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The Adventures of Mark Twain (1944 film)

The Adventures of Mark Twain is a 1944 American biographical film directed by Irving Rapper and starring Fredric March as Samuel Clemens and Alexis Smith as his wife, Olivia. Produced at Warner Brothers, it has music by Max Steiner; the film was nominated for three Academy Awards. Irving Rapper said he did not want to make the film and had to be talked into it by Hal B. Wallis. A group of people are watching Halley's Comet overhead when Judge Clemens is called away for the birth of his son, Samuel Clemens; the film proceeds to mix in elements of many of Clemens' best-known stories as if they occurred. Thus, as he grows up, Sam plays with his friends Huck and the slave boy Jim on a raft on the Mississippi, providing a fictitious "real-life" basis for the novels Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn; the teenage Sam goes to work for his brother Orion, publisher of the Hannibal Journal newspaper, at his now-widowed mother's urging, but after three unhappy years, runs away to become a river boat pilot.

After a rough start, he thrives under the tutelage of Captain Horace Bixby and becomes a skilled pilot on the Mississippi River. One day, he spots a pickpocket a passenger aboard his ship. Among the possessions Sam forces. After seeing it, Sam falls in love; as they become friends, Sam tells Charles. To that end, he gives up his job to seek his fortune with his friend Steve, prospecting for gold or silver in the west; when he gives up, he becomes a newspaper reporter in Nevada. Steve persuades him to enter a jumping frog contest against Bret Harte; the plot is taken from Twain's real first major story, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County". Steve cheats by secretly feeding lead buckshot to Harte's champion frog, their frog wins as a result. However, Sam sheepishly admits to Steve that he bet all their money on the champ. Sam writes the story and sends it off, under the pen name Mark Twain, to try to get it published; when the Civil War begins, Sam leaves Nevada, narrowly missing J. B. Pond, who has come all the way from the east to find the writer of the frog story.

The "Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" is published in the newspapers and is read and enjoyed as a welcome change from the grim war news. When the Civil War ends, Pond finds Sam, he signs him up for a lecture tour. Charles and Olivia Langdon are in the audience of his first lecture, where his humor and wit make him an immediate success, he marries his beloved Livy, despite her father's initial opposition, becomes a famous writer and lecturer. However, Sam wants to become more than just a humorist, he establishes a publishing company. Both ventures require more and more capital, so Sam has to keep writing furiously for years. Fed up with his constant money troubles, he turns to businessman Henry Huttleston Rogers to extricate him from his financial mess. Rogers tells him he can avoid bankruptcy, but only if he does not honor his overly-generous contract to publish Ulysses S. Grant's memoirs. Sam agrees to go see the former president. Dismayed to find Grant poverty-stricken and dying, he decides that the country owes the great man such a debt of gratitude that going bankrupt is a small price to pay.

Though Rogers gets the creditors to accept half payment, Sam is determined to pay in full his staggering debt of $250,000. To do so, he embarks on a strenuous worldwide lecture tour, leaving behind Livy to care for their daughters. At last, he is reunited with his now-ailing wife in Florence, she is proud when she receives word just before she dies that her husband is to receive an honorary doctorate from Oxford University, which she considers the greatest honor a writer can attain. Sam himself dies when Halley's Comet returns in 1910. Afterward, his spirit is called away by Huck to join them in the afterlife. Before walking away, Sam's spirit tells his grieving daughter that the rumors of his demise are exaggerated. Fredric March as Mark Twain Alexis Smith as Olivia "Livy" Langdon Clemens Donald Crisp as J. B. Pond Alan Hale as Steve Gillis C. Aubrey Smith as Oxford Chancellor John Carradine as Bret Harte William Henry as Charles Langdon Robert Barrat as Horace E. Bixby Walter Hampden as Jervis Langdon Joyce Reynolds as Clara Clemens Whitford Kane as Joe Goodwin Percy Kilbride as Billings Nana Bryant as Mrs. Langdon Burr Caruth as Oliver Wendell Holmes Davison Clark as Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Joseph Crehan as Riverboat Captain / Ulysses S. Grant Russell Gleason as Orion Clemens Harry Hilliard as John Greenleaf Whittier Brandon Hurst as Ralph Waldo Emerson George Lessey as Henry Huttleston Rogers Paul Scardon as Rudyard Kipling Douglas Wood as William Dean Howells Contemporary assessments were mixed.

Bosley Crowther gave a negative review in The New York Times, calling it a "lengthy and desultory picture" and "a spotty and inaccurate chronicle", complaining "This spotty character of the picture is due not alone to the script but to the direction, strangely inconsistent throughout." He

James Morgan Read

James Morgan Read was a Quaker and President of Wilmington College, Ohio from 1960 to 1969. He served as United Nations Deputy High Commissioner from 1951 to 1960, was a vice president of the Charles F. Kettering Foundation from 1969 until his retirement in 1974. Read was born in the son of a Methodist Minister, he graduated from Dickinson College, Pennsylvania, in 1929, went on to earn a D. Phil. From Marburg University in 1932, a Ph. D. from the University of Chicago in 1940. From 1932 to 1934 Read taught history at Lycoming College and served as Associate Professor of History and Chairman of the Social Sciences Department at the University of Louisville from 1935 to 1943. In 1940 he married Henrietta Morton. In 1941 he authored Atrocity Propaganda, 1914-1919, a book critical of allied deception techniques in propaganda during the first world war published for the University of Louisville by Yale University Press. From 1943 to 1945, as a conscientious objector, Read was employed in the Civilian Public Service, after which he took a job as Associate Secretary of the Friends Committee on National Legislation in Washington DC, where he focused his efforts on legislation for displaced persons.

He continued this work as Secretary in the Foreign Service Section of the American Friends Service Committee from 1947 to 1949, overseeing the organization's relief work in the immediate postwar period. In 1949, Read joined the Society of Friends as a member of the Gwynedd, Monthly Meeting. In 1950 he was named Chief of the Division of Education and Cultural Relations of the United States High Commissioner for Germany. From 1951 to 1960 he served as the United Nations Deputy High Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva, was appointed Acting High Commissioner for a few months in 1956, he returned to the academic world as President of Wilmington College, Ohio from 1960 to 1969. Read stepped down as President of Wilmington College in 1969 to become Vice-President of the Charles F. Kettering Foundation. In 1974, when he attained the mandatory retirement age, Read chose to continue his association with the Foundation, serving as Senior Consultant in International Affairs. Two years after Henrietta Read's sudden death from cancer in 1976, James Read married Theresa K. Dintenfass.

In his capacity as Senior Consultant in International Affairs, Read was involved in three of the Dartmouth Conferences, a series of informal talks between leading citizens of the US and USSR initiated at the suggestion of President Eisenhower and administered and co-sponsored by the Kettering Foundation. He acted as Rapporteur for the third Soviet-American Writers Conference held in the USSR in 1979. Read wrote a report for Kettering on the Council on Foreign Relations' fifth Conference on the US-Canada Relationship in 1981. Read maintained his involvement with the American Friends Service Committee, serving on the AFSC Board of Directors as member and Chair of the AFSC Information and Interpretation Committee, he was Clerk of the Quaker United Nations Committee in New York and made a study of the Special Committee of the UN General Assembly Banning the Use of Force. His experience with the UN led to his involvement with the US Committee for the United Nations Institute for Training and Research.

In 1983, he acted as a Consultant to Crosscurrents to study the possibility of establishing an office for the Friedrich Naumann Foundation. Atrocity Propaganda, 1914-1919. New Haven: Yale University Press for University of Louisville, 1941. Reprinted by Arno Press in 1972. "An Inventory of the James Morgan Read Papers, 1951–1987". Swarthmore College

No. 616 Squadron RAF

No. 616 Squadron is an active Reserve unit of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force assigned to the RAF ISTAR Force at RAF Waddington. It was formed as a unit of the British Auxiliary Air Force in 1938, active throughout World War 2 as a fighter unit, becoming the 1st operational RAF unit to fly jets and disbanded in 1957; the unit reformed in its current guise in April 2019 as 616 Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force. No. 616 Squadron was formed on 1 November 1938 at RAF Doncaster and was at first allotted the bomber role, receiving Hawker Hinds for that role. The role soon changed however and the squadron's first operational fighter aircraft were Gloster Gauntlet biplane fighters received in January 1939. Fairey Battle monoplane light bombers were delivered in May 1939 for training duties to assist the squadron in preparing for re-equipment with Supermarine Spitfire Mk. Is in October 1939. During that month No. 616 moved to RAF Leconfield and by the end of November conversion to the modern fighter was complete.

The squadron's first operational sorties were over the Dunkirk withdrawal in late May 1940. During the first phase of the Battle of Britain No. 616 was based at Leconfield, moving south to RAF Kenley on 19 August to be nearer the front line. The improved Spitfire Mk. II was received in February 1941 and was used from April on sweeps over occupied France from RAF Tangmere, continuing until October. Further periodic updating with Spitfire Mks. V, VI and VII continued through the mid-war years. From March 1943 onwards, No. 616 was stationed in southwest England. On 12 July 1944 the unit became the first RAF squadron to receive jet equipment in the form of Gloster Meteor Mk. I fighters; the first Meteor operational sortie was on 27 July from RAF Manston when it intercepted V-1 flying bombs launched against southern England. The first victories came on 4 August when one V1 was tipped over after a pilot's cannon jammed and another was shot down; the loss rate of the still unproven Meteor Mk. I was high, with three being written off in non-combat incidents between 29 August.

Re-equipment with improved Meteor Mk. IIIs began in January 1945 and in February a detachment was deployed to Melsbroek near Brussels in Belgium, it was intended as a defence against Me 262s but in the event they did not face them. In early April the complete squadron moved to Gilze-Rijen in the Netherlands, commencing ground attack sorties on 16 April; the squadron was disbanded at Lübeck, Germany on 29 August 1945 by being renumbered to No. 263 Squadron RAF. No. 616 squadron was reformed at RAF Finningley as the South Yorkshire Squadron on 10 May 1946, with volunteers being recruited over the following few months till embodied on 11 July 1946. It was allocated the night fighter role within Reserve Command and the first Mosquito T.3 trainers were received in October, but it was not until January 1948 that the operational Mosquito NF.30s were delivered to Finningley. At the end of 1948 No. 616 was redesignated as a day fighter squadron and began to receive Meteor F.3s in January 1949. Conversion to the updated Meteor F.8 took place in December 1951, which wore the distinctive Green and Gold Diamond markings of 616 Sqn on the rear fuselage.

The squadron moved base to RAF Worksop on 23 May 1955, where it either disbanded on 10 March 1957, together with all RAuxAF flying units, or disbanded on 15 January 1957 according to Rawlings in Fighter Squadrons of the Royal Air Force, at RAF Finningley. In April 2019, the unit reformed as 616 Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force at RAF Waddington to augment the RAF’s Intelligence, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance Force and delivering a Combat Air capability. Personnel assigned to 616 Sqn are former Regular RAF specialists, providing expertise and mentoring to augment the RAF's Front Line ISTAR Squadrons. Air Vice Marshal James Edgar'Johnnie' Johnson CB CBE DSO & Two Bars DFC & Bar Group Captain Sir Hugh Dundas CBE DSO & Bar DFC Group Captain Denys Gillam DSO & Two Bars DFC & Bar AFC Group Captain Sir Douglas Bader CBE DSO & Bar DFC & Bar DL FRAeS List of Royal Air Force aircraft squadrons squadron histories for nos. 611–620 sqn Squadron History 616 Sqn

2014 Italian local elections

The 2014 Italian local elections were held on 25 May, with a second round on 8 June. In Italy, direct elections were held in 4,086 municipalities: in each municipality were chosen mayor and members of the City Council. Of the 4,086 municipalities, 29 were provincial capitals and 243 had a population higher than 15,000 inhabitants. Municipal councilors and mayors ordinarily serve a terms of five years. All mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 use the same system. Under this system voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for one of the parties of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives a majority of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks; the coalition of the elected mayor is guaranteed a majority of seats in the council with the attribution of extra seats. The City Council is elected at the same time as the mayor. Voters can vote for a list of candidates and can express up to two preferences for candidates of said list.

In case of two preferences, they must be given to candidates of both genders. Seats are the attributed to parties proportionally, for each party the candidates with the highest number of preferences are elected. Majority of each coalition in 243 municipalities with a population higher than 15,000: Party votes in 29 provincial capital municipalities


K-array is an Italy-based manufacturer of loudspeakers and amplification products for the professional audio market. K-array’s products are sold in over 50 countries around the world, have been used in a variety of environments including major concert tours, stadia, theatres and hotels. In 1990, innovative entrepreneurs Carlo Tatini, Alessandro Tatini and Massimo Ferrati founded HP Sound Equipment to design and fit-out broadcast studios for television and radio. After noticing that unbalanced lavalier microphones would pick up hum from electrical equipment nearby, such as dimmers and power distribution, the group created a miniature microphone with integrated pre-amp inside the cartridge. HP Sound began expanding into the manufacture of other product categories, including their own line of MI equipment, designing OEM solutions for other manufacturers. In 2005, HP Sound re-positioned their loudspeaker products into a new brand and K-array was named. Shortly after, the live sound-focused company launched its flagship Concert Series range of small-footprint line array products, designed to minimize transport and storage costs during touring.

The brand’s first product, the KH4 loudspeaker, weighed 100 lbs and had a depth of 6”. In the years that followed, K-array has continued to develop line array solutions, including the flat-panel line array modules, alongside slim line column loudspeakers, micro loudspeakers with integrated LED lighting, a flexible rope-like loudspeaker, a moving head loudspeaker with integrated camera. K-array has a number of technology ranges that it integrates into products, including SAT. Slim Array Technology was developed to confront issues using large line array elements by substituting the big enclosures with slim boxes. Whereas a big air volume inside a large speaker box in a standard line array is necessary to maximize the speaker efficiency in the mid-low frequency range, a slim box allows sound to exit instantaneously without resonance, generating a significant amount of sound pressure in the low and low-mid range with a fast transient response. Therefore, all sounds characterized by fast transients, like percussion instruments, are reproduced in a more natural way.

Concert Series – Mugello, Firenze and Mastiff monitor lines Installed Sound – Anakonda, Dragon, Kobra, Python, Thunder, Tornado and Vyper lines Portable Systems – Axle and Pinnacle sub-and-satellite systems Kommander power amplifiers K-framework – K-array product management software, integrated with Dante audio networking, USB and RS485 Owl-Manager – software to manage the Owl-KW8 moving-head loudspeaker, with HDSDI and DMX compatibility EMEA InAVation Awards 2014, Most InAVative Loudspeaker - Anakonda KAN200 InfoComm 2014 Best Of Show - Anakonda KAN200 Induction into MuDeTo, the online museum that recognizes Tuscan design excellence, for the Anakonda. List of loudspeaker manufacturers

Millikan High School

Robert A. Millikan Senior High School is a high school in Long Beach, United States, administered by the Long Beach Unified School District, it is located near the intersection of Spring Street and Palo Verde Avenue in the Los Altos neighborhood of East Long Beach on a 36-acre campus. As of the 2007–2008 school year, Millikan High School had 4,500 students. Millikan does not offer IB courses. Millikan High School is named after the Nobel Prize winner Robert Andrews Millikan. Millikan is separated into five small learning communities each specializing in different fields, they all have different paths for success and different requirements to enter. The COMPASS Academy is a smaller learning community designed to prepare students for college by engaging them in a program that integrates core curriculum with the social sciences and the arts; this program places great emphasis on standards-based instruction while helping students to connect learning with real-world situations. COMPASS is in charge of the school's literary arts magazine, Visions.

COMPASS is known throughout the Long Beach area as a leading arts program in public high schools. Promotes life skills and college-preparedness with an emphasis on entrepreneurship, marketing and financial independence. Is an academy that engages such programs as stimulations, hands-on learning, community service, field experience. Is a GATE magnet for gifted honors students. QUEST students commit to a four-year, college preparatory program that encourages diversity of thought and scholarly endeavor; the academic independence of QUEST Scholars culminates in a self-directed Senior Project. The curriculum includes accelerated, a minimum of five Advanced Placement classes and exams. QUEST students are supported in post-secondary planning through counseling and an academic portfolio. In addition to academic studies, QUEST students are participants in campus extra- and co-curricular activities. Millikan's newly designed Software Engineering and Gaming Academy is a four-year college preparatory program emphasizing computer applications and game design.

The academy offers a college preparatory education, including AP Computer Science Principles and AP Computer Science A, which provides the foundation for students to enter college and/or become certified to be competitive in the world of work. Known as MIT, previous to that, Global Technology. AVID is a support program for motivated students that works in conjunction with other Millikan programs to prepare students for attendance at a college or university; the AVID program involves students with a group of peers and adults who share a commitment to academic achievement and who work together to help the group succeed. The AVID elective teacher fills the roles of teacher, academic coach, mentor. AVID is an elective course of study taught within the school day, so the teacher has regular contact with AVID students throughout the school year. In addition to the AVID program, students are given the opportunity to be tutored by college undergraduate and graduate students who major in math, history, etc.

Its mission is to prepare students for college by offering rigorous academic classes and by fostering good study habits, visiting a variety of universitiss throughout the four year long program, as well as helping students navigate the college and scholarship application process. The AVID program grants special consideration to groups underrepresented in college, students from low socioeconomic backgrounds, to students who will be the first in their family to attend college. AVID is an international program, as of June 2001, adopted by over 1,200 schools in 21 states and 14 countries; the choral program consists of six courses: Choraleers Singers 1–2, a freshman girls class. The instrumental music program consists of Gold Jazz Band, Blue Jazz Band, Symphonic Winds, Concert Band, Marching Band, Chamber Orchestra, Symphonic Orchestra; each year the music ensembles compete in festivals throughout the United States. In recent years Millikan musicians have traveled to compete in festivals in San Francisco, San Diego, Las Vegas and Reno.

In the spring of 2006, the Symphonic Orchestra performed in a national festival at the Historic Boston Symphony Hall in Boston, Massachusetts. Millikan teams include Cross Country, Badminton, Water Polo, Football, Golf, Marching Band, Volleyball, Wrestling, Gymnastics, Softball, Water polo and Cheer Some sports are co-ed while others are not. 2018 marked the first year for a female to score a point for the Millikan Rams varsity football. Millikan's newspaper is the Corydon, it has been running since 1957. Susie Atwood, double Olympic medalist, 1972 Olympics, backstroke Ryan Bailey, Olympic water polo player Jason Bell, NFL player Jennifer Bermingham, professional golfer Nick Bierbrodt, baseball player Alden Darby, NFL player Dave Frost, professional baseball player Gary Garrison, professional football player with