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The Andromeda Strain

The Andromeda Strain is a 1969 techno-thriller novel by Michael Crichton documenting the efforts of a team of scientists investigating the outbreak of a deadly extraterrestrial microorganism in Arizona. The Andromeda Strain appeared in the New York Times Best Seller list, establishing Michael Crichton as a genre writer. A team is deployed to recover a military satellite which has returned to Earth, but contact is lost abruptly. Aerial surveillance reveals that everyone in Piedmont, the town closest to where the satellite landed, is dead; the duty officer of the base tasked with retrieving the satellite suspects that it returned with an extraterrestrial contaminant and recommends activating "Wildfire", a protocol for a government-sponsored team of scientists intended to contain threats of this nature. The Wildfire team, led by Dr. Jeremy Stone, believes the satellite - intentionally designed to capture upper-atmosphere microorganisms for bio-weapon exploitation - returned with a deadly microorganism that kills through nearly instantaneous blood clotting.

Upon investigating Piedmont, the team discovers that the townspeople either died in mid-stride or went "quietly nuts" and committed bizarre suicides. Two survivors — the sick, Sterno-addicted, geriatric Peter Jackson and the bawling infant Jamie Ritter — are biological opposites who somehow survived the organism. Jackson and the satellite are taken to the secret underground Wildfire laboratory, a secure facility equipped with every known capacity for protection against microorganisms escaping into the environment. Wildfire is hidden in a remote area near the town of Flatrock, sixty miles from Las Vegas, concealed in the sub-basements of a legitimate Department of Agriculture research station. Dr. Hall is the only scientist authorized to disarm the automatic self-destruct mechanism. Further investigation determines that the deaths were caused by an extraterrestrial microbe transported by a meteor that crashed into the satellite, knocking it from orbit; the microbe contains chemical elements required for terrestrial life and appears to have a crystalline structure, but lacks the DNA, RNA, amino acids present in all forms of terrestrial life, directly transforms energy to matter with no discernible byproducts.

The microbe, code named "Andromeda", mutates with each growth cycle, changing its biological properties. The scientists learn. Andromeda's ideal pH range is 7.39–7.43, within the range found in normal human blood. Jackson and Ritter survived because both had abnormal blood pH. However, by the time the scientists realize this, Andromeda has mutated into a form that degrades the lab's plastic seals and escapes its containment. Trapped in a contaminated lab, Burton demands that Stone inject him with a "universal antibiotic". Burton survives; the mutated Andromeda attacks the synthetic rubber door and hatch seals within the Wildfire facility migrating toward the upper levels and the surface. The self-destruct nuclear weapon is automatically armed when it detects the containment breach, triggering its detonation countdown to prevent the spread of the infection; as the bomb arms, the scientists realize that given Andromeda's ability to generate matter directly from energy, the organism would be able to consume the released energy and benefit from a nuclear explosion, forming a large indestructible biofilm within a day.

To halt the detonation, Hall must insert a special key he carries into an emergency substation, one of which should be accessible from any location in Wildfire. He is trapped in a section which, due to an oversight, has no substation, he must navigate Wildfire's obstacle course of automatic defenses to reach a working substation on an upper level. He disarms the bomb in time before all the air is evacuated from the deepest level of the Wildfire complex which contains the remainder of the team and their assistants. Andromeda is suspected to have mutated into a benign form and migrated to the upper atmosphere, where the oxygen content is lower, better suiting its growth; the novel's epilogue reveals that a manned spacecraft, Andros V, was incinerated during atmospheric re-entry because Andromeda had eaten its tungsten/plastic laminate heat shield and caused it to burn up. Dr. Jeremy Stone – Professor and chair of the bacteriology department at Stanford University. Dr. Charles Burton – Professor of pathology at the Baylor College of Medicine Dr. Peter Leavitt – Clinical microbiologist.

Crichton says he was "terrifically impressed" by the book - "a lot of Andromeda is traceable to Ipcress in terms of trying to create an imaginary world using recogniseable techniques and real people." He wrote the novel over three years. The "Odd-Man Hypothesis" is a fictional hypothesis which states that unmarried men are better able to execute the best, most dispassionate decisions in crises—in this case, to disarm the nuclear weapon intended to prevent the escape of organisms from the laboratory in the event the auto-destruct sequence is initiated

India: The Emerging Giant

India: The Emerging Giant is a 2008 book by Arvind Panagariya which describes the contemporary state of the economy of India. Each chapter has a set of essays on different aspects of that main topic; this chapter is divided into these parts: Phase I: Takeoff under a Liberal Regime Phase II: Socialism Strikes with a Vengeance Phase III: Liberalization by Stealth Phase IV: Triumph of Liberalization A Tale of two Countries:India and the Republic of Korea This chapter is divided into these parts: Declining Poverty: The Human Face of Reforms Inequality: A Lesser Problem This chapter is divided into these parts: Deficits and Debt: Is a Crisis around the Corner? The External Sector: On the Road to Capital Account Convertibility? The Financial Sector: Why Not Privatize the Banks? This chapter is divided into these parts: International Trade: Carrying Liberalization Forward Industry and Services: Walking on Two Legs Modernizing Agriculture This chapter is divided into these parts: Tax Reform: Toward a Uniform Goods and Services Tax Tackling Subsidies and Reforming the Civil Service Telecommunications and Electricity: Contrasting Experiences Transportation: A Solvable Problem Health and Water Supply and Sanitation: Can the Government Deliver?

Education: Expenditures or Transfers? Nandan Nilekani said that in this book the author has "so convincingly argued open policies and rapid economic growth are the best antidotes for poverty reduction."The review in Foreign Affairs said, "This is a massive research study that will command the respect of scholars who like to pore over tables and charts in search of patterns and connections in the data."Economist Sally Razeen said that by this book, "Arvind Panagariya has written the best all-around, up-to-date, accessible book on the Indian economy." Official website author's video presentation on book

Coptic Orthodox Diocese of New York and New England

The Coptic Orthodox Diocese of New York and New England referred to as the Coptic Diocese of New York, is a diocese of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. It was founded in 2013 and encompasses the states of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont in the United States of America; the diocese's first and current bishop is His Grace Bishop David. The first Copts from Egypt immigrated to the United States in the 1940s. By the 1970s, many had settled in New York and New England, their numbers continued to grow as the years went on. For many years, the few Coptic churches there were administered by the Archdiocese of North America under the auspices of only the Pope of Alexandria. By the 2010s, the Coptic population had grown sufficiently large to support an independent diocese. Pope Tawadros II of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria created the Diocese of New York and New England out of the geographic areas written in the name of the diocese. Pope Tawadros consecrated the diocese' first bishop, David, as diocesan bishop in a two-day ceremony from November 16–17, 2013, in Cairo, Egypt.

An official enthronement ceremony for Bishop David took place on 7 December 2013 at St. Abraam Coptic Orthodox Church in Woodbury, New York, his Grace Bishop David had formally served as a general bishop in New England under the aforementioned archdiocese for several years. The Bishop Seat or the Holy Metropolis of the Diocese is in Saint Mina Pope Kyrillos Cathedral VI, Chestnut Ridge, NY. Virgin Mary and Archangel Michael Coptic Orthodox Church, Hamden St. Peter and St. Andrew Coptic Orthodox Church, Stamford St. Mary and St. Moses the strong Coptic Orthodox Church, Waterford St. Pishoy and St Karas Coptic Orthodox Church, Maine St. Mark Coptic Orthodox Church, Natick St. Mary and St. George Coptic Orthodox Church, Marshfield St. Paul and St. John Chrysostom Coptic Orthodox Church, Boston The Holy Family Coptic Orthodox Church, Attleboro St. Philopateer and St. Mina Coptic Orthodox Church, Wayland St. Mary and St. Demiana Coptic Orthodox Church, Fall River St. Mary and St. Tomas Coptic Orthodox Church, Gardner St. Shenouda and St. Karas Coptic Orthodox Church, Milford St. Mary and Pope Kyrillos VI Coptic Orthodox Church, Charlton St. Mary and Archangel Michael Coptic Orthodox Church, Nashua Archangel Michael and St. Mena Coptic Orthodox Church, Great Kills St. Abraam Coptic Orthodox Church, Woodbury St. George Coptic Orthodox Church, Astoria St. George Coptic Orthodox Church, Brooklyn St. Helena and St. Anasimone Coptic Orthodox Church, Flushing St. Mary and St. Mark Coptic Orthodox Church, Manhattan St. Mark Coptic Orthodox Church, West Henrietta St. Mary and St. Antonios Coptic Orthodox Church, Ridgewood St. Mary and St. Demiana Coptic Orthodox Church, White Plains St. Mary and St. George Coptic Orthodox Church, Albany St. Mary and St. Mina Coptic Orthodox Church, Syracuse St. Mary and St. Moses the Black Coptic Orthodox Church, North Tonawanda Virgin Mary and St. George Coptic Orthodox Church, Tottenville Virgin Mary and St. Pachomious Coptic Orthodox Church, Stony Point Saint Mina and Pope Kyrillos VI Cathedral, Chestnut Ridge Saint Mary Christian Center Todt Hill, Staten Island Holy Apostles Coptic Orthodox Church, Bronx St. Mary and St. Mena Coptic Orthodox Church, Hope St. Mary and St. Mena Coptic Orthodox Church, Cranston St. Mary and Archangel Raphael Coptic Orthodox Church, Burlington Coptic Orthodox communities and missions are congregations of Copts who gather for religious services but do not have a sufficient number of people to support a full parish.

Coptic Community, Waterbury Coptic Community, Waterford St. Peter and St. Paul Coptic Orthodox Mission, Rochester The diocese has formally established a Monastery in The Boston Region, under the name of Virgin Mary & Pope Kyrillos VI in Charlton, Massachusetts; this is the first monastery to be established in the Diocese, the third in North America. It is the first monastery in the Coptic Orthodox Church to be named after Saint Pope Kyrillos VI. Bishop David

Sasashima ware

Sasashima ware is a type of Japanese pottery from Nagoya, Owari province Aichi prefecture, central Japan. It was based in the Sasashima-chō neighbourhood, not far from Nagoya Station, today a part of Nakamura-ku, Nagoya, it was produced from 1804-1923 in three generations. The first master was Maki Bunshichi, named Bokusai, he studied painting as well as sculpture. With his talent he tried different models and patterns on his works, he was praised as a master of his craft. He made Hagiyama pieces for the 12th Owari Lord Tokugawa Naritaka. There are various stamps with Sasashima with various kanji characters; the square bowl at the Aichi Prefectural Ceramic Museum depicts a mythological whale or makara and at the rim a pierced plum flower pattern. At the bottom are four feet and the stamp in a calabash form with the name "Sasashima". In the same museum the sencha bowls. On it is written "Yugetsu Kofu" which means "the moon is my friend and I am conversing with the wind", which can be traced back to a saying by a hermite.

On the lid is written "bliss on the southern mountain, from the eastern sea comes bliss". Next to the kodai stamp is written his name. During the time of the production Ofukei ware and Toyoraku ware were made for tea utensils. Other pottery from Nagoya and the wider Owari region: Kawana ware Tokoname ware Inuyama ware Media related to Sasashima ware at Wikimedia Commons

Dave Hayer

Dave Sukhdip Singh Hayer is a former politician for the province of British Columbia, Canada. He served as Member of the Legislative Assembly for Surrey-Tynehead from May 2001 to May 2013. Hayer is an Indo-Canadian, the son of assassinated journalist, Tara Singh Hayer. After defeating Doug McCallum, the Mayor of Surrey, for the BC Liberal party nomination, Hayer competed for and was elected as the first Member of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia for the riding of Surrey-Tynehead; the riding includes Guildford, Fraser Heights, Port Kells and Tynehead areas. Hayer was first elected in the 2001 provincial general election and was re-elected in 2005 and 2009. Hayer served as the Parliamentary Secretary for Multiculturalism and Immigration from 2005 to 2011. Hayer was noted as a voice for moderate Sikhs in Greater Vancouver and as a consistent critic of terrorism and Sikh extremism. In 2010, an official with the Dashmesh Darbar Gurdwara, vocal in their support for the Khalistani separatist movement, advised Hayer and moderate Federal Sikh politician Ujjal Dosanjh that their attendance at an annual Sikh religious parade would be at their own risk.

On July 7, 2012, Hayer announced that he would not seek re-election in the May 2013 provincial election. "Part of that decision was that if re-elected as MLA in May 2013, leave to run as an MP in 2015, it would have triggered an expensive by-election which would be costly for my constituents & that would have been the wrong thing to do for my community," noted Hayer. In 2013, Hayer criticized the Liberal government's Quick Wins ethnic outreach scandal. Hayer's attempt to be nominated by the Conservative Party of Canada for the 2015 federal election in the riding of Cloverdale—Langley City was defeated in November 2014 by Dean Drysdale. Dave Hayer and his wife Isabelle Martinez Hayer accepted in 2000, a award for his late father Tara Singh Hayer as one of International Press Institute’s 50 World Press Freedom Heroes's of the past 50 years, One of the presenters of the Award for Late Tara Singh Hayer as “World Press Freedom Hero” in May 2000 was USA Senator Ted Kennedy in Boston, USA and Award was accepted by Dave Hayer & Isabelle Martinez Hayer on behalf of the Hayer familyIn 2002, Hayer was a recipient of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee medal to commemorate the Fiftieth Anniversary of Her Majesty's Reign as Queen of Canada.

Hayer was an advocate for accountability for terrorists. In 2007, Hayer received a Pravasi Bharatia Samman Award from the Government of India, annually given to people of Indian heritage that no longer live in India, who have achieved excellence in their chosen fields of endeavour; the award was presented by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, the President of India, at a ceremony in New Delhi, India for Hayer's "active leadership in the community, his contributions to public service and for his achievements in government." Hayer was the second Canadian to be presented with this honour. In 2008, Hayer was included by the Vancouver Sun in its list of the 100 top most influential Canadians of South Asian descent making a difference in BC. On February 10, 2013, Hayer was presented with a Diamond Jubilee Medal by the Canadian Coalition Against Terror for contribution to the advancement of sound public policy on terrorism issues in Canada. In 2017, Dave Hayer was honoured with the presentation of his 3rd Paul Harris Award on July 10, 2017 by Surrey Rotary Officers.

Hayer earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Business Administration from Simon Fraser University and completed Strategic Leadership Certificate from University of British Columbia Sauder School of Business, Executive Management. He attended Douglas College from 1977 to 1979 and completed the Tax Course at British Columbia Institute of Technology. Hayer served as the general manager of the Canadian Accounting Aggregates Public Accountants from 1983 to 1988, following which he joined the Indo-Canadian Times. Before his election to public office, Hayer was a Surrey businessperson, Assistant Publisher of the Indo-Canadian Times, Kwantlen University College Governor, real estate agent, worked in the restaurant, construction and forestry industries. In addition, Hayer has worked as a labourer in a steel factory and during his teenage years worked on farms, in greenhouses, in a grocery store and delivered both the Sun and Province newspapers. Hayer's memberships have included the Rotary Club of Surrey, Cloverdale Royal Canadian Legion, Surrey Board of Trade, the Cloverdale District Chamber of Commerce, Greater Langley Chamber of Commerce, Langley Salvation Army Gateway of Hope, Cloverdale Community Association, Cloverdale Rodeo & Exhibition Association.

He is a member of Simon Fraser University’s India Advisory Council, which supports SFU's strategic initiatives in India and engagement with BC's Indo-Canadian diaspora. in July 2019, Dave Hayer and Isabelle Martinez Hayer were elected as Co-presidents of Rotary Club of Surrey. Both took the oath from Brad Whittaker, Governor of the Rotary International District 5050. In October 2018 Dave Hayer was elected Vice President of the Association of Former MLAs of BC a non partisan association of former MLAs founded in 1987 Some previous community and business involvements include the Rotary Club of Surrey president.


See Abu Jafar al-Muradi for the Egyptian grammarian. Alī Ibn Khalaf al-Murādī, was an Andalusian mathematician and astronomer who belonged to the scientific circle of Ṣāʿid al- Andalusī, he was the author of the technological manuscript entitled Kitāb al-asrār fī natā'ij al-afkār. It was copied and used at the court of Alfonso VI of León and Castile in Christian Spain in the 11th century; the manuscript provides information about a "Castle and Gazelle Clock" and many other forms of complicated clocks and ingenious devices. Al-Muradi was a contemporary of Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī. In 2008, the Book of Secrets of al-Muradi has been published in facsimile, translated in English/Italian/French/Arabic and in an electronic edition with all machines interpreted in 3D, by the Italian study center Leonardo3, he devised, with help from al-Zarqali, the universal astrolabe. Both al-Muradi and al-Zarqali's design were included in the Libros del Saber of Alfonso X of Castile