Winnipeg Beach is a town in the Interlake Region, in the Canadian province of Manitoba. The town was founded in 1900 by Sir William Whyte and is located at the junction of Highway 9 and Highway 229 on the southwestern shore of Lake Winnipeg, about 56 kilometres north of Winnipeg, it is bordered by the Rural Municipality of Gimli, the Rural Municipality of St. Andrews, the Village of Dunnottar as well as Lake Winnipeg. Nearby towns are Ponemah and Matlock, Sandy Hook, as well as Teulon, Selkirk, its permanent population is 1,017. In 1900, the Canadian Pacific Railway purchased 13 hectares of undeveloped shoreline 65 kilometres north of Winnipeg on the southwestern shore of Lake Winnipeg and commenced construction of a resort town. In addition to the attraction of a three kilometre stretch of sandy beach, the CPR built and offered an array of accommodation and amusement facilities, including a prominent dance hall. In the early 1900s, ritzy hotels lined the main street of Winnipeg Beach. Piers and picnic grounds were constructed to accommodate the weekend masses that would travel to Winnipeg Beach from the nearby capital city.
By 1913, the summer retreat had become so popular that the CPR had 13 trains running the line between the beach and the City of Winnipeg. The famous Moonlight Special returned to the city at midnight every Saturday for fifty years; the round trip fare was only fifty cents. A boardwalk took strollers along the beach to the carnival cottages. A wooden roller coaster was one of the largest in the country at the time and carried hundreds of passengers on a busy day; the Pavilion housed a 1,300-square-metre dance floor, reputed to be the largest in Western Canada. The romance of Winnipeg Beach began to wane during the 1950s, although the beach itself still remained a popular destination, in 1964 the amusement park was permanently closed. Of the many recreation and railway related structures erected by the CPR at Winnipeg Beach, only the steel water tower survives, it was constructed in 1928 by the Vulcan Iron Works Ltd. of Winnipeg. Utilitarian in design and appearance, the 40-metre-high tower supported a 90,000-litre capacity tank and provided a source of pressurized water for the CPR steam locomotives and fire protection services for the resort's facilities.
Non-operational since the resort closed, the structure is the best example of only five surviving riveted-steel water towers in Manitoba. As in its heyday, the tower is a prominent visual landmark around the beach community. After the closure of the resort and amusement facilities at Winnipeg Beach, the Province of Manitoba attempted to revitalize the town by creating a recreation park in the 1960s, with various improvements to the beach and the parks lining it. A restaurant and lounge and several change-room structures were built, in addition to a large parking lot; the recreation park continues to be a popular destination for beachgoers. The Town has built a Skateboarding park, to stimulate the youth community; the Global Television Network TV series Falcon Beach was filmed in the town during the summers of 2005–2006. Several different residential summer camps, including Camp Massad of Manitoba, lie just north of the town; the town is governed by a five-member town council. Media related to Winnipeg Beach, Manitoba at Wikimedia Commons Town of Winnipeg Beach Map of Winnipeg Beach at Statcan
Truck and tractor pulling known as power pulling, is a motorsport competition, popular in the United States, Europe and Brazil, New Zealand which requires modified tractors to pull a heavy sled along a 35 foot wide, 330 foot long track, with the winner being the tractor that pulls the sled the farthest. The sport is known as the world's most powerful motorsport, due to the multi-engined modified tractor pullers. All tractors in their respective classes pull a set weight in the sled; when a tractor gets to the end of the 100 metre track, this is known as a "full pull". When more than one tractor completes the course, more weight is added to the sled, those competitors that moved past 300 feet will compete in a pull-off; the sled is known as a weight transfer sled. This means that as it is pulled down the track, the weight is transferred from over the rear axles and towards the front of the sled. In front of the rear wheels, instead of front wheels, there is a "pan"; this is a metal plate, as the weight moves toward it the resistance between the pan and the ground builds.
The farther the tractor pulls. The most powerful tractors, such as those in the 4.5 modified class in Europe, can produce over 10,000 horsepower. Prior to the invention of the tractor, when farm implements were pulled by horses, farmers would boast about the strength of their teams and seek to compare and contest in teams with one another to see who had the most powerful animals. In some cases they compared horse teams pulling large loads over distance, such as a loaded hay cart or wagon. In other situations, a flat board or skid would have a horse or team of horses hitched to it; these events became the formalized sport of horse pulling, still carried out today with specially bred draft horses bred to have high strength for pulling heavy loads. Today, fixed weights on sleds are dragged for a set distance and additional weight is added in successive rounds. While it is said that the term horsepower is derived from this event, the concept was developed earlier, in experiments and measurements performed by James Watt and Mason Worrell.
It wasn't until 1929 that motorized vehicles were put to use in the first events at Vaughansville and Bowling Green, Ohio. Although the sport was recognized it did not become popular until the'50s and'60s, it was realized, at that time, there were no uniform set of rules. The rules varied from state to state, county to county, competitors never knew what standards to follow; this made the sport difficult for new entrants. In 1969, representatives from eight states congregated to create a uniform book of rules to give the sport the much needed structure, created the National Tractor Pullers Association; the NTPA's early years were events that used standard farm vehicles, with the motto "Pull on Sunday, plow on Monday". Pulling remained the same through the'70s, with only stock and modified tractors. Stock tractors were commercially available tractors produced by manufacturers, modified tractors were the basic tractor chassis with another non-tractor engine mounted on it. Tractors remained single engine until two Ohio brothers and Paul Bosse, introduced the crossbox which could allow multiple engines to be attached to a single driveshaft.
Other innovators during this period included Bruce Hutcherson, with his triple Rodeck engine powered "Makin Bacon Special", Dave and Ralph Banter and their Chevrolet powered tractors, the "Mission Impossible" tractors of Tim Engler, which at one point had up to seven blown alcohol engines on board. Subsequently, modified tractors with four engines were common, while stock tractors tried to catch up by adding multiple large turbochargers, along with intercoolers, but both retained the appearance of a tractor. Soon tractors became single-use machines that were not used on the farm, making the "Pull on Sunday, plow on Monday" motto obsolete. Throughout the'70s and'80s the modified division continued to thrill crowds by adding more engines, soon the tractors lost their tractor appearance and turned into high'spec' dragsters; the limit was reached in 1988. As well as piston engines, turbine engines appeared in 1974, with Gardner Stone's "General" Tractor a four-turboshaft unit hitting the hook in 1989.
The growing popularity of the sport caused the creation of a new four-wheel drive division in 1976, which captured a large fan base. The engine sizes in these vehicles continued to increase, from 450 cubic inches/7.3 liters up to 700/11.5 and would have continued, but the NTPA limited it to 650/10.6 aspirated and no blown engine in 1989. Today the 4-wheel drive division is one of the most popular with the success of trucks like the Holman Brothers "4-Play" Chevy and Bob Boden's "Studley Studebaker"; the two-wheel drive division was introduced in 1983. The division imposes a weight-limit of 6,200 pounds on each competing truck, a maximum width of eight feet, a maximum distance of 15 feet from the centerline of the rear axle to the front of the vehicle. Alcohol methane engines with up to eight cylinders are permitted, but diesel engines are
Selkirk—Interlake—Eastman is a federal electoral district in Manitoba, represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1976 to 1987, since 1997. The riding was a battleground between the New Democratic Party and conservative parties that has become more and more conservative as the years passed, is now a safe Conservative Party seat; the riding is located between Lake Winnipeg and Lake Winnipegosis and includes the northern suburbs of Winnipeg and the City of Selkirk, Manitoba. In addition to Selkirk, the riding includes the communities of St. Andrews, St. Clements, Woodlands, Stonewall, R. M. of Gimli, the R. M. of Bifrost. Selkirk itself tilts toward the NDP, but it is not enough to overcome the growing conservative bent of the rest of the riding; the electoral district was created in 1976 from the former districts of Portage and Winnipeg South Centre. It was abolished in 1987 and divided into Selkirk, Portage—Interlake and Churchill ridings, it was re-created in 1996 from Selkirk—Red River, Portage—Interlake and Churchill.
Selkirk—Interlake lost territory to Churchill—Keewatinook Aski and Portage—Lisgar, gained territory from Provencher, was renamed "Selkirk—Interlake—Eastman" during the 2012 electoral redistribution. According to the Canada 2006 CensusRacial groups: 78.83% White, 20.12% Aboriginal Languages: 84.11% English, 1.99% French, 13.70% Other Religions: 51.05% Protestant, 23.96% Catholic, 19.83% No religion, 3.13% Other ChristianAverage income: $23,818 Riding associations are the local branches of the national political parties: This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament: Its Member of Parliament is James Bezan, a former rancher. He was first elected in 2004, he is a member of the Conservative Party of Canada. In the last parliamentary session he served as a member on the'Standing Committee on Agriculture and Agri-Food'. Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election. Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.
List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts " Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-03. Riding history for Selkirk—Interlake from the Library of Parliament Riding history for Selkirk—Interlake from the Library of Parliament Expenditures - 2008 Expenditures - 2004 Expenditures - 2000 Expenditures - 1997
A motel or motor lodge is a hotel designed for motorists and has a parking area for motor vehicles. Entering dictionaries after World War II, the word motel, coined as a portmanteau contraction of "motor hotel", originates from the Milestone Mo-Tel of San Luis Obispo, built in 1925; the term referred to a type of hotel consisting of a single building of connected rooms whose doors faced a parking lot and in some circumstances, a common area or a series of small cabins with common parking. Motels are individually owned, though motel chains do exist; as large highway systems began to be developed in the 1920s, long-distance road journeys became more common, the need for inexpensive accessible overnight accommodation sites close to the main routes led to the growth of the motel concept. Motels peaked in popularity in the 1960s with rising car travel, only to decline in response to competition from the newer chain hotels that became commonplace at highway interchanges as traffic was bypassed onto newly constructed freeways.
Several historic motels are listed on the US National Register of Historic Places. Motels differ from hotels in their location along highways, as opposed to the urban cores favored by hotels, their orientation to the outside. Motels by definition include a parking lot, while older hotels were not built with automobile parking in mind; because of their low-rise construction, the number of rooms which would fit on any given amount of land was low compared to the high-rise urban hotels which had grown around train stations. This was not an issue in an era where the major highways became the main street in every town along the way and inexpensive land at the edge of town could be developed with motels, car dealerships, fuel stations, lumber yards, amusement parks, roadside diners, drive-in restaurants and countless other small roadside businesses; the automobile brought mobility and the motel could appear anywhere on the vast network of two-lane highways. Motels are constructed in an "I"-, "L"-, or "U"-shaped layout that includes guest rooms.
A motel was single-story with rooms opening directly onto a parking lot, making it easy to unload suitcases from a vehicle. A second story, if present, would face onto a balcony served by multiple stairwells; the post-war motels in the early 1950s to late 1960s, sought more visual distinction featuring eye-catching colorful neon signs which employed themes from popular culture, ranging from Western imagery of cowboys and Indians to contemporary images of spaceships and atomic era iconography. U. S. Route 66 is the most popular example of the "neon era". Many of these signs remain in use to this day. In some motels, a handful of rooms would be larger and contain kitchenettes or apartment-like amenities. Rooms with connecting doors commonly appeared in both hotels and motels. A few motels would offer "honeymoon suites" with extra amenities such as whirlpool baths; the first campgrounds for automobile tourists were constructed in the late 1910s. Before that, tourists who couldn't afford to stay in a hotel either slept in their cars or pitched their tents in fields alongside the road.
These were called auto camps. The modern campgrounds of the 1920s and 1930s provided running water, picnic grounds, restroom facilities. Auto camps predated motels by a few years, established in the 1920s as primitive municipal camp sites where travelers pitched their own tents; as demand increased, for-profit commercial camps displaced public camp grounds. Until the first travel trailers became available in the 1930s, auto tourists adapted their cars by adding beds, makeshift kitchens and roof decks; the next step up from the travel trailer was the cabin camp, a primitive but permanent group of structures. During the Great Depression, landholders whose property fronted onto highways built cabins to convert unprofitable land to income; the buildings for a roadside motel or cabin court were quick and simple to construct, with plans and instructions available in how-to and builder's magazines. Expansion of highway networks continued unabated through the depression as governments attempted to create employment but the roadside cabin camps were primitive just auto camps with small cabins instead of tents.
The 1935 City Directory for San Diego, lists "motel"-type accommodations under tourist camps. One could stay in the Depression-era cabin camps for less than a dollar per night but small comforts were few and far between. Travelers in search of modern amenities soon would find them at cottage courts and tourist courts; the price was higher but the cabins had electricity, indoor bathrooms, a private garage or carport. They were arranged in a U-shape; these camps were part of a larger complex containing a filling station, a café, sometimes a convenience store. Facilities like the Rising Sun Auto Camp in Glacier National Park and Blue Bonnet Court in Texas were "mom-and-pop" facilities on the outskirts of towns that were as quirky as their owners. Auto camps continued in popularity thr
A float is a decorated platform, either built on a vehicle like a truck or towed behind one, a component of many festive parades, such as those of Carnival in Rio de Janeiro, the Carnival in São Paulo, the Carnival of Viareggio, the Maltese Carnival, the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, the Key West Fantasy Fest parade, the Mardi Gras in New Orleans, the 500 Festival Parade in Indianapolis, the United States Presidential Inaugural Parade, the Tournament of Roses Parade. For the latter event, floats are decorated in flowers or other plant material. Parade floats were first introduced in the Middle Ages when churches used pageant wagons as movable scenery for passion plays. Artisan guilds were responsible for building the pageant wagons for their specified craft; the wagons were pulled throughout the town, most notably during Corpus Christi in which up to 48 wagons were used, one for each play in the Corpus Christi cycle. They are so named because the first floats were decorated barges on the River Thames for the Lord Mayor's Show.
The largest float exhibited in a parade was a 116-foot-long entry in the 2012 Tournament of Roses Parade that featured Tillman the skateboarding bulldog surfing in an 80-foot-long ocean of water. The water tank held over 6,600 US gallons on a float weighing more than 100,000 pounds, it broke the previous record for the longest single-chassis parade float, set in 2010 by the same sponsor. The dogs trained for three months prior to the float's debut at the Tournament of Roses Parade on January 2, 2012. A specially designed “wave” machine was incorporated into the design of the float which created a wave every minute. Members of Pasadena's Valley Hunt Club first staged the Tournament of Roses Parade in 1890. Many of the members of the Valley Hunt Club were former residents of Midwest, they wished to showcase their new California homes' mild winter weather. At a club meeting, Professor Charles F. Holder announced, "In New York, people are buried in the snow. Here our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear.
Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." And so the Club organized horse-drawn carriages covered in flowers, followed by foot races, polo matches, a game of tug-of-war on the town lot. They attracted a crowd of 2000 to the event. Upon seeing the scores of flowers on display, the Professor decided to suggest the name "Tournament of Roses." The Battle of Flowers parade in San Antonio, Texas is the only parade in the United States produced by women, all of whom are volunteers. The parade is largest parade of Fiesta San Antonio; the original purpose of the parade was to honor the heroes of the Alamo. In keeping with this tradition, participants are asked to place a flower tribute on the lawn of the Alamo as they pass by. In the Netherlands, flower parades are a popular tradition; the small country holds some 30 parades and small. The world's largest flower parade is held every year in Zundert, a small town in the south of the Netherlands. In Zundert, most other Dutch parades, floats are built by volunteers, where hamlets compete with each other to build the most beautiful float, judged by an independent jury.
Most Dutch flower parades are held in August and September and use dahlia flowers. The dahlia fields are kept by volunteers as well; the climax of the movie Animal House features the protagonists from the title fraternity surreptitiously launching their own float into a parade featuring legitimate entries from many of their rivals. The illicit float, in the form of a giant decorated cake adorned with the words "Eat Me," splits open to reveal the parade-destroying "Deathmobile" inside. Lovemobile, a specific float with a sound equipment, a DJ or other live act and dancers, used as a central element at technoparades Tournament of Roses floats Yama, Yatai, float festivals in Japan - UNESCO Intangible Heritage ja:山車
Demolition derby is a motorsport presented at county fairs and festivals. While rules vary from event to event, the typical demolition derby event consists of five or more drivers competing by deliberately ramming their vehicles into one another; the last driver whose vehicle is still operational is awarded the victory. Demolition derbies originated in the United States and spread to other Western nations. For example, Australia's first demolition derby took place in January 1963. Demolition derbies can be dangerous. Although serious injuries are rare, they do happen. Drivers are required to sign a waiver to release the promoter of an event from liability. To make the event safer, all glass is removed from the vehicle, deliberately ramming the driver's-side door area is forbidden; the driver's door is required to be painted white with black numbers or blaze orange, or with contrasting colors, for visibility. Most demolition derbies are held on dirt tracks, or in open fields, that are soaked with water.
This causes the competition area to become muddy. The part of the vehicle used to ram opponents varies; some drivers use both the rear of the vehicle to ram the other competitors. Others tend to use only the rear end of the vehicle, to help protect the engine compartment from damage. Demolition derbies were first held at various fairs, race tracks, speedways by independent promoters in the 1950s. There are unconfirmed reports of events occurring as far back as the 1930s utilizing the abundant supply of worn-out Ford Model Ts; the originator of the concept for auto demolition derbies is disputed. One source says that Don Basile is credited with inventing the demolition derby at Carrell Speedway in 1947. Another source states stock car racer Larry Mendelsohn created the concept for demolition derbies at New York State's Islip Speedway in 1958 after realizing many people favored wrecks to racing; the sport's popularity grew throughout the 1960s, becoming a standard at county fairs, becoming a subculture nationwide.
The popularity of demolition derbies spread overseas. In 1963 a reported crowd of 20,000 packed into the Rowley Park Speedway in Adelaide to see Australia's first demolition derby. Due to the size of the crowd, the police closed the speedway's gates; the derby itself lasted for over 100 minutes. Demolition derbies in Australia take place at speedways, with most cars being older model Australian-made sedans and wagons. ABC's Wide World of Sports televised the World Championship Demolition Derby from the mid-1960s until 1992. In 1972, the Los Angeles Coliseum hosted a demolition derby with mint-condition late model cars driven by Mario Andretti, A. J. Foyt, Bobby Unser; the popular ABC sitcom Happy Days included the character Pinky Tuscadero, a female professional demolition derby driver and occasional love interest to the show's most popular character, Arthur Fonzarelli. Folk-pop singer Jim Croce wrote and sung about the sport in one of his popular songs, “Rapid Roy ” on his 1972 album, You Don't Mess Around with Jim.
The sport's popularity peaked in the 1970s. By the 1980s, the sport's popularity began to level off, possibly decline throughout the 1990s. With the demise of Wide World of Sports, television exposure became non-existent. In addition to safety concerns and the shortage of full-size vehicles, some felt that the sport has shown little change or innovation beyond its original premise of giant lumbering cars sloshing through mud. In 1997, The Nashville Network returned demolition derby to national television in its TNN's Motor Madness series of various motor-sport events. Motor Madness derbies were for broadcast and needed to fit into a time frame. Live demolition derbies could last indefinitely. Motor Madness changed the rules from last car running to largest number of offensive hits in a time frame. However, as part of MTV Networks' takeover of CBS Cable operations in 2000, demolition derbies, as well as the rest of the CBS motor-sports operations, were removed from programming as part of MTV's move to shut down the CBS Charlotte operation based at Lowe's Motor Speedway and generalize the network into a more broadly viewed channel.
Pay per view was demolition derby's only national television outlet in the 2000s. Two $50,000-to-win derbies were held in Widewater, from 2000-2001. In the 2000s, a proliferation of cable television shows about vehicle customizing showcased junked vehicles in bizarre competitions. Spike TV's Carpocalypse was a reality documentary series on variations of demolition derby filmed in Orlando, FLA; the Speed Channel has aired team demolition derbies in 2005. Cable TV's exposure has led to renewed interest in the demolition derby. In 2006, the partners of Mike Weatherford Promotions started DerbyMadness.com while promoting the NAPA Auto Parts Crash for Cash Series. The first annual final show paid out $5,000.00 to the winner of the series. Before competing in the final show, derby drivers across several states had to qualify at any one of the participating NAPA Crash for Cash qualifying derbies. There were over 100 cars in the final show; the series continues to grow every year. The 2007 series money was doubled, so competition was expected to increase for the 2008 series.
Competitors have traditionally used full-size, American made sedans, station wagons those from the 1960s and 1970s, which are larger and had more robust frames than full
A bonspiel is a curling tournament, consisting of several games held on a weekend. Until the 20th century most bonspiels were held outdoors, on a frozen freshwater loch. Today all bonspiels are held indoors on specially prepared artificial ice. Bonspiels originated in Scotland, but the most notable competitive curling tournament in the world nowadays is The Brier, the Canadian Men's Curling Championship. For Canadians, this tournament equals or nearly equals the importance of the Olympics and the World Curling Championship; the Canadian Women's Curling Championship tournament is called Scotties Tournament of Hearts. Several Cashspiels are played in Canada every year; the most important cashspiels are part of the World Curling Tour. Many local curling clubs and other organizations in Canada host casual, social bonspiels; the United States Curling Association is the national governing body of the sport in the United States. Many bonspiels are listed on the USA Curling website. Most bonspiels in the United States are held indoors in dedicated curling facilities, but a few bonspiels are held outdoors if the weather allows it.
One example of an outdoor bonspiel is the Sawtooth Outdoor Bonspiel held each January in the Sawtooth Mountain Range of Idaho. Bonspiels are popular throughout the United States during curling season October through April; some special bonspiels are held in the summer as well as some that are hosted by clubs that play on arena ice as there are fewer scheduling conflicts with other sports at the area such as hockey and figure skating. The most desired bonspiel is the Fire & Ice Bonspiel held at the Chaska Curling Club in Chaska, MN. In Scotland, outdoor bonspiels are now rare; the Loch of Aboyne was the site of a bonspiel in 1891 and the private railway station, Aboyne Curling Pond was used for the event. The word spiel is sometimes used to refer to an informal curling game, as in parish spiel; the most important Cashspiels in Scotland are part of the Curling Champions Tour The Grand Match was last held outdoors in 1979, although it was revived as an indoor tournament in 2000 and has been held every five years since.
Between 1853 and 1935 twenty-five'Grand Matches' or bonspiels were held at the Royal Caledonian Curling Club's own pond at Carsebreck Loch in Perth and Kinross served by the society's own private Carsbreck railway station. Dozens of bonspiels are held in European countries every year. Switzerland hosts multiple Curling Champions Tour events. Curling bonspiels are held when ice conditions permit in the Maniototo, part of Central Otago in the South Island; the region is one of the few in New Zealand to have conditions suitable for outdoor curling, is a fitting site for the sport given that Otago's original European settlers were from Scotland. Several artificial and natural lakes around the towns of Oturehua and Patearoa provide good conditions, on average every second or third year; the national bonspiel has been held when conditions permit since 1879, with Oturehua's Idaburn Dam the venue since 1932. The most recent national bonspiel, the 66th, was held on 13-14 July 2015. Most New Zealand curling clubs are located in Otago and Southland, owing to the difficulty of getting teams to the inaccessible venue, it is rare for teams to travel from outside the southern South Island to the bonspiel.
Indoor curling rinks exist in Otago's main centre, in the towns of Naseby and Gore, further north in the country's largest city, Auckland. Open air ice rinks exist in Alexandra; the largest and oldest bonspiel in the world is the MCA Bonspiel, held in and around Winnipeg, Canada. The Sawtooth Outdoor Bonspiel is held in the Sawtooth Mountain Range in Idaho; the largest outdoor bonspiel in the world, the "Ironman Outdoor Curling Bonspiel" held on the Red River in Winnipeg, Canada, has been held at The Forks every February since 2002. In 2015 there were 72 teams competing. One of the longest-running outdoor bonspiels in the world, the Bonspiel on the Lake in Invermere, British Columbia, has been held on Lake Windermere every January since 1982; each year 64 teams compete. The Bonspiel or the Grand Match, between the north and the south of Scotland, is held on a frozen loch when the winter is cold enough, it was last held outdoors in 1979. The Crush Bonspiel in Placer Valley, California, is notorious for its unique combination of curling tournament play and wine festival.
This tournament originated in Vacaville in 2006 but was moved to Roseville in 2012 because of its rising popularity in surrounding areas. The Brier is regarded by most curlers as the world's premier curling championship The Tournament of Hearts The Men's World Curling Championship WCF WCC The Women's World Curling Championship WCC The World Junior Curling Championship WCF The Winter Olympics Possibly from Dutch bond "league, association" + spel "game". List of English words of Scots origin Cashspiel Castle Semple Loch Am Baile - Highland History and Culture - Curling Bonspiel Keeping the tradition of Grand Match curling alive, Royal Caledonian Curling Club Bonspiels in the United States Curlingcalendar - List of international bonspiels BONSPEIL AT CARSEBRECK POND