Teruel is a city in Aragon, located in eastern Spain, is the capital of Teruel Province. It has a population of 35,675 in 2014 making it the least populated provincial capital in the country, it is noted for its harsh climate, with a big daily variation on temperatures and its renowned jamón serrano, its pottery, its surrounding archaeological sites, rock outcrops containing some of the oldest dinosaur remains of the Iberian Peninsula, its famous events: La Vaquilla del Ángel during the weekend closest to 10 July and "Bodas de Isabel de Segura" around the third weekend of February. Teruel is regarded as the "town of mudéjar" due to numerous buildings designed in this style. All of them are comprised in the Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon, a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Teruel's remote and mountainous location 915 metres above sea level and its low population has led to relative isolation within Spain. A campaign group with the slogan Teruel existe was founded in 1999 to press for greater recognition and investment in the town and the province.

Due in part to the campaign, transport connections to Teruel are being improved with the construction of a motorway between Zaragoza and Sagunto, large parts of which are now open. However, Teruel remains the only provincial capital in peninsular Spain without a direct railway link to the capital, Madrid; the area around Teruel has been populated since the times of the Celtiberians, who called it Turboleta. The place-name Turboleta could come from the Basque-Iberian term itur + olu + eta, according to the theory of Basque-Iberism; the area was occupied by the Romans, who left remains in nearby towns, such as Cella. Some authors claim that in the location of the current city of Teruel was called Tirwal, a name that would have come from the Arabic word meaning "tower." A Muslim enclave is said to have existed in that location in the year 935. However, the corresponding archaeological sites found there belong to a defensive structure, not a population center. On October 1, 1171, the King Alfonso II captured Tirwal.

He was threatened by the Almohads’ capture of Valencia, wanted to strengthen the southern border of his kingdom. In the same year, he founded the city of Teruel, granting it fueros and privileges to facilitate the repopulation of the area; the foundation of Teruel marked an unprecedented change in the political and territorial structure of southern Aragon. The predominance of Albarracín and Alfambra during the Muslim era was be replaced by that of the newly-founded cities, Teruel in particular, to the detriment of Alfambra. Alfabra would remain in the background under the organizing principle of manorialism. According to one legend, Toruel was founded when all the wise and important people of the town came together to look for signs and omens; the omen they found favorable was a bull, mooing from atop a high place with a star shining on it from above. The high place where they found the bull was made into the town’s main square. According to some authors, the name of the city has its origins in this meeting, since the combination of the words “bull” and the name of the star, "Actuel," would make "Toroel," which could become "Toruel."

The legend of this encounter explains the star and bull on the city’s flag and coat of arms. The inhabitants of Teruel intervened in the conquest of Valencia, in the hands of the Muslims, in the War of the Two Peters against the Kingdom of Castile; the population was granted the title of city in 1347 by Pedro IV of Aragon for their support in the Battle of Épila. It is important to highlight the considerable importance that the Jewish and Mudejar communities attained within the social and economic life of the city, since their aljamas were consolidated towards the end of the 13th century; the Jewish Quarter of Teruel still preserves its name, many archaeological sites have been found there. In the Middle Ages, Teruel possessed a prominent Jewish community, robust during the centuries Muslims were in power and enjoyed several privileges. On after the Christian reconquest of Spain, the Jewish community paid a yearly tax of 300 sueldos, its members were engaged in commerce and industry in wool-weaving.

During the persecutions of 1391 many of them were killed, while others accepted Christianity in order to save their lives. Teruel was fought over in the Spanish Civil War, much of the city was destroyed; the Battle of Teruel in December 1937-February 1938, was one of the bloodiest of the war. The town changed hands several times, first falling to the Republicans and being re-taken by the Nationalists. In the course of the fighting, Teruel was subjected to aerial bombardment; the two sides suffered up to 140,000 casualties between them in the three-month battle. The Nationalists won a decisive victory. According to the Köppen climate classification, Teruel has a humid subtropical bordering on a cold semi-arid climate. Summer temperatures are warm to hot, although there is much daily variation, winters are cool, with low minimum temperatures sometimes dropping to −10 °C; the lowest amount of rainfall is in winter and the greatest falls at the end of spring and autumn. The temperature records recorded at the Observatoire de Teruel 40.2 °C on August 10, 2012 and −19 °C on December 26, 2001.

The beauty of the town's cultural inheritance, which has some Islamic influence, has been recognised by UNESCO, which includes four churches in the World Heritage Site Mudéjar Architecture of Arago


Radowell — is a village in Ukraine, Olevsk district, Zhytomyr region. Radowell is situated about 20 km away from Olevsk, 165 km away from Zhytomyr and 205 km away from Kyiv; the territory of the village is about 3,810 square km. The village is located in 192m above sea level; the climate is moderate continental with warm summers. The Polissia region is made up of mixed forests. Fauna and flora is typical for the Ukrainian Polissia region. "The soils are turf podzolic, drained clay, glial drained and loose-buckthorn. The amount of humus is about 1,9»; the Perga river is located about 2 km from the village. The history of the village of Radowell has been preserved in essays, archival documents, eyewitness accounts, books by the former teacher and headmaster of Radowell State Secondary School, a researcher in the history of her native land, Nina Mykhailivna Veselska; some of her works include The Corner of the Picturesque Polissya and Memory is Everpresently Alive: Essays from the History of the Village Radowell and its School.

The books state that archival documents contain no information on the exact origin of the name Radowell. According to oral history the name may come from the words "council" and "lead": a prince in the region was advised where to lead his army or "very happy", "rejoiced": the prince and his warriors found their way out of the swamps and came upon a convenient place to rest, therefore rejoiced. There is a legend about Radov, a daring man of the Drevlian tribe, in whose honor the village was named. No specific date for the establishment of the village was found. However, in the Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland and Other Slavic Territories, a former graduate of the Radowell School Nadiia Herhalo found the following information: "Village Radowell, Ovruch district, Zhubrovychi parish, 99 miles away from Ovruch, 142 houses, 849 inhabitants, a wooden church, built in 1862. In 1496, Radowell was given to Prince Tymofii Ivanovych Kapusta by King Alexander, in 1581 - to Bohdan Sapeha".

Thus, in 1496, the village of Radowell existed. Therefore, "the first mention of a village Radov in the Ukrainian archives, dated 1545, is not exact". In the second half of the 17th century, Yosef Karol Nemyrych gave Radowell a monastery of Carmelites in Olevsk. In 1694, Alexander Nemyrych became the owner of Radowell. In the 18th century, the village was part of the Volhynian Voivodeship and that of the Volhynia province, which became part of the Russian Empire and was the most backward margin of the South-Western region of Russia. In 1831 Radowell transformed under the category of state-owned villages. At that time, the village belonged to the Olevsk parish, though, in 1866, it was readministered to the Zhubrovychi and to the Bilokorovychi parish. Radowell saw such historical events as the Stolypin agrarian reform, national liberation movement of 1917-1921, the Holodomor, Soviet rule and the restoration of Ukraine's independence. Today, the project "Radowell" is being implemented in the village.

In the village there is a school, an "Ukrpost" post office, an outpatient department and pharmacy, a village club with a library and ethnographic museum, as well as a village council. Biotechnological Lyceum “Radowell” was opened on September 15 in the village Radowell, it was reorganized from Radowell Secondary School I-III ranking. The institution is adapted to adapted to children with special needs, it has a modern design and innovative equipment consisting of more than 10 studios, namely robotics, taekwon-do, drama club, culinary studio, choreography etc). As of February 2019, 330 students study at the Lyceum. Preschool education is represented by the kindergarten No. 20. There are three groups in “Strumok”, the language of education is Ukrainian; the facility is designed to hold up to 90 students. At present in the village there is a pharmacy, a temporary outpatient clinic, as well as an emergency first aid facility — a modern reanimobile with innovative equipment; the old outpatient clinic was dismantled on December 8, the construction of the new one began on December 24.

The ongoing construction of the outpatient clinic is a part of the “Radowell” project. The present-day village club has been in operation since 1981. All year around it hosts various cultural events dedicated to holidays and other important celebrations. Since 1995, there has been an amateur ensemble folk dance "Rado", a regular participant of amateur concerts and district festivals. In 2014, the singing band "Svitanok" was founded; the club has a village library and a local museum — Narodoznavcha svitlytsia, where artifacts of national importance are collected. Among the exhibits there are embroidered towels, spinning wheels, a workbench for the production of textiles, a variety of vintage products and zhen; some locals still collect wild honey. Among cultural memorials in the village, there is a statue of a mother and child, located in the center, it is sculpted by M. M. Barynova, a graduate of Radowell Secondary School. There is a memorial in honor of S. K. Tur, a commander of a partisan group, other fellow villagers who had participated in World War II.

On February 25, 2016, a new church was opened. It was funded by other sponsors; the church was built in 1862 with state funds, at

2009 Six-red World Championship

The 2009 Six-red World Championship was a six-red snooker tournament that took place between 14 and 18 December 2009 at the INEC in Killarney, Ireland. The tournament was sponsored by online bookmaker 888sport; the field of 118 players were divided into three groups of six. Twenty-eight competitors were on the 2009/2010 professional Main Tour. During the tournament Michael White compiled the fastest 75 maximum break in the group stage with 2 minutes and 28 seconds. Mark Davis won in the final 6–3 against Mark Williams. Group A Group B Group C Group D Group E Group F Group G Group H Group I Group J Group L Group M Group N Group P Group Q Group R Group S Group T Group V Group W Group X Group Y Group Z Michael White Mark King David Morris Ken Doherty John Higgins Mark Joyce Barry Pinches 78 points Ricky Walden 76 points Robert Milkins 75 points Mark King