The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford
Assassination poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Andrew Dominik
Produced by
Screenplay by Andrew Dominik
Based on The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford
by Ron Hansen
Narrated by Hugh Ross
Music by
Cinematography Roger Deakins
Edited by
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date
  • September 2, 2007 (2007-09-02) (Venice Film Festival)
  • September 21, 2007 (2007-09-21) (United States)
Running time
160 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $30 million[2]
Box office $15 million[1]

The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford is a 2007 American revisionist Western film written and directed by Andrew Dominik. Adapted from Ron Hansen's 1983 novel of the same name, the film dramatizes the relationship between Jesse James (Brad Pitt) and Robert Ford (Casey Affleck), focusing on the events that lead up to the titular killing.

Filming took place near Calgary, Canmore, and Edmonton, Alberta, and Winnipeg, Manitoba. Initially intended for a 2006 release, it was postponed and re-edited for a September 21, 2007 release date.


In 1881, young, starstruck Robert "Bob" Ford (Casey Affleck) seeks out Jesse James (Brad Pitt) when the James gang is planning a train robbery in Blue Cut, Missouri, making unsuccessful attempts to join the gang with the help of his older brother Charley (Sam Rockwell), already a member. The train turns out to be carrying only a fraction of the money originally thought, and Frank James (Sam Shepard) tells Charley Ford that this robbery would be the last the James brothers would commit. Jesse returns home to Kansas City, bringing the Fords, Dick Liddil (Paul Schneider) and his cousin, Wood Hite (Jeremy Renner). Jesse sends Charley, Wood and Dick away, but insists that Bob stay. He wanted the younger man just for his help in moving furniture to a new home in St. Joseph, Missouri. Bob becomes more admiring of James before being sent back to the farmhouse of his widowed sister, Martha Bolton, where he rejoins his brother Charley, Hite, and Liddil.

Liddil reveals to Bob that he is in collusion with another member of the James gang, Jim Cummins, to capture Jesse for a substantial bounty. Meanwhile, Jesse visits another gang member, Ed Miller (Garret Dillahunt), who gives away information on Cummins' plot. Jesse kills Miller, then departs with Liddil to hunt down Cummins. Unable to locate him, Jesse viciously beats Albert Ford (Jesse Frechette), a young cousin of Bob and Charley. Liddil returns to the Bolton farmhouse, and argues with Hite, which ends with Bob Ford killing Hite. They dump his body in the woods to conceal the murder from Jesse.

Jesse and Charley Ford travel to St. Joseph where Jesse learns of Hite's disappearance, which Charley denies knowing anything about. Meanwhile, Bob goes to Kansas City Police Commissioner Henry Craig (Michael Parks), saying he knows Jesse James' whereabouts. To prove his allegiance with the James gang, Bob urges Craig to arrest Dick Liddil. Following Liddil's arrest and confession to participation in numerous gang robberies, Bob brokers a deal with the Governor of Missouri, Thomas T. Crittenden (James Carville). He is given ten days to capture or kill Jesse James, and promised a substantial bounty and full pardon for murder.

Charley persuades Jesse to take Bob Ford into the gang; the brothers return to St. Joseph. Introduced as cousins to the Howards (the James' pseudonym), they stay with the family, including Zee James (Mary-Louise Parker) and their two children. Jesse wants to revive his gang by robberies with the Fords, beginning with the Platte City bank. On the morning of April 3, 1882, Jesse and the Ford brothers prepare to depart for the robbery. Jesse reads in the newspaper about the arrest and confessions of Liddil. While the three men are in the living room, Jesse removes his gun belt and climbs a chair to clean a dusty picture. Bob shoots Jesse in the back of the head and flees with Charley. They send a telegram to the governor to announce Jesse's death, for which they were to receive $10,000. However, they never receive more than $500 each.

After the killing, the Fords become celebrities, touring with a theatre show in Manhattan in which they re-enact the shooting, but people soon dislike that Bob shot Jesse, unarmed, in the back. Guilt-stricken, Charley writes numerous letters to Zee James asking for her forgiveness, but does not send them. Suffering from terminal tuberculosis, he commits suicide in May 1884. Bob works around the West. On June 8, 1892, Bob is murdered by Edward O'Kelley (Michael Copeman), at his saloon in Creede, Colorado. O'Kelley is sentenced to life in prison, but Colorado Governor James Bradley Orman pardons him after ten years in 1902.



This working engine and train at Fort Edmonton Park was featured in the film.

In March 2004, Warner Bros. and Plan B Entertainment acquired feature film rights to Ron Hansen's 1983 novel The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford. Andrew Dominik was hired to write and direct the film adaptation. Pitt was considered to portray Jesse James.[3] The role of Ford eventually was between Affleck and Shia LaBeouf; Affleck was cast because it was felt that LaBeouf was too young. Bill Clinton's presidential campaign strategist James Carville was selected to play the Governor of Missouri.[4] By January 2005, Pitt was cast,[5] and filming began on August 29, 2005 in Calgary.[6] Filming also took place in other parts of Alberta, including McKinnon Flats, Heritage Park, the Fairmont Palliser Hotel, the Kananaskis area, several private ranches[7] and the historical Fort Edmonton Park.[8] The historical town of Creede, Colorado was recreated at a cost of $1 million near Goat Creek in Alberta.[9] Filming also took place in Winnipeg in the city's historic Exchange District; the Burton Cummings Theatre (formerly known as The Walker Theatre) and the Pantages Playhouse Theatre,[10] and concluded in December 2005.[9]

The film was initially edited by director Dominik to be "a dark, contemplative examination of fame and infamy,"[11] similar to the style of director Terrence Malick. The studio opposed Dominik's approach, preferring less contemplation and more action. One version of the film had a running time of more than three hours. Pitt and Ridley Scott, producers of the film, and editors Dylan Tichenor (who left the production early to cut There Will Be Blood, and was replaced with editor Curtis Clayton, who ultimately finished the production) and Michael Kahn (who was brought in for several weeks as the studio's "go to" editor), collaborated to assemble and test different versions. These did not receive strong scores from test audiences. Despite the negative response, the audiences considered the performances by Pitt and Affleck to be some of their careers' best.[12] Brad Pitt had it written into his contract that the studio could not change the name of the film.[13]


Cinematographer Roger Deakins used palettes of brown and black to produce a bleak yet oneiric quality to the film, reminiscent of the paintings of Andrew Wyeth.[14]
An exterior shot. Notice the color aberration around the edges, imitating the look of old photographs.

One of the most well-known sequences of the film is the scene of a train robbery at night time. Cinematographer Roger Deakins used various cinematographic techniques to give the train more of a presence when it was in pitch darkness. The idea was to generate a sense of forbidding atmosphere by using only the lanterns held up by the outlaws and the 5K PAR light mounted on the front of the train[15] In order to enhance the blacks, Deakins did a slight bleach bypass on the negative, which was especially important in terms of rendering detail.[15]

Some scenes in the film have a blurred effect around the borders of the frame. These were achieved by taking old wide-angle lenses and mounting them onto the front of several cameras (Arri Macros in this case). Deakins claimed to have pioneered this technique, naming these combinations of lenses "Deakinizers", which created the effect of vignetting and a slight color aberration around the edges. Deakins recalls:

Most of those shots were used for transitional moments, and the idea was to create the feeling of an old-time camera. We weren't trying to be nostalgic, but we wanted those shots to be evocative. The idea sprang from an old photograph Andrew [Dominik] liked, and we did a lot of tests to mimic the look of the photo. Andrew had a whole lot of photographic references for the look of the movie, mainly the work of still photographers, but also images clipped from magazines, stills from Days of Heaven, and even Polaroids taken on location that looked interesting or unusual. He hung all of them up in the long corridor of the production office. That was a wonderful idea, because every day we'd all pass by [images] that immediately conveyed the tone of the movie he wanted to make.[15]

Several time-lapse sequences appear throughout the film, which were shot by Steadicam operator Damon Moreau. According to Moreau, he was sent to do such shots when the crew was not quite ready to shoot a scene.[citation needed] These time-lapse sequences were often accompanied by the film's melancholic score, suggesting the passage of time and contributing to the uneasiness that builds up to the inevitable yet unsettling climax.[citation needed]


The music for the film was composed by Australian musicians Nick Cave and Warren Ellis.[16] Both men collaborated to create the award-winning score for the Australian film The Proposition (2005).

Nick Cave had a minor part in the latter part of the film. He played a strolling balladeer in a crowded bar, where, unrecognized by the other patrons, Bob Ford had to listen to the lyrics of "The Ballad of Jesse James" as performed by Cave. This folk song referred to Ford as a coward.

Cave and Ellis released a double disc album titled White Lunar in September 2009, which contains several tracks from the Jesse James score, as well as tracks they composed for other films up to 2009.[17]


The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford was originally slated a release date for September 15, 2006.[18] The release date was postponed to February 2007 at first,[19] but ultimately set for a September 21, 2007 release,[7] almost two years after filming was completed.[12]

The film opened in limited release on September 21, 2007, in 5 theaters and grossed $147,812 in its opening weekend, an average of $29,256 per theater.[20] The film has a total gross of less than $4 million.

Warner Home Video released the film on DVD on February 5, 2008[21] in the US, and on March 31 in the UK. So far, about 566,537 DVD units have been sold, bringing $9,853,258 in revenue.[22]


Critical reception[edit]

The film received positive reviews and garnered a wide range of awards. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 76%, based on 169 reviews. The site's critical consensus reads, "On the strength of its two lead performances Assassination is an expertly crafted period piece, and an insightful look at one of the enduring figures of American lore."[23] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 68 out of 100, based on 32 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[24]

Brian Tallerico of UGO gave the film an "A" and said that it is "the best western since Unforgiven." Tallerico also said, "Stunning visuals, award-worthy performances, and a script that takes incredibly rewarding risks, Jesse James is a masterpiece and one of the best films of the year."[25] Kurt Loder of MTV said, "If I were inclined to wheel out clichés like 'Oscar-worthy', I'd certainly wheel them out in support of this movie, on several counts."[26]

Richard Roeper on the television show Ebert & Roeper said, "If you love classic and stylish mood Westerns such as McCabe and Mrs. Miller and The Long Riders, this is your film."[27] Roger Ebert noted the "curiously erotic dance of death" between James and the "mesmerized" younger Ford. Finally, he said, "If Robert cannot be the lover of his hero, what would be more intimate than to kill him?"[28] He notes that it has the "space and freedom" of classic Western epics, where "the land is so empty, it creates a vacuum demanding men to become legends."[28]

The Star-Ledger film critic Stephen Whitty gave the film four stars and called it an "epic film that's part literary treatise, part mournful ballad, and completely a portrait of our world, as seen in a distant mirror." Whitty also said that the film is "far superior" and "truer to its own world" than 3:10 to Yuma.[29] Josh Rosenblatt of The Austin Chronicle gave the film 3.5 stars and said the film "grabs on to many of the classic tropes of the Western – the meandering passage of time, the imposing landscapes, the abiding loneliness, the casual violence – and sets about mapping their furthest edges."[30]

Film critic Emanuel Levy gave the film an "A" and wrote, "Alongside Joel and Ethan Coen's No Country for Old Men, which is a Western in disguise, or rather a modern Western, Assassination of Jesse James is the second masterpiece of the season." Levy also wrote, "Like Bonnie & Clyde, Dominik's seminal Western is a brilliant, poetic saga of America's legendary criminal as well as meditative deconstruction of our culture's most persistent issues: link of crime and fame, myths of heroism and obsession with celebrity."[31] Lewis Beale of Film Journal International said "Impeccably shot, cast and directed, this is a truly impressive film from sophomore writer-director Andrew Dominik... but suffers from an unfortunate case of elephantiasis." Beale said Affleck is "outstanding in a breakout performance" and said Pitt is "scary and charismatic." Beale wrote, "The director seems so in love with his languorous pacing, he's incapable of cutting the five or ten seconds in any number of scenes that could have given the film a more manageable running time. In the scheme of things, however, this amounts to little more than a quibble." Beale said that ultimately, the film is "a fascinating, literary-based work that succeeds as both art and genre film."[32]

Critic Mark Kermode named the film as his best of 2007 in his end-of-year review on Simon Mayo's BBC radio programme. Kermode later wrote that historians a hundred years from now will consider it "one of the most wrongly neglected masterpieces of its era."[33]

Many critics opined that the film is too long. Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter said that the relationship between Pitt and Affleck "gets smothered in pointlessly long takes, repetitive scenes, grim Western landscapes and mumbled, heavily accented dialogue."[34] Los Angeles Daily News critic Bob Strauss gave the film 2.5 stars out of 4 and said, "To put it most bluntly, the thing is just too long and too slow." Strauss also said, "Every element of this Western is beautifully rendered. So why is it a chore to sit through?"[35] Pam Grady of gave the film 2 stars out of 4 and said, "The movie is merely a long, empty exercise in style."[36] Stephanie Zacharek of said that the film "represents a breakthrough in the moviegoing experience. It may be the first time we've been asked to watch a book on tape."[37]

Peter Bradshaw's review in The Guardian noted James's contribution to his own demise as well as the apparent paradox in the title of both novel and film:

As his career draws to an end, Jesse James becomes aware of the impossibility of facing an increasingly vast army of sheriffs, federal agents and Pinkerton men. He senses that, inevitably, one of his gang will in any case sell him out for a fat reward. Unwilling to give the lawmen that satisfaction, James embraces his own death and subtly cultivates the mercurial attentions of the most obviously cringing and cowardly of his associates: 20-year-old Robert Ford. With the taunts and whims of a lover, he encourages Ford's envious, murderous fascination, and grooms him as his own killer, so that his own legend will be pristine after his death. He engineers a character-assassination of Ford, and the title, knowingly, gets it precisely the wrong way around.

Bradshaw took issue with the narration that often redundantly describes action clearly visible to the viewer on the screen. "The only false note is the use of a supercilious third-person narrative voiceover, which smudges the picture's crispness and clarity.[38]

During a post-screening Q & A at the movie's "revival" in 2013, Dominik reported that when he showed Terrence Malick a cut of Jesse James, his reaction was "it's too slow," drawing a laugh from the audience.[39]

Top ten lists[edit]

The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2007.[40]


Casey Affleck received several awards and nominations for his portrayal of Robert Ford, including an Academy Award nomination.

The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford was identified by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures as one of the top 10 films of 2007. The board also named Casey Affleck as Best Supporting Actor in the film.[43][44] The San Francisco Film Critics Circle named The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford as the Best Picture of 2007. The circle also awarded Affleck as best supporting actor for the film. Affleck was nominated for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Motion Picture for the 65th Golden Globe Awards.[45]

The film received two Academy Award nominations for the 80th Academy Awards. Affleck was nominated for Best Supporting Actor and Roger Deakins was nominated for Best Cinematography.[46] Earlier in the year, Brad Pitt won the prestigious Volpi Cup for Best Actor when the film premiered at the annual Venice Film Festival. Several other awards circles also awarded composers Nick Cave and Warren Ellis for their music in the film (see below).

The film also holds a place on Empire's recent list of The 500 Greatest Films of All Time, coming in at #396.[47] In 2016, it was voted the 92nd best film since 2000 in an international critics' poll.[48]

Award Category Recipients and nominees Outcome
Academy Awards Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role Casey Affleck Nominated
Best Cinematography Roger Deakins Nominated
American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Theatrical Releases Roger Deakins Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics (BFCA) Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Best Cinematography Roger Deakins Won
Best Original Score Nick Cave
Warren Ellis
Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Nominated
Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Top Ten Films of the Year 9th Place
Best Cinematography Roger Deakins Won
Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck 3rd Place
Detroit Film Critics Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Nominated
Empire Awards Best Film Nominated
Film Critics Circle of Australia Awards Best Foreign Film - English Language Andrew Dominik Nominated
Florida Film Critics Circle Best Cinematography Roger Deakins Won
Golden Globes Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role Casey Affleck Nominated
Golden Reel Awards Best Sound Editing - Music in a Feature Film Gerard McCann
William B. Kaplan
Jonathan Karp
Golden Trailer Awards Best Drama Poster Won
Best Voice Over Won
Houston Film Critics Best Cinematography Roger Deakins Won
International Cinephile Society Top Ten Films of the Year 4th Place
Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Won
Best Cinematography Roger Deakins Won
Best Original Score Nick Cave
Warren Ellis
2nd Place
Italian Online Movie Awards Best Cinematography Won
Best Actor in a Supporting Role Brad Pitt Nominated
Las Vegas Film Critics Top Ten Films of the Year 4th Place
London Film Critics Actor of the Year Casey Affleck Nominated
Film of the Year Nominated
National Board of Review Top Ten Films of the Year Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Won
National Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Won
Online Film Critics Society Best Cinematography Roger Deakins Nominated
Best Score Nick Cave
Warren Ellis
Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Nominated
San Francisco Film Critics Best Picture Won
Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Won
Satellite Awards Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Won
Best Art Direction and Production Design Patricia Norris
Martin Gendron
Troy Sizemore
Best Cinematography Roger Deakins Nominated
Best Score Nick Cave Nominated
Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role Casey Affleck Nominated
Southeastern Film Critics Top Ten Films of the Year 7th Place
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Best Picture Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Won
Best Cinematography Roger Deakins Won
Best Score Nick Cave
Warren Ellis
Utah Film Critics Association Top Ten Films of the Year Nominated
Best Actor Casey Affleck Nominated
Vancouver Film Critics Best Supporting Actor Casey Affleck Nominated
Venice Film Festival Golden Lion Andrew Dominik Nominated
Volpi Cup for Best Actor Brad Pitt Won
Western Writers of America Best Western Drama Andrew Dominik Won


  1. ^ a b "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford (2007)". Box Office Mojo. 2008-01-31. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  2. ^ "Two Sams join Brad Pitt's movie cast". Calgary Sun. 2005-08-31. Archived from the original on 2006-01-04. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  3. ^ Michael Fleming (2004-03-17). "WB aims for Pitt with 'James'". Variety. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  4. ^ "Trivia: The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford (2007)"., Inc. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  5. ^ Michael Fleming (2005-01-24). "Brad motors to WB oater". Variety. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  6. ^ Louis B. Hobson (2005-08-24). "Brad Pitt's new wife". Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  7. ^ a b Kevin Williamson (2007-05-06). "Pitt's wild west showdown". Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  8. ^ Jim Rudolph (2005-08-30). "Fort Edmonton Park key location for Brad Pitt western". Corporate Communications. Archived from the original on 2006-01-08. Retrieved 2007-08-10. 
  9. ^ a b Louis B. Hobson (2005-12-02). "Brad for business". Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2007-06-26. 
  10. ^ Louis B. Hobson (2005-09-07). "Brad's an outlaw". Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  11. ^ Horn, John (2007-05-02). "L.A. Times article". Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  12. ^ a b John Horn (2007-05-02). "Brad Pitt's 'Jesse James' comes under fire". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2007-05-16. Retrieved 2007-05-17. 
  13. ^ Emanuel Levy. "Assassination of Jesse James: Andrew Dominik". Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  14. ^ Marshall, Lee (2007-09-03). "The Assassination Of Jesse James By The Coward Robert Ford | Review | Screen". Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  15. ^ a b c "Q&A with Roger Deakins", AC Magazine, October 2007
  16. ^ "Nick Cave, Warren Ellis – Music From The Motion Picture - The Assassination Of Jesse James By The Coward Robert Ford". Discogs. Discogs. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  17. ^ "Nick Cave & Warren Ellis ~ White Lunar (2009)". 2009-09-21. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  18. ^ Stax (2006-05-30). "Superman's New Date". IGN. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  19. ^ Williamson, Kevin (5 November 2006). "Worth the wait". Calgary Sun. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2007. 
  20. ^ "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford (2007) - Weekend Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2007-09-28. 
  21. ^ McCutcheon, David (2007-11-29). "Jesse James Assassinated on DVD". IGN. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  22. ^ "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford - DVD Sales". The Numbers. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  23. ^ "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford - Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  24. ^ "Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford, The (2007): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  25. ^ Brian Tallerico. "Assassination of Jesse James Review". UGO. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  26. ^ Kurt Loder (2007-09-20). "'Jesse James': Best Western, By Kurt Loder". MTV. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  27. ^ Roeper, Richard. "Review on Ebert & Roeper". BV Entertainment. Ebert & Roeper. Archived from the original on 4 October 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2007. 
  28. ^ a b "Review: 'The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Bob Ford'", Roger Ebert, 4 October 2007
  29. ^ Stephen Whitty (2007-09-21). "A 'Jesse' for our times". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  30. ^ Josh Rosenblatt (2007-09-21). "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  31. ^ Emanuel Levy. "Film Review - Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford". Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  32. ^ Lewis Beale. "THE ASSASSINATION OF JESSE JAMES BY THE COWARD ROBERT FORD". Film Journal International. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  33. ^ Mark Kermode (2008-03-30). "Kermode review". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  34. ^ Kirk Honeycutt (2007-08-31). "Bottom Line: Pretension and vacuity sabotage a potentially terrific tale of celebrityhood". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 2007-10-03. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  35. ^ Bob Strauss (2007-09-21). "Movies Outlaw comes to life - but oh, so slowly". Los Angeles Daily News. Archived from the original on 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  36. ^ Pam Grady. "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford (2007)". Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  37. ^ Zacharek, Stephanie. "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford". Salon. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  38. ^ Peter Bradshaw (2007-11-30). "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford". The Guardian. London: Retrieved 2010-01-24. 
  39. ^ Hoffman, Jordan. "Terrence Malick Thought It Was Too Slow: 10 Things Learned From The Revival Screening Of 'The Assassination Of Jesse James By The Coward Robert Ford'". Retrieved 8 September 2017. 
  40. ^ "Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 2008-02-23. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  41. ^ "CALE'S 10 BEST FILMS OF 2007". Ruthless Reviews. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  42. ^ "Review: The best (and worst) films of 2007". CNN. 2007-12-29. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 
  43. ^ "Board names 'No Country' best film of '07". MSNBC. 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2007-12-05. 
  44. ^ "2007 Award Winners". National Board of Review of Motion Pictures. 2016. Retrieved October 28, 2016. 
  45. ^ "HOLLYWOOD FOREIGN PRESS ASSOCIATION 2008 GOLDEN GLOBE AWARDS FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2007". 2007-12-13. Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2007-12-17. 
  46. ^ "Nominees - 80th Annual Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 2008-01-23. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  47. ^ "Empire: Features". Empire. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  48. ^ 2016, 23 August. "The 21st Century's 100 greatest films". 

External links[edit]