Texas State Highway 19

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State Highway 19 marker

State Highway 19
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length188.4 mi[1] (303.2 km)
ExistedApril 4, 1917–present
Major junctions
South end I-45 in Huntsville
  I-20 in Canton
I-30 / US 67 in Sulphur Springs
North end
Bus. US 82 / Bus. US 271 in Paris
Highway system
SH 18I-20
Texas State Highway 19 in Emory

State Highway 19 (SH 19) is a state highway in Texas runs from Huntsville to Paris in east Texas.

Route description[edit]

SH 19 begins at an interchange with Interstate 45 in southeast Huntsville; the highway runs through the eastern edge of the town as an expressway running close to the Sam Houston National Forest. The expressway ends at an intersection with State Highway 30 and runs through rural areas before reaching the town of Trinity. SH 19 runs north towards Crockett where the highway begins a concurrency with US 287; the two highways leave each other just northwest of Palestine. SH 19 runs northwest to Athens, running around the town with US 175/State Highway 31; the highway next runs through Canton, where it intersects Interstate 20. SH 19 runs through more rural areas of East Texas until the highway comes to Emory; the highway turns more northeast before running through the western part of Sulphur Springs. State Highway 154 joins SH 19, before leaving just east of Cooper. State Highway 24 joins the highway, where the two highways run together before ending in Paris.

A widening project for SH 19 between Montalba, north of Palestine, and Athens began in 2013, providing passing lanes, left turn lanes, and a shoulder; the portion in Henderson County was completed in about a year, but as of 2018 the Anderson County portion was still a construction zone.

History[edit]

Historic SH 19

SH 19 was one of the original 25 Texas state highways proposed on June 21, 1917, overlaid on top of the Paris-Houston Highway;[2] the original proposal was for it to run from the Texas/Oklahoma border north of Paris to Houston. On February 5, 1918, it extended south to Freeport.[3] On August 21, 1923, SH 19 was pared back significantly, eliminating the section north of Grand Saline. On August 4, 1932, it had extended north to Alba.[4] On May 13, 1935, it was rerouted to end in Fruitvale.[5] On September 4, 1935, an eventual extension via Emory, Commerce, Ladonia, and Bonham to Oklahoma was proposed.[6] On August 1, 1936, the section from Canton to Grand Saline was restored as SH 19T.[7] SH 19T was cancelled when the rerouting of SH 19 from Canton to Fruitvale opened. On September 26, 1939, the sections south of Palestine which were cosigned with US 287 and US 75 were dropped. One section became part of SH 45, and another was renumbered to SH 288. On April 15, 1940, SH 19 was extended north to Sulphur Springs, a modification of the much longer proposed extension that was not designated. On September 26, 1945, SH 19 was routed over FM 647 from 1 mile south of the Hopkins County Line through Emory to Dunbar. On August 24, 1960, it was extended northward to its original starting point of Paris and again to the south to Huntsville, replacing a portion of SH 45. On May 21, 1979, SH 19 was extended over Loop 405 in Huntsville.

Historic SH 19A

SH 19A was a spur route of SH 19 that was originally planned on February 18, 1919, splitting off at Angleton and traveling to Palacios.[8] On March 19, 1923, it extended east to Galveston and west to Ganado, with the old route to Palacios being changed to SH 19B.[9] On August 21, 1923, the route had been renumbered as SH 58.[10]

SH 19B was a spur route of SH 19 that was originally planned on March 19, 1923, from Midfield to Palacios replacing part of rerouted SH 19A. On August 21, 1923, the route had been renumbered as SH 59.[10]

Junction list[edit]

CountyLocationmikmDestinationsNotes
WalkerHuntsville0.00.0 I-45 – Dallas, HoustonInterchange; I-45 exit 113.
1.42.3 SH 75 – Madisonville, ConroeInterchange
1.62.6 FM 3411 east
2.43.9 US 190 / Bear Cat Boulevard – Huntsville, Livingston, Sam Houston State UniversityInterchange
4.16.6 SH 30 – Huntsville, College StationInterchange
4.87.7 FM 2821 – Sam Houston National ForestInterchange; North end of expressway
6.09.7 SH 30 west
Riverside15.324.6 FM 405 south – Dodge
15.825.4 FM 980 – Point Blank
Trinity River16.326.2Unnamed bridge
Trinity19.331.1 FM 3453 east – Lake Livingston
Trinity20.533.0 FM 1617 north
21.134.0 FM 1617 south
21.734.9 FM 230 north – Lovelady
21.835.1 SH 94 east – Groveton
26.642.8 FM 1893 north
HoustonLovelady35.657.3 FM 230 south – Trinity
35.757.5 FM 1280 – Groveton
41.066.0 FM 231 south
Crockett48.277.6 Loop 304
48.778.4 FM 2110 south
49.780.0 SH 7 / SH 21 west – Centerville, MadisonvilleWest end of SH 21/SH 7 overlap
49.7680.08 US 287 south / SH 7 east – Groveton, NacogdochesEast end of SH 7 overlap; south end of US 287 overlap
49.8280.18 SH 21 east – Alto, NacogdochesEast end of SH 21 overlap
50.080.5 FM 229 north
51.282.4 Loop 304
Latexo53.085.3 FM 2160 west
55.589.3 FM 2663 east
61.699.1
Bus. US 287 north – Grapeland
62.2100.1 FM 2423 – Grapeland
Grapeland63.1101.5 FM 227 – Grapeland, Augusta
63.5102.2 FM 228 – Grapeland
64.4103.6
Bus. US 287 south – Grapeland
Anderson72.8117.2 SH 294 east – AltoSouth end of SH 294 overlap
Elkhart73.3118.0 FM 1817 north
73.7118.6 SH 294 west – Oakwood, FairfieldNorth end of SH 294 overlap
79.3127.6 FM 2419 south
Palestine81.6131.3 Loop 256
83.4134.2 US 84 east – RuskSouth end of US 84 overlap
83.7134.7 US 84 west / US 287 north – FairfieldNorth end of US 84/ US 287 overlap
83.9135.0 Loop 127
84.4135.8 US 79 north – JacksonvilleSouth end of US 79 overlap
85.7137.9 US 79 south / US 287 south – OakwoodNorth end of US 79 overlap; south end of US 287 overlap
86.4139.0 Loop 256Interchange
88.3142.1 US 287 north – CorsicanaNorth end of US 287 overlap
Montalba95.1153.0 FM 321 – Tennessee Colony, Neches
96.8155.8 FM 2330 west
Bois d'Arc100.9162.4 FM 860 west
103.2166.1 FM 837 – Frankston
HendersonAthens115.7186.2 FM 1615 south
FM 753 west – Malakoff

Loop 7 west / Bus. SH 19 north – Corsicana, Athens
Interchange; south end of Loop 7 overlap

US 175 east / Bus. US 175 west – Jacksonville, Athens
Interchange; south end of US 175 overlap
FM 2495 – AthensInterchange

SH 31 east / Bus. SH 31 west – Tyler, Athens
Interchange; south end of SH 31 overlap
FM 1616 – Murchison

US 175 west / SH 31 west / Bus. SH 19 south / Loop 7 west – Dallas, Corsicana, Athens
Interchange; north end of US 175/SH 31/Loop 7 overlap
FM 2752 east
FM 2709 west – Eustace
Van Zandt FM 1861 – Martins Mill
FM 1256 west
FM 858 east – Martins Mill, Ben Wheeler
FM 1651 west
Canton RM 2909 south – Martins Mill
SH 243 – Kaufman, Ben Wheeler
SH 64 – Wills Point, Ben Wheeler
I-20 – Dallas, ShreveportI-20 exit 527.
US 80 – Wills Point, Grand Saline
FM 859 south – Edgewood
Sabine River160.8258.8Unnamed bridge
Rains165.3266.0 FM 2324 west – Lake Tawakoni
Emory167.9270.2 FM 3274 south (Willow Springs Rd)
168.0270.4 US 69 (Lennon Dr) – Greenville, Mineola
168.1270.5 FM 2795 (Quitman St)
168.6271.3 FM 275 north – Cumby
173.9279.9 FM 514 west – PointSouth end of FM 514 overlap
174.4280.7 FM 514 east – Lake Fork ReservoirNorth end of FM 514 overlap
Hopkins179.0288.1 FM 1567 west – Lone OakSouth end of FM 1567 overlap
179.3288.6 FM 1567 east – ComoNorth end of FM 1567 overlap
Sulphur Springs186.3299.8 SH 11 south – WinnsboroSouth end of SH 11 overlap
186.9300.8 I-30 / US 67 – Greenville, Mount PleasantI-30 exit 122; interchange.
187.8302.2
Bus. US 67 (Main Street) – Sulphur Springs
188.4303.2 SH 11 north – CommerceNorth end of SH 11 overlap
189.9305.6 FM 2285
191.6308.4 SH 154 east / Loop 301 east – Sulphur SpringsSouth end of SH 154 overlap
193.1310.8 FM 1537 east
198.4319.3 FM 71
Oak Grove202.0325.1 FM 1536 east – Oak Grove
South Sulphur River204.3328.8Unnamed bridge
Delta205.2330.2 SH 154 west – CooperNorth end of SH 154 overlap
206.6332.5 FM 1529 west – Cooper
207.8334.4 FM 895 east
211.0339.6 SH 24 west – CommerceSouth end of SH 24 overlap
211.6340.5 FM 198
212.2341.5 FM 1335 south
North Sulphur River213.3343.3Unnamed bridge
Lamar215.6347.0 FM 1184 – Roxton
219.1352.6 FM 2036 west
Paris223.4359.5 Loop 286Interchange
224360 FM 1497 south
224.4361.1 FM 1507 east (Evergreen Street)
225.7363.2
Bus. US 82 / Bus. US 271 – Bonham, Clarksville, Bogata, Hugo
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 19". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
  2. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676699.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676751.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673820.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673872.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673873.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673886.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676790.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676873.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ a b (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676878.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)