Gloria Anna Holden was an English-born American film actress, best known for her role as Dracula's Daughter. Born in England, Gloria Holden emigrated to the United States as a child with her parents, Charles Laurence Sutherland and Eska, her mother was German. She attended school in Wayne and studied at New York's American Academy of Dramatic Arts. Holden's early stage work included small parts in plays such as The Royal Family, in which she spoke four lines playing a nurse, she was an understudy to Mary Ellis in Children of Darkness, had a minor role in That Ferguson Family. She succeeded Lilly Cahill in As Husbands Go at the John Golden Theatre on Broadway, in June 1931. In August 1932, Holden was part of the cast of Manhattan Melody at the Longacre Theatre; the Lawrence Hazard play, adapted by L. Lawrence Weber featured Helen Lowell, Minnie Dupree and William Corbett as players, she was the leading lady in Survivor, written by D. L. James. Holden was among the cast members in a Myron Fagan play.
She may be best remembered for two roles in her long career, that of Mme. Zola in The Life of Emile Zola, her "exotic" depiction of the title role in Dracula's Daughter, her performance in the latter influenced the writings of horror novelist Anne Rice, Dracula's Daughter is directly mentioned in Rice's novel The Queen of the Damned. In July 1937, Holden was assigned to play the character of Marian Morgan in The Man Without a Country; the Technicolor short co-starred John Litel and was nominated for a Short Subject Academy Award. Other films in which she appeared include: Holden played a non-singing Julie La Verne on the 1940 Lux Radio Theatre adaptation of Show Boat, based on the 1936 film version. Holden married Harold A. Winston on December 17, 1932. In 1944, she married William Hoyt, to whom she remained married until her death, they had one son, William Christopher Hoyt, born in 1948 and killed in an automobile accident in 1970, listed as a homicide. Gloria Holden died of a myocardial infarction in 1991, aged 87.
Harold Winston, credited with helping discover actor William Holden, named him in honor of Gloria Holden. A version of how William Holden obtained his stage name is based on a statement by George Ross of Billboard magazine. George Ross stated: "William Holden, the lad just signed for the coveted lead in "Golden Boy", used to be Bill Beadle, and here is. On the Columbia lot is an assistant director and scout named Harold Winston. Not long ago he was divorced from the actress, Gloria Holden, but carried the torch after the marital rift. Winston was one of those who discovered the "Golden Boy" newcomer and who renamed him—in honor of his former spouse!..." The New York Times, "In The Summer Spotlight", June 14, 1931, p. X3. New York Times, "Theatrical Notes", August 27, 1932, p. 13. New York Times, "16 New Plays Open In Byways Tonight", August 14, 1933, p. 18. New York Times, "Theatrical Notes", January 27, 1934, p. 8. New York Times, "Listing The Week's New Shows", July 21, 1935, p. X1. Zanesville Signal, "Liberty Horror Film", June 23, 1936, p. 11.
Los Angeles Times, "New Film Productions Started In Last Week". February 2, 1936, p. C1. Los Angeles Times, "The Pageant of The Film World", July 14, 1937, p. 13. Los Angeles Times, "Around And About In Hollywood", October 4, 1937, p. A9 Los Angeles Times, "Town Called Hollywood", August 21, 1938, p. C1. Los Angeles Times, "Troupe Treks To Modesto Location", November 11, 1938, p. 10. Los Angeles Times, "Jap Treachery Background of Screen Drama", September 11, 1943, p. 7. Gloria Holden on IMDb Gloria Holden filmography, nytimes.com Gloria Holden at Find a Grave
Priscilla Lawson, born Priscilla Shortridge, was an American actress best known for her role as Princess Aura in the original Flash Gordon serial. Lawson was Mrs. Elmer Shortridge of Indianapolis, Indiana. Mr. Shortridge was a railroad yard foreman. Lawson was a professional model by her early twenties and was named Miss Miami Beach in 1935; this gained her a contract with Universal Studios. However, in 1936 she was cast in the serial Flash Gordon as the voluptuous daughter of the villain, Ming the Merciless. Princess Aura's rivalry with Dale Arden for Flash Gordon's affection was one of the centerpieces of the serial and gained Lawson cult figure status. Roy Kinnard wrote in Science Fiction Serials: A Critical Filmography of the 31 Hard SF Cliffhangers. Co-star Jean Rogers told him that censors ordered retakes of Chapter 1 of the serial with Lawson "wearing less revealing garb."Little is known of her post-Hollywood life. Lawson married Hollywood leading man Alan Curtis in November 1937 and enlisted in the Women's Army Corps during World War II.
An unverified rumor claims. Another version is. However, her Flash Gordon co-star Jean Rogers denied that Lawson had lost a leg, it was rejected in a biographical review in an Indianapolis journal. Lawson and her husband divorced in March 1940, she managed a stationery shop in Los Angeles, California. On August 27, 1958, Lawson died at 44 in Monrovia, due to cirrhosis and upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by a duodenal ulcer, she was interred at Live Oak Memorial Park in Monrovia. Priscilla Lawson on IMDb Priscilla Lawson at Find a Grave Priscilla Lawson in a clip from the Flash Gordon serial from YouTube
Roger Converse was an American motion picture actor and MGM contract player of the late 1930s, who made a name for himself portraying gentlemen and blue collar guys. He was born on June 26, 1911, in Santa Barbara and was educated at Hollywood High School where he was noted as being both an intellectual academic and a star athlete who graduated with several scholastic achievements in 1929, he had intended on furthering his education going onto medical school but following the Stock Market Crash of 1929, he choose to take other ventures and went straight into the workforce as a men's clothing model followed by a turn as a fitness instructor with the Los Angeles Athletic Club. In 1936, he was teaching an exercise class one day and was discovered by a talent scout who brought him to MGM Studios to be screen and wardrobe tested for motion pictures, the scout describing him, a blue-eyed, brown-haired man, 5 feet 8 inches in height, as appearing to be a "fine figure of masculinity with a nice round face".
He began his career in 1937, in the motion picture The Bad Guy and went on to appear in 20 more films, some of which were My Dear Miss Aldrich, The Shopworn Angel, Snow Gets in your Eyes, Marie Antoinette, Calling Dr. Kildare, he tested for the role of Rhett Butler for Gone With The Wind but was one of many man who lost out to Clark Gable. He fatherhood, he was financially secure from wise investments and was married to Wilhelmina Schulte from 1939 until his death in 1994. They had one son who predeceased the both of them in 1954, he spent the rest of his life living in Los Angeles, was supportive of the House Un-American Activities Committee hearings of the 1940s listing names of supposed communists as well, he was active in Republican politics. He was a diabetic and a devout Methodist, active within his local church, he died from natural causes on September 21, 1994, was interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Los Angelels, California. Roger Converse on IMDb
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engined heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps. Competing against Douglas and Martin for a contract to build 200 bombers, the Boeing entry outperformed both competitors and exceeded the air corps' performance specifications. Although Boeing lost the contract because the prototype crashed, the air corps ordered 13 more B-17s for further evaluation. From its introduction in 1938, the B-17 Flying Fortress evolved through numerous design advances, becoming the third-most produced bomber of all time, behind the four-engined B-24 and the multirole, twin-engined Ju 88; the B-17 was employed by the USAAF in the daylight strategic bombing campaign of World War II against German industrial and military targets. The United States Eighth Air Force, based at many airfields in central and southern England, the Fifteenth Air Force, based in Italy, complemented the RAF Bomber Command's nighttime area bombing in the Combined Bomber Offensive to help secure air superiority over the cities and battlefields of Western Europe in preparation for the invasion of France in 1944.
The B-17 participated to a lesser extent in the War in the Pacific, early in World War II, where it conducted raids against Japanese shipping and airfields. From its prewar inception, the USAAC promoted the aircraft as a strategic weapon, it developed a reputation for toughness based upon stories and photos of badly damaged B-17s safely returning to base. The B-17 dropped more bombs than any other U. S. aircraft in World War II. Of the 1.5 million tonnes of bombs dropped on Nazi Germany and its occupied territories by U. S. aircraft, 640,000 tonnes were dropped from B-17s. In addition to its role as a bomber, the B-17 was employed as a transport, antisubmarine aircraft, drone controller, search-and-rescue aircraft; as of May 2015, 10 aircraft remain airworthy, though none of them were flown in combat. Dozens more are on static display; the oldest of these is a D-series flown in combat in the Caribbean. On 8 August 1934, the USAAC tendered a proposal for a multiengine bomber to replace the Martin B-10.
The Air Corps was looking for a bomber capable of reinforcing the air forces in Hawaii and Alaska. Requirements were for it to carry a "useful bombload" at an altitude of 10,000 ft for 10 hours with a top speed of at least 200 mph, they desired, but did not require, a range of 2,000 mi and a speed of 250 mph. The competition for the air corps contract was to be decided by a "fly-off" between Boeing's design, the Douglas DB-1, the Martin Model 146 at Wilbur Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio; the prototype B-17, with the Boeing factory designation of Model 299, was designed by a team of engineers led by E. Gifford Emery and Edward Curtis Wells, was built at Boeing's own expense, it combined features of 247 transport. The B-17's armament consisted of five.30 caliber machine guns, with a payload up to 4,800 lb of bombs on two racks in the bomb bay behind the cockpit. The aircraft was powered by four Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet radial engines, each producing 750 hp at 7,000 ft; the first flight of the Model 299 was on 28 July 1935 with Boeing chief test pilot Leslie Tower at the controls.
The day before, Richard Williams, a reporter for The Seattle Times, coined the name "Flying Fortress" when – observing the large number of machine guns sticking out from the new airplane – he described it as a "15-ton flying fortress" in a picture caption. The most unusual mount was in the nose, which allowed the single machine gun to be fired toward any frontal angle. Boeing had it trademarked for use. Boeing claimed in some of the early press releases that Model 299 was the first combat aircraft that could continue its mission if one of its four engines failed. On 20 August 1935, the prototype flew from Seattle to Wright Field in nine hours and three minutes with an average cruising speed of 252 miles per hour, much faster than the competition. At the fly-off, the four-engined Boeing's performance was superior to those of the twin-engined DB-1 and Model 146. Major General Frank Maxwell Andrews of the GHQ Air Force believed that the capabilities of large four-engined aircraft exceeded those of shorter-ranged, twin-engined aircraft, that the B-17 was better suited to new, emerging USAAC doctrine.
His opinions were shared by the air corps procurement officers, before the competition had finished, they suggested buying 65 B-17s. Development continued on the Boeing Model 299, on 30 October 1935, Army Air Corps test pilot Major Ployer Peter Hill and Boeing employee Les Tower took the Model 299 on a second evaluation flight; the crew forgot to disengage the "gust locks", which locked control surfaces in place while the aircraft was parked on the ground, after takeoff, the aircraft entered a steep climb, nosed over, crashed, killing Hill and Tower. The crashed Model 299 could not finish the evaluation. While the air corps was still enthusiastic about the aircraft's potential, army officials were daunted by its cost. Army Chief of Staff Malin Craig cancelled the order for 65 YB-17s, ordered 133 of the twin-engined Douglas B-18 Bol
The Film Daily
The Film Daily was a daily publication that existed from 1915 to 1970 in the United States. For 55 years, Film Daily was the main source of news on the television industries, it covered the latest trade news, film reviews, financial updates, information on court cases and union difficulties, equipment breakthroughs. The publication was originated by Wid Gunning in 1913, the publication retained "Wid" in the title until 1922; the publications were broken into five parts: Part One: Wid's Film and Film Folk, 1915–1916, Wid's Independent Review of Feature Films, 1916–1918. The Media History Digital Library has scans of the archive of Film Daily from 1918–1948 available online and most years of the Film Daily Year Book from 1920 to 1951. Film Daily was best known for its annual year-end critics' poll, in which hundreds of professional movie critics from around the country submitted their votes for the best films of the year, which the magazine tallied and published as a top ten list, it was not uncommon for a film to win for a year that came after the year it first premiered, since the rollover date for each year's eligibility cycle was November 1 and the film was required to be in general release.
Gone with the Wind, for example, premiered in 1939 but didn't become eligible until 1941 when it switched from a roadshow format to a general release. No winner was named in 1950 because for that year only, separate categories were polled for Drama of the Year and Musical of the Year. Media History Digital Library
Victor Lonzo Fleming was an American film director and producer. His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz, Gone with the Wind, for which he won an Academy Award for Best Director. Fleming has those same two films listed in the top 10 of the American Film Institute's 2007 AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list. Victor Fleming was born at the Banbury Ranch near what is now La Cañada Flintridge, the son of Eva and William Richard Lonzo Fleming, he served in the photographic section during World War I, acted as chief photographer for President Woodrow Wilson in Versailles, France. He showed a mechanical aptitude early in life, he soon rose to the rank of cinematographer, working with both Dwan and D. W. Griffith, directed his first film in 1919. Many of his silent films were action movies starring Douglas Fairbanks, or Westerns; because of his robust attitude and love of outdoor sports, he became known as a "man's director". Under his direction, Vivien Leigh won the Best Actress Oscar, Hattie McDaniel won for Best Supporting Actress, Olivia De Havilland was nominated.
In 1932, Fleming directed some of the studio's most prestigious films. Red Dust and Reckless showcasing Jean Harlow, while Treasure Island and Captains Courageous brought a touch of literary distinction to boy's-own adventure stories, his two most famous films came in 1939, when The Wizard of Oz was followed by Gone With the Wind. Fleming's version of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, with Spencer Tracy, was rated below Rouben Mamoulian's 1931 pre-code version, which had starred Fredric March. Fleming's 1942 film version of John Steinbeck's Tortilla Flat starred Tracy, John Garfield, Hedy Lamarr, Frank Morgan. Other films that Fleming made with Tracy include Captains Courageous, A Guy Named Joe, Test Pilot, he directed Clark Gable in a total of five films – Red Dust, The White Sister, Test Pilot, Gone with the Wind, Adventure. He owned the Moraga Estate in Bel Air, Los Angeles, California a horse ranch. Frequent guests to his estate included Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Ingrid Bergman, Spencer Tracy, he died while en route to a hospital in Cottonwood, Arizona after suffering a heart attack on January 6, 1949.
His death occurred shortly after completing Joan of Arc with Ingrid Bergman, one of the few films that he did not make for MGM. Despite mixed reviews, Fleming's film version of the life of Joan received seven Academy Award nominations, winning two, it was reported in James Curtis' book Spencer Tracy: A Biography that Anne Revere once said Fleming was "violently pro-Nazi" and opposed to the United States entering World War II. According to the Fleming biography Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master, by author Michael Sragow, Fleming had once mocked the UK at the outset of World War II by taking a bet as to how long the country could withstand an attack by Germany; the accuracy of Revere's characterization of Fleming has been disputed, however. According to Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master, Revere had made her comment because she felt she had been cast in the film The Yearling over Flora Robson because Robson was British. However, at the time of the casting, Fleming was working on the film Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, which featured a British producer and a cast composed of British or British Commonwealth actors.
Furthermore, Revere did not know Fleming beyond their professional relationship. Victor Fleming on IMDb Victor Fleming at AllMovie Victor Fleming at the TCM Movie Database The Real Rhett Butler – David Denby on Victor Fleming
The Academy Awards known as the Oscars, are a set of awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. Given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the awards are an international recognition of excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership; the various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more referred to by its nickname "Oscar". The award was sculpted by George Stanley from a design sketch by Cedric Gibbons. AMPAS first presented it in 1929 at a private dinner hosted by Douglas Fairbanks in the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel; the Academy Awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the first time in 1953. It is now seen live worldwide, its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Tony Awards for theater, the Grammy Awards for music – are modeled after the Academy Awards. The 91st Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best films of 2018, was held on February 24, 2019, at the Dolby Theatre, in Los Angeles, California.
The ceremony was broadcast on ABC. A total of 3,072 Oscar statuettes have been awarded from the inception of the award through the 90th ceremony, it was the first ceremony since 1988 without a host. The first Academy Awards presentation was held on 16 May 1929, at a private dinner function at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about 270 people; the post-awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel. The cost of guest tickets for that night's ceremony was $5. Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists and other participants in the film-making industry of the time, for their works during the 1927–28 period; the ceremony ran for 15 minutes. Winners were announced to media three months earlier; that was changed for the second ceremony in 1930. Since for the rest of the first decade, the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11:00 pm on the night of the awards; this method was used until an occasion when the Los Angeles Times announced the winners before the ceremony began.
The first Best Actor awarded was Emil Jannings, for his performances in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh. He had to return to Europe before the ceremony, so the Academy agreed to give him the prize earlier. At that time, the winners were recognized for all of their work done in a certain category during the qualifying period. With the fourth ceremony, the system changed, professionals were honored for a specific performance in a single film. For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. At the 29th ceremony, held on 27 March 1957, the Best Foreign Language Film category was introduced; until foreign-language films had been honored with the Special Achievement Award. The 74th Academy Awards, held in 2002, presented the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. Since 1973, all Academy Awards ceremonies have ended with the Academy Award for Best Picture. Traditionally, the previous year's winner for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor present the awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress, while the previous year's winner for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress present the awards for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor.
See § Awards of Merit categories The best known award is the Academy Award of Merit, more popularly known as the Oscar statuette. Made of gold-plated bronze on a black metal base, it is 13.5 in tall, weighs 8.5 lb, depicts a knight rendered in Art Deco style holding a crusader's sword standing on a reel of film with five spokes. The five spokes represent the original branches of the Academy: Actors, Directors and Technicians; the model for the statuette is said to be Mexican actor Emilio "El Indio" Fernández. Sculptor George Stanley sculpted Cedric Gibbons' design; the statuettes presented at the initial ceremonies were gold-plated solid bronze. Within a few years the bronze was abandoned in favor of Britannia metal, a pewter-like alloy, plated in copper, nickel silver, 24-karat gold. Due to a metal shortage during World War II, Oscars were made of painted plaster for three years. Following the war, the Academy invited recipients to redeem the plaster figures for gold-plated metal ones; the only addition to the Oscar since it was created is a minor streamlining of the base.
The original Oscar mold was cast in 1928 at the C. W. Shumway & Sons Foundry in Batavia, which contributed to casting the molds for the Vince Lombardi Trophy and Emmy Award's statuettes. From 1983 to 2015 50 Oscars in a tin alloy with gold plating were made each year in Chicago by Illinois manufacturer R. S. Owens & Company, it would take between four weeks to manufacture 50 statuettes. In 2016, the Academy returned to bronze as the core metal of the statuettes, handing manufacturing duties to Walden, New York-based Polich Tallix Fine Art Foundry. While based on a digital scan of an original 1929 Oscar, the statuettes retain their modern-era dimensions and black pedestal. Cast in liquid bronze from 3D-printed ceramic molds and polished, they are electroplated in 24-karat gold by Brooklyn, New York–based Epner Technology; the time required to produce 50 such statuettes is three months. R. S. Owens i