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Thai Ridgeback

The Thai Ridgeback is a dog established as a standardized breed. The breed was unknown outside Thailand, but is gaining notice in the Western world, they are known as a Mah Thai Lang Ahn. The Thai Ridgeback is one of only three breeds that has a ridge of hair that runs along its back in the opposite direction to the rest of the coat; the other two are the Phu Quoc Ridgeback. The Thai Ridgeback is a muscular, medium-sized pariah-type dog with a wedge-shaped head, triangular-shaped prick ears, a short, smooth coat, it has a pronounced ridge on its back formed by hair growing in the opposite direction that extends from behind the withers to the hips. Puppies are born ridgeless. Thai Ridgebacks have a muscular and streamlined body, making them agile; the tail is carried upward called a sword tail. Its forehead wrinkles with enormous expression. Like many eastern breeds, the Thai Ridgeback has retained a'scissor jaw' where upper and lower teeth interlock when the jaw bones clamp down; the tongue can have black marks.

Eyes may be amber in blue dogs. The ears are set low and point outward; the ears stand up progressively during the puppy growth period. The back is level; the coat is short and straight. Due to the length and density of the coat shedding is minimal, occurring twice yearly; because this breed does not have an undercoat the hair does not bother people allergic to other breeds of dogs. Coat must be solid colors of blue, red or fawn with a black mask being acceptable on reds; however and white are found but are not acceptable colors. For international show and competition, shoulder height should be 22-24 inches in males and 20-22 inches in females; the weight averages 35–55 lbs in females and 40-60 lbs in males. Eight distinctive ridge patterns have been identified: needle, arrow, violin, bowling pin and saddleback. All patterns are acceptable, but must be defined and symmetrical; the broader the ridge, the more it is prized. Thai ridgebacks are a overall healthy breed with few inherent health issues; the breed has reproduced in Thailand exclusively by natural selection until the recent past.

The domesticated population is small. Inbreeding depression has not been observed in the breed. Thai Ridgeback Dogs are prone to dermoid sinus. Modern lines of Thai Ridgeback, resulting from interpopulation crosses, may be prone to hip dysplasia and other genetic disorders. Thai Ridgebacks are an intelligent breed; the energy level is medium to high, with most of the day spent lounging and activity periods occurring in sporadic bursts. Well properly socialized Thai Ridgebacks make loyal, loving family pets, they are protective of their home and family and can be aggressive or shy when not properly socialized. They are best kept by consistent owners; because of prior geographic isolation and lack of human contact, the Thai Ridgeback remains independent minded and much of the original natural instinct and drives remain intact prey drive. Due to its nature, the Thai Ridgeback is not recommended for the novice dog handler, they may seek to roam if not properly contained. The ridgeback is under a control of two groups of epistatic genes.

The first determines the existence of the ridge. The other determines the size of the ridge, from none to large the latter, the more the genes in the dog, the broader is the ridge; the ridge will appear. Coat color is under a control of two groups of epistatic genes; the first determines the color of the coat if it should be black, red or blue. The series of dominance is black to brindle to red to white; the intensity of the coat color is under control of a set of modifying genes. The other group controls the dilution of the colors. Black can be dilute to gray/silver/blue, red will turn fawn; the normal color is dominance over the diluted. The origin of the Thai Ridgeback is undocumented; the history of the breed is the subject of numerous hypotheses. The other existing purebreeds of ridgeback dog are the Rhodesian Ridgeback from Africa and the Phu Quoc Ridgeback from Vietnam, somewhat smaller than the Thai Ridgeback. Based on genetic-based hypothesis, both Thai Ridgeback Dog and Phu Quoc Dog are to be descended from Funan Ridgeback Dog which originated over 1,000 years ago in Funan Era of the region.

The descendant of the Hottentot Dog or Ari Dog, a known African ridge-bearing ancestor of the Rhodesian Ridgeback, is now found as Africanis. The gene that causes the ridge has been inherited from a common ancestor: "The geographical origin of the ridge present in Ridgeback dogs is still a mystery, thus solid proof has now been provided that the ridge mutation in Ridgeback dogs is identical by descent and the likelihood of parallel mutations occurring in Asia and Africa can therefore be rejected." The Thai Ridgeback has a short coat, cared for with a weekly brushing. Use a rubber curry brush to keep it gleaming, he sheds year-round, but not heavily. Give him a bath when he is dirty, maybe once or twice a year. Introduce your puppy to grooming from an early age so that he learns to accept it with little fuss. Phu Quoc Ridgeback Rhodesian Ridgeback Thai Ridgeback at Curlie

Rothley Imperial F.C.

Rothley Imperial Football Club is a football club based in Rothley, Leicestershire England. They are members of the Leicestershire Senior League Division Two; the clubs nickname is the Imps. The club is affiliated to the Leicestershire and Rutland County Football Association In 2003 the club joined Division One of the Leicestershire Senior League. After winning the division in their first season, they were promoted to the Premier Division. In 2006–07 the club entered the FA Vase for the first time, they entered for the next two seasons, but only won one match, beating Pershore Town 3–2 in the second qualifying round, before losing to Dudley Town in the next round. In 2011–12 the club won the Premier Division, retained the title the following season. However, they resigned from the Leicestershire Senior League shortly before the end of the 2015–16 season, subsequently folded. In 2017 the club were re-established and joined the Premier Division of the North Leicestershire League. For teh 2019–20 season the club rejoined the Leicestershire Senior League, in division two.

The club play their home games at Loughborough Road. The ground has floodlights. Leicestershire Senior League Premier Division champions 2011–12, 2012–13 Division One champions 2003–04 Best FA Vase performance: First round, 2008–09 Official website

Barkly East

Barkly East is a town in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, seat of the Joe Gqabi District Municipality, 117 km by road E. S. E. of Aliwal North, lying in the mountainous area just south of Lesotho. The town lies at the southern tip of the Drakensberg on the Langkloofspruit, a tributary of the Kraai River which, in turn is a tributary of the Orange River at an elevation of 1 790 meter above sealevel. Barkly East is characterized by green valleys. Snow falls in winter, the hamlet of Rhodes is 60 km or an hour's drive from Barkly East on the R396. Both are within the boundaries of the Senqu Local Municipality, it has been one of the few areas in South Africa where winter sports are pursued, in summer fly fishing for Rainbow trout and indigenous Smallmouth yellowfish, trail running, mountain biking, ancient rock-art and the magnificent scenery draw tourists to the district. A recent development is the mountainous terrain attracting off-road bikers who revel in traversing the numerous passes in the area.

More recent is the opening of the winter fly fishing season on Wild Trout Association waters around Barkly East, Lady Grey and Wartrail. Xhosa and Afrikaans are spoken by most of the inhabitants, while English and some Sotho are spoken; the primary economic base of the district is sheep-farming, the pasturage being excellent. Like Barkly West, the town is named after Sir Henry Barkly, governor of the Cape Colony from 1870 to 1877. On 14 December 1874 the then-Governor, Sir Henry Barkly proclaimed that a town could split from Wodehouse. Among the first families that settled in Barkly East were the Nels, Oliviers, Smits, Giddys, Orpens, Greyvensteins, Stapelbergs and the Jouberts and Cloetes of Constantia, but it was a Mr HS Nel, the first white person that settled in this area. The area is well known for excellent trout fishing. A variety of caves contain rock paintings by the San that date back hundreds of years, visitors interested in San art can stay at cottages on local farms; the Provincial hospital in Barkly East is a living monument for Mr. Piet Joubert by his wife, a Cloete and daughter of one of the wealthiest cattle farmers in South Africa, CWP Cloete of Glen Almond.

The Joubert couple had no children, after her death she intended to donate her money to a hospital. But Mr. Greyvenstein, her lawyer, persuaded her to keep the Cloete money in the area; as such, a small hospital was planned. The total cost of the hospital was £ 100 000 of; the hospital was opened by Dollie Cloete. Barkly East has a subtropical highland climate, with mild summers and chilly, dry winters, with occasional snowfalls, it borders on a cold semi-arid climate. The average annual precipitation is 567 mm, with most rainfall occurring during summer. Barkly West Wodehouse Barkly East Community Tourism organisation Wartrail & New England tourism Wild Trout Association, Rhodes-based fly fishing organisation

Donna Dennis

Donna Dennis is an American sculptor known for her vernacular architecture inspired work. Dennis has said about her work that she is interested in, "a home, not a home. A home on a journey. A home, a shelter, but without warmth or comfort or security. A'place to stay' just for one night before moving on and on, never staying long anywhere, never belonging anywhere". Dennis went to public school in Ohio and Washington D. C. before 1949 when the family moved to New York. Dennis had a love of drawing from a young age and remembers drawing half a house in the first grade and objecting to her teacher, that she could draw half a house, half of it was invisible, her childhood memories of making tree houses and forts informed her work. She went to Carleton college in Minnesota where she focused on painting. After college Dennis went to Paris with friend and classmate Martha Diamond to study at Roger Barr's program at the American Center in Paris. During her time in Paris Dennis explored the damage of World War II and became enamored with the layers of rebuilding that had covered the ruins.

Upon moving back to New York, Dennis worked at the Whitney Museum as a secretary in the fundraising department. By night Dennis attended classes at the Art Students League, she soon met poet Ted Berrigan through Peter Schjeldahl. Berrigan became a mentor as well as a romantic interest for her; when they broke up Dennis moved into her own studio in 1973 on Duane Street in Tribeca, where she has lived since. By the 1970s Dennis was making hotel doorways and had her first solo show,'Hotels' in 1973 at West Broadway Gallery, New York; these works were a stepping point in between Dennis' earlier painting work, as she had worked on large scale paintings. The hotel door facades were flat doors to nowhere with formal patterning, they were somewhere in between sculpture and painting; these works centered around the idea. Coming out of male dominated minimalism Dennis' work referenced minimalism in the geometry of her work, but rejected the austerity of minimalism. Dennis rebelled against minimalism in making recognizable environments in human-scale, or rather smaller as her usual scale is 2/3 life size.

This break from minimalism along with her involvement in the feminist movement informed her work."So much has been lost to the world in dismissing the gifts of, the voices of, women. I wanted to be a part of discovering and bringing that voice to the fore and making sure it would never again be lost or silenced.... My work is a lot about getting people to find beauty in places they might have overlooked or dismissed, just as women's lives have been overlooked and dismissed." Dennis's first subway work,'Station Hotel', 1973-4 was included with the hotel works. Dennis recalls being on a subway platform when she noticed a door, But it seemed a doorway that just opened to a blank wall... It was like a false doorway that only your imagination could take you beyond.'Station Hotel' features tiled walls and 2 light sources, a fluorescent tube outside the doorway and an incandescent light inside. Dennis submitted'Station Hotel' for a New York Creative Artists Public Service grant and won in the category of painting.'Station Hotel' led Dennis to keep investigating subway spaces, after building her first model for a work she made'Subway with Lighted Interior' 1975.

This would be Dennis' first freestanding building sculpture.'Subway with Lighted Interior' features a small doorway over three steps, one with a vent embedded into it, implying a tunnel below.'Subway with Lighted Interior' was Dennis' first work that included rivets and steel columns, though the work is made of wood and masonite. The more industrial architecture of the subway pieces carried into some works as well. Dennis' next work'Subway with Yellow and Blue', 1975 was its own three-dimensional structure. Dennis wrote about'Subway with Yellow and Blue' I began with the idea of making a stairway that went up in the front but was blocked off at the top, and, on the same diagonal, a stairway that went down in the back and seemed to go somewhere; as I worked on the piece I became aware that it bore a resemblance to small mausoleums those I saw in a cemetery in New Orleans. I began to think of it as a dream house, with a basement, hidden passageways, secret rooms, a subterranean life; the feeling grew in me that what I was making was the small, visible surfacing of something vast, hidden and powerful.

Building these new more complex structural works presented its challenges to Dennis, yet she was resourceful in finding materials and teaching herself carpentry skills. The next turn in Dennis' work is the tourist cabins. Inspired by summer trips in her childhood, Dennis returned to Maine to photograph tourist cabins; this as well as photographs by Walker Evans informed her next work, Tourist Cabin Porch 1976, which features a tiny porch, standing only 78 1⁄2 in tall. Inside the porch a tiny door and window are visible, with light glowing from within. There is no door from the porch to the outside, yet this is not noticeable; this type of tourist cabin is reminiscent of a time when middle class American families traveled but could not afford to stay in hotels. Around this time, Holly Solomon was becoming a prominent art collector and was introduced to Dennis by Denise Green. Holly Solomon opened the Holly Solomon Gallery at 392 West Broadway in Soho in 1975, she had called Dennis at home, "Donna, I'm starting a gallery and I want you to be in it."

In 1976 Dennis premiered "Tourist Cabins and Subway Stations" at Holly Solomon Gallery. The show was treated as an installa

Gary Hughes (journalist)

Gary Hughes is an Australian journalist. In 2009, Hughes was awarded the Gold Walkley and named Australian Journalist of the Year for his coverage of Victoria's Black Saturday bushfires, of which he was a victim, for The Australian. During the disaster Hughes and his wife died as their home burned around them, his first hand account gained global attention. Hughes wrote an open letter to Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, detailing the distress Centrelink staff were causing to bushfire victims by telling them they needed identification to access emergency financial assistance despite their homes being destroyed by fire; this prompted Federal Government ministers Joe Ludwig and Jenny Macklin to advise Centrelink to treat bushfire victims more leniently. Hughes has spoken publicly of his experiences during the Black Saturday fires a number of times. During one interview, Hughes admitted that when fellow bushfire victims were abusing and spitting at him and other members of the media as they passed them at a police roadblock while fleeing the bushfire ravaged area, he began to feel conflicted about the role journalists perform in relation to how they treat victims of trauma.

As an investigative journalist, Hughes has won numerous awards, including three previous Walkley Awards and two Melbourne Press Club Quills

Birmingham Zulu Warriors

The Zulu Warriors are a football hooligan firm associated with English football club, Birmingham City. The Zulu Warriors first appeared in the late 1980s and the name came from a chant of "Zulu, Zulu" which Manchester City fans aimed at Birmingham in 1982, due to their multicultural following; the Zulu Warriors have many members from different ethnic backgrounds, Their main rivals are the fans of fellow Birmingham club, Aston Villa F. C. and there have been a number violent clashes before and after the Birmingham derby between the two clubs. The Zulus maintain. In May 1985 the Leeds United firm, the Leeds Service Crew, travelled to St Andrews for the final game of the season, fans clashed with police leaving 200 injured including 96 policeman and a Leeds fan died, the violence started in the ground when Leeds fans ran out of their end and the Zulus ran from the other side, Leeds fans ended jumping back into their own end leaving members of the Zulu Warriors fighting with police. In October 1987, police arrested 36 suspected Birmingham City hooligans in an undercover operation in which they uncovered knives and diaries and photo albums boasting of violent attacks on police officers and supporters of rival clubs.

In May 1989, 20 Birmingham fans were arrested and five police officers injured when fans invaded the pitch at a match against Crystal Palace at Selhurst Park. It took; the referee took the players off the pitch for 26 minutes as baton wielding police failed to separate rival fans in one stand. Following disturbances before and after a match in April 1999 between Birmingham City and Wolverhampton Wanderers the Zulu Warriors were the focus of a successful police operation against them, Operation Red Card. In February 2001, nine football fans were charged after Birmingham City and Cardiff City fans clashed in Cardiff before the Worthington Cup final between Birmingham City and Liverpool F. C. on Saturday 24 February. Sixteen people were arrested as fights broke out in Cardiff, with one person assaulted and nine people taken to hospital with minor injuries. St. Mary's Street in Cardiff city centre was closed for two hours and the Philharmonic pub smashed up as rival fans rioted. Three other pubs close by were forced to close.

The local police raised fears that Cardiff City hooligans would seek confrontations with the Zulu Warriors, that the two firms had been using the Internet to arrange fights. During the play off semi-final at Millwall in May 2002, violence erupted after the game. Sergeant Russell Lamb of the Metropolitan Police Service, a veteran of the May Day and Poll Tax riots, described this as the worst violence he had experienced. Fifteen people were arrested in October 2002 in a series of dawn raids in connection with serious disorders committed in the Rocky Lane area of Aston before the game between Aston Villa and Birmingham City in September 2002. Fourteen Birmingham hooligans received banning orders in 2006 following violent clashes on 27 March 2004 in North London. In February 2006 police were attacked as fighting broke out in Stoke-on-Trent after an FA Cup match between Stoke City and Birmingham City; the trouble in the Britannia Stadium started when a group of about 200 Birmingham fans tore down fencing separating them from Stoke fans.

As fans left the ground, the police faced what a senior police officer described as "extreme violence" from both Birmingham and Stoke fans. In November 2006 a planned launch of the book Villains about the various Aston Villa hooligan firms, which included details of clashes with the Zulu Warriors, due to be held at Sensations Club in the Balsall Heath area of Birmingham, had to be cancelled due to threats that members of the Zulu Warriors would turn up and cause trouble at the event; the members of the Zulu Warriors were said to have taken exception to the launch of the book and the presence of rivals on what they considered "their territory". In September 2007 five Birmingham hooligans were jailed for up to eight months and one given a suspended sentence for their part in violence at a match in which a steward lost the sight in one eye; the previous month, Birmingham City fans had started ripping up seats in the away end and throwing them as well as coins and a lump of concrete during a match against Cardiff City at Ninian Park in Cardiff.

One missile hit a steward in the face causing him to lose the sight in his left eye. In a statement to the court, the steward said, "They paid no regard to the terrified men and children around them." Other stewards were hit and families with children fled the ground as the violence broke out. One Birmingham City fan was struck on the head with a £2 coin, he said, "The behaviour of our fans was appalling."They are known to clash in particular with Millwall, Stoke City, Aston Villa, Wolverhampton Wanderers, West Bromwich Albion, Cardiff City and West Ham United. Aston Villa arrived at St Andrews on 1 December 2010 for the League Cup Quarter Final Birmingham beat their rivals for the first time since March 2005 after the match. Birmingham fans invaded the pitch to confront the Villa fans and missiles and flares were thrown by both sets of supporters leaving 14 people injured; the Zulu Warriors have seen offshoot gangs created such as the Brew Crew and the Junior Business Boys They have featured in the 2005 film Green Street.

The match shown in the film is between West Ham United F. C. and Birmingham City with a fight after