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Teucer

In Greek mythology, Teucer Teucrus, Teucros or Teucris, was the son of King Telamon of Salamis Island and his second wife Hesione, daughter of King Laomedon of Troy. He fought alongside his half-brother, Ajax, in the Trojan War and is the legendary founder of the city of Salamis on Cyprus. Through his mother, Teucer was the nephew of King Priam of Troy and the cousin of Hector and Paris—all of whom he fought against in the Trojan War. During the Trojan War, Teucer was a great archer, who loosed his shafts from behind the giant shield of his half-brother Ajax the Great; when Hector was driving the Achaeans back toward their ships, Teucer gave the Argives some success by killing many of the charging Trojans, including Hector's charioteer, Archeptolemus son of Iphitos. However, every time he shot an arrow at Hector, the protector of the Trojans, would foil the shot. At one point in his rage at Teucer's success, Hector flung it at him; the rock injured Teucer. He took up a spear to fight in the war.

He once again challenged Hector, narrowly avoided the path of Hector's flying javelin in the ensuing battle. He was one of the Danaans to enter the Trojan Horse. In total, Teucer slew thirty Trojans during the war, he wounded Glaucus, son of Hippolochus. After Ajax's suicide, Teucer guarded the body to make sure it was buried, insulting Menelaus and Agamemnon when they tried to stop the burial. Odysseus persuaded Agamemnon to let the burial happen; because of his half-brother's suicide, Teucer stood trial before his father, where he was found guilty of negligence for not bringing his dead half-brother's body or his arms back with him. He was disowned by his father, wasn't allowed back on Salamis Island, set out to find a new home, his departing words were introduced in the seventh ode of the first book of the Roman poet Horace's Odes, in which he exhorts his companions "nil desperandum", "do not despair", announces "cras ingens iterabimus aequor", "tomorrow we shall set out upon the vast ocean".

This speech has been given a wider applicability in relation to the theme of voyages of discovery found in the Ulysses of Tennyson. Teucer joined King Belus II in his campaign against Cyprus, when the island was seized, Belus handed it over to him in reward for his assistance. Teucer founded the city of Salamis on Cyprus, he further married Eune, daughter of Cinyras, king of Cyprus, had by her a daughter Asteria. The name Teucer is believed to be related to the name of the West Hittite God Tarku —the Indo-European Storm God—a role which explains his relationship to Belus, the Semitic storm god Baal. Local legends of the city of Pontevedra relate the foundation of this city to Teucer, although this seems to be based more on the suspicions that Greek traders might have reached that area in ancient times - hence introducing a number of Greek stories; the city is sometimes poetically called "The City of Teucer" and its inhabitants teucrinos. A number of sporting clubs in the municipality use names related to Teucer.

Media related to Teucer at Wikimedia Commons

Louisa Woosley

Louisa Mariah Layman Woosley was the first woman ordained as a minister in any Presbyterian denomination. She was ordained by the Cumberland Presbyterian Church on November 5, 1889. Woosley, a Cumberland Presbyterian from Kentucky, was ordained by Nolin Presbytery in that denomination on Tuesday, November 5, 1889. Although the constitution of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church did not exclude women from ordination, neither did it include them. A great controversy developed in various church judicatories over the legality of her ordination. Kentucky Synod of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church instructed Nolin Presbytery to remove Louisa Woosley from their rolls; this the presbytery did by granting her the status of minister in transitu to another presbytery. Although Nolin Presbytery complied with the instructions of the superior judicatory, they had denied their intent. In 1891, Woosley published her only book,'Shall Woman Preach' which explained and justified her position. Louisa Woosley, with the aid of various Kentucky presbyteries sympathetic to her cause, outlasted the synodic objection to her ordination.

In 1906, the partial reunion of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church with the Presbyterian Church USA removed some of the most vocal opposition to the ordination of women. Although the official position of the denomination remained unchanged, clergy women were able to participate in all levels of polity without a great deal of opposition. In 1920, the Cumberland Presbyterian denomination ruled that the word "man" as used in its constitution was to be considered as a gender neutral reference to a human being. More gender inclusive language came into broader use in the denomination. A hundred years after Woosley's ordination, the Cumberland Presbyterian Church elected their first female General Assembly moderator, Beverly St. John, in 1988. In the entire Reformed tradition, only Antoinette Brown, a Congregationalist, can claim an earlier ordination in 1853. However, Brown's ordination was never recognized by the Congregational denomination and she departed for the Unitarian Church. Woosley, on the other hand, was recognized as a legitimate member of the Cumberland Presbyterian clergy and served in a variety of church offices for over 50 years.

Hudson, Mary Linnie. Shall Woman Preach? Or the Question Answered: The Ministry of Louisa M. Woosley in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 1887-1942. P94-1873. Vanderbilt University. Woosley, Louisa. Women Shall Preach: Celebrating 125 Years of Ordained Women in Ministry in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Memphis, TN: Historical Foundation CPC & CPCA. ISBN 9780692221433

Savoy Chapel

The Queen's Chapel of St John the Baptist in the Precinct of the Savoy known as the Queen's Chapel of the Savoy, is a church dedicated to St John the Baptist, located just south of the Strand, next to the Savoy Hotel. It sits on the site of the Savoy Palace, once owned by John of Gaunt, destroyed in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381. Work was begun on the building in 1502 by King Henry VII and it received its first charter to operate as a hospital foundation in 1512 to look after 100 poor and needy men of London; the hospital had fallen into ruin by the late 18th century. The chapel is owned by the Duchy of Lancaster and as such is a royal peculiar, not being under the jurisdiction of a bishop, but under that of the reigning monarch; the church is the chapel of the Royal Victorian Order, although since the number of the members of the Order exceeded the width of the chapel their gathering takes place at St. George's Chapel, at Windsor Castle, it is designated as a Grade II* listed building. The chapel was founded as part of Peter of Savoy's palace, destroyed during the Peasants' Revolt of 1381.

The present chapel building commenced in the 1490s by Henry VII as a side chapel off the Savoy Hospital's 200-foot long nave. The Savoy Chapel has hosted various other congregations, most notably that of St Mary-le-Strand whilst it had no church building of its own; the German Lutheran congregation of Westminster was granted royal permission to worship in the chapel when it separated from Holy Trinity. The new congregation's first pastor, Irenaeus Crusius, dedicated the chapel on the 19th Sunday after Trinity 1694 as the Marienkirche or the German Church of St Mary-le-Savoy. Archibald Cameron of Lochiel, the last Jacobite leader to be executed for treason, was buried there in 1753. An Anglican place of worship, the chapel was noted in the 18th and 19th centuries as a place where marriages without banns might occur outside of the usual parameters of ecclesiastical law of that time; the Rev. Henry White was the chaplain of Savoy Chapel from 1860 to 1890 and might have set a record for officiating at the marriages of actors and actresses.

It was referred to in Evelyn Waugh's Brideshead Revisited as "the place where divorced couples got married in those days—a poky little place". In 1755 Joseph Vernon married Jane Poitier here and the curate and vicar were transported for fourteen years for carrying out an unlicensed wedding. In 1908 it was the scene of a suffragette wedding between Una Duval; the wedding was attended by leading suffragettes and the wedding caused much debate because the bride refused to say "and obey", despite the intervention of the Archbishop of Canterbury. In 1939, it was announced by the office of the Duchy of Lancaster that the Savoy Chapel would be known as The King's Chapel of the Savoy. Many of the chapel's stained glass windows were destroyed in the London Blitz during the Second World War. However, a triptych stained glass memorial window survives which depicts a procession of angelic musicians, it is dedicated to the memory of Richard D'Oyly Carte and was unveiled by Sir Henry Irving in 1902. The chapel has been Crown property for centuries as part of the Savoy Hospital estate and remains under the aegis of the monarch as part of the Duchy of Lancaster and thereby is a royal peculiar.

It was inaugurated as a Chapel Royal in November 2016. The chaplain is appointed by the Duchy and it is the "parish church" of the Savoy Estate, the Duchy of Lancaster's principal London landholding. Armorial plates commemorating GCVOs past and present are displayed throughout the chapel. Most of the chapel's costs and maintenance are met by the Duchy of Lancaster, with recent works including landscaping of its garden in honour of the Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II in 2002 and restoration of the chapel ceiling in 1999; the chapel was further refurbished and a new stained-glass window commemorating the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II was unveiled by the Queen in November 2012. The Savoy Chapel uses the King James Bible for worship. Services are held each Sunday, to which members of the public are welcomed, excepting occasional special events; the chapel is open for visitors from Monday to Thursday. The Chapel possesses a three-manual pipe organ, constructed to the specifications of the previous Master of the Music, William Cole and manufactured by J. W. Walker & Sons Ltd.

The organ casework was designed by Arthur Bedford Knapp-Fisher. It was dedicated by Her Majesty The Queen at a service to commemorate the 700th anniversary of the Duchy of Lancaster on 27 October 1965; the current Master of the Music is Philip Berg. Previous Masters of the Music include William Cole; the choir is rooted in the English cathedral tradition, consists of up to 21 boy choristers and six professional gentlemen. The trebles are drawn from St. Olave's Grammar School; each year up to four prospective year-six pupils are