Sun Valley Serenade
Sun Valley Serenade is a 1941 musical film starring Sonja Henie, John Payne, Glenn Miller, Milton Berle, and Lynn Bari.2 million. Ted Scott is a band pianist whose publicity manager decides that, for good press, the band goes to Ellis Island to meet the girl and soon discovers that the refugee isnt a 10-year-old child, but a young woman, Karen Benson. The surprise comes right before the band is to travel to Sun Valley, while on the ski slopes Ted soon falls for Karens inventive schemes to win the heart of her new sponsor, much to the chagrin of his girlfriend, Vivian Dawn, a soloist with the band. Vivian promptly quits the band out of jealousy, and Karen stages an elaborate ice show as a substitute, of particular note is the elaborate Chattanooga Choo Choo sequence. As the Miller band concludes their feature the camera left to reveal a railway station set. The band continues with the number and accompanies Dorothy Dandridge and The Nicholas Brothers in their song. Sun Valley Serenade is the first of the two movies featuring The Glenn Miller Orchestra.
Besides Chattanooga Choo Choo, other Glenn Miller tunes in the film are Moonlight Serenade, It Happened in Sun Valley, I Know Why, and In the Mood. An instrumental version of At Last was recorded by Glenn Miller and his Orchestra as well as a version with vocals by John Payne and Pat Friday, but these recordings would remain unused and unissued. At Last would appear in the 1942 follow-up movie Orchestra Wives performed by Glenn Miller and his Orchestra with vocals by Ray Eberle, Glenn Miller vocalist Pat Friday provided the pre-recorded vocal tracks that Lynn Bari lip synced in the film. Future Olympic gold medalist Gretchen Fraser was the skiing stand-in for Sonja Henie, Fraser was a member of the Olympic team in 1940 and 1948. Sun Valley Serenade was filmed in March 1941, by Darryl Zanuck, on spring snow in Sun Valley, the film became a Hollywood hit and served as a recruiting effort for the elite ski corps of the 10th Mountain Division stationed at Camp Hale in Colorado. Sun Valleys ski school director, Otto Lang, of St.
Anton, the musical numbers were recorded in multi-directional mono, placing microphones around different parts of the orchestra. Those were all mixed down to mono at the time the film was released, the parts of those recordings were found and mixed into true stereo. They have included in home video releases. The film is shown 24 hours a day on a television channel available to all rooms at the Sun Valley Lodge. Sun Valley Serenade was shown on Turner Classic Movies for the first time on Christmas Eve, the film was released in the VHS format in 1991 by 20th Century Fox. In 2007 Sun Valley Serenade was released on DVD by 20th Century Fox for Region 2 format and it remains unreleased on DVD for Region 1
United States Army Air Forces
Each of these forces had a commanding general who reported directly to the Army Chief of Staff. S. Army to control its own installations and support personnel, the peak size of the AAF during the Second World War was over 2.4 million men and women in service and nearly 80,000 aircraft by 1944, and 783 domestic bases in December 1943. By V-E Day, the Army Air Forces had 1.25 million men stationed overseas, in its expansion and conduct of the war, the AAF became more than just an arm of the greater organization. By the end of World War II, the Army Air Forces had become virtually an independent service and this contrast between theory and fact is. fundamental to an understanding of the AAF. Gen. Billy Mitchell that led to his court-martial, a strategy stressing precision bombing of industrial targets by heavily armed, long-range bombers emerged, formulated by the men who would become its leaders. Since 1920, control of units had resided with commanders of the corps areas. Both were created in 1933 when a conflict with Cuba seemed possible following a coup détat.
Activation of GHQ Air Force represented a compromise between strategic airpower advocates and ground force commanders who demanded that the Air Corps mission remain tied to that of the land forces. GHQ Air Force organized combat groups administratively into a force of three wings deployed to the Atlantic and Gulf coasts but was small in comparison to European air forces. Corps area commanders continued to control over airfields and administration of personnel. The expected activation of Army General Headquarters prompted Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall to request a study from Chief of the Air Corps Maj. Gen. Henry H. Arnold resulting on 5 October 1940 in a proposal for creation of an air staff, unification of the air arm under one commander, and equality with the ground and supply forces. Marshall implemented a compromise that the Air Corps found entirely inadequate, naming Arnold as acting Deputy Chief of Staff for Air but rejecting all organizational points of his proposal. GHQ Air Force instead was assigned to the control of Army General Headquarters, although the latter was a training and not an operational component, when it was activated in November 1940.
A division of the GHQ Air Force into four air defense districts on 19 October 1940 was concurrent with the creation of air forces to defend Hawaii. The air districts were converted in March 1941 into numbered air forces with an organization of 54 groups. Marshall had come to the view that the air forces needed a simpler system and Marshall agreed that the AAF would enjoy a general autonomy within the War Department until the end of the war, while its commanders would cease lobbying for independence. Marshall, a proponent of airpower, left understood that the Air Force would likely achieve its independence following the war
Shep Fields was the band leader for the Shep Fields and His Rippling Rhythm orchestra during the Big Band era of the 1930s. He was born Saul Feldman in Brooklyn, New York on September 12,1910, edward Fields, a carpet manufacturer, and Freddie Fields were his brothers. Their father died at the age of 39 and he played the clarinet and tenor sax in bands during college. In 1931 he played at the Roseland Ballroom, by 1933 he led a band that played at Grossingers Catskill Resort Hotel. In 1934 he replaced the Jack Denny Orchestra at the Hotel Pierre in New York City and he left the Hotel Pierre to join a roadshow with the dancers and Yolanda. In 1936 he was booked at Chicagos Palmer House, and the concert was broadcast on radio, Fields was at a soda fountain when his wife was blowing bubbles into her soda through a straw, and that sound became his trademark that opened each of his shows. A contest was held in Chicago for fans to suggest a new name for the Fields band, the word rippling was suggested in more than one entry, and Fields came up with Rippling Rhythm.
In 1936 he received a contract with Bluebird Records. His hits included Cathedral in the Pines, Did I Remember, in 1937 Fields replaced Paul Whiteman in his time slot with a radio show called The Rippling Rhythm Revue with Bob Hope as the announcer. In 1938, Fields and Hope were featured in his first feature-length motion picture, in 1941 Fields revamped the band into an all-reeds group, with no brass section. Shep Fields and His New Music, featuring band vocalist Ken Curtis and he reverted to Rippling Rhythm in 1947. He moved to Houston, Texas where he worked as a disc jockey and he worked at Creative Management Associates with his brother Freddie Fields in Los Angeles. He died on February 23,1981 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles from a heart attack and he was buried in Mount Hebron Cemetery in New York. Sid Greene and percussion, band manager, c, 1932-1943 Hal Derwin, vocals 1940 Larry Neill, vocals 1940 Dorothy Allen, vocals 1940 Ken Curtis, vocals The Three Beaus and a Peep, vocals c.
1947-1948 Toni Arden, singer, c.1945 Bob Shapley, glen Island Casino in New Rochelle, New York on May 12,1947 with Toni Arden, Bob Johnstone, and The Three Beaus and a Peep. Ice Terrace Room of the New Yorker Hotel on March 6,1948 with Toni Arden, Bob Johnstone, and The Three Beaus, various Soundies You Came To My Rescue - Director Dave Fleischer The Big Broadcast of 1938 - Director Mitchell Leisen with W. C. Fields, Martha Raye, Dorothy Lamour and Bob Hope, kreisler Bandstand - TV series director Perry Lafferty. Shep Fields at Find a Grave
In the Mood
In the Mood is a popular big band-era #1 hit recorded by American bandleader Glenn Miller. It topped the charts for 13 straight weeks in 1940 in the U. S. the first recording of In the Mood was release by Edgar Hayes and his Orchestra in 1938 In 1983, the Glenn Miller recording from 1939 was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. In 1999, National Public Radio included the 1939 Glenn Miller recording on RCA Bluebird on the NPR100, in the Mood opens with a now-famous sax section theme based on repeated arpeggios that are rhythmically displaced and trombones add accent riffs. The arrangement has two sections, a tenor fight or chase solo—in the most famous recording, between Tex Beneke and Al Klink—and a 16-bar trumpet solo by Clyde Hurley. The arrangement is famous for its ending, a coda that climbs triumphantly, the final recording consisted of musical contributions by Joe Garland, Glenn Miller, Eddie Durham, and Chummy MacGregor in what can be termed a head arrangement. In the Mood was an arrangement by Joe Garland based on a pre-existing melody, Lyrics were added by Andy Razaf.
The main theme, featuring repeated arpeggios rhythmically displaced, previously appeared under the title of Tar Paper Stomp credited to jazz trumpeter and bandleader Wingy Manone, the recording was re-released in 1937 as a Decca 78 single as by Wingy Manone and his Orchestra. Don Redman recorded Hot and Anxious in 1932 on Brunswick Records, under copyright laws, a tune that had not been written down and registered with the copyright office could be appropriated by any musician with a good ear. Wingy Manone had brought up the issue of the similarity between Tar Paper Stomp and In the Mood to Joe Garland and to the company of the song, Bernstein. Manone discussed the issue in Down Beat magazine, Tar Paper Stomp was copyrighted on November 6,1941 as a pianoforte version by Peer International. In this recording there was a baritone sax duet rather than a tenor sax battle, the riff had appeared in a 1935 recording by the Mills Blue Rhythm Band entitled Theres Rhythm In Harlem released on Columbia Records which had been composed and arranged by Garland.
Before offering it to Glenn Miller, Garland sold the tune to Artie Shaw in 1938, however, he did perform the song in concert. The initial Artie Shaw performance was over six minutes in length with an audience response. The arranger of the Shaw version was Jerry Gray, who would join the Glenn Miller Orchestra in 1940, the band subsequently performed a shorter version. The Hayes recording was over three minutes in length to fit on one side of a 78 record, Joe Marsala released a song entitled Hot String Beans on Vocalion in 1938 that featured the riff from Tar Paper Stomp. Wingy Manone recorded a new song entitled Jumpy Nerves on April 26,1939 that incorporated the riff from “Tar Paper Stomp” which was released as a 78 single that year on RCA Bluebird. The tune was finally sold in 1939 to Glenn Miller, who played around with its arrangement for a while, although the arrangers of most of the Miller tunes are known, things are a bit uncertain for In the Mood. It is often thought that Eddie Durham, John Chalmers, Chummy MacGregor, according to the account by MacGregor, all they used of the original arrangement were the two front saxophone strains and another part that occurred on in the arrangement
Fort Worth, Texas
Fort Worth is the 16th-largest city in the United States and the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas. The city is in North Central Texas and covers nearly 350 square miles in the counties of Denton, Wise, according to the 2015 census, Fort Worths population is 833,319. The city is the second-largest in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, the city was established in 1849 as an Army outpost on a bluff overlooking the Trinity River. Today, Fort Worth still embraces its Western heritage and traditional architecture, USS Fort Worth is the first ship of the United States Navy named after the city. Fort Worth is home to the Van Cliburn International Piano Competition, of note is the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, designed by Tadao Ando. The Amon Carter Museum of American Art, designed by Philip Johnson, the Sid Richardson Museum, redesigned by David M. Schwarz, has one of the most focused collections of Western Art in the U. S. emphasizing Frederic Remington and Charles Russell.
The Treaty of Birds Fort between the Republic of Texas and several Native American tribes was signed in 1843 at Birds Fort in present-day Arlington, Texas. Article XI of the treaty provided that no one may pass the line of trading houses without permission of the President of Texas and these trading houses were established at the junction of the Clear Fork and West Fork of the Trinity River in present-day Fort Worth. At this river junction, the U. S, War Department established Fort Worth in 1849 as the northernmost of a system of 10 forts for protecting the American Frontier following the end of the Mexican–American War. The City of Fort Worth continues to be known as where the West begins, originally 10 forts had been proposed by Major General William Jenkins Worth, who commanded the Department of Texas in 1849. In January 1849, Worth proposed a line of 10 forts to mark the western Texas frontier from Eagle Pass to the confluence of the West Fork, One month later, Worth died from cholera in South Texas.
General William S. Harney assumed command of the Department of Texas, Arnold to find a new fort site near the West Fork and Clear Fork. On June 6,1849, advised by Middleton Tate Johnson, established a camp on the bank of the Trinity River, in August 1849, Arnold moved the camp to the north-facing bluff, which overlooked the mouth of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River. The United States War Department officially named the post Fort Worth on November 14,1849, E. S. Terrell from Tennessee claimed to be the first resident of Fort Worth. The fort was flooded the first year and moved to the top of the bluff, the fort was abandoned September 17,1853. As a stop on the legendary Chisholm Trail, Fort Worth was stimulated by the business of the cattle drives, millions of head of cattle were driven north to market along this trail. Fort Worth became the center of the drives, and later. It was given the nickname of Cowtown, during Civil War, Fort Worth suffered from shortages of money and supplies
Eugene Bertram Gene Krupa was an American jazz and big band drummer, band leader and composer. Known for his energetic, flamboyant style and for his showmanship, Krupa is considered one of the most influential drummers of all time. He is known for defining the standard drum kit used today in collaboration with brands Slingerland, Krupa is considered the founding father of modern drumset by Modern Drummer magazine. Gene Krupa was born in Chicago, the youngest of Anna, Bartłomiej was an immigrant from Poland. Anna was born in Shamokin, Pennsylvania, of Polish descent and his parents were very religious Roman Catholics and had groomed Gene for the priesthood. He spent his school days at various parochial schools. Upon graduation he attended Saint Josephs College for a year, Krupa studied with Sanford A. Moeller and began playing drums professionally in the mid-1920s with bands in Wisconsin. The Playboys were the band at The Golden Pumpkin nightclub in Chicago. Krupa made his first recordings in 1927, with a band under the leadership of Red McKenzie, along with other recordings by musicians from the Chicago jazz scene such as Bix Beiderbecke, these recordings are examples of Chicago style jazz.
The numbers recorded at that session were China Boy, Nobodys Sweetheart, the McKenzie-Condon recordings are notable for being early examples of the use of a bass drum and snare drum/cymbals on recordings, at least for the studio where these recordings were made. Some of Krupas big influences during this time were Father Ildefonse Rapp, there were cylinder recordings of African drumming that Gene intensely studied. Drummers such as Tubby Hall, Zutty Singleton and Baby Dodds contributed to Genes developing his own sound, Gene absorbed every bit of what he heard and formulated his own style very early in his career, pulling from hundreds of different sources. There were many other drummers whose work influenced Genes approach to drumming and other instrumentalists, Krupa appeared on six recordings made by the Thelma Terry band in 1928. In December 1934, he joined Benny Goodmans band, where his featured drum work made him a national celebrity and his tom-tom interludes on their hit Sing, Sing were the first extended drum solos to be recorded commercially.
However and personal disputes with Goodman prompted Krupa to leave the group and form his own orchestra, shortly after the famous Carnegie Hall concert in January 1938. He appeared in the 1941 film Ball of Fire, in which he and his band perform a version of the hit Drum Boogie, sung by Barbara Stanwyck. As an encore to this piece, he plays a version of the same song using matchsticks as drumsticks and a matchbox as a drum, while Stanwyck. In 1943, his arrest for possession of marijuana forced the breakup of his own orchestra, as the 1940s ended, large orchestras fell by the wayside, Count Basie closed his large band and Woody Herman reduced his to an octet
Oklahoma is a state located in the South Central United States. Oklahoma is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the 50 United States, the states name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning red people. The name was settled upon statehood, Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged, on November 16,1907, Oklahoma became the 46th state to enter the union. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, or informally Okies, and its capital, a major producer of natural gas and agricultural products, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, telecommunications, and biotechnology. In 2007, it had one of the economies in the United States, ranking among the top states in per capita income growth. Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as Oklahomas primary economic anchors, with nearly two-thirds of Oklahomans living within their metropolitan statistical areas. With small mountain ranges, prairie and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains, Cross Timbers, interior Highlands—a region especially prone to severe weather.
The name Oklahoma comes from the Choctaw phrase okla humma, literally meaning red people, equivalent to the English word Indian, okla humma was a phrase in the Choctaw language used to describe Native American people as a whole. Oklahoma became the de facto name for Oklahoma Territory, and it was approved in 1890. Oklahoma is the 20th-largest state in the United States, covering an area of 69,898 square miles and it is one of six states on the Frontier Strip and lies partly in the Great Plains near the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states. It is bounded on the east by Arkansas and Missouri, on the north by Kansas, on the northwest by Colorado, on the far west by New Mexico, much of its border with Texas lies along the Southern Oklahoma Aulacogen, a failed continental rift. The geologic figure defines the placement of the Red River, the Oklahoma panhandles Western edge is out of alignment with its Texas border. The Oklahoma/New Mexico border is actually 2.1 to 2.2 miles east of the Texas line, the border between Texas and New Mexico was set first as a result of a survey by Spain in 1819.
It was set along the 103rd Meridian, in the 1890s, when Oklahoma was formally surveyed using more accurate surveying equipment and techniques, it was discovered the Texas line was not set along the 103rd Meridian. Surveying techniques were not as accurate in 1819, and the actual 103rd Meridian was approximately 2.2 miles to the east and it was much easier to leave the mistake than for Texas to cede land to New Mexico to correct the surveying error. The placement of the Oklahoma/New Mexico border represents the true 103rd Meridian, cimarron County in Oklahomas panhandle is the only county in the United States that touches four other states, New Mexico, Texas and Kansas. Its highest and lowest points follow this trend, with its highest peak, Black Mesa, at 4,973 feet above sea level, situated near its far northwest corner in the Oklahoma Panhandle. The states lowest point is on the Little River near its far southeastern boundary near the town of Idabel, which dips to 289 feet above sea level
A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s. Big Bands evolved with the times and continue to this day, a big band typically consists of approximately 12 to 25 musicians and contains saxophones, trombones, and a rhythm section. The terms jazz band, jazz ensemble, stage band, jazz orchestra and this does not, mean that each one of these names is technically correct for naming a big band specifically. The music is traditionally called charts, improvised solos may be played only when called for by the arranger. There are two periods in the history of popular bands. Beginning in the mid-1920s, big bands, consisting of 10–25 pieces. At that time they played a form of jazz that involved very little improvisation, which included a string section with violins. A few bands had violas and cellos, usually one or two along with them, the dance form of jazz was characterized by a sweet and romantic melody.
Orchestras tended to stick to the melody as it was written and vocals would be sung, many of these artists changed styles or retired after the introduction of swing music. Although unashamedly commercial, these bands often featured front-rank jazz musicians - for example Paul Whiteman employed Bix Beiderbecke, there were all-girl bands such as Helen Lewis and Her All-Girl Jazz Syncopators. Towards the end of the 1920s, a new form of Big Band emerged which was more authentically jazz and this form of music never gained the popularity of the sweet dance form of jazz. The few recordings made in form of jazz were labelled race records and were intended for a limited urban audience. Few white musicians were familiar with music, Johnny Mercer. The three major centres in this development were New York City and Kansas City, some big ensembles, like the Joe King Oliver outfit played a kind of half arranged, half improvised jazz, often relying on head arrangements. Other great bands, like the one of Luis Russell became a vehicle for star instrumentalists, there the whole arrangement had to promote all the possibilities of the star, although they often contained very good musicians, like Henry Red Allen, J. C.
Earl Hines became the star of Chicago with his Grand Terrace Cafe band, meanwhile, in Kansas City and across the Southwest, an earthier, bluesier style was developed by such bandleaders as Benny Moten and, later, by Jay McShann and Jesse Stone. Radio was a factor in gaining notice and fame for Benny Goodman. Soon, others challenged him, and the battles of the bands became a staple at theater performances featuring many groups on one bill
Jazz is a music genre that originated amongst African Americans in New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in Blues and Ragtime. Since the 1920s jazz age, jazz has become recognized as a form of musical expression. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes and response vocals, Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime, as well as European military band music. Although the foundation of jazz is deeply rooted within the Black experience of the United States, different cultures have contributed their own experience, intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as one of Americas original art forms. As jazz spread around the world, it drew on different national and local musical cultures, New Orleans jazz began in the early 1910s, combining earlier brass-band marches, French quadrilles, biguine and blues with collective polyphonic improvisation.
In the 1930s, heavily arranged dance-oriented swing big bands, Kansas City jazz, bebop emerged in the 1940s, shifting jazz from danceable popular music toward a more challenging musicians music which was played at faster tempos and used more chord-based improvisation. Cool jazz developed in the end of the 1940s, introducing calmer, smoother sounds and long, modal jazz developed in the late 1950s, using the mode, or musical scale, as the basis of musical structure and improvisation. Jazz-rock fusion appeared in the late 1960s and early 1970s, combining jazz improvisation with rock rhythms, electric instruments. In the early 1980s, a form of jazz fusion called smooth jazz became successful. Other styles and genres abound in the 2000s, such as Latin, the question of the origin of the word jazz has resulted in considerable research, and its history is well documented. It is believed to be related to jasm, a term dating back to 1860 meaning pep. The use of the word in a context was documented as early as 1915 in the Chicago Daily Tribune.
Its first documented use in a context in New Orleans was in a November 14,1916 Times-Picayune article about jas bands. In an interview with NPR, musician Eubie Blake offered his recollections of the slang connotations of the term, When Broadway picked it up. That was dirty, and if you knew what it was, the American Dialect Society named it the Word of the Twentieth Century. Jazz has proved to be difficult to define, since it encompasses such a wide range of music spanning a period of over 100 years. Attempts have been made to define jazz from the perspective of other musical traditions, in the opinion of Robert Christgau, most of us would say that inventing meaning while letting loose is the essence and promise of jazz. As Duke Ellington, one of jazzs most famous figures, although jazz is considered highly difficult to define, at least in part because it contains so many varied subgenres, improvisation is consistently regarded as being one of its key elements
Costa Mesa, California
Costa Mesa is a city in Orange County, California. The population was 109,960 at the 2010 United States Census, members of the Gabrieleño/Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño nations long inhabited the area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish expedition led by Junípero Serra named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana, on November 1,1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the areas first permanent European settlement in Alta California, New Spain. In 1801, the Spanish Empire granted 62,500 acres to Jose Antonio Yorba, yorbas great rancho included the lands where the communities of Olive, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Costa Mesa and Newport Beach stand today. An 1889 flood wiped out the serving the community, however. To the south, the community of Harper had arisen on a siding of the Santa Ana and Newport Railroad and this town prospered on its agricultural goods. On May 11,1920, Harper changed its name to Costa Mesa and this is a reference to the citys geography as being a plateau by the coast.
Costa Mesa surged in population during and after World War II, as many thousands trained at Santa Ana Army Air Base, within three decades of incorporation, the citys population had nearly quintupled. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 15.7 square miles. 15.7 square miles of it is land and 0.05 square miles of it is water, Costa Mesa has a semi-arid climate with mild temperatures year round. Rain falls primarily in the months, and is close to nonexistent during the summer. Morning low clouds and fog are common due to its coastal location, the 2010 United States Census reported that Costa Mesa had a population of 109,960. The population density was 7,004.0 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Costa Mesa was 75,335 White,1,640 African American,686 Native American,8,654 Asian,527 Pacific Islander,17,992 from other races, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39,403 persons. The Census reported that 106,990 people lived in households,2,232 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, there were 3,013 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 281 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 10,963 households were made up of individuals and 2,775 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.68.
There were 23,239 families, the family size was 3.30. The median age was 33.6 years, for every 100 females there were 103.7 males
Norman Fowler Leyden was an American conductor, composer and clarinetist. He worked in film and television and is perhaps best known as the conductor of the Oregon Symphony Pops orchestra and he co-wrote with Glenn Miller the theme I Sustain the Wings in 1943, which was used to introduce the World War II radio series. Norman Leyden was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, to James A. and he graduated from Yale University in 1938, attended Pierre Monteuxs Domaine Musicale in Hancock, Maine, in 1961, and earned a masters and doctoral degree from Columbia University. He married Alice Curry Wells in 1942 in Duval County, Florida and he began his professional music career playing bass clarinet for the New Haven Symphony Orchestra while attending Yale. Leyden joined the United States National Guard in 1940 for a year of volunteer work and enlisted as an infantry sergeant on February 24,1941, in New Haven. His enlistment papers gives his height as six foot two and his weight as 165 and gives his specialty as a musician or band leader, during World War II he served in the Army Air Force for five years.
While Leyden was serving as a sergeant in Atlantic City and rehearsing music. Miller said to him For a Yale man, you dont play bad tenor, Miller called on Leyden in September 1943 to conduct the Moss Hart Army Air Force spectacular Winged Victory. This was a big play in Broadways Shubert Theatre with an all service band. The show started in November 1943, Leyden next requested the opportunity to arrange for Glenn Miller, and was accepted and served as one of three arrangers for Millers Air Force Band. His first arrangement for the band was Now I Know, Leyden would write more complexity into the score than was desirable. Miller told him once Hey Norm, it was a nice try, but remember it aint what you write, its what you dont write. In 1943, Leyden composed the music for the wartime radio series I Sustain the Wings with Glenn Miller, Chummy MacGregor. The radio program ran from 1943 to 1944, Leyden arranged for the reorganized Glenn Miller Orchestra of Tex Beneke. In August 2000, he led the Air Force Falconaires of the Air Force Band of the Rockies in a PBS television special, between 1956 and 1959, he was musical director for Arthur Godfreys radio program.
He worked as director on The $64,000 Question. He organized the Westchester Youth Symphony in White Plains, New York, Leyden moved to Portland, Oregon, in 1968 to take over the Portland Youth Philharmonic while long-time conductor Jacob Avshalomov went on sabbatical. He joined the department at Portland State University
Chattanooga Choo Choo
Chattanooga Choo Choo is a 1941 song written by Mack Gordon and composed by Harry Warren. It was originally recorded as a tune by Glenn Miller and His Orchestra. The song was a production number in the 20th Century Fox film Sun Valley Serenade. The Glenn Miller recording, RCA Bluebird B-11230-B, became the #1 song across the United States on December 7,1941, the flip side of the single was I Know Why, which was the A side. This is followed by the introduction of four lines before the main part of the song is heard. The main song opens with a dialog between a passenger and a boy, Pardon me, boy, is that the Chattanooga Choo-Choo. Boy, you can give me a shine, after the entire song is sung, the band plays two parts of the main melody as an instrumental, with the instruments imitating the WHOO WHOO of the train as the song ends. The 78-rpm was recorded on May 7,1941, for RCA Victors Bluebird label and became the first to be certified a gold disc on February 10,1942, for 1,200,000 sales. The transcription of this ceremony can be heard on the first of three volumes of RCAs Legendary Performer compilations released by RCA in the 1970s.
In the early 1990s a two-channel recording of a portion of the Sun Valley Serenade soundtrack was discovered, the song was written by the team of Mack Gordon and Harry Warren while traveling on the Southern Railways Birmingham Special train. The song tells the story of traveling from New York City to Chattanooga and that train is now a museum artifact. From 1880, most trains bound for Americas South passed through the southeastern Tennessee city of Chattanooga, the most notable reason why the song isnt about any particular train is because of the line, nothing could be finer|than to have your ham and eggs in Carolina. The rails, especially the routes of the early 1900s. Any route from Pennsylvania Station to Chattanooga through Carolina would be disjointed at best, the composition was nominated for an Academy Award in 1941 for Best Song from a movie. The song achieved its success that even though it could not be heard on network radio for much of 1941 due to the ASCAP boycott. In 1996, the 1941 recording of Chattanooga Choo Choo by Glenn Miller, other notable performances include, Cab Calloway and His Orchestra recorded a cover version of Chattanooga Choo Choo for Conqueror Records in 1941.
Carmen Miranda recorded a cover on July 25,1942, bill Haley & His Comets released a cover of Chattanooga Choo Choo as a 45 single on Essex Records in 1954. Pianist Floyd Cramer recorded a version on RCA Records in 1962