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Thames Water

Thames Water Utilities Ltd, known as Thames Water, is the monopoly private utility company responsible for the public water supply and waste water treatment in large parts of Greater London, the Thames Valley, Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and some other areas of the United Kingdom. Thames Water is the UK's largest water and wastewater services company, supplies 2.6 billion litres of drinking water per day, treats 4.4 billion litres of wastewater per day. Thames Water's 15 million customers comprise 27% of the UK population. Thames Water is responsible for a range of water management infrastructure projects including: the Thames Water Ring Main around London. Thames Water awarded Bazalgette Tunnel Ltd the contract to build the £4.2 billion London Tideway Tunnel Infrastructure proposals by Thames Water include the proposed reservoir at Abingdon, which would be the largest enclosed or bunded reservoir in the UK. Thames Water is regulated under the Water Industry Act 1991 and is owned by Kemble Water Holdings Ltd, a consortium formed in late 2006 and owned by Australian-based Macquarie Group's European Infrastructure Funds for the purpose of purchasing Thames Water.

The largest shareholders are Canadian pensions group OMERS, BT Pension Scheme, the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, the China Investment Corporation and the Kuwait Investment Authority. The name of the company reflects its role providing water to the drainage basin of the River Thames and not the source of its water, taken from a range of rivers and boreholes. In March 2017 a judge imposed a record fine of £20.3m on Thames Water after large leaks of untreated sewage, totalling 1.4bn litres, occurred over a number of years. Thames Water can trace its history back the building of the New River, from 1609 to 1612, which channelled fresh water from Hertfordshire to the New River Head in Islington; the business of the New River was taken over by the New River Company founded by royal charter in 1619, under the leadership of Edmund Colthurst and Hugh Myddelton. Although earlier water companies existed providing fresh water to London, the New River Company is the earliest direct ancestor of Thames Water today.

During the 1850s, Dr John Snow and William Farr's identification of the 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak provided a stimulus to the better treatment of sewage. The Thames Conservancy was established in 1857 with unified control over water supply and navigation; the Great Stink occurred in 1858, focussed government and public opinion on cleaning up the Thames. Joseph Bazalgette's remediation of The Great Stink provided the company with much of London's present Victorian sewerage infrastructure and several listed buildings within its portfolio of sites. In 1904 The New River Company and eight other water companies serving London were taken into public ownership under control of the newly-founded Metropolitan Water Board. In 1973 the Metropolitan Water Board and the Thames Conservancy were taken over by the Thames Water Authority, under the terms of the Water Act 1973, along with the following water companies outside the historical boundaries of London: In 1989, the responsibility for navigation, regulatory and channels management inherited from the Thames Conservancy, was transferred to the National Rivers Authority which became part of the Environment Agency.

The remainder of Thames Water Authority was privatised as Thames Water Utilities Limited. The company was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. Following international expansion, Thames Water became the world's third largest water company in 1995. Thames Water plc was acquired by the German utility company RWE in 2001; as well as its British operations, it continued as an international water treatment consultancy and acquired further overseas operations. On 17 October 2006, following several years of criticism about failed leakage targets in the UK, RWE announced it would sell Thames Water for £8 billion to Kemble Water Holdings Ltd, a consortium led by the Australian Macquarie Group. In December 2006, the sale of Thames Water's British operation went ahead, with RWE keeping the overseas operations. Under the new ownership, the company re-focused its efforts on improving its operational performance and in 2007 announced the largest-ever capital investment programme of any UK water company. In 2012 some of the company's stock was acquired by the BT Pension Scheme, the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority and the China Investment Corporation.| Thames Water was a Tier Three sponsor of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.

In 2017, under the government's Open Water programme, in common with all water and sewerage companies, Thames Water must provide separate retail and wholesale operations for its commercial customers, working through a central market operator. On 14 March 2017, Macquarie Group sold its remaining stake in Thames Water's holding company to OMERS and the Kuwait Investment Authority; as of 2014, Thames Water provides the second cheapest residential water and sewerage charges of all the combined Water and Sewerage companies. Since 2007, it has made capital investments at least £1 billion a year in its infrastructure – the largest such annual investment within the UK water industry. In 2015–2016, this figure was £1.2 billion. This level of investment has allowed the company to defer, but not avoid, substantial portions of its corporation tax liability in line with UK tax law; every day, Thames Water abstracts / extracts and supplies 2.6

1995 Arizona Cardinals season

The 1995 Arizona Cardinals season was the franchise's 97th season, 76th season in the National Football League, the 8th in Arizona and the second as the Arizona Cardinal. Former Seattle Seahawks quarterback Dave Krieg started in his only season with the team; the Cardinals failed to improve upon their 8–8 record from 1994 and finished 4–12, resulting in the firing of head coach Buddy Ryan and his entire staff. Larry Centers, Franchise Record, Most Receptions in One Season, 101 Greg Davis, Franchise Record, Most Field Goals in One Season, 30 Garrison Hearst, NFL Comeback Player of the Year Larry Centers, 1st 100 Reception Season The season was featured in the 1996 film Jerry Maguire. Portions of the film centered on fictional wide receiver Rod Tidwell, played by Cuba Gooding Jr. and his agent Jerry Maguire, played by Tom Cruise. 1995 Arizona Cardinals at Pro-Football-Reference.com

Hans Baldung

Hans Baldung Grien or Grün was a German artist in painting and printmaking, considered the most gifted student of Albrecht Dürer. Throughout his lifetime, Baldung developed a distinctive style, full of color and imagination, his talents were varied, he produced a great and extensive variety of work including portraits, altarpieces, tapestries and mythological motifs. Hans Baldung was born in Swabia, Germany around the year 1484 to a family of intellectuals and professionals, his father was a lawyer and his uncle was a doctor, many other of his family members maintained professional degrees. In fact, Baldung was the first male in his family not to attend university, but was one of the first German artists to come from an academic family, his earliest training as an artist began around 1500 in the Upper Rhineland by an artist from Strasbourg. Beginning in 1503, Baldung was an apprentice for the most well renowned German artist of the day: Albrecht Dürer. Here, he may have been given his nickname “Grien.”

This name is thought to have come foremost from a preference to the color green: he seems to have worn green clothing. He also got this nickname to distinguish him from at least two other Hanses in Dürer's shop, Hans Schäufelein and Hans Suess von Kulmbach, he included the name "Grien" in his monogram, it has been suggested that the name came from, or consciously echoed, "grienhals", a German word for witch—one of his signature themes. Hans picked up Dürer's influence and style, they became good friends: Baldung managed Dürer's workshop during the latter's second sojourn in Venice. In his trip to the Netherlands in 1521 Dürer's diary shows that he took with him and sold prints by Baldung. On Dürer's death Baldung was sent a lock of his hair. Near the end of his apprenticeship, Grien oversaw the production of stained glass and engravings, therefore developed an affinity for them. In 1509, when Baldung's apprenticeship was complete, he moved back to Strasbourg and became a citizen there, he became a celebrity of the town, received many important commissions.

The following year he married Margarethe Herlin, a local merchant's daughter, joined the guild "zur Steltz", opened a workshop, began signing his works with the HGB monogram that he used for the rest of his career. His style became much more deliberately individual—a tendency some art historians have termed "mannerist." In addition to traditional religious subjects, Baldung was concerned during these years with the profane theme of the imminence of death and with scenes of sorcery and witchcraft. He helped introduce supernatural and erotic themes into German art, although these were amply present in his master's work. Most famously, he depicted witches a local interest: Strasbourg's humanists studied witchcraft and its bishop was charged with finding and prosecuting witches, his most characteristic paintings are small in scale. The number of Hans Baldung's religious works diminished with the Protestant Reformation, which repudiated church art as either wasteful or idolatrous, but earlier, around the same time that he produced Adam and Eve, the artist became interested in themes related to death, the supernatural, witchcraft and the relation between the sexes.

Baldung's fascination with witchcraft lasted to the end of his career. Hans Baldung Grien's work depicting witches was produced in the first half of the 16th century, before witch hunting became a widespread cultural phenomenon in Europe, thus Baldung's work did not represent cultural beliefs at the time of creation but individual choices. Furthermore, Baldung never worked directly with any Reformation leaders to spread religious ideals through his artwork, although living in fervently religious Strasbourg, although he was a supporter of the movement, working on the high altar in the city of Münster, Germany. Baldung was the first artist to incorporate witches and witchcraft into his artwork. During his lifetime there were minimal witch trials, as well as a lack of witch manuals or witch hunts, some believe Baldung's depictions of witchcraft to be based on folklore rather than the cultural beliefs of his time. By contrast, throughout the early sixteenth century, humanism became popular, within this movement, Latin literature was valorized poetry and satire.

Baldung partook in this culture, producing not only many works depicting Strasbourg humanists and scenes from ancient art and literature, but what some have described as his satirical take on his depiction of witches. Gert von der Osten comments on this aspect of "Baldung his witches humorously, an attitude that reflects the dominant viewpoint of the humanists in Strasbourg at this time who viewed witchcraft as'lustig,' a matter, more amusing than serious". Furthermore, his art represents ideals presented in ancient Greek and Roman poetry, such as the pre-16th century notion that witches could control the weather, which Baldung is believed to have alluded to in his 1523 oil painting "Weather Witches", which showcases two attractive and naked witches in front of a stormy sky. Baldung regularly incorporated scenes of witches flying in his art, a characteristic, contested centuries before his artwork came into being. Flying was inherently attributed to witches by those who believed in the myth of the Sabbath, such as Baldung, which he depicted in works like "Witches Preparing for t

Wally Boyer

Walter Boyer is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey centre. Wally Boyer was known as a creative playmaker and talented penalty killer throughout his NHL career. Boyer recorded 105 assists for 159 points in 365 career NHL games. A product of the Toronto Maple Leafs' development system, Boyer played his first NHL games with the Leafs during the mid-1960s, before joining the Chicago Blackhawks. At the end of the 1966-67 season, the Hawks captured the Prince of Wales Trophy for finishing first-overall in the six-team standings; when the league expanded to 12 clubs that fall, Boyer became an Oakland Seal, was traded to another expansion franchise, the Pittsburgh Penguins. Memorial Cup Championship Calder Cup Championship "Honoured Member" of the Manitoba Hockey Hall of FameIn 1956, along with Major Junior A teammates Bob Pulford, Carl Brewer, Bob Baun, was a member of the Memorial Cup-winning Toronto Marlboros. Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database Wally Boyer's biography at Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame

The Georgian Charter of Journalistic Ethics

The Georgian Charter of Journalistic Ethics - an independent union of journalists aimed at raising the social responsibility of media through protection of professional and ethical standards, development of self-regulation mechanisms. The Charter’s Council is set up to consider complaints submitted against journalists, decide whether or not any ethical principle has been violated in the issue in question. In addition, the organization implements various projects; the Georgian Charter of Journalistic Ethics is a member of AIPCE. The organization was founded on December 4, 2009. 137 journalists from various capital-based and regional media outlets signed to 11 principles, took up the liability of their protection. The citizens, on the other hand, were given an opportunity to apply to the Charter in the case of violation of ethical standard in the journalistic material; the Charter’s membership is ready to embrace any individual pursuing journalistic activity and sharing the Charter’s goals. The aspirants need to apply in writing to the Charter’s Council, which makes the decision on the admission within a period no than 2 months following the application.

The Council was considering claims submitted against the signee journalists, but the general meetings held in December, 2013 resolved the consideration of applications against the non-signee journalists as well. The number of cases has been increasing since 2014, as per the December 2016 data, 105 cases has been considered; the organizational structure has been developing gradually. In 2012, Tamar Kordzaia was appointed executive director of the Charter, followed by the establishment of the Charter’s Secretariat, headed by David Kldiashvili. In the beginning of 2013 Tamar Kordzaia quit her post, was substituted by Tamar Rukhadze, replaced by Nata Dzvelishvili in 2015. Prior to the parliamentary elections of 2012, the Charter of Journalistic Ethics carried out a pre-election monitoring in conjunction with an established Slovak company Memo-98; the research targeted both quantitative data. Afterwards the Charter continued realizing various projects, as either a solitary effort or jointly with partner organizations.

The Charter’s supreme managing body is represented by the general meeting of the Charter’s members, convoked by the Council in December every year, where the members introduce changes and additions to the Charter’s regulations, consider various issues. The Charter’s managing body is a nine-member council, elected by the signees at the general meeting; the Council members are selected through assignment of quotas: three members picked out from journalists /editors registered in Tbilisi, 6 members out of journalists/editors registered outside Tbilisi. The Council’s composition is updated on yearly basis by one-third; the Council elects its head for a period of one year. The Council meetings are held at least monthly, apart from situations when no cases have been prepared for consideration in the Council, with no other issues pending; the Council appoints the executive director through a contest for one-year term. Control over the compliance with the Charter’s regulations and the spending of funds or other assets according to prescribed goals is realized by the Revision Commission of the Charter, composed of three members selected for a two-year term by the general meeting.

The Revision Commission appoints its head within a month following its establishment, follows its own set of rules. Any natural person or legal entity is entitled to apply to the Charter concerning a journalistic violation; the proceedings are initiated by the Charter on the basis of claim submission, registered by the Secretariat of the Charter’s Council, forwarded to the Council after checking of the formalities for the further decision. The applications are examined at the public session of the Charter, with the participation of both the claimant and defendant. Following the consideration of the case, the Charter takes a decision as to whether the principle specified by the claimant has been violated in the disputable material; the decisions are published on the Charter’s webpage. Nino Japiashvili Maya Metskhvarishvili Geronti Kalichava Giorgi Mgeladze Jaba Ananaidze Tamar Uchidze Tazo Kupreishvili Tea Zibzibadze Maya Mamulashvili 2016-Current - Giorgi Mgeladze 2014- 2016 – Nino Zuriashvili 2013-2014 – Natia Kuprashvili 2012-2013 – Giorgi Mgeladze 2011 – 2012 – Zviad Koridze 2009-2011 – Eter Turadze 2015- current – Nata Dzvelishvili 2013-2015 – Tamar Rukhadze 2012-2013 – Tamar Kordzaia The Charter of Journalistic Ethics has a group of monitors that has implemented a number of election, as well as thematic monitoring efforts since 2010: Monitoring of parliamentary elections- 2012 Monitoring of presidential elections- 2013 Monitoring of crime coverage in media- 2012 Monitoring of children’s issues coverage in media- 2013 Monitoring of Open Society- Georgia Foundation projects- 2013 Coverage of children’s issues in media –stage II- 2014-2015 Coverage of gender-related topics in media- 2014 Media monitoring on Programming of the Public Service Broadcasters Coverage of 2016 Parliamentary elections Mediachecker is a media critique platform, established in 2013 within the framework of the “enhancement of the self-regulation of media through civil and legal education” project.

The webpage provides the results of the analysis of online and press production. The group of monitors observes media outlets on a daily basis and prepares articles, short news and op-ed columns concerning the identified violations and deficiencies. Other civil society members have, meanwhile, an opportun

Caesarius of Arles

For others with this name, see Caesarius. Caesarius of Arles, sometimes called "of Chalon" from his birthplace Chalon-sur-Saône, was the foremost ecclesiastic of his generation in Merovingian Gaul. Caesarius is considered to be of the last generation of church leaders of Gaul that worked to promote large-scale ascetic elements into the Western Christian tradition. William E. Klingshirn's study of Caesarius depicts Caesarius as having the reputation of a "popular preacher of great fervour and enduring influence". Among those who exercised the greatest influence on Caesarius were Augustine of Hippo, Julianus Pomerius, John Cassian. Caesarius was born at what is now Chalon-sur-Saône, to Roman-Burgundian parents in the last years of the Western Empire, his sister, Caesaria, to whom he addressed his "Regula ad Virgines" presided over the convent he had founded. At the time of his birth, Germanic kings de facto governed Burgundy despite nominal Roman administration. Unlike his parents, Caesarius was born with a strong and intense feeling for religion which alienated him from his family for the majority of his adolescence.

Caesarius studied under Bishop Sylvester for a few years. Afterwards, he found his way to Lérins, an island monastery, known to be a major dynamo for creative forces of work in the Church of Roman Gaul. After training as a monk at Lérins he devoted himself to reading and applying the scripture in hopes of improving the quality and organization of Christian life and serving the poor, he became master of all the learning and discipline the monastery communicated and was appointed cellarer. However, he proved unpopular at Lérins when, as cellarer of the monastery, he withheld food from monks because he felt they were insufficiently austere; as a result, the abbot Porcarius removed Caesarius from his post, whereupon he began starving himself. After living at Lérins for over a decade and his health decreasing from monastic over-exertion, Caesarius sought out a different clerical Christian community in Arles; the Christian community he joined fostered him back to health and he was soon popularly elected as their bishop.

By middle age, he had “become and was to remain the leading ecclesiastical statesman and spiritual force of his age”. His concern for the poor and sick was famous throughout and beyond Gaul as he provided ransom for prisoners and aided the sick and the poor. Upon arriving in the city, the Vita Caesarii claims that Caesarius discovered to his surprise, that the bishop of Arles - Aeonius - was a kinsman from Chalon. Aeonius ordained his young relative deacon and presbyter. For three years he presided over a monastery in Arles. At the death of Aeonius the clergy and persons in authority proceeded, as Aeonius himself had suggested, to elect Caesarius to the vacant seat, although Klingshirn suggests that there may have been considerable local hostility, that Caesarius' election may have been disputed and that another cleric, who appears in the episcopal fasti of Arles may have been elected bishop. Caesarius was consecrated in 502, being about 33 years of age. In the fulfilment of his new duties he was courageous and unworldly, but yet exhibited great power of kindly adaptation.

He took great pains to induce the laity to join in the sacred offices, encouraged inquiry into points not made clear in his sermons. He ordered the people to study Holy Scripture at home, treat the word of God with the same reverence as the sacraments, he was specially zealous in redeeming captives selling church ornaments for this purpose. As bishop, Caesarius lived in a political world whose main theme was competition for Southern Gallic control among the Visigothic and Frankish kingdoms which led him to the constant ransoming of victims during these wars; the aftermath of war in 507/508 between the Burgundians and Franks and Visigothic and Ostrogothic kingdoms was devastating to its citizens. Peasants had no food supply and were in danger of enslavement and death. Although Caesarius saved and ransomed many countryside citizens, his actions in redeeming captives was quite controversial. Although he ransomed many peasants of his country, he ransomed numerous barbarians and enemies of the city.

He defended himself by stating that barbarians were human beings and therefore had the potential to enter the City of God. A notary named Licinianus denounced Caesarius to Alaric II as one who desired to subjugate the civitas of Arles to Burgundian rule. Caesarius was exiled to Bordeaux, but on the discovery of his innocence, was speedily allowed to return, he interceded for the life of his calumniator. When Arles was besieged by Theodoric around the year 512, he was again accused of treachery and imprisoned. An interview with the Ostrogothic king at Ravenna the next year speedily dispelled these troubles, the remainder of his episcopate was passed in peace; some rivalry appears to have existed in the sixth century between the sees of Arles and Vienne, but was adjusted by Pope Leo, whose adjustment was confirmed by Pope Symmachus. Caesarius was in favour at Rome. A book he wrote against the semi-Pelagians, entitled de Gratiâ et Libero Arbitrio, was sanctioned by Pope Felix IV; the learned antiquary Louis Thomassin believed him to have been the first Western bishop who received a pall from the pope.

François Guizot in Civilisation en