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The Adventures of Pinocchio

The Adventures of Pinocchio simply known as Pinocchio, is a novel for children by Italian author Carlo Collodi, written in Pescia. It is about the mischievous adventures of an animated marionette named Pinocchio and his father, a poor woodcarver named Geppetto, it was published in a serial form as The Story of a Puppet in the Giornale per i bambini, one of the earliest Italian weekly magazines for children, starting from 7 July 1881. The story stopped after nearly 4 months and 8 episodes at Chapter 15, but by popular demand from readers, the episodes were resumed on 16 February 1882. In February 1883, the story was published in a single book. Since the spread of Pinocchio on the main markets for children's books of the time has been continuous and uninterrupted, it was met with enthusiastic reviews worldwide. A universal icon and a metaphor of the human condition, the book is considered a canonical piece of children's literature and has had great impact on world culture. Philosopher Benedetto Croce reputed it as one of the greatest works of Italian literature.

Since its first publication, it has inspired hundreds of new editions, stage plays, television series and movies, such as Walt Disney's iconic animated version, commonplace ideas such as a liar's long nose. According to extensive research done by the Fondazione Nazionale Carlo Collodi in the late 1990s and based on UNESCO sources, the book has been adapted in over 260 languages worldwide, while as of 2018 it has been translated into over 300 languages; that makes it the most translated non-religious book in the world and one of the best-selling books published, with over 80 million copies sold in recent years. According to Francelia Butler, it remains "the most translated Italian book and, after the Bible, the most read"; the story begins in Italy. A carpenter named Master Antonio, but whom everyone calls Master Cherry, has found a block of wood which he plans to carve into a leg for his table; when he begins, the log shouts out. Frightened by the talking log, Master Cherry gives it to his neighbor Geppetto, an poor man who plans to make a living as a puppeteer in hopes of earning "a crust of bread and a glass of wine".

Geppetto carves the block into a boy and names him "Pinocchio". As soon as Pinocchio's nose has been carved, it begins to grow with his congenital impudence. Before he is built, Pinocchio has a mischievous attitude. Once the puppet has been finished and Geppetto teaches him to walk, Pinocchio runs out the door and away into the town, he is caught by a Carabiniere, who assumes Pinocchio imprisons Geppetto. Left alone, Pinocchio heads back to Geppetto's house to get something to eat. Once he arrives at home, a talking cricket who has lived in the house for over a century warns him of the perils of disobedience and hedonism. In retaliation, Pinocchio throws a hammer at the cricket, more than he intended to, accidentally kills it; that evening, Pinocchio falls asleep with his feet on the stove, wakes to find that they have burned off. Geppetto makes Pinocchio a new pair of feet. In gratitude, Pinocchio promises to attend school, Geppetto sells his only coat to buy him a school book. On his way to school the next morning, Pinocchio encounters the Great Marionette Theatre, he sells his school book in order to buy a ticket for the show.

The marionettes on stage recognize him in the audience and call out to him, angering the puppet master Mangiafuoco. The puppet master decides to use Pinocchio as firewood but releases him and gives him five gold pieces to give to Geppetto; as Pinocchio travels home to give the coins to his father, he meets a cat. The Cat pretends to be blind, the Fox pretends to be lame. A white blackbird tries to warn Pinocchio of their lies; the two animals convince Pinocchio that if he plants his coins in the Field of Miracles outside the city of Catchfools, they will grow into a tree with gold coins. They stop at an inn, where the Fox and the Cat gorge themselves on food at Pinocchio's expense and ask to be awoken by midnight. Two hours before the set time, the pair abandon Pinocchio, leaving him to pay for the meal with one of his coins, they instruct the innkeeper to tell Pinocchio that they left after receiving a message stating that the Cat's eldest kitten had fallen ill and that they would meet Pinocchio at the Field of Miracles in the morning.

They take off ahead of Pinocchio and disguise themselves as bandits while Pinocchio continues on toward Catchfools, despite warnings from the Talking Cricket's ghost. The disguised Fox and Cat ambush Pinocchio, but the puppet escapes to a white house after biting off the Cat's paw. Upon knocking on the door, Pinocchio is greeted by a young fairy with turquoise hair who says she is dead and waiting for a hearse; the bandits catch him and hang him in a tree. After a while, the Fox and Cat get tired of waiting for the puppet to suffocate, they leave; the Fairy has Pinocchio rescued by summoning a falcon to get him down and having her poodle servant pick him up in her stagecoach. The Fairy calls in three famous doctors to tell her. Two of them, an owl and a crow, are unsure of Pinocchio's status; the third doctor is the Ghost of the Talking Cricket, who says that the puppet is fine, but has been disobedient and hurt his father. The Fairy adm

The Sooty Show

The Sooty Show is a British children's television series, created by Harry Corbett, presented by both him and his son Matthew Corbett, featuring the voice talents of Marjorie Corbett and Brenda Longman. The programme was produced for the BBC from 1955 to 1967, for ITV through Thames Television from 1968 until its final episode on 30 November 1992; the show focuses on the mischievous adventures of glove puppet character Sooty and his friends Sweep since 1957, Soo since 1964, Little Cousin Scampi since 1990, featured a variety of additional glove puppet characters and guest stars. When the programme premiered on 24 July 1955, it was broadcast in a sketch-based format with a studio audience, remained so throughout Corbett's era as presenter from 1955 to 1975. After his retirement from entertainment, Matthew retained the format, upon buying the rights to Sooty from his father, until it was decided to change the programme's format in 1981 towards a more sitcom-based format that would take place within a country cottage called "Sooteries", which included a few educational elements and the use of songs and narrations, conducted by Matthew, in various scenes involving the puppet characters only.

The Sooty Show proved a success with children's television, creating sequels such as Sooty & Co. in 1993 after the programme's conclusion, several stage shows, a spin-off during its years entitled Learn With Sooty, as well as a collection of VHS and DVDs featuring episodes set around the programme's second format. Ramsbottom the shake first appeared in the 1970s and the voice was by Bill garret the shows model and prop maker who has a strong Yorkshire accent When the children's programme first premiered, Harry Corbett focused the format towards a series of comedy sketches aimed at entertaining children, conducting most of the filming within a studio and in the presence of a young audience; the format remained unchanged during the programme's tenure with the BBC, continued to remain so after it moved over to ITV in 1968, following Harry's retirement in 1976. Matthew Corbett maintained the format until 1981, when it was decided that it be changed towards a sitcom-based style of programme, dropping the use of a studio audience and a series of misadventures, exchanging these for a single misadventure for each subsequent episode.

As part of the change, the show incorporated the use of scenes taking place within a home that both Matthew and Sooty, alongside Soo and Sweep, lived in, alongside additional scenes filmed in various outdoor locations. Under the sitcom format, the group lived within a house that incorporated various rooms for them, including an attic space, a kitchen/dining area and bathrooms, of which specially designed sets were created for use by the puppet characters, that were updated and maintained in subsequent Sooty programmes - the bathroom created for this setup was specially designed so that the miniature faucets and shower head both dispensed running water; the main premise of each episode was that the group were attempting something new that would go wrong, or attempting to fix a problem that they had encountered. Some episodes tended to be educational in various ways - the episode "What a Load of Rubbish" was aimed at teaching children about helping to keep the environment clean of rubbish; the new format drew in the involvement of a variety of guest stars, including Mike Reid, Dennis Taylor, Mark Chamberlain, June Whitfield, Rory McGrath.

The use of guest stars were more frequent during the 1980s, but reduced within the show's final three series. Harry Corbett - The show's first presenter and the creator of Sooty. Corbett ran the programme within a sketch-based format throughout his era creating the characters of Sweep and Soo to accompany the show, his most notable contribution to the show, aside from the puppet characters, was the catchphrase he used to conclude an episode's run, that would continue to be used by his successors - "Bye bye, everybody. Bye bye." Harry returned to the programme as a guest star during his son Matthew's era, was knighted with an OBE for his contributions with the programme and characters following his retirement. Matthew Corbett - The show's second presenter. Matthew took over in 1976, having worked in children's television, maintained the same format as his father up until 1981. After the show's format was changed to a sitcom-based arrangement, Matthew transformed himself on screen into a well-meaning father figure, but a character, conceited with pomposity and boasting, to complement the mayhem created by Sooty and Sweep.

Marjorie Corbett - The first voice of Soo, whom her husband Harry had created as a talking female panda. She remained a part of the show until its format change. Brenda Longman - The second voice of Soo, following Majorie's retirement from the role, who made frequent guest appearances as various characters within the show's sitcom format. Longman remained with the programme until its conclusion, continued to work with Matthew and his successor Richard Cadell on subsequent sequels of The Sooty Show and other Sooty productions in the same role. Sooty – A mute yellow male bear, the main protagonist of the show alongside its human presenters; the show introduced his trademark traits of tapping a surface to whisper into the presenter's ear what he wishes to say, owning a magic wand, the use of his magic words "Izzy wizzy, let's get busy!", his fondness for using a water pistol. Sweep – A grey male dog, Sooty's best friend, created in 1957, his trademark voice of bizarre squeaks was achieved by his original puppeteer Leslie Corbett, through a reed from a saxophone in his mouth to create the sounds.

Soo – A calm and co

The Child and the Pope

The Child and the Pope is a 1987 Colombian film that tells the story of a nine-year-old Mexican boy named Angel who wants to meet the Pope after he is a victim of the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. The film was directed by Rodrigo Castaño and features Christopher Lago and Verónica Castro in the leading roles. In 1987 it was released after Pope John Paul II's visit to Colombia. In a humble Mexico City neighborhood, a small boy named Angel lives with his mother, a homemaker and works as a seamstress, she dreams that her son will study and someday receive a bachelor's degree. When Angel is at school, a strong earthquake strikes the city leaving thousands of people injured, including Angel and his mother. Angel was desperate to find his mother alive, he decides to walk a few steps until arriving at the Basilica of our Lady of Guadalupe, with the intention of praying for his missing mother. At the same time, his mother, is helped by Carlos, a hospital doctor; as the boy leaves the church, he sees a large statue of Pope John Paul II, a priest tells him that the next visit of saint father will be to Colombia.

An hour he went forward onto the registration of missing people, he realized that his mother's name would not appear among those found persons and he should be sent to an orphanage. Hearing this, he decides to flee until coming curiously to the airport, where he thinks it would be a good idea to take the next flight bound to Colombia with the aim of meeting the Pope. Arriving in Colombia, some flight attendants find him hidden in a bathroom of the plane and hand him over to a woman to take charge, but the boy escapes; the next day, Angel went to a food stand and he is seen by Carmen, who works as a saleswoman at that place. When she offers him a potato, he steals a piece of "black pudding" and he is caught by the business owner, when Carmen realizes he is attacking Angel, she intervenes on his behalf and quits her job. Thereafter, Angel apologizes for bad behavior, until she decides to forgive him explains what happened with the earthquake and his mother and insists to stay in her home. On the other hand, the doctor realizes that Alicia suffers from amnesia, because she doesn't remember anything about her past life and she had forgotten her own name.

The doctor decides to call her "Guadalupe". Carmen knows the Angel's wish is to meet the pope and she accompanies him to Bolivar's square and tells some of the places where he might go to get information regarding the Pope. After unsuccessful attempts to establish contact with the Pope and in the midst of a difficult situation with Carmen unemployed, Angel read the newspaper and he noticed that they were looking for a performer to sing at the Pope's reception. Angel realizes that Carmen has a great aptitude for singing, convinces her to answer this call. On the other hand, Alicia remembers little about her past and Carlos invites her to meet his mother, who cordially received at home. Meanwhile, Angel decides to ask for help from "Mr Fulgencio" to compose a song for the Pope, being the singer Carmen. However, was not entered formally in the competition, they were rejected. Despite the adversities, the parish Father which the contestants were presented, was that Carmen had a great talent and felt the song as the best of all, so that gave him the opportunity to perform.

Time passed and Carmen did not receive the invitation to present that act, because the contest was rigged in favor of another singer. However, Angel decided to investigate and discovered that everything had been controlled, is with the Father and apologizes for not coming, so does perform alongside Carmen "Mr Fulgencio" and she is chosen to sing on July 2, the day the Pope arrives; when Carmen was ready to sing before thousands of people in the pavilion of Tunal park, Angel is prevented from entering, since only the singer could be near the Pope during the tribute. But the child manages get in and goes up to the pavilion and he is received by the Pope, who gives him a kiss on the forehead and blesses him. Carlos's mother turns on the TV just as the Pope's visit to Colombia is broadcast, so that Alicia sees her son and she begins to remember everything that happened. At that moment she asks Carlos' help, he manages to communicate with the singer; the film ends when Angel, eager after all this time, greets his mother by phone

Smith v Lloyds TSB Bank plc

Not to be confused with Smith v Lloyds TSB Group plc Smith v Lloyds TSB Bank plc EWHC 246 was a judicial decision of the English High Court relating to the Data Protection Act 1998. The claimant was seeking data from the bank, he sought to advance two novel lines of argument; the first was referred to in the case as the "once processed always processed" argument, i.e. that if the respondent no longer held the data in electronic form, if they once held it in electronic form they are obligated to provide it. The second was that if data was held in a non-electronic form but could be turned into electronic form it constituted data for the purposes of the act. Both arguments failed; the claimant, Mr Smith, was the former managing director and controlling shareholder of a company called Display Electronics Ltd. At some time in 1988, Mr Smith decided to transfer the banking for DEL from Barclays Bank Plc to Lloyds Bank. At that time DEL owed Barclays over £250,000. An agreement was entered into between Mr Smith, DEL and Lloyds under which Lloyds would take over the funding of the development, but one of the terms of this agreement was that both Mr Smith's personal borrowings and DEL's borrowings would be subject to a security interest over the development in favour of the bank, by a mortgage on Mr Smith's home.

DEL did not prosper, Lloyds called in its loans. As a result, DEL went into liquidation, Mr Smith lost his home; the bank lodged a bankruptcy petition with respect to Mr Smith personally. A number of litigation cases ensued between Mr Lloyds. One of the assertions Mr Smith made in these cases was that he and Lloyds had entered into an oral agreement to the effect that Lloyds would make available to DEL long term finance in a substantial amount. Lloyds always denied the existence of any such oral agreement. In at least two of the actions findings of fact had been made to the effect that no such oral agreement existed, but Mr Smith believed. In the various prior proceedings between Mr Smith and the bank there had been only limited disclosure by Lloyds. Accordingly, Mr Smith felt that the crucial documents evidencing the oral agreement have been withheld from the courts; the purpose of his application was to secure access to them pursuant to the provisions of the Data Protection Act 1998. He sought a declaration that certain Notes and Memoranda recorded by Lloyds, whether filed under his own name or that of DEL, are Mr Smith's personal data in a relevant filing system, as defined in the 1998 Act, an order that Lloyds provide copies to Mr Smith of certain documents.

Laddie J commenced his judgment by noting that Mr Smith's case appeared to run contrary to the two leading decisions in this area of the law: the judgment of the Court of Appeal in Durant v Financial Services Authority EWCA Civ 1746 and a former decision of Laddie J himself in Johnson v Medical Defence Union EWHC 347. Mr Smith sought to advance broadly two arguments: whether "data" in section 1 of the Data Protection Act should be construed so as to include information, once, but is no longer, held on computer; the bank resisted those arguments, raised two counter-arguments: whether the information sought was "personal data" with respect to Mr Smith. Laddie J noted that the first point had been decided by Johnson, an authority, binding upon him, so he was bound to rule against it. Counsel for the claimants accepted this, but noted that he was bound to make that claim in case he wanted to challenge the correctness of Johnson in the Court of Appeal, he rejected the argument relating to physical documents which were convertible into electronic form.

Counsel for Mr Smith had argued "that any selection of paper documents is scannable" and therefore should be treated as "data". The Court was unable to accept the width of that submission, as that would mean that every document in the world would be treated as electronic data under the legislation, it was felt that this construction was inconsistent with Recital of Directive 95/46/EC upon which the Act was based, which stated "nonetheless, as regards manual processing, this Directive covers only filing systems, not unstructured files". Having ruled accordingly, Laddie J acknowledged that "it is not necessary to deal with argument... that, if the documents here contained data within the meaning of the 1998 Act, it is not personal data." However, because he felt that it was a short point and could be dealt with he did so anyway. He noted. Applying the principles of that case, he held that it was clear that the documents held by Lloyds and the information contained within them are not personal to Mr Smith in the relevant sense - the files that do exist all relate to the loans to DEL, not Mr Smith personally.

In the final paragraph of the judgment the court added that it was not necessary to consider the bank's additional alternative argument that this was not a case where the court's discretion should be exercised in Mr Smith's favour because he intends to use any material obtained from Lloyds for the purpose of re-opening the arguments which he has advanced and lost in at least two earlier sets of proceedings, tha

Extradition Act 2003

The Extradition Act 2003 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which regulates extradition requests by and to the United Kingdom. The Act came into force on 1 January 2004, it transposed the European Arrest Warrant framework decision into British law and implemented the UK side of the controversial UK–US extradition treaty of 2003 before the treaty came into force in April 2007 after being ratified by the US Senate in 2006. The Act is divided into five parts. Parts 1 and 2 deal with "category 1" and "category 2" territories respectively. While it is not mentioned in the Act, category 1 territories are all other member states of the European Union and Part 1 of the Act is the United Kingdom's implementation of the European Arrest Warrant framework decision. Part 2 of the Act is concerned with extradition to all other countries which have an extradition treaty with the United Kingdom. Part 3 deals with issuing European Arrest Warrants from extradition requests. Part 4 regulates powers of arrest and seizure regarding individuals subject to European Arrest Warrants and extradition warrants.

Part 5 contains miscellaneous provisions including extradition to and from British overseas territories. The procedure used by the courts is set down in the Criminal Procedure Rules 2015, part 50; the Act has been examined in two reviews by Parliament. The first in 2011 by Sir Scott Baker making a series of recommendations and the second examination by the House of Lords Extradition Law Committee in 2014; as a result of campaigning and scrutiny by Parliament, several important amendments were made in 2014 in the Anti-social Behaviour and Policing Act 2014. These included proportionality under section 21A and decision to try or charge under section 12A. Territories are designated as Category 2 territories both for the purposes of Part 2 of the Extradition Act, i.e. export extradition from the United Kingdom, Part 3, i.e. import extradition to the United Kingdom. The following are the countries that the UK presently has extradition arrangements with: Albania, Andorra and Barbuda, Armenia, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Barbados, Bolivia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Cook Islands, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, The Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Iceland, Iraq, Jamaica, Kiribati, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Malawi, Maldives, Mexico, Monaco, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, The Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Thailand, Tonga and Tobago, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, USA, Western Samoa, Zimbabwe. - the Crown Prosecution Service guidelines on extradition to Category 2 territories The UK government guidance on extradition from Category 2 territories

Chaga (McDonald novel)

Chaga is a 1995 science fiction novel by British author Ian McDonald. It was released in the United Kingdom on 12 October 1995. Told through the eyes of journalist Gaby McAslan, the novel explores the catastrophic effects of an alien flora, dubbed the "Chaga", brought to Kenya by a meteor in what has become known as the Kilimanjaro Event. McDonald said of the novel: The image of the unstoppable wave of transformation was nicked from The Wrath of Khan: it's the Genesis device, slowed down, once I had that, it became a rich source of metaphors: for colonialism, new technology, change, death. If the Chaga is colonialism, it's a unique kind that allows the people of the poor South to use and transform it to meet their needs and empower themselves: it's a symbiosis. Chaga was nominated for the British Science Fiction Association Award for Best Novel, the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel