris to Berlin, it is known as their signature song as this was the first that charted in many countries throughout Europe and Australia in 2005 and 2006. It went to number one on the Danish Singles Chart, number two in both Ireland and the United Kingdom, number six in Norway; the single was the United Kingdom's sixth biggest selling single of the 2006. Shi Xin Hui, a female singer from Singapore, recorded a cover of this song; the cover was called "From Taipei to Beijing" and her debut album was released in the same name in November 2006. Ahead of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the song had been re-recorded for fans England, with lyrics celebrating the England national football team with the title "From London to Berlin". However, the song was withdrawn from radio airplay and TV following England's anticipated knockout from the World Cup. In 2007, a video of BBC Radio 1 DJ Colin Murray dancing to this song was published on the Radio 1 website.
"From Paris to Berlin" has been the most popular Infernal single to date and found much of its success when re-released in April 2006. After being used to support the England football squad and a video of well-known disc jockey Colin Murray dancing to the song was broadcast, the song rocketed up the charts to number 2 and sold many copies, coming in at number 6 on the year-end list of 2006's best-selling singles in the UK; the official music video for the song was inspired by the film Tron. Australian/Danish/Finnish 5" CD promo single "From Paris to Berlin" 3:29 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:03 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:24 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:37Australian 5" CD single "Cheap Trick Kinda' Girl" – 3:17 "From Paris to Berlin" – 3:27 "Cheap Trick Kinda' Girl" – 5:56 "From Paris to Berlin" – 6:35EU maxi single "From Paris to Berlin" 3:29 "From Paris to Berlin" 2:57 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:03 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:24 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:37German vinyl single A-side "From Paris to Berlin" 6:03 B-side "From Paris to Berlin" 6:24 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:37UK 5" CD single "From Paris to Berlin" 3:29 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:03U.
S. 12" single A-side "From Paris to Berlin" 6:03 B-side "From Paris to Berlin" 6:24 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:46UK 12" promo single A-side "From Paris to Berlin" 6:53 B-side "From Paris to Berlin" 6:03 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:36UK Enhanced CD single "From Paris to Berlin" 3:29 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:03 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:36 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:53 "From Paris to Berlin" 3:04 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:46 "From Paris to Berlin" 3:29 "From Paris to Berlin" 2:57 "From Paris to Berlin" / 6:35 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:03 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:53 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:24 "From Paris to Berlin" 6:36The song did well around the rest of Europe, peaking inside the Top 40 of most major charts. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics