Crosby County, Texas
Crosby County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 6,059; the county seat is Crosbyton. The county was founded in 1876 and organized in 1886. Both the county and its seat are named for a land commissioner in Texas. Crosby County, along with Lubbock and Lynn Counties, is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area; the Lubbock MSA and Levelland Micropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing only Hockley County, form the larger Lubbock–Levelland Combined Statistical Area. Until the passage of a referendum to permit liquor sales, held on May 11, 2013, Crosby County had been one of 19 remaining prohibition or dry counties within Texas; that same day, voters in Denver City and Yoakum County approved separate referenda to permit liquor sales. The number of prohibition counties in Texas has hence dropped to 17. Part of the large Matador Ranch of West Texas extends into the county. Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Crosby County in the Texas House of Representatives.
Around 11,000 BC, Paleo-Indians were the first inhabitants. Archeological artifacts indicate hunter-gatherers hunted the mammoth, saber-toothed cat, giant ground sloth. Native American inhabitants included the Comanche. In 1871, Ranald S. Mackenzie fought Quanah Parker and other Comanches at the Battle of Blanco Canyon; the campaign established the Mackenzie Trail used by the first settlers in Crosby County in the late 1870s. The Texas Legislature formed Crosby County from Young and Bexar districts in 1876. Bavarian Heinrich Schmidtt and his wife Elizabeth Boyle and their six children became the first permanent settlers in the area in 1878. Confederate veteran Paris Cox first visited the Caprock Escarpment of the Llano Estacado with a group of buffalo hunters in 1879. Estacado was named the county seat in 1886. By 1900, the beef industry was thriving. In 1908, the Bar-N-Bar Ranch began selling acreage to farmers. Crosbyton became the new county seat in 1910; some 45,400 acres in the county were planted in cotton, 15,000 apple and peach trees were growing in the county in 1920.
By 1929, farmers sold 395,000 dozen eggs that year. The first soil conservation district in the county was formed in 1941. In 1955, oil was discovered in the county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles, of which 900 square miles are land and 1.5 square miles are covered by water. U. S. Highway 62 U. S. Highway 82/State Highway 114 State Highway 207 Floyd County Dickens County Garza County Lubbock County Blanco Canyon White River, Silver Falls Mount Blanco Caprock Escarpment As of the census of 2000, 7,072 people, 2,512 households, 1,866 families resided in the county; the population density was eight people per square mile. The 3,202 housing units averaged four per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 63.77% White, 3.89% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.03% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 29.89% from other races, 1.81% from two or more races. About 48.93% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 2,512 households, 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.7% were not families.
About 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.30. In the county, the population was distributed as 30.7% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,769, for a family was $29,891. Males had a median income of $23,775 versus $17,229 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,445. About 22.6% of families and 28.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.6% of those under age 18 and 22.7% of those age 65 or over. Crosbyton Lorenzo Ralls Cone Kalgary Canyon Valley Estacado Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum Crosby County government’s website Crosby County, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online Crosby County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties Photos of the Llano Estacado
Gail is an unincorporated small town in Borden County, United States. Located at the junction of U. S. Highway 180 and Farm to Market Road 669, it is the county seat of Borden County; as of the 2010 Census, the population was 231. The town and county are named for Jr. the inventor of condensed milk. Gail Mountain is located on the southwest edge of town; the 20th annual Christmas lighting of the star atop Gail Mountain was held on November 29, 2013. Mushaway Peak, a small but conspicuous butte, is located 4 miles southeast. Founded in 1891 to coincide with the organization of Borden County, Gail has served as county seat for the duration of its existence. Borden County had remained quite sparsely populated until 1903, when the locally famed "War of Ribbons", inspired by a state-sanctioned land grab, took place; the conflict took its name from the practice of established ranchers displaying their affiliation and identity by way of a blue ribbon on their sleeves, whereas new settlers to the area designated theirs with a placed red ribbon.
By 1910, Gail was home to more than 700 residents, though this would fall to 600 by 1912, the community remained the economic and administrative hub of Borden County. Changes in agricultural practices and patterns, coupled with the impact of the Great Depression, hindered the town and county's prosperity. By 1936, Gail's population had dwindled to 250 residents, by 1980, it had fallen to around 190; the census of 2010 counted 231 residents in Gail. The Borden County Jail opened in 1896. Built at a cost of $4,500 by the Diebold Safe and Lock Company, it had 2-foot-thick outside walls made of stone from Gail Mountain, 0.3-foot hardened steel plates in the cell walls and floor. In 1956, two prisoners objected to Sheriff Sid Reeder's attempt to place them into one of the jail's cells when they noticed a rattlesnake sleeping inside. A historic marker was placed outside the jail in 1967. John R. "Rich" Anderson, owner of the 64,000-acre Muleshoe Ranch near Gail, won the 1992 National Cattleman's Association Environmental Stewardship Award.
His achievement was recognized by the Texas House of Representatives. Gail is located near the center of Borden County. U. S. Route 180 runs through the town, leading west 31 miles to Lamesa. Big Spring along FM 669 is 40 miles to the south, Lubbock is 72 miles to the north. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Gail has an area of 2.0 square miles, of which 0.008 square miles, or 0.38%, is covered by water. Climate type occurs on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions; the Köppen climate classification subtype for this climate is BSk. Gail is served by the Borden County Independent School District, is home to the Borden County High School Coyotes; the school's Coyote Stadium is a six-man football venue and can seat 350. Borden County Courthouse - a 1939 one-story brick building with cast concrete detail Borden County Historical Museum Clinton D. "Casey" Vincent, flying ace, second youngest general in U. S. Air Force history Gail, Texas, is the name given to a Census Designated Place which includes the town proper.
The town is additionally the locus of the United States Postal Service's Zip Code of 79738
Wilson is a small rural city in the northeastern quadrant of Lynn County, United States. The town of Wilson was established in 1912 by William Dickson Green of Shiner and Lonnie Lumsden. Early settlers included German and Polish emigrant farmers who acquired property on former Wilson County School lands located in Lynn County, hence the city's name. Wilson was founded in anticipation that the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway would lay tracks through the area; the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway Company was one of the two major operating subsidiaries of the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway Company in Texas, with lines crossing the Texas Panhandle and South Plains regions, as well as a line across the Trans-Pecos to Presidio. A branch line between Slaton Junction and Lamesa was constructed in 1911, this line would pass directly through Wilson. In 1917, William Green built the "Green Building" that housed a mercantile store that became the center of activity in this small town; the couple most involved in operating the store were Mr. and Mrs. J.
T. Williams, who managed the store from 1916 to 1936, when Mr. Williams died. Mrs. Williams continued to manage the store for another few years until the early 1940s. In 1963, the citizens of Wilson celebrated the renovation of the Green Building, today, the refurbished building serves as the city hall and historical museum, continues to be a community gathering spot. In 1923, with only 20 residents, was among 37 communities that applied to become the home of the new Texas Technological College, instead located to the north in Lubbock. Wilson offered the choice of 6000 acres for the institution, three times the amount required in the legislation authored by State Senator William H. Bledsoe of Lubbock, whose district included Lynn County; the institution could have picked any arrangement of land without disturbing any individual or moving a fence. Wilson rests upon the level High Plains of the Llano Estacado in West Texas, it is situated at the intersection of Farm to Market Road 400 and Farm to Market Road 211.
Farm to Market Road 400 runs parallel to the tracks of the former Santa Fe Railway. This branch line was abandoned in 1999 and Wilson no longer has access to rail transport, it is located at 33°19′01″N 101°43′27″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles, all of it land. As of the 2010 census, 489 people resided in Wilson, down from 532 people in 2000. According to the 2000 census, 182 households and 139 families resided in the city; the population density was 816.8 people per square mile. The 194 housing units averaged 297.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 72.56% White, 0.94% African American, 22.18% from other races, 4.32% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 55.45% of the population. Of the 182 households, 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.1% were not families. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.41.
In the city, the population was distributed as 32.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,333, for a family was $32,000. Males had a median income of $26,944 versus $18,438 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,654. About 15.0% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.6% of those under age 18 and 23.4% of those age 65 or over. Jerry "Bo" Coleman was born in Wilson and became a radio disc jockey in Lubbock and a friend and associate of Buddy Holly and Waylon Jennings. Woodrow, Texas Slide, Texas Llano Estacado Close City, Texas Canyon Valley, Texas Wilson, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Wilson Public domain photos of the Llano Estacado
The Texas Panhandle is a region of the U. S. state of Texas consisting of the northernmost 26 counties in the state. The panhandle is a rectangular area bordered by New Mexico to the west and Oklahoma to the north and east; the Handbook of Texas defines the southern border of Swisher County as the southern boundary of the Texas Panhandle region. Its land area is nearly 10 % of the state's total; the Texas Panhandle is larger in size than the US state of West Virginia. An additional 62.75 sq mi are covered by water. Its population as of the 2010 census was 1.7 % of the state's total population. As of the 2010 census, the population density for the region was 16.6 per square mile. However, more than 72% of the Panhandle's residents live in the Amarillo Metropolitan Area, the largest and fastest-growing urban area in the region; the Panhandle is distinct from North Texas, farther southeast. West of the Caprock Escarpment and north and south of the Canadian River breaks, the surface of the Llano Estacado is rather flat.
South of the city of Amarillo, the level terrain gives way to Palo Duro Canyon, the second-largest canyon in the United States. This colorful canyon was carved by the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River. North of Amarillo lies a reservoir created by Sanford Dam on the Canadian River; the lake, along with the Ogallala Aquifer, provides drinking water and irrigation for this moderately dry area of the High Plains. Interstate Highway 40 passes through the Panhandle, passes through Amarillo; the freeway passes through Deaf Smith, Potter, Gray and Wheeler Counties. The Texas Panhandle has been identified in the early 21st century as one of the fastest-growing windpower-producing regions in the nation because of its strong, steady winds. Before the rise of Amarillo, the three original towns of the Panhandle were Clarendon in Donley County, Mobeetie in Wheeler County, Tascosa in Oldham County. Clarendon moved itself after it was overlooked by the Fort Denver Railroad. Mobeetie was reduced below its original small size with the closure of the United States Army's Fort Elliott in 1890.
Tascosa was ruined by the location of the railroad too far north of the town and the inability to build a feeder line. The Tascosa Pioneer wrote in 1890: "Truly this is a world which has no regard for the established order of things but knocks them sky west and crooked, lo, the upstart hath the land and its fatness." As of the census of 2000, about 402,862 people lived in the Panhandle. Of these, 68.9% were non-Hispanic White, 23.8% were Hispanic, 4.6% were African American. Only 2.7% were of some other ethnicity. About 92.3% of inhabitants claimed native birth, 8.9% were veterans of the United States armed forces. Around 13.2% of the population was 65 years of age or older, whereas 27.8% of the population was under 18 years of age. The 26 northernmost counties that make up the Texas Panhandle include: Major cities of the Texas Panhandle with populations greater than 10,000 include: Some of the smaller towns with populations less than 10,000 include: Much like the rest of West Texas and the Oklahoma Panhandle, the region is politically and conservative.
Following the pattern of other larger cities, Amarillo has the largest liberal population in the Panhandle. It was one of the first regions of the state to break away from its Democratic roots, though Democrats continued to do well at the local level well into the 1980s. However, Republicans now dominate every level of government, holding nearly every elected post above the county level. Nearly all of the Panhandle is in Texas's 13th congressional district, represented by Republican Mac Thornberry. With a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+33, it is the most Republican district in the nation; the counties of Castro and Parmer are in Texas's 19th congressional district, represented by Republican Jodey Arrington. In the 2016 Presidential election, Donald Trump received 79.9% of the vote in the 13th District, as compared with Hillary Clinton's 16.9% share of the vote. Panhandle from the Handbook of Texas Online Photos of the Llano Estacado
Petersburg is a city in Hale County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,202. Petersburg was founded in 1891 as a post office in southeast Hale County, it was named for Zack Peters and his wife, the first postmistress. In 1902, Ed M. White established a store at the site of the present community and moved the post office 5 miles southwest into Hale County. Although the townsite was platted in 1909, its population remained below 100 until the Fort Worth and Denver Railway was built through town in 1928. Wheat and milo were the main crops in the area until cotton was first planted in 1905; the town was incorporated with a population of 200 in 1927. Petersburg grew as a farming and rail shipment center, by 1949 it had 22 businesses and 500 people. By 1980 the population had grown to 1,633; the population dropped to 1,262 according to the 2000 census. Petersburg is located on the high plains of the Llano Estacado at 33°52′10″N 101°35′51″W, in southeastern Hale County, it is 27 miles south of Plainview, the county seat, 31 miles northeast of Lubbock.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.81 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,262 people, 428 households, 342 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,574.8 people per square mile. There were 498 housing units at an average density of 621.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 61.89% White, 2.14% African American, 1.66% Native American, 32.09% from other races, 2.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 61.09% of the population. There were 428 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.9% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.36. In the city, the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,263, the median income for a family was $33,047. Males had a median income of $24,511 versus $17,237 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,531. About 14.5% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over. The city is served by the Petersburg Independent School District and is home to the Petersburg High School Buffaloes. John Richard Fowler and president of the Texas State Board of Pharmacy. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Petersburg, Texas Petersburg, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online Petersburg Independent School District
Silverton is a city in Briscoe County, United States. The population was 731 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Briscoe County. Silverton is located in west-central Briscoe County at 34°28′17″N 101°18′17″W. Texas State Highway 86 passes through the city, leading southeast 17 miles to Quitaque and west 27 miles to Tulia near Interstate 27. Texas State Highway 207 leads south from Silverton 35 miles to Floydada and north 52 miles to Claude. According to the United States Census Bureau, Silverton has a total area of 1.0 square mile, all of it land. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Silverton has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 771 people, 303 households, 217 families residing in the city. The population density was 766.4 people per square mile. There were 362 housing units at an average density of 359.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 79.51% White, 0.52% African American, 0.78% Native American, 15.69% from other races, 3.50% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.15% of the population. There were 303 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.09. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,014, the median income for a family was $32,308. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $16,750 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,416. About 12.1% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.4% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
The community of Silverton is served by the Silverton Independent School District and home to the Silverton High School Owls. Silverton school district
Clairemont is a ghost town in and the former county seat of Kent County, United States. It is at the intersection of U. S. Route 380 and Texas State Highway 208, 14 mi 43 mi east of Post. Clairemont lies near the center of Kent County, the estimated population as of the 2000 census was 15. Clairemont was established in 1892 to coincide with the organization of Kent County with the understanding that it would serve as the county's seat of government; the new town was located on land owned by local rancher R. L. Rhomberg, who named the new town after his niece, Claire Becker. In 1895 a sandstone courthouse and matching jail were constructed. By that time the town had several stores, a bank, a newspaper, a hotel. Although the Stamford and Northwestern Railway had bypassed Clairemont to the east by 1909, the town continued to prosper. Cotton and cattle ranching dominated the economy, oil became important. By the 1930s the population exceeded 200. By the 1950s, the town had begun a steady decline and by 1954 had lost its title as county seat to nearby Jayton.
The Clairemont courthouse burned shortly after the records were transferred to Jayton, but the bottom story was preserved as a community center. The remaining citizens soon began to move away, the population dwindled to about 15 by the 2000s. List of ghost towns in Texas Close City, Texas Duffy's Peak Salt Fork Brazos River North Fork Double Mountain Fork Brazos River Rath City, Texas U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Clairemont Clairemont, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online Public domain photos of West Texas and Eastern New Mexico