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Théâtre du Châtelet

The Théâtre du Châtelet is a theatre and opera house, located in the place du Châtelet in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France. One of two theatres built on the site of a châtelet, a small castle or fortress, it was designed by Gabriel Davioud at the request of Baron Haussmann between 1860 and 1862. Named the Théâtre Impérial du Châtelet, it has undergone remodeling and name changes over the years, it seats 2,500 people. The theatre is one of two apparent twins constructed along the quays of the Seine, facing each other across the open Place du Châtelet; the other is the Théâtre de la Ville. Their external architecture is Palladian entrances under arcades, although their interior layouts differ considerably. At the centre of the plaza is an ornate, sphinx-endowed fountain, erected in 1808, which commemorates Napoleon's victory in Egypt; the Théâtre Impérial du Châtelet was built for Hippolyte Hostein's equestrian company, the Théâtre Impérial du Cirque, whose previous theatre, the Cirque Olympique on the Boulevard du Temple, was slated for demolition by Baron Haussmann to allow the construction of the Boulevard du Prince-Eugène.

The site for the new theatre was acquired by the City of Paris in October 1859, construction took place between 1860 and 1862. The interior designers included Eugène Carrières and Armand Cambon, the curtain was created by Charles Cambon; the theatre seated 2,200 people, although Haussmann claimed it held 3,600. The repertory, fixed by a decree of 20 September 1862, included military works and féeries in one or several acts, as well as dramas and vaudevilles. Hostein left as director in September 1868. Nestor Roqueplan ran the theatre from 1 July 1869 to April 1870; the theatre was closed from September 1870 to July 1871 due to the Franco-Prussian War. The war brought about the fall of the Second French Empire, under the succeeding French Third Republic, the appellation impérial was dropped. Hippolyte Hostein returned as the theatre's director in 1873–1874. Notably, beginning in April 1876, the stage version of Jules Verne's Around the World in Eighty Days, adapted by Verne and Adolphe d'Ennery, began a run spanning sixty-four years and 2,195 performances.

It was only the Nazi occupation of Paris in May 1940. Into the 20th Century, the theatre was used for operettas and ballet performances, for classical and popular music concerts, it was for a time, a cinema. Claude Debussy's Le Martyre de saint Sébastien received its premiere in the theatre on 22 May 1911, it was the first venue for the Ballets Russes, before they moved to the new théâtre des Champs-Élysées with their 1913 season: among the ballets premiered at the Châtelet are Igor Stravinsky’s Petrushka on 13 June 1911, Paul Dukas' La Péri on 22 April 1912, Vaslav Nijinsky's Afternoon of a Faun on 29 May 1912, Maurice Ravel's Daphnis et Chloé on 8 June 1912, Erik Satie and Jean Cocteau’s Parade on 18 May 1917. In addition, many foreign composers and conductors made appearances in the theatre, including Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Gustav Mahler and Richard Strauss. Since 1979, it has been operated by the City of Paris, after undergoing a major restoration, re-opened under the name of Théâtre Musical de Paris in 1980.

It was acoustically reverted to the Théâtre du Châtelet name. Shirley Horn recorded her 1992 live album I Love Paris at the Théâtre du Châtelet. For a time it was used for opera performances and concerts; the Orchestre de Paris and the Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France have played there. In 1993 the Philharmonia Orchestra of London began an annual residency period. Under the direction of Stéphane Lissner for four years from 1995, the theatre received additional improvements in acoustics and sightlines. In 2004, Jean-Luc Choplin became artistic director of the theatre, he de-emphasized classical music and dance performances and introduced more lucrative productions of Broadway musicals, including Kiss Me, Singin' in the Rain, 42nd Street, An American in Paris. In 2017, Choplin was succeeded by Ruth Mackenzie, appointed artistic director alongside general director Thomas Lauriot dit Prévost, who worked at the theatre with Choplin from 2006 to 2013. Allison, John, ed.. Great Opera Houses of the World, supplement to Opera Magazine, London.

Wild, Nicole. Dictionnaire des théâtres parisiens au XIXe siècle: les théâtres et la musique. Paris: Aux Amateurs de livres. ISBN 978-0-8288-2586-3. ISBN 978-2-905053-80-0. Official website Floormic Profile

Dilate (Bardo Pond album)

Dilate is the fifth album by Bardo Pond. It was released on April 2001 on Matador Records. "Two Planes - 7:26 "Sunrise" - 5:26 "Inside" - 11:43 "Aphasia" - 6:02 "Favorite Uncle" - 5:58 "Swig" - 4:22 "Despite the Roar" - 7:07 "LB" - 8:31 "Hum" - 3:43 "Ganges" - 11:23 "Summerflux" - 4:19 Isobel Sollenberger - Flute, Vocals Michael Gibbons - Guitar, Producer John Gibbons - Synthesizer, Percussion Clint Takeda - Bass Greg Calbi - Mastering

Face Off!

Face Off! is a hockey game developed by Mindspan Technologies and published by GameStar on 1989. The game's features include not only the ability to play with your chosen hockey player, but game plans, team maneuvers and management; the game offers play in versus mode. The player can control only one hockey player at a time, that can only be changed during interruptions of play. You can choose to play with 3 or 5 players on each team; the aspects that made this game famous were the change of camera angle if the hockey player shoots and it is close to the goaltender, the mini-fight game scenario during the match that occurs sometimes when a player commits a foul on an opposite team's member. This game is confused with the Amiga game called Face-Off by Krisalis; the most important difference is that the game by Mindspan presents a kind of a fictitious rendition of the NHL, while the Krisalis Amiga game released in 1991 is a hockey simulation where you play national teams. To further complicate things, there is 1989 Amiga hockey sim called Face Off by Anco Software, which has nothing to do with the above two.

Notes SourcesAbandonia MobyGames: Face Off

Liu Yan (Han dynasty warlord)

Liu Yan, courtesy name Junlang, was a warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han dynasty of China. He was a member of the extended family of the Han emperors. For most of his career he served as the Governor of Yi Province, which he developed into an independent power base, his domain was passed on to his son Liu Zhang, to Liu Bei, who founded the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. Liu Yan was a descendant of Liu Yu, Prince of Lu in the early Han dynasty; because his branch of the Liu family was powerful, because he proved himself to be an able statesman, he rose through the ranks of the court. The highest post he reached was that of Minister of Ceremonies, or person responsible for ceremonies related to the emperor. During the reign of Emperor Ling, the central court became a politically dangerous place, which Liu Yan wanted to distance himself from. An adviser of his, Dong Fu, suggested requesting to be the Governor of Yi Province, at that time considered a backward and distant province of the Han Empire.

Liu Yan took the advice, with his private army set off for his new post in 188. After arriving in Yi Province, Liu Yan was confronted with his first crisis. Ma Xiang and Zhao Zhi started a rebellion in the region, claiming to be part of the Yellow Turban Rebellion. Liu Yan enlisted the help of powerful local families to put down the rebellion. Once in control of the region, he plotted to gain independence from the central Han government; the first step in his plan was to send Zhang Lu and Zhang Xiu to attack the forces of the official Han governor of Hanzhong, Su Gu and take over his territory. Zhang Lu first killed Zhang Xiu, after absorbing the latter's armies he managed to kill Su Gu and take control of the territory, which created an independent buffer state between Liu Yan's Yi Province and the Han central government, his next step in gaining control of the region was to rein in the power of the local families, who had their own wealth and large private armies. He executed the leaders of over 10 families, but another powerful family leader Jia Long banded together with others and rebelled.

Although the armies of the families were powerful, Liu Yan's forces prevailed. The next threat was from the Qiang people. However, Liu Yan's forces were able to defend their territory from being ravaged. In 194, when Li Jue and Guo Si gained control of Chang'an after Dong Zhuo's death, three of Liu Yan's sons were in Chang'an serving in various government posts. Liu Yan joined forces with Ma Teng in an attempt to attack the capital and seize it. With the help of his sons in the city, the armies were defeated. In the hasty retreat, Liu Fan and Liu Dan were captured by Li Jue's forces as they tried to flee Chang'an, were tortured and killed. Liu Zhang, however managed to escape and join up with his father, who returned once again to Yi Province. In summer of the same year, Liu Yan's residence in Mianzhu was struck by lightning and burnt down, forcing him to relocate the provincial capital to Chengdu. Soon afterward, his third son Liu Mao died from illness, it is said that the grief caused by the loss of three sons caused him to develop an illness on his back, which would cause his death in the year.

His death left his youngest son Liu Zhang in control of Yi Province. Ancestor: Liu Yu, fourth son of Emperor Jing Sons: Liu Fan, served as General of the Household of the Left, killed by Li Jue Liu Dan, served as Imperial Clerk Preparer of Documents, killed by Li Jue Liu Mao, served as Senior Major Liu Zhang, inherited Liu Yan's position as Governor of Yi Province Daughters-in-law: Lady Wu, Liu Mao's wife, married Liu Bei after her husband's death, became known as Empress Mu Lady Pang, Liu Fan's wife, related to Pang Xi Lady Fei, Liu Zhang's wife, Fei Guan's younger sister Lady Cui, Cui Yan's younger sister In the 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Liu Yan was the governor of You Province in northern China during the events of the Yellow Turban Rebellion, he met Liu Bei. In Chen Shou's Records of the Three Kingdoms, there is no record of Liu Yan assuming governorship of You Province. Lists of people of the Three Kingdoms Chen, Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms. Fan, Ye.

Book of the Later Han. Luo, Guanzhong. Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Pei, Songzhi. Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms

When We Are Married

When We Are Married is a comedy by the English dramatist, J. B. Priestley, it was first performed in London at the St. Martin's Theatre, London on 11 October 1938, transferred to the larger Prince's Theatre in March 1939 and ran until 24 June of that year. A group of three couples, old friends and all married on the same day in the same chapel, gathers at the Helliwells’ home to celebrate their silver anniversary; when they discover that they are not married, each couple reacts with proper Victorian horror – what will the neighbours think? – and all three couples find themselves reevaluating their marriages. In the end, of course, everything turns out well, the play ends on a happy note. Ruby BirtlePatricia Hayes Gerald ForbesRichard Warner Mrs Northrop – Beatrice Varley Nancy Holmes – Betty Fleetwood Fred Dyson – Alexander Grandison Henry Ormonroyd – Frank Pettingell Alderman Joseph Helliwell – Lloyd Pearson Maria Helliwell – Muriel George Counsellor Albert ParkerRaymond Huntley Herbert Soppitt – Ernest Butcher Clara Soppitt – Ethel Coleridge Annie Parker – Helena Pickard Lottie Grady – Mai Bacon Rev. Clement Mercer – Norman Wooland Mayor of Clecklewyke – H. Marsh Dunn 25 December 1939 Broadway premiere, Lyceum Theatre, New York City 1979 National Theatre LOndon 5 March 1985 West End Whitehall Theatre, London July - August 1996 Chichester Festival Theatre April 2009 West Yorkshire Playhouse, Leeds July - August 2009 Guthrie Theater, Minnesota 27 October 2010 - 26 February 2011, Garrick Theatre, London 7 May 2014 - Shaw Theater, Niagara-On-The-Lake, Canada 1 May 2017 - People's Theatre, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom September 2017 - Rugby Theatre, Warwickshire, United Kingdom In November 1938 When We Are Married became the first play to be televised unedited from a theatre, when the BBC relayed the complete performance between 8.30 and 10.50 p.m. on 16 November.

A film adaptation was released in 1943 by British National Films featuring the three male leads from the original stage production and 1938 TV adaptation in the same roles: Raymond Huntley as Albert Parker, Lloyd Pearson as Joseph Helliwell and Ernest Butcher as Herbert Soppitt. BBC's Play of the Month broadcast an adaptation on 29 December 1975 directed by David Giles with John Stratton as Joseph Helliwell, Beryl Reid as Maria Helliwell, Eric Porter as Albert Parker, Patricia Routledge as Annie Parker, Richard Pearson as Herbert Soppitt, Thora Hird as Clara Soppitt, Shirley Steedman as Ruby Birtle, Sheila Burrell as Mrs. Northrop, Ronnie Barker as Henry Ormonroyd and Sheila Reid as Lottie Grady. Another BBC Television production featured Peter Vaughan as Joseph Helliwell, Patricia Routledge as Maria Helliwell, Timothy West as Albert Parker, Prunella Scales as Annie Parker, Bernard Cribbins as Herbert Soppitt, Rosemary Leach as Clara Soppitt, Sue Devaney as Ruby Birtle, Liz Smith as Mrs. Northrop, Joss Ackland as Henry Ormonroyd and Patsy Rowlands as Lottie Grady.

An adaptation was broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in 1994 directed by Matthew Walters with Alan Bennett as Herbert Soppitt, Alun Armstrong as Albert Parker, Michael Jayston as Joseph Helliwell, Brenda Blethyn as Clara Soppitt, Nicola Pagett as Maria Helliwell, Gwen Taylor as Annie Parker, Polly James as Lottie, Peter Woodthorpe as Henry Ormondroyd and Elizabeth Spriggs as Mrs. Northrop; the production was subsequently re-broadcast on BBC Radio 7 in 2011 and on BBC Radio 4 Extra in 2012. Priestley, J. B.. When We Are Married: A Yorkshire Farcical Comedy. London: Samuel French. ISBN 0-573-01476-0; when We Are Married at the Internet Broadway Database When We Are Married at the Internet Broadway Database When We Are Married on IMDb When We Are Married on IMDb When We Are Married synopsis & character descriptions from StageAgent.com

1840 in Ireland

Events from the year 1840 in Ireland. 10 January – Uniform Penny Post introduced. 1 April – Theatre Royal, Cork burns down. 19 May – foundation stone of the Roman Catholic St Mel's cathedral, Longford, is laid. 10 July – General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland established. 28 July – first permanent presence of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Ireland when Mormon missionaries John Taylor, William Black and James McGuffie arrive to work in the Newry and Belfast areas. On 31 July Thomas Tait becomes the first convert baptised at Loughbrickland; the Palm House in Belfast Botanic Gardens is constructed by Richard Turner of Dublin. It is one of the earliest examples of a curvilinear cast iron glasshouse in the world. Bewley's established as coffee importers. Edward Bunting's The Ancient Music of Ireland is published, incorporating "A Dissertation on the Irish Harp and Harpers, Including an Account of the Old Melodies of Ireland". 1 January – Patrick Walsh, journalist and mayor of Augusta, Georgia.

4 January – Bishop Richard Owens, Bishop of Clogher 1894–1909. 8 January – Henry Arthur Blake, British colonial administrator and Governor of Hong Kong. 17 January – William Pery, 3rd Earl of Limerick, peer. 27 February – Thomas Kelly-Kenny, British Army general who served in the Second Boer War. 29 February – John Philip Holland, developed the first Royal Navy submarine. 25 March – Myles Keogh, officer in American Civil War in U. S. 7th Cavalry Regiment, killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. 26 April – Paddy Hannan, gold prospector whose discovery in 1893 near Kalgoorlie, Western Australia set off a gold rush. 27 April – Tom Gallaher, tobacco manufacturer. 23 May – George Throssell, second Premier of Western Australia. 20 September – Ellen Mary Clerke, journalist and science writer. 1 November – Arthur Guinness, 1st Baron Ardilaun, businessman and philanthropist. 17 November – Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse, eighteenth Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin (d.. 28 December – Thomas Hovenden and teacher.

Full date unknown William Abraham, Irish Nationalist MP. Timothy J. Campbell, Democrat U. S. Representative from New York. Timothy H. O'Sullivan, photographer in the United States 15 April – Thomas Drummond, military surveyor and Under-Secretary for Ireland. 21 April – Standish O'Grady, 1st Viscount Guillamore, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer in Ireland. 12 June – Gerald Griffin, novelist and playwright. 20 August – George Canning, 1st Baron Garvagh, politician