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Texas Rangers (baseball)

The Texas Rangers are an American professional baseball team based in Arlington, located in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. They compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League West division. In 2020, they will move to the new Globe Life Field after having played at Globe Life Park in Arlington from 1994 to 2019; the team's name is borrowed from the famous law enforcement agency of the same name. The franchise was established in 1961 as the Washington Senators, an expansion team awarded to Washington, D. C. after the city's first AL ballclub, the second Washington Senators, moved to Minnesota and became the Twins. After the 1971 season, the new Senators moved to Arlington, debuted as the Rangers the following spring; the Rangers have made eight appearances in the MLB postseason, seven following division championships in 1996, 1998, 1999, 2010, 2011, 2015, 2016 and as a wild card team in 2012. In 2010, the Rangers advanced past the Division Series for the first time, defeating the Tampa Bay Rays.

The team brought home their first American League pennant after beating the New York Yankees in six games. In the 2010 World Series, the franchise's first, the Rangers fell to the San Francisco Giants in five games, they repeated as American League champions the following year lost the 2011 World Series to the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games; when the Washington Senators moved to Minnesota in 1960 to become the Twins, Major League Baseball decided to expand a year earlier than planned to stave off the twin threats of competition from the proposed Continental League and loss of its exemption from the Sherman Antitrust Act. As part of the expansion, the American League added two new teams for the 1961 season–the Los Angeles Angels and a new Washington Senators team. However, the new Senators were considered an expansion team since the Twins retained the old Senators' records and history; the Senators and Angels began to fill their rosters with American League players in an expansion draft. The team played the 1961 season at old Griffith Stadium before moving to the new District of Columbia Stadium under a 10-year lease.

For most of their existence, the new Senators were the definition of futility, losing an average of 90 games a season. The team's struggles led to a twist on a joke about the old Senators: "Washington: first in war, first in peace and still last in the American League." Their only winning season was in 1969 when Hall of Famer Ted Williams managed the club to an 86–76 record, placing fourth in the AL East. Frank Howard, an outfielder/first baseman from 1965 to 1972 known for his towering home runs, was the team's most accomplished player, winning two home run titles; the concurrent rise of the Baltimore Orioles to regular championship contenders did not help the Senators' cause either. Ownership changed hands several times during the franchise's stay in Washington and was plagued by poor decision-making and planning. Following their brief success in 1969, owner Bob Short was forced to make many questionable trades to lower the debt he had incurred to pay for the team. By the end of the 1970 campaign, Short had issued an ultimatum: unless someone was willing to buy the Senators for $12 million, he would not renew the stadium lease and would move the team elsewhere.

Short was receptive to an offer brought up by Arlington, mayor Tom Vandergriff, trying to obtain a major league sports team to play in the Metroplex for over a decade. Years earlier, Charles O. Finley, the owner of the Kansas City Athletics, sought to relocate his baseball team to Dallas, but the idea was rebuffed and declined by the other AL team owners. Arlington's hole card was Turnpike Stadium, a 10,000-seat park, built in 1965 to house the Double-A Dallas-Fort Worth Spurs of the Texas League. However, it had been built to MLB specifications, only minor excavations would be necessary to expand the park to accommodate major league crowds. Vandergriff's offer of a multimillion-dollar down payment prompted Short to make the move to Arlington. On September 21, 1971, by a vote of 10 to 2, American League owners granted approval to move the franchise to Arlington for the 1972 season. Senators fans were livid. Enmity came to a head at the club's last game in Washington. Thousands of fans walked in without paying after the security guards left early, swelling the paid attendance of 14,460 to around 25,000, while fans unfurled a banner reading "SHORT STINKS".

With the Senators leading 7–5 and two outs in the top of the ninth inning, several hundred youths stormed the field, raiding it for souvenirs. One man ran off with it. With no security in sight and only three bases, umpire crew chief Jim Honochick forfeited the game to the New York Yankees; the nation's capital went without Major League Baseball for 33 years until the relocation of the National League's Montreal Expos who became the Washington Nationals. Prior to the 1972 season, improvements were made to Turnpike Stadium, which reopened as Arlington Stadium, in preparation for the inaugural season of the Texas Rangers; the team played its first game on April 15, 1972, a 1–0 loss at the hands of the California Angels, their 1961 expansion cousins. The next day, the Rangers defeated 5 -- 1, for the club's first victory. In 1974, the Rangers experienced their first winning season after finishing last in both 1972 and 1973. Under the ownership of Brad Corbett, they finished second in the American League West with an 84–76 record, behind the eventual World Series champion Oakland Athletics

National Awakening Party

The National Awakening Party abbreviated to PKB, is an Islam-based political party in Indonesia. The party was founded in 1999, by the traditionalist strand of Muslim society in Indonesia, which overlaps with the membership of Nahdlatul Ulama; the party is described as nationalist Muslim party, which promotes inclusive and nationalist principles and upholds Pancasila doctrine. In 2014, the party obtained the popular vote by 9.04 percent, an increase from 4.95 percent in 2009 but lower than 10.57 percent in 2004. The party is led by Muhaimin Iskandar; the PKB was established on 11 May 1998. The Kyai, held a meeting at Pesantren Langitan to discuss several problems facing Indonesia deemed as critical, they developed an official statement, which Kyai members Muchid Muzadi of Jember and Gus Yusuf Muhammad, were sent to deliver to Soeharto, the. Before they were able to deliver the statement, Soeharto resigned on 23 May 1998. On 30 May 1998, the Kyai held a grand Istighosah in the office of the East Java Nahdlatul Ulama.

The meeting resulted in KH Cholil Bisri being urged to form a party based on the NU's political aspirations. After resisting their request, due to his desire to continue his work with boarding schools, Bisri relented and accepted the leadership role. A week on 6 June, Bisri met the Kyai in order to discuss the formation of the new party. Invitations had been sent via telephone, more than 200 Kyai attended the meeting, held in Bisri's home in Leteh, Central Java; this meeting resulted in the formation of the "Standing Committee", consisting of 11 people, with Bisri as chairman and Gus Yus as secretary. In turn, this committee worked in a marathon session, preparing a platform and party components, including the logos which would become the party's symbol; the logos were created by KH A. Mustofa Bisri; the Standing Committee and representatives of the NU held a major conference in Bandung, on 4 July 1998, attended by 27 regional representatives. In a discussion regarding the name of the organization, the proposed names were the "National Awakening Party", the "Party Kebangkitan Nahdlatul Ummah" and the "Ummah Party".

The name chosen was "Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa" meaning "National Awakening Party". The party's declaratory was 72 people, representing the age of the NU organization, consisting of the Standing Committee Team, the Lajnah Assistance Team, Team NU, the NU Assistance Team, two Representatives from each of the 27 regions; the 72 founders signed its components. Subsequent to this, the PBNU decided that only five people could become the party’s declaratory; those five were Kyai Munasir Ali, Kyai Ilyas Ruchiyat, Kyai Muchid Muzadi, KH A. Mustofa Bisri and KH Abddurahman Wahid, the chairman of the PBNU; the 72 names of the party’s original declaratory were erased by the PBNU. The party's base of support is strongest in Java Island and draws from the constituency that supported the conservative Muslim organization NU; the PKB differs from Nahdlatul Ulama in that while it supports a role for Islam in government, it does not share the older organization's support for an explicitly Islamic republic. The National Awakening Party stood in the 1999 elections.

In the 2004 elections, the party gained 10.57% of votes and 52 seats in the People's Representative Council. However, the party won only 4.9 percent of the votes in the 2009 legislative election, 27 seats in the legislature. According to the party website, the party's policies are to: Strengthen democracy to increase the prosperity of people living in villages Strengthen the protection of farmers and fishermen Accelerate the development of disadvantaged regions Make labourers prosperous Increase the involvement of women in strategic sectorsFor the 2014 elections, the party plans to focus more intensively on its policies related to villages, in particular such as village representation, the allocation of funding for villages and the development of education and health facilities

John Hopkinson

John Hopkinson, FRS, was a British physicist, electrical engineer, Fellow of the Royal Society and President of the IEE twice in 1890 and 1896. He invented the three-wire system for the distribution of electrical power, for which he was granted a patent in 1882, he worked in many areas of electromagnetism and electrostatics, in 1890 was appointed professor of electrical engineering at King's College London, where he was director of the Siemens Laboratory. Hopkinson's law, the magnetic counterpart to Ohm's law, is named after him. John Hopkinson was born in the eldest of 5 children, his father called John, was a mechanical engineer. He was educated at Queenwood School in Owens College in Manchester, he won a scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1867 and graduated in 1871 as Senior Wrangler, having placed first in the demanding Cambridge Mathematical Tripos examination. During this time he studied for and passed the examination for a BSc from the University of London. Hopkinson could have followed a purely academic career but instead chose engineering as his vocation.

He was a Cambridge Apostle. After working first in his father's engineering works, Hopkinson took a position in 1872 as an engineering manager in the lighthouse engineering department of Chance Brothers and Company in Smethwick. In 1877 Hopkinson was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in recognition of his application of Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism to problems of electrostatic capacity and residual charge. In 1878 he moved to London to work as a consulting engineer, focusing on developing his ideas about how to improve the design and efficiency of dynamos. Hopkinson's most important contribution was his three-wire distribution system, patented in 1882. In 1883 Hopkinson showed mathematically that it was possible to connect two alternating current dynamos in parallel-—a problem that had long bedevilled electrical engineers, he studied magnetic permeability at high temperature, discovered what was called the Hopkinson peak effect. The series-parallel method of electric motor control, for which Hopkinson was granted a British patent in 1881, would prove to be an important advance in the development of electric railways.

He applied for a US patent in 1892, triggering an interference proceeding against American inventor Rudolph M Hunter, granted a US patent for the method in 1888. The US Patent Office affirmed Hopkinson's claim to priority of invention, but his British patent expired before the case was resolved, rendering him ineligible for a US patent. Hopkinson twice held the office of President of the Institution of Electrical Engineers. During his second term, Hopkinson proposed that the Institution should make available the technical knowledge of electrical engineers for the defence of the country. In 1897 the Volunteer Corps of Electrical Engineers was formed and Hopkinson became major in command of the corps. On 27 August 1898, Hopkinson and three of his six children, John Gustave and Lina Evelyn, were killed in a mountaineering accident on the Petite Dent de Veisivi, Val d'Hérens, in the Pennine Alps, Switzerland; as a memorial to John Hopkinson and his son, the 1899 extension to the Engineering Laboratory in the New Museums Site of the University of Cambridge was named after him.

A plaque commemorating this is fixed to the wall in Free School Lane. The Hopkinson and Imperial Chemical Industries Professorship of Applied Thermodynamics is named in his honour. There is a memorial sundial to Alice Hopkinson in the gardens of Newnham College, Cambridge from which she had graduated. At the Victoria University of Manchester the Electro-technical Laboratory in Coupland Street was named after him, his sons Bertram and Cecil, wife Evelyn and daughter Ellen are buried in the Ascension Parish Burial Ground, Cambridge. Electric motor Three-phase electric power Polyphase system Bertram Hopkinson, his son Alfred Hopkinson and Edward Hopkinson, his younger brothers Austin Hopkinson, his nephew Hopkinson, Mary & Ewing, Lady John and Alice Hopkinson 1824-1910. London: Farmer & Sons, printers Works by or about John Hopkinson at Internet Archive John Hopkinson John Hopkinson Biography

Walnut River (Kansas)

The Walnut River is a tributary of the Arkansas River, 154 miles long, in the Flint Hills region of Kansas in the United States. Via the Arkansas, it is part of the Mississippi River watershed. According to the GNIS, the river has been known in the past as the "Little Verdigris River"; the Walnut River rises in northern Butler County and flows southward through Butler and Cowley Counties, past the towns of El Dorado, Augusta and Douglass. It joins the Arkansas River at Arkansas City; the Walnut's principal tributaries are the Whitewater River, which joins it at Augusta, the Little Walnut River, which joins it in southern Butler County. The Walnut River drainage basin comprises 2,380 square miles in an ecoregion characterized by rocky, rolling hills and prairie. Elevations range from 1,050 to 1,625 feet in the basin. Average precipitation summer rainfall, varies from 32 to 38 inches annually. Tallgrass prairie is the most common vegetation, covering 66 percent of the land. Crop land covers woodlands cover five percent.

Major crops are wheat, cotton, hay and corn. Cattle are the most important livestock. Upstream of El Dorado, a U. S. Army Corps of Engineers dam causes the river to form El Dorado Lake, along which a Kansas state park has been designated; the lake consists of about 8,000 acres of water with another 8,000 acres of land along its shores designated as park and wildlife areas. The other large lake in the Walnut River basin is Winfield City Lake with 1,250 acres of water surrounded by 1,150 acres of parkland. Both lakes offer recreational opportunities including fishing, hunting and wildlife observation. In Winfield, the east side of the old Tunnel Mill Dam is a public fishing spot, it is staged directly near the old Kickapoo Corral. The west side of the dam and the Kickapoo Corral are both owned and closed to the public. A whirlpool is created by a hole in solid limestone about 15 feet down on the river bed directly off the cliffs of the Corral; the bottom is somewhat rocky. Near the mouth of the Walnut River, in eastern Arkansas City, are a large number of archaeological sites, including the historical city of Etzanoa, a Wichita settlement that flourished between 1450 and 1700 and housed 20,000 people.

This site was visited 1601 by New Mexico governor Juan de Oñate. The Walnut Valley Festival is held along the banks in Winfield. List of Kansas rivers Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry DeLorme. Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-342-7. Corps of Engineers' El Dorado Lake website El Dorado State Park website U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Walnut River

PZ Cussons Nigeria Plc

PZ Cussons Nigeria Plc is a publicly listed Nigerian manufacturer and distributor of consumer products such as detergents, toiletries and home appliances. It is a subsidiary of Manchester based PZ Cussons Holdings which owns controlling shares in the firm. PZ trades home appliances products under the brand Haier Thermocool and manages Coolworld electrical stores, it has a joint venture with Wilmar International to palm oil. The company's operations can be traced to the Sierra Leone based commodities and textile dealing partnership of George Paterson and George Zochonis; the partners who were of Scottish and Greek heritage established a West African trading post in Sierra Leone in 1879, incorporated in Great Britain in February 1884 as Patterson Zochonis. In 1899, the partners opened a trading post in Nigeria and soon developed a merchandising network within the country. In the 1950s, the firm began producing soaps in Nigeria from a factory in Aba, incorporating it under a subsidiary called Alagbon Industries.

In 1957, the group transferred assets not affiliated with its soap business to a newly incorporated company in Nigeria called Patterson Zochonis Nigeria Limited. Alagbon industries was known as Associated Industries and changed to Paterson Zochonis Industries Limited, it became publicly listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange in 1972, selling 40% of its shares to the Nigerian public, additional 20% was sold in 1977. To increase revenues, it expanded its product line to include Thermocool appliances. Within the group's structure, PZ industrial division concentrated on toiletries and detergents manufacturing while Thermocool focused on refrigerators. PZ expanded its manufacturing business and commenced production of Elephant and Jet detergents in 1970s to challenge Omo produced by Lever Brothers. In 1973, Thermocool refrigerators were assembled in Nigeria and the company invested in pharmaceutical manufacturing; the firm reduced its trading activities during the 1970s to focus on manufacturing. In 2003, the firm launched a joint venture with Glanbia group to produce evaporated milk and milk powder.

The firm has interest in beauty and personal care, baby products, bath products, oral care, health care and skin care. Ava Canoe Elephant Florish Joy MORNIING FRESH Nunu Premier Robb Stella Sweet 16 Haier Thermocool Venus Venus de Milo

Timeline of TSW

This is a timeline of the history of Television South West and its predecessor Westward Television. 1961 29 April – Westward Television starts broadcasting. Westward had fought off 11 competing bids to win the licence to broadcast to south west England.1962 to 1967 No events.1968 22 April – The Huntshaw Cross transmitting station opens, providing better reception across north Devon. August – A technicians strike forces ITV off the air for several weeks although management manage to launch a temporary ITV Emergency National Service with no regional variations. September – The final edition of Westward's listings magazine Look Westward is published. Listings are subsequently carried in a Westward edition of TVTimes which now becomes a national publication.1969 17 January – Westward merges with the Keith Prowse company, due to Westward's chairman Peter Cadbury being chairman of Keith Prowse. In 1969 – EMI purchases Keith Prowse Music Publishing from Westward.1970 January – Peter Cadbury is sacked, re-hired within days as the chairman of the Westward board, after he made outspoken remarks against the levy imposed on advertising revenue imposed by the IBA.1971 13 September – Westward begins broadcasting in colour, but only from the Stockland Hill and Caradon Hill transmitters, to mark the change, Westward's ident is re-shot in colour.1972 16 October – Following a law change which removed all restrictions on broadcasting hours, ITV is able to launch an afternoon service.1973 5 November – Colour transmissions begin from the Huntshaw Cross transmitter.1974 to 1978 No events.1979 10 August – The ten week ITV strike forces Westward Television off the air.

The strike ends on 24 October although Westward staff returned to work a few days before the rest of the country.1980 28 December – The Independent Broadcasting Authority announces that Westward has lost its franchise to TSW.1981 Early in 1981 – Rather than waiting until after its franchise ends, Westward's management decide to sell up to TSW which purchases Westward Television for £2.38 million. 11 August – TSW goes on air in all but name, continuing to use the Westward name until the end of the year. 31 December – At just before midnight, Westward Television says goodbye rather than at the end of the day's programmes as the other companies that lost their franchises did. 1982 1 January – TSW launches at midnight and closes down for the night 40 minutes with TSW branding.1983 TSW concludes a two-year £4 million investment programme in its studios which sees the introduction of new production equipment and the building of an additional studio.1984 No events.1985 3 January – The last day of transmission using the 405-lines system.

May – TSW unveils a computerised version of its ident.1986 Channel Television switches its feed of the ITV network from TSW to TVS.1987 7 September – Following the transfer of ITV Schools to Channel 4, ITV provides a full morning programme schedule, with advertising, for the first time. The new service includes regular five-minute regional news bulletins. TSW changes the name of its regional news programme from Today South West to Today.1988 2 September – TSW begins 24-hour broadcasting.1989 TSW renames its news programme from Today to TSW Today. Autumn – TSW chooses to refresh its on-screen presentation rather than use the 1989 ITV corporate look.1990 TSW becomes one of the first ITV companies to start broadcasting in NICAM digital stereo.1991 16 October – The ITC announces that TSW has lost its licence. It loses out to Westcountry Television. Westcountry had tabled a lower bid but the ITC awarded the licence to Westcountry because it felt that TSW’s bid of £16.1 million was too high. Westcountry was the second highest of the other two applicants and was awarded the licence with a bid of £7.82 million.1992 February – TSW’s appeal to have the ITC’s decision to relieve TSW of its licence fails when it is rejected by the House of Lords.

31 December – At just before midnight, TSW stops broadcasting as after the chimes of Big Ben, the new licensee, Westcountry takes over as franchise holder for south west England. After 1992 TSW undertakes a reverse takeover with the White Ward Group, makers of safety footwear and associated articles; the name of the company was changed to UK Safety Ltd, traded for a number of years, before entering administrative receivership. The directors of TSW create the TSW Film and Television Archive, one of the first and largest of what has now become a network of regional film archives, it was renamed the South West Film and Television Archive and it holds the entire surviving back catalogue of both Westward and TSW programmes History of ITV History of ITV television idents Timeline of ITV