The Battle of Brihuega took place on 8 December 1710 in the War of the Spanish Succession, during the allied retreat from Madrid to Barcelona. The British rearguard under Lord Stanhope was cut off within the town of Brihuega and overwhelmed by a Franco-Spanish army under the duc de Vendôme. Brihuega with other events brought an end to the British participation in the war. In 1710, victories at the Battle of Almenara and the Battle of Saragossa allowed the Grand Alliance army supporting Archduke Charles to occupy Madrid for the second time. On 21 September the Archduke—Charles III of Spain, according to the Allies—entered his prospective capital, but the invasion of 1710 proved to be a repetition of the invasion of 1706: The Alliance's 23,000 men, reduced by a loss of 2,000 in the actions at Almenara and Saragossa, by constant skirmishes with the guerrilleros, by disease, were unequal to the task of holding their conquests and occupying the two Castiles. The Portuguese were unable to offer help.
The Bourbon army was refitted and reorganized by French general the duc de Vendôme, lent to Philip V's service by the latter's grandfather, the Sun King. Spanish volunteers and regular units were joined by the Irish brigade and by French troops secretly directed to enter Spanish service. Madrid emptied, deserted by all except the poorest of its inhabitants, the Grand Alliance's position became untenable. On 9 November the Alliance embarked on a retreat to Catalonia. Leaving behind the main body of the army, the Archduke advanced with a guard of 2,000 cavalry, hurrying back to Barcelona; the rest of the army marched in two detachments, the division being imposed on them by difficulty of foraging. General Guido Starhemberg marched ahead with the main body of 12,000 men, a day's march ahead of the British troops, 5,000 men under Lord Stanhope; this division of forces invited disaster in the presence of the duc de Vendôme, a capable and resourceful leader. Vendôme set out from Talavera with his troops, pursued the retreating British army with a speed never equalled in such a season and in such a country.
The middle aged Frenchman led his Franco-Spanish army night. In typical Vendôme style, he swam, at the head of his cavalry, the flooded Henares and in a few days overtook Stanhope, at Brihuega with the left wing of the Grand Alliance army. "Nobody with me," said the British general, "imagined that they had any foot within some days' march of us and our misfortune is owing to the incredible diligence which their army made." Stanhope had enough time to send off a messenger to the centre of the army, some leagues from Brihuega, before Vendôme was upon him on the evening of 8 December. The next morning the town was invested on every side. Blasting the walls of Brihuega with heavy cannon, a mine was sprung under one of the gates; the British kept up a terrible fire. They fought against overwhelming odds as Vendôme's men stormed the city with bayonets fixed and began to take the town by bloody close quarters fighting, street by street; the British set fire to the buildings. The British general saw, he concluded his army became prisoners of war on honourable terms.
Scarcely had Vendôme signed the capitulation, when he learned that Staremberg was marching to the relief of Stanhope. On December 10 the two met in the bloody battle of Villaviciosa, after which Starhemberg continued the allied retreat; the British troops did not remain in captivity for long before they were exchanged and sent home in October 1711. The defeat helped justify the Harley Government's plan to agree a compromise peace with France at the Treaty of Utrecht. Opponents of the deal protested on the grounds of "No Peace Without Spain". Nonetheless Allied forces were withdrawn, with the final action taking place at the Siege of Barcelona in 1714. Frey and Marsha; the Treaties of the War of the Spanish Succession: an Historical and Critical Dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-27884-6. Description of the Battles of Brihuega and Villaviciosa Tricentenary celebration in 2010
Bloodwood is a common name for several unrelated trees, including: Baloghia inophylla, Baloghia marmorata, Baloghia parviflora Brosimum rubescens, a tree found in Central and South America Many Myrtaceae trees in the genus Corymbia from Australia from the genus Eucalyptus. Casuarina equisetifolia Cyrilla racemiflora Gordonia haematoxylon, a tree from Jamaica Haematoxylum campechianum, a tree from Central America and Caribbean Lagerstroemia speciosa Several trees from the genus Pterocarpus from Africa and Asia, the trees yields a red exsudate which soon harden into crimson tears; the Pterocarpus wood is traded under different names but not as bloodwood. Vachellia haematoxylon Ironwood Rosewood Baker, Mark. Wood for Woodturners. Sussex: Guild of Master Craftsmen Publications. ISBN 1-86108-324-6
Susan Lenox is a 1931 American pre-Code film directed and produced by Robert Z. Leonard and starring Greta Garbo and Clark Gable; the film was made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. It was the only film. However, they didn't like each other; the notoriety of the novel alone was enough for British censors to ban it from release. With a few cuts, it was approved in the UK with a new title: The Rise of Helga. Helga Ohlin is an illegitimate child raised in an abusive home, her uncle, Karl Ohlin, arranges for her to marry a lout, Jeb Mondstrum, but she runs away and meets Rodney Spencer, an architect, renting a cabin down the road from her family's farm. When Rodney leaves the cabin, her father and Jeb find her, she hops onto a train that has just embarked. She enters a room filled with a circus troupe, she writes letters to Spencer to meet her in Marquette. While the police search for her on the train, the leader of the circus group, Wayne Burlingham, hides her in his quarters and takes advantage of her, she meets Rodney in Marquette, but they have a misunderstanding because of her indiscretions with Burlingham, he leaves.
She becomes the mistress of Mike Kelly, a politician. At a dinner party at Kelly's penthouse, Mrs. Lenox invites Spencer, falsely concerning a new contract for him, he arrives not knowing the woman he is to meet, but they have another misunderstanding, he once again leaves. Susan goes to Spencer's home, but finds that he has left without telling where, she vows to search for him, she lands in Puerto Sacate of South America working as a dancer in a dance hall. There, she is romanced by an American, Robert Lane, who arrives by yacht and wants to take her away with him and marry her. But, Susan yearns to meet with Spencer and vows to "rise or fall alone." A barge with men working in the swamps arrive at the port, a group of them, including Spencer and arrive at the dance hall. Susan and Spencer meet, after some arguing, they rekindle their relationship. Greta Garbo as Susan Lenox Clark Gable as Rodney Spencer Jean Hersholt as Karl Ohlin John Miljan as Wayne Burlingham Alan Hale as Jeb Mondstrum Hale Hamilton as Mike Kelly Hilda Vaughn as Astrid Russell Simpson as Doctor Cecil Cunningham as Madame Panoramia/Pansy Ian Keith as Robert Lane According to MGM records the film made $806,000 in the U.
Frode Løberg is a former Norwegian biathlete. Løberg received a silver medal in team event at the 1991 Biathlon World Championships in Lahti, again in Novosibirsk in 1992, he finished 5th in the team event with the Norwegian team in 1989. He finished 4th in 4 × 7.5 km relay in 1990, 6th in team event. He competed at the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary where he finished 6th in 4 × 7.5 km relay with the Norwegian team. He competed at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville where he finished 8th in the individual, 5th in 4 × 7.5 km relay. All results are sourced from the International Biathlon Union. 2 medals *During Olympic seasons competitions are only held for those events not included in the Olympic program. **Team was added as an event in 1989. 1 victory *Results are from UIPMB and IBU races which include the Biathlon World Cup, Biathlon World Championships and the Winter Olympic Games. Frode Løberg at BiathlonWorld.com and BiathlonResults.com from IBU Frode Løberg at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Ira Wolfert was an American Pulitzer Prize-winning war correspondent and a fiction and non-fiction writer. Wolfert was born in New York. In 1930, he graduated from the Columbia University School of Journalism with a bachelor's degree. Wolfert was a correspondent for the North American Newspaper Alliance from the 1930s through World War II. In 1941, he was aboard the Surcouf when it helped to liberate Saint Miquelon, his series of articles about the November 1942 Naval Battle of Guadalcanal won him the Pulitzer Prize for Telegraphic Reporting. In 1944, Wolfert co-wrote One man Air Force with a leading fighter ace; the book is an autobiography of Gentile and details his exploits as a fighter pilot flying P-51 Mustangs with the Eighth Air Force. His first novel, Tucker's People about a vicious New York gangster, published in 1943, was well received by both critics and the general public. Wolfert co-wrote the screenplay for the film adaptation, Force of Evil, released in 1948; that same year, he had another success with the novel An Act of Love.
He wrote non-fiction, including the 1943 bestselling eyewitness account Battle for the Solomons and the 1945 American Guerrilla in the Philippines, which recounts the exploits of Navy officer Iliff David Richardson and was made into a 1950 film of the same name, starring Tyrone Power as Richardson. After the war, he continued to write articles for Reader's Digest; the House Un-American Activities Committee considered the leftist Wolfert a communist by association. In 1928, Wolfert married a poet, they had two children and Michael. Their marriage lasted 57 years, until Ruth died in 1985. On November 24, 1997, Wolfert died in Margaretville, New York at the age of 89. Ira Wolfert at AllMovie Ira Wolfert on IMDb Review of Married Men at The Neglected Books Page