In law and in religion, testimony is a solemn attestation as to the truth of a matter. The words "testimony" and "testify" both derive from the Latin word testis, referring to the notion of a disinterested third-party witness. In the law, testimony is a form of evidence, obtained from a witness who makes a solemn statement or declaration of fact. Testimony may be oral or written, it is made by oath or affirmation under penalty of perjury. To be admissible in court and for maximum reliability and validity, written testimony is witnessed by one or more persons who swear or affirm its authenticity under penalty of perjury. Unless a witness is testifying as an expert witness, testimony in the form of opinions or inferences is limited to those opinions or inferences that are rationally based on the perceptions of the witness and are helpful to a clear understanding of the witness' testimony. Legitimate expert witnesses with a genuine understanding of legal process and the inherent dangers of false or misleading testimony refrain from making statements of fact.
They recognize that they are in fact not witnesses to an alleged crime or other event in any way, shape or form. Their expertise is in relevant facts in the case, they should make no firm judgement or claim or accusation about any aspect of the case outside their narrow range of expertise. They should not allege any fact they can't and credibly prove scientifically. For example, a hair sample from a crime scene entered as evidence by the prosecution should be described by an expert witness as "consistent with" a sample collected from the defendant, rather than being described as a "match". A wide range of factors make it physically impossible to prove for certain that two hair or tissue samples came from a common source. Having not witnessed the defendant at the scene, the expert witness can not state for a fact that the sample is a match to the defendant when the samples were collected at different times and different places by different collectors using different collection methods; the testimony of expert witnesses is regarded as supportive of evidence rather than evidence in and of itself, a good defense attorney will point out that the expert witness is not in fact a witness to anything, but rather an observer.
When a witness is asked a question, the opposing attorney can raise an objection, a legal move to disallow or prevent an improper question to others, preferably before the witness answers, mentioning one of the standard reasons, including: argumentative asked and answered best evidence rule calls for speculation calls for a conclusion compound question or narrative hearsay inflammatory incompetent witness irrelevant, immaterial. Lack of foundation leading question privilege vague ultimate issue testimonyThere may be an objection to the answer, including: non-responsiveUp until the mid-20th century, in much of the United States, an attorney had to follow an objection with an exception to preserve the issue for appeal. If an attorney failed to "take an exception" after the court's ruling on the objection, he waived his client's right to appeal the issue. Exceptions have since been abolished, due to the widespread recognition that forcing lawyers to take them was a waste of time; when a party uses the testimony of a witness to show proof, the opposing party attempts to impeach the witness.
This may be done using cross-examination, calling into question the witness's competence, or by attacking the character or habit of the witness. So, for example, if a witness testifies that he remembers seeing a person at 2:00 pm on a Tuesday and his habit is to be at his desk job on Tuesday the opposing party would try to impeach his testimony related to that event. Christians in general within the Evangelical tradition, use the term "to testify" or "to give one's testimony" to mean "to tell the story of how one became a Christian", it may refer to a specific event in a Christian's life in which God did something deemed worth sharing. Christians give their testimony at their own baptism or at evangelistic events. Many Christians have published their testimonies on the internet. Many holiness churches devote a portion of their mid-week service to allow members to give a personal testimony about their faith and experiences in living the Christian life. In the Religious Society of Friends, the word testimony is used to refer to the ways in which Friends testify or bear witness to their beliefs in their everyday lives.
In this context, the word testimony refers not to the underlying belief, but the committed action which arises out of their beliefs, which testifies to their beliefs. Common areas in which modern Friends are said to testify include testimony towards peace, testimony to simplicity, testimony to truth and integrity, testimony to equality. In some religions many adherents testify as a profession of their faith to a congregation of believers. In Mormonism, testifying is referred to as "bearing one's testimony", involves the sharing of personal experience—ranging from a simple anecdote to an account of personal revelation—followed by a statement of belief, confirmed by this experience. Within Mormon culture, the word "testimony"
Southsea is a small industrial village on the Gwenfro river in Broughton community, the county borough of Wrexham, Wales. The village came into being at the site of the Broughton Hall Brickworks and Plas Power Colliery, its Welsh language placename derives from that of a farm. Its exotic-sounding English name, comes from the South Sea Inn which used to stand over the road from the brickworks, in a room of which the brickworks pay was distributed; the Wrexham historian Alfred Neobard Palmer noted that the name Southsea first appeared on the rate books as early as 1786, though commenting that this was "an absurd name which should never have been adopted as there was an appropriate name ready to hand". Southsea's church, All Saints, was its church hall; the previous church, built in 1921 after the original building became unsafe due to mining subsidence, itself became unsafe and was demolished in 1984. Www.geograph.co.uk: photographs of Southsea and surrounding area
The 2017 Carolina Challenge Cup was the 13th edition of the Carolina Challenge Cup, an annual soccer tournament held in South Carolina by the Charleston Battery. The tournament ran from February 18 to 25, with all matches played at MUSC Health Stadium in Charleston, South Carolina. In addition to the Charleston Battery of the United Soccer League, three Major League Soccer clubs participated: expansion franchise Atlanta United FC, Columbus Crew SC and defending MLS Cup champions Seattle Sounders FC. Columbus won the competition with one draw. Carolina Challenge Cup Charleston Battery 2017 in American soccer